Quite probably, some of you’ve already been diagnosed with diabetes, and, many of you who don’t have this disease would like to prevent it.
But before you’re able to manage or prevent diabetes successfully, you must have complete knowledge about this disease. One thing that you must know is that long before a diagnosis of diabetes, there is pre-diabetes, especially, in patients who are older and are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Patients with this form of diabetes are at risk of having preeclampsia (characterized by high blood pressure and damage to organs such as the kidneys during the pregnancy), newborns with excessive body weight and breathing problems of the newborn. It is important to know that those patients who have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes are at higher risk to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Another important issue is that patients diagnosed with gestational diabetes can have a pregnancy without serious complications and deliver a healthy baby as long as their condition is recognized and managed accordingly. The American Diabetes Association has also useful information about diabetes and its management. This E-book will provide you with exclusive tips and the knowledge necessary to prevent and control high blood pressure.
To learn more about Type I diabetes, and Type II diabetes, visit our Health articles and Pharmacy news section today! Okay, so you have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes or maybe you have that sneaking suspicion that you may have it.
The Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) test is performed after an 8 hour fast, thus it is usually done in the morning. Thus, your pre diabetes glucose readings should look similar to the above, from a diagnosis standpoint. This means that your doctor is trying to determine how well you are managing your diabetes or pre-diabetes. Pre-diabetics and diabetics are advised to keep their A1c below 7%, although some doctors recommend being as close to 6% as possible. While not a substitute for a doctor’s visit, there is a new home test for A1C results from Bayer Corporation.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is defined as glucose intolerance diagnosed during pregnancy. It is recommended that pregnant women with any risk factors be screened at the first prenatal visit.
For women at high risk not found to have GDM at the first visit, repeat testing is indicated between 24 and 28 weeks. If 2 or more values are abnormal then the patient has a positive diagnosis of gestational diabetes. It has been found that women diagnosed with gestational diabetes already have insulin resistance at baseline with a higher level of plasma insulin levels. Women diagnosed with GDM need training about daily self monitoring of glucose 6-7 times a day with a minimum of 4 times. All women diagnosed with GDM require nutritional counseling for the appropriate amount of weight gain during pregnancy as well as dietary control. It is a critical point in time for changing the lifestyles of these women since they are at a high risk for development of type 2 diabetes.
The use of oral medications is considered when diet and exercise do not adequately control blood sugars.
Some studies have recently evaluated the safety and efficacy of Glyburide [sulphonylurea] after the first trimester for treatment of GDM.
There is inadequate data in regards to the safety and efficacy of other oral antidiabetic medications such as Metformin, thiazolidinediones and Acarbose.
The diagnosis and treatment of gestational diabetes is critical because elevated blood sugars adversely affect both the mother and the baby. Approximately 50% women will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years of development of gestational diabetes. Convert a1c to average blood sugar (and vice versa), The diabetes education and research center (derc) is a non-profit organization located in philadelphia, pa .
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What i need to know about eating and diabetes – national, What i need to know about eating and diabetes. A1C chart on this page has A1C to BS conversion chart and calculator using the DCCT formula. The hemoglobin A1C result is an important value for long-term glucose monitoring; about three months mean value of glucose level. DCCT (The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial) Formula: Below is the a1c chart to show a relation between A1C and BS equivalent. It’s estimated that around 26 million people in the U.S currently have diabetes and as many as 80 million more could already have undiagnosed symptoms of pre-diabetes. Being diagnosed with type 1 diabetes is a life-time diagnosis but type 2 diabetes is entirely preventable and existing symptoms can be completely reversed. If you have diabetes, the level of sugar (glucose) in your blood is too high and your body is unable to use it properly. This is a genetic condition resulting in an inability to produce any insulin naturally in the body.
This is not necessarily a genetic condition and it results in the body being unable to produce enough insulin to facilitate the transfer of glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body. Pre-diabetes is the term used to describe the presence of raised blood sugar levels which, if left unchecked, could develop into type 2 diabetes. On-going research into natural remedies for diabetes have shown links between the consumption of certain herbs and lowered blood sugar levels in individuals with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Many medical professionals now recommend the use of stevia to help prevent and manage the symptoms of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Stevia is a completely natural product which has no artificial ingredients and zero calories therefore it has no effect on blood sugar levels.
Ganoderma lucidum, also known as the reishi mushroom, is rapidly gaining recognition as a superfood and an effective addition to the list of herbs to lower blood sugar. Studies in Western medicine are now proving that ganoderma acts as an insulin substitute in the body and not only helps to combat symptoms of diabetes but also helps the pancreas to produce more insulin naturally in individuals with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes. Scientific studies have proven that bitter melon contains several effective anti-diabetic properties which help to lower blood sugar levels. Herbal remedies can provide an effective alternative to prescribed medication for many individuals diagnosed with diabetes but it must be noted that even though herbs offer a natural treatment they are not necessarily safe or appropriate for use in every case. Learn about healthy eating, nutrition, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol and much more from the true experts. In this article, I am going to write about different forms of diabetes mellitus in a simple language. Fasting means that an individual should not eat anything (except water) for at least 8 hours.
A patient receives a specially prepared sweet drink and his sugar is measured before and 2 hours after drinking this fluid. This form of the disease is the most common one and almost 95% of the entire diabetic population is diagnosed with this condition. Therefore, anybody who is diagnosed with this form of diabetes should work on risk factors for diabetes on continuous basis.
Identify your HbA1c test score, mean blood and glucose level to know if your blood glucose is in the optimum level. Several questions that come up include what pre diabetes glucose readings are and what should pre-diabetic A1c numbers be. They test your blood glucose level at the moment of the test, not over a period of time like the A1c test. However, it is important to note that different labs can provide varying results, so work with your doctor to determine what your individual test results mean. Pre-diabetics, with proper exercise, weight management and diet can often achieve results closer to 5%. This could either be newly diagnosed type 1 or type 2 Diabetes Mellitus or this could be a new onset of hyperglycemia secondary to metabolic changes related to pregnancy. One can either take a two step approach, starting with the 50 gm glucose challenge test, followed by an oral glucose tolerance test if the results of the former test are abnormal. During the early part of pregnancy there is increase in insulin secretion and beta cell hyperplasia. It is recommended that pregnant women exercise for about 20-30 minutes everyday or at least most days of the week. The older sulphonylureas were not recommended for use in pregnancy because they crossed the placenta. The fetus is at increased risk of macrosomia, hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia, hypomagnesaemia, jaundice, polycythemia, respiratory complications, congenital malformations and fetal loss including abortion, still births and neonatal deaths. The greatest risk factor for early-onset type 2 diabetes after pregnancy was early gestational age at the time of diagnosis and elevated fasting glucose. This A1C chart is based on the DCCT formula, a randomized clinical trial designed to compare intensive and conventional therapies and their relative effects on the development and progression of diabetic complications in patients with type 1. In both cases, the need for prescribed medication can be lessened and even eradicated by learning how to harness the natural healing power of plants and herbs for diabetes prevention and treatment.


Your body needs glucose as its main source of fuel for energy but it also needs insulin to be able to transfer glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body effectively.
Daily insulin injections or medication may be required in some cases but type 2 diabetes is generally treated through modifications to diet and lifestyle.
Herbal therapies have been used for centuries in traditional Oriental medicine and the potential healing power of herbs for diabetes related symptoms is now of growing interest in Western medicine. Research is on-going into the use of ganoderma in diabetes prevention and treatment but there is growing evidence to support its potential to help lower elevated blood sugar levels. A consultation with a medical professional is always recommended before considering the use of herbal remedies or making any changes to existing medications. Natural plant-derived products containing stevia, ganoderma and bitter melon are gaining recognition as useful and effective alternatives to prescribed medication and many individuals with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes have successfully reversed their symptoms through harnessing the natural and awesome power of herbs. This is a must read article for anybody who would like to understand diabetes prevention better. The patients with the type 2 form of this disease still produce insulin but their organs are resistant to this hormone. The reasons for this disease are mostly because of increased insulin resistance (as explained previously) and production of hormones by the placenta that result in high blood sugar levels. This is the only way to prevent additional problems such as heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and stroke later in life.
Because the test is an average reading, it does not tell you what your actual blood glucose level measures on any given day or time.
Again, different labs may produce different results, so all results need to be discussed with your physician. This leads to an increase in insulin sensitivity with low fasting blood sugar levels, increased glucose uptake by peripheral tissue and glycogen storage as well as decreased hepatic gluconeogenesis. The pancreas however, is unable to cope with this additional stress of elevated level of insulin resistance. Testing for the presence of ketones in a fasting urine sample is a valuable tool to assess the adequacy of caloric intake in these patients. These patients should restrict fat intake and substitute simple or refined sugars in their diet to more complex carbohydrates.
Seven-point capillary blood-glucose profiles (pre-meal, post-meal, and bedtime) obtained in the DCCT were analyzed to define the relationship between HbA1c and BG. When you have diabetes, your body (pancreas) does not produce enough insulin to facilitate the transfer of glucose so levels begin to build up in your blood. Therefore, these organs don’t let the insulin get into their territory and subsequently, no sugar will enter into their cells to get processed.
This process is crucial for the build-up of maternal adipose tissue, to be used in the later part of pregnancy. Positive urine for ketones indicates a state of starvation and the patients should be advised to increase their daily caloric consumption. There isn’t enough data regarding the safety of the long acting insulin glargine in pregnancy. It has been shown that it is as effective as insulin, more cost effective than insulin and safe for use in pregnancy.
Women with normal pregravid glucose tolerance who develop gestational diabetes in late gestation have no increased risk of fetal congenital anomalies beyond the population risk for women with normal glucose metabolism. Converting A1C to equivalent blood-glucose level (as shown by the glucometer) can be easier interpreting the result. He recommends DCCT's formula to convert A1C to BS than the formula by ADAG recommended by ADA. But whatever the reasons such as immune system induced or unknown, the insulin producing organ called the pancreas gets damaged. During the late phase, there is an increase in hormones such as cortisol, prolactin, progesterone and human placental lactogen which leads to a state of relative insulin resistance, possibly via a post receptor defect in the cells. Both American Diabetic Association [ADA] and American college of Obstetricians and Gynecologists [ACOG] await more research related to the effect of glyburide on maternal and perinatal outcomes before approving its use. The children of women diagnosed with GDM are at increased risk of obesity and abnormal glucose metabolism during childhood, adolescence and adulthood.
Goldstein, MD "Defining the Relationship Between Plasma Glucose and HbA1c, Analysis of glucose profiles and HbA1c in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial," Diabetes Care 25:275-278, 2002. Women diagnosed with gestational diabetes are at increased risk of gestational hypertension including preecclempsia, caesarian section and assisted deliveries. One of the mechanisms thought to be contributing to the long term complications in these babies is ‘early onset hyperinsulinimia’.



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