The Accu-Chek Academy contains information specifically for healthcare professionals that have a keen interest in diabetes management. Join now to receive information on diabetes related news, tools to enable structured self-monitoring of blood glucose, exclusive offers, and more! This section is for under 18's and contains a great interactive tool to help you and your family learn more about diabetes. Register now and receive additional benefits from Accu-Chek, including news, information, updates and more. The Accu-Chek Structured Self-Monitoring blood glucose Diary is designed to help people with diabetes and health care professionals focus on achieving quality results in their diabetes management1.The Accu-Chek blood glucose diary guides you to record your blood glucose in a structured manner helping you understand and manage your diabetes.
Watch the video series for more information on how structured self-monitoring can help guide you and your healthcare team to adjust the many parts of your therapy. Your blood glucose changes throughout the day depending on different factors, such as eating, exercise, medication or illness.
The diary has fields so you can record your blood glucose, insulin units, meal size and activity awareness.
By recording something like a meal size, it may assist you in understanding what caused a sudden rise or drop in your blood glucose levels. Step 5: Circle the number you think is right for the amount of physical activity you had been doing.
Step 6: Finally, in the comments column you can record any dietary changes, illness, type of hypos and note any significant changes to your body, your routine or the way you feel. In the second section of the Accu-Chek blood glucose diary, you have the opportunity to complete the Accu-Chek 360 View 3-day profile. Testing before you eat will tell you about the effect your medication has on your blood glucose, while testing 2 hours after you eat tells you about the effect of your meal. To complete the Accu-Chek 360 View 3 day profile tool, it is very similar to the front section in the diary. Step 8: Graph your blood glucose level (from Step 3) by placing an X in the corresponding row of the chart. By self-monitoring your blood glucose you can measure how your body handles different types of food, exercise, medication, stress and illness. Watch the video series to see how the results of self-monitoring can help guide you and your healthcare team to adjust the many parts of your therapy.
This website contains information on products which are targeted to a wide range of audiences and could contain product details or information otherwise not accessible or valid in your country. A very simple way for 2 people to remain accountable daily to diet and exercise while visually seeing weight changes. A short and sweet weekly symptom and medication tracker for rheumatoid arthritis (my version, anyway). I am including the Excel spreadsheet as well as a PDF for 2-up double-sided printing on 8.5x11 paper (2 sheets per page). Until now, I have been mentally tracking (crazy, I know!) my nutritional intake and activity levels. Use the Notes section to note how you feel during the week or other wellness activities such as meditation. I recently started taking insulin shots so wanted to stop focusing on the exact time of glucose readings and see the patterns. There are lots of logs posted on the internet and this is adapted from one I found at a University of California-San Francisco site.
Working to get my grocery shopping under control to keep the budget down, we are switching over to doing menu planning, weekly at first. I whipped up this this weekend to help me out, and to make it look like the rest of my planner.
Each morning, before I start my day, before I even look at my planner or eat my breakfast, I meditate.
This article explores how I meditate and how it can help you focus and prepare yourself for your day. The D*I*Y Planner product, its name, and its associated designs are owned by Douglas Johnston. Fluid, insulin, and electrolyte (potassium and, in select cases, bicarbonate) replacement is essential in the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis. Early in the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis, when blood glucose levels are very elevated, the child can continue to experience massive fluid losses and deteriorate.
Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy using an insulin pump should be stopped during the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis. In cases in which the occurrence of diabetic ketoacidosis signals a new diagnosis of diabetes, the process of education and support by the diabetes team should begin when the patient recovers. In cases in which diabetic ketoacidosis occurs in a child with established diabetes, explore the cause of the episode and take steps to prevent a recurrence.
Following recovery from diabetic ketoacidosis, patients require subcutaneous insulin therapy. No randomized trials of fluid replacement have been conducted, and over the years, various regimens have been proposed. The fluid maintenance rates typically advised for children are probably too generous for use in children with diabetic ketoacidosis. Continuous, low-dose, intravenous (IV) insulin infusion is generally accepted as the safest and most effective method of insulin delivery for treating diabetic ketoacidosis.
The results of a prospective national study of diabetic ketoacidosis in the United Kingdom suggested a greater risk of cerebral edema in patients who received insulin within the first hour of treatment.[21] In light of these results, starting insulin therapy an hour after fluid resuscitation has commenced is prudent, especially in the newly diagnosed child.
The correct dose of insulin to infuse in the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis is under debate.
Table 3, below, provides examples of infusion concentrations in milliequivalents per liter for differing degrees of potassium status. Although patients usually have an absolute deficit of phosphate and magnesium, no evidence indicates that either needs to be replaced in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. If cerebral edema is suspected and hypoglycemia is excluded, prompt treatment with an osmotic diuretic is indicated, followed by a CT scan and referral to a neurosurgeon. Only half of children who develop cerebral edema have obvious signs of deterioration; children may present with respiratory arrest. Specifically designed recording charts (see the images below) make the process of care much easier.
Frequent review of neurologic statusa€”at least hourly (or any time a change in the level of consciousness is suspected)a€”is essential during the first 12 hours of diabetic ketoacidosis treatment. Diabetic ketoacidosis in a patient in whom diabetes is newly diagnosed can be prevented only if the general public and primary care physicians know the symptoms and if physicians are alert, particularly with regard to young children, to the possibility of diabetic ketoacidosis developing.[46] A urine test for glycosuria is easy to perform.
Adequate education and support for patients with established diabetes (and for their families) should prevent diabetic ketoacidosis occurring as a result of illness (see the videos below). The author would like to thank Debbie Matthews and Tim Cheetham for reading the manuscript and for all of their support. A graphical representation of the electrocardiographic changes of hyperkalemia (due to overcorrection of potassium loss).
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The final destination of a journey is not, after all, the last item on the agenda, but rather some understanding, however simple or provisional, of what one has seen.
You will learn to “read” starter and know just when to feed it more flour and water in order to maintain a balance of healthy yeast and bacteria to sustain a vibrant culture for your own baking needs. You will develop your own “feel” for dough so that you can adjust the amount of water, flour, folding, and fermenting time to create bread dough with just the right consistency, pliability, and strength. And, you will know how to blend flour in a mix that suits your family’s preference for texture and taste. Water, time, temperature, sourdough starter (a “pre-ferment” that adds an extra day of flavor and fermentation), and heirloom flour are all factors that contribute nutrition and taste. Water (chlorine-free) sets chemical reactions in motion, allowing yeast and bacteria to freely move about to set fermentation in motion.  The more water, the faster the reactions. Temperature—both kitchen temperature and the temperature of the ingredients when mixed—also influence the rising time and hence the flavor.  Colder temperatures slow fermentation to create more flavor, but too long a fermentation can weaken dough and make it “wobbly” and hard to handle. Sourdough starter is a “preferment” cultivated the day before making dough that adds both leavening and a whole day of extra fermentation time and flavor.
To suit your family, you can choose any combination of rye, whole wheat and artisan white.  Dough made with some white flour will require less water and the bread will have a lighter taste and texture.
If you want to speed the fermenting time on Day 2, remove your jar of blended flour from the refrigerator the night before making dough so that it is at room temperature when you begin the mixing steps given below. 2.  Add Flour Mixture (~490 grams for one loaf) to the wet ingredients above, and stir well to combine. It is easiest to keep track of the next steps in forming your dough by jotting down the “Start Time” and then the times when you will do subsequent steps.  If your day is busy, having these written on a scrap of paper will prevent confusion. Transfer dough to the lightly oiled rectangular pan and let the dough rest for 45 minutes, either on the counter, cover, or in a proofer. Noon:  Place the brotform or bowl filled with dough in the refrigerator to proof until the next day. Preheat a 3-quart flat-topped Lodge Pot in the oven heated to 500o.   Remove dough from refrigerator and let it warm to room temperature.
Assemble the equipment you will need:  razor blades, a misting bottle filled with water, oven mitts, additional rolled oats if needed, a baking rack, and parchment paper cut in a ~11”-12” square. Carefully remove the dome cover and allow the dough to bake 3-5 minutes more to brown the crust. With heat-resistant spatulas, transfer the bread from the Lodge Pot to a cooling rack.  A thermometer inserted into the loaf should read ~200-207o.
In similar spirit, I want to recognize my friend Ali Berlow, founder of Island Grown Initiative, and her new book, A Food Advocate’s Handbook (2015).  Ali wrote this “how to” inspirational guide to outline the many ways in which we can support the whole foods movement by advocating, collaborating, and educating to build sustainable food systems in our own local areas.
In writing this newsletter, I hope to contribute to your understanding of refined grains and the way that science and innovation have rapidly altered traditional grains, stretching our adaptive capabilities beyond their limits to increase the likelihood of chronic disease.  I would also like to discuss the important roles that traditional whole grains play in supporting good health and nutrition. Part of the power and health-supportive nature of traditional whole grains relates to the life force energy and variety of nutrients that are programmed into every kernel, something nature designed to support the life of a new plant.  For centuries, whether eaten as whole kernels or ground into flour to make bread, civilizations consumed grains in their whole form, with the germ, bran, and endosperm eaten in the same proportions present in the intact kernel of the plant.
For traditional cultures, whole grains represented not only nutritious energy but also security and power.  A single grain of rice, for example, could in three years multiply exponentially to yield 10,000 new grains, the equivalent of seven tons of rice!2  Rice was a sacred grain worshipped in Asia for its power to provide energy and satisfy hunger, just as wheat and corn were in the Americas.
Refined flour, with its long shelf life, helped launch the modern food industry while it also answered the preference of individuals for light, “fluffy” bread and bakery products.  With the roller mill, the 100-year interval between the 1870s and 1970s brought about a major shift in demand from whole to refined grains, whether as refined flour for home baking or as bakery products created in endless innovative ways by the food industry. With regard to the health-related implications of this shift to refined grain products, the human body metabolizes refined flour even faster than sugar, a factor that creates blood sugar spikes, and with time can lead to insulin resistance, diabetes and other chronic disease. As noted above, most grains that we consume today are in the form of prepared and packaged foods.
In an evolutionary context, traditional whole grains entered the human diet as a staple with the advent of agriculture about 10,000 years ago and for the last 3,000-4,000 years, grains have been a major component of the human diet.4  Along the expansive continuum of evolutionary time, genetically engineered corn, dwarf wheat, and HFCS are very new. Beyond the science, what fascinates me most about traditional whole grains is their spiritual quality and the rather magical life force energy that is held in timeless suspension, a treasure of life potential, held in each tiny grain.  Science, by pointing to the intricacies and interplays of nutrients packed into a traditional whole grain, can give us every reason to be as much in awe of whole grains as were our forebears who must have intuitively sensed this. It is easy to eat the same grains out of habit, but for balanced nutrition and to avoid gluten intolerance problems and arsenic that can affect brown rice, try to rotate grains.
Nutrition, texture, and taste are inseparable partners.  This is an important principle because the more whole grains we consume, the more our taste preferences will shift to favor whole grains over refined, empty ones.
Puzzle Together:  Health Benefits Associated with Whole Grains—Summary of American Society for Nutrition 2010 Satellite Symposium” (2010).
Liu RH, “Potential Synergy of Phytochemicals in Cancer Prevention:  Mechanism of Action,” (2004). While the ancient Egyptians did not understand the complex and fascinating science behind a dependable, long-lasting sourdough culture—a “culture” that involves healthy yeast and bacteria living in symbiotic and sustainable harmony—what they did grasp was that by adding a bit of reserve from a “good” batch of dough to a fresh mix of flour and water before kneading, they could speed the fermentation of the new dough and insure that bad bacteria in the environment did not get the upper hand.  Without knowing the underlying science, but with this simple discovery, “starter” was born.
Sourdough culture works on whole-grain flour both to moderate its blood sugar effect and its phytates.  Sourdough’s ability to diffuse phytates means that vital minerals such as calcium, magnesium, iron, copper, and zinc contained in the bran of whole grains are freed and available   for the body to utilize. Sourdough fermentation moderates the blood sugar effect of baked goods as bacteria convert the sugars in flour to lactic and acetic acids, which digest slowly and which the body retains in the digestive system for a long period of time, to help moderate blood sugar reactions. White bread made with bakers yeast metabolizes rapidly, even more rapidly than sugar, hence spiking blood sugar. Gluten Issues…and Sourdough.  Gluten intolerance is a growing problem today, and it is something that is deeply rooted in factors too powerful for sourdough alone (with the strains known to science today) to be able to resolve. Gluten intolerance is primarily related to the generally poor gut health of our population, which is something fostered by our modern diet of refined, processed, low-fiber foods, as well as to our dietary reliance on wheat, which is higher in gluten than other grains.   To make matters worse, the problem of wheat as our mainstay grain is compounded by our recent shift to a high-yield type of hybrid, extremely high-gluten wheat, called “dwarf wheat,” that was developed by scientists in the 1970s.
King Arthur First Clear flour.  First Clear is a high-ash variety that promotes fermentation and the building of flavor by controlling pH levels.
By monitoring in a structured manner, you can gain a clearer picture of how your blood glucose changes in response to those factors. While using the Accu-Chek 360° View profiling tool you should test before and after breakfast, before and after lunch, before and after dinner, and once before you go to bed.


Your blood glucose result may prompt you to eat a snack, take more insulin or go for a walk. Regularly testing your blood glucose helps measure the effectiveness of your meal plan, physical activity and medications.
Please be aware that we do not take any responsibility for accessing such information which may not comply with any valid legal process, regulation, registration or usage in the country of your origin. Think of it as another tool you can use to help organize yourself and get ready for your day. Other materials remain the property of their authors and are subject to whatever licenses under which they choose to release them. Low-dose IV insulin infusion is simple, provides more physiologic serum levels of insulin, allows gradual correction of hyperglycemia, and reduces the likelihood of sudden hypoglycemia and hypokalemia. The only justification for using IV bicarbonate is acidosis sufficiently severe to compromise cardiac contractility. Intubation, hyperventilation, and intracranial pressure monitoring reportedly improve outcomes. Young children have a greater risk of respiratory arrest, and the outcome for these children is particularly bad. Ideally, these charts include all important measurements of clinical and biochemical status, fluid balance, and insulin prescription. Intervention is much more difficult when insulin is withheld deliberately or administered improperly.
Conscious level in children with diabetic ketoacidosis is related to severity of acidosis and not to blood glucose concentration. Factors predicting cerebral edema in young children with diabetic ketoacidosis and new onset type I diabetes. Cerebral injury and cerebral edema in children with diabetic ketoacidosis: could cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury be involved?.
Adherence to insulin treatment, glycaemic control, and ketoacidosis in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Characteristics of California children with single versus multiple diabetic ketoacidosis hospitalizations (1998-2000). Recurrent severe diabetic ketoacidosis due to intoxication with synthetic drugs ('Ecstasy' and 'Speed'). Presence of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in youth: the Search for Diabetes in Youth Study. Geographical variation of presentation at diagnosis of type I diabetes in children: the EURODIAB study. Ketoacidosis at diabetes onset is still frequent in children and adolescents: a multicenter analysis of 14,664 patients from 106 institutions. Factors associated with the presence of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of diabetes in children and young adults: a systematic review. Ketoacidosis at onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children--frequency and clinical presentation. Cerebral edema in childhood diabetic ketoacidosis: natural history, radiographic findings, and early identification.
Comparison of arterial and venous blood gas values in the initial emergency department evaluation of patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. Treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis using normalization of blood 3- hydroxybutyrate concentration as the endpoint of emergency management.
Hydroxybutyrate near-patient testing to evaluate a new end-point for intravenous insulin therapy in the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis in children. An 18-yr prospective study of pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis: an approach to minimizing the risk of brain herniation during treatment. Subcutaneous use of a fast-acting insulin analog: an alternative treatment for pediatric patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. Failure of adjunctive bicarbonate to improve outcome in severe pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis.
The use of hypertonic saline for treating intracranial hypertension after traumatic brain injury.
Low Morbidity and Mortality in Children with Diabetic Ketoacidosis Treated with Isotonic Fluids.
Topics are richly illustrated with more than 40,000 clinical photos, videos, diagrams, and radiographic images. The articles assist in the understanding of the anatomy involved in treating specific conditions and performing procedures. Check mild interactions to serious contraindications for up to 30 drugs, herbals, and supplements at a time.
Plus, more than 600 drug monographs in our drug reference include integrated dosing calculators.
In contrast, sourdough bread has a modest effect on blood sugar, tracing a smooth curve that is roughly equivalent to the body’s modest response to eating whole grains, beans, and legumes. After a starter sits for a while without oxygen in the refrigerator, it develops a layer of brownish liquid on the surface, called “hooch,” which is composed of alcohol and bacteria flavoring compounds.  Stir it back in if you like a stronger flavor for your baked goods, or pour it off if you prefer a culture that is milder in flavor. Monitoring before you eat (pre-meal) and 2 hours after your first bite (post-meal) can help you understand how what you eat affects your blood glucose. Self-monitoring can also alert you to a blood glucose level that is too high or too low, which requires special treatment. You'll need to change each Monday date and drag the changes over with the little "+" sign on the bottom right of the cell. If this occurs for you, select the print option to "Trim" instead of "Shrink to Fit" so that everything lines up for punching on both sides. Do not discontinue infusion until subcutaneous insulin has been given when the child has recovered. This theoretically could make the acidosis worse, but no evidence indicates that administration of other potassium salts, such as phosphate or acetate, is more effective. A United Kingdom study reported that every child who presented with respiratory arrest either died or was left with neurologic deficits. Customize your Medscape account with the health plans you accept, so that the information you need is saved and ready every time you look up a drug on our site or in the Medscape app. Easily compare tier status for drugs in the same class when considering an alternative drug for your patient. Whereas the usual definition of meditation is to empty one's mind, I use this one to vent the mind. Venting basically means getting rid of extraneous information, while also organizing the information I do need for the day ahead.



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Comments

  1. 04.04.2015 at 20:55:33


    Usual plasma glucose levels at this time in pregnancy.

    Author: Agamirze
  2. 04.04.2015 at 21:28:51


    The technician will take a sample discuss with your doctor or practice gradual and intervention in the school.

    Author: President
  3. 04.04.2015 at 15:27:21


    The diabetes actually resolves, simply.

    Author: nefertiti
  4. 04.04.2015 at 11:21:14


    Blood glucose through mechanisms not related to stimulation of insulin are above or below your target range.

    Author: Azerinka
  5. 04.04.2015 at 15:52:41


    For eight to ten hours, at a random time your doctor will check your blood enucleation or partial pancreatectomy.

    Author: IzbranniY