Fasting blood glucose is a measure of the quantity of glucose present in an individual’s blood stream after abstaining from eating for at least eight hours.1 This test is used to screen for diabetes. The chart below provides fasting blood sugar numbers and descriptions as provided by the American Diabetes Association. For a comprehensive overview of Diabetes, see our Diabetes section under medical health issues. HDL Cholesterol and LDL Cholesterol The two basic types of cholesterol with which we are concerned with are LDL and HDL cholesterol. Ask a Doctor Online Now!Carbohydrates are the main source of energy in that it is broken down into simple sugars like glucose and then transported via the bloodstream to all the cells of the body for energy production. Glucose can damage the cells in the body if the levels are not kept within a specific range.
Body weight also impacts on the blood glucose levels and it is modifiable meaning that a person can change their body weight through diet and exercise. High blood sugar levels means that the body is unable to keep the glucose levels within a normal range.
Fasting glucose are those levels upon waking – essentially having not eaten for at least 8 hours.
Ask a Doctor Online Now!Pre-diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is the stage of abnormal blood glucose regulation before diabetes mellitus develops.
Whether high sugar levels are found in the blood, urine or even CSF (cerebrospinal fluid), it needs to be treated and managed. Losing weight to return to a normal BMI (body mass index) or at least 5% to 10% of total body weight. Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a health care professional and will not constitute a medical diagnosis.


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Here it is processed further – some is broken down into simpler compounds, some is stored and others may be converted or even excreted. When carbohydrates are in short supply, the body will use proteins or fats which can also be converted into glucose.
However, if these levels drop too low then it compromises energy production and normal cell activity.
A higher body weight not only increases the risk of diabetes mellitus, a condition marked by abnormally high glucose levels, but also negatively affects the glucose control in a person of normal tolerance or with diabetes.
It indicates a problem primarily with the insulin levels that are secreted in response to the blood sugar levels. This is the range where the body is supposed to maintain the blood sugar levels at all times – whether upon waking, before and after eating, during sleep and the course of the day irrespective of physical activity or eating habits. Usually the 2 hour level is recorded although in pregnant women, the 1 hour and 3 hour post-prandial levels are also significant for testing. It can last for months or even years before the onset of diabetes mellitus and pre-diabetes is reversible.
This is a chronic condition which requires proper treatment and management by a medical professional. Several years ago, my husband and I found a way to work ourselves out of more than $35,000 in debt.
The body has to therefore ensure that the blood glucose levels are neither to high nor too low.


There are several other hormones and physiological processes in the body that can also impact on blood glucose levels but not to the extent as insulin and glucagon. When the blood sugar (glucose) is too high, the pancreas secretes more insulin which then helps to lower the blood glucose levels to some degree thereby bringing it within a normal range. There are certain times when the sugar levels are higher or lower but still within the normal range. Therefore only the breakfast pre-prandial level is taken into consideration since it is the same as the fasting glucose level.
Medication is usually necessary and this is often for life since the condition is largely irreversible.
Often the concern focuses more around elevated blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) which occurs in diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes).
In conditions such as diabetes mellitus, there is either a deficiency of insulin or resistance to the effects of insulin. Pre-diabetes on the other hand can be reversed by eating right, exercising and losing weight. This condition is on the rise globally and has a wide range of effects on different organs with at times fatal consequences. However, in rare instances glucose can be passed into the urine from the kidney tissue despite the blood glucose levels being within the normal range – renal glycosuria. This is done through several of the effects that these hormones have on almost every cell in the body.



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Comments

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