The following shows blood test levels of a normal person, someone with Prediabetes and  someone with Diabetes Mellitus.
Metaformin enhances glucose uptake and utilization, decreaeses hepatic glucose production and decreases intestinal absorption of glucose. The endpoint of these efforts is to prevent or delay the onset of Type II Diabetes Mellitus.
She spends the appropriate amount of time with patients – obtaining a thorough history, exam and evaluation. This popup will close in:Would you like your endocrinologist to coordinate your internal medicine care too?Click here to contact Dr. This information is based on a diet designed at the National Institutes of Health in the 1960s for a young man with Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis (HypoKPP).
Sodium (Na+) intensifies this effect by speeding up the movement of glucose and K+ into muscle via the Na+-K+ pump.
This release of glucose spurs a release of insulin, and the movement of the stored glucose and potassium into the muscle can be enough to cause weakness in many patients. Foods to be used in limited amounts; higher in carbohydrate, but necessary to a balanced diet. On food labels carbohydrates are the ingredients ending in the letters – OSE, including but not limited to: Glucose, sucrose, fructose, dextrose and maltose. All patients with HypoKPP should drink an adequate amount of fluid every day, to avoid kidney stones.
Fresh or plain frozen vegetables (those frozen without added sauces) and limited amounts of whole grains may be used. Canned vegetables are almost always too high in sodium for regular inclusion in the HypoKPP diet. Lean beef, Bison, Chicken, Turkey, Duck, Lamb, Veal, Pork (lean cuts), Fresh fish, Eggs, Unsalted cottage cheese, low salt cheese.
Eat three items daily from this list; the carb content of each item below is about 10 grams. Choose whole-grains, refining grain removes vitamins, minerals and other nutrients – including 78% of its fiber.


Hamburger patty, small whole wheat burger bun with mustard or catsup, large serving lettuce and tomato, onion slice; ? avocado with vinegar and oil dressing, ? banana, 8 oz (240 ml) of milk. Salad of cold turkey or chicken; carrots, cucumber, red kidney beans, green pepper, on lettuce or mixed greens, onions and salad dressing. Fish, poultry or lean red meat, Swiss cheese, 1 slice whole wheat bread, a cup of broccoli, fruit exchange.
Rice wraps filled with bean sprouts, chicken, cashews, grated ginger, slivered vegetables, spicy dipping sauce.
Steak, small baked potato & sour cream, carrots, celery sticks with cream cheese, 8 oz of milk.
Chili, made with lean beef, onions, tomatoes, & pinto beans, served with a salad and bread exchange.
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Emerson planned to better meet today's patient, taking into account current knowledge of both HypoKPP and nutrition, and the changes in food culture over the years.
The pancreas produces a hormone called insulin which allows glucose to move into the tissues, including the muscles.
If it drops too low the liver releases stored glucose into the blood, an effect which could be compared to drinking syrup. Foods which are on the "List to omit" (below) because of high sodium content should not be used. Each meal and snack should include a palm-sized portion of protein which is as thick as a deck of cards.
The diets of hunter-gatherers include about 7,000 - 8,000 mg daily, so increased intake is healthy, but discuss your potassium intake with your doctor if you are on a K+-sparing diuretic! Low in unhealthy saturated fats, sodium and “junk” foods, it is high in fresh, healthful fruits, vegetables and protein sources.


Each meal and snack should contain a serving of protein equal to the size of your palm and as thick as a deck of cards.
Add a banana & 1 cup unsweetened berries (or a fresh nectarine and peach cut into pieces).
Change one thing at a time, so you can track what is helping and what may not be right for you. Unless otherwise specified, the articles in this website have been authored or compiled by Deborah Cavel-Greant. Emerson, plus many other medical authorities, those with HypoKPP should follow a diet which is high in protein, low in carbohydrate, and low in sodium. In addition this article begins with information which explains the rationale behind the diet to those who may be learning how to manage HypoKPP.
Maintaining a stable blood glucose level is important to everyone's health and performance, but it is absolutely essential to those with Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis. The higher the blood sugar rises the more insulin is produced, the more glucose moves into the muscles, and the faster it moves. When a molecule of glucose and an ion of Na+ attach to the binding sites of the Na+-K+ pump they are immediately transported into the cell.
However, these foods must be eaten only in limited amounts because of their higher carbohydrate content.
Whole-grain bread has the same amount of glucose, but the fiber content slows the rise of bread sugar.
As each molecule of glucose enters the muscle it takes an ion of potassium (K+) with it, lowering the amount of potassium in the blood serum. Fructose and Lactose must be digested and broken down into glucose before they can be used, so they raise blood sugar more slowly than glucose. Individuals vary in their tolerance for carbohydrates, but the general rule is that a diet low in sodium and carbs results in more strength and fewer attacks.



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