Understanding what is the normal range for blood glucose levels is very important for all people.
Blood Sugar, also know as blood glucose, is the main fuel that body uses to produce energy. Glucose produced from the ingested carbohydrates, proteins and fats is directly absorbed into the bloodstream. The volume of sugar in the bloodstream changes throughout the day according to your food intake. Maintaining a healthy glucose level in the bloodstream is very important for the healthy functioning of the body. Vegetables which have less or no starch like broccoli, beans, peas and spinach can help in maintaining the sugar level in your blood. Strawberries are good for controlling the diabetes because they are rich in fiber and water content. Recent studies proved that cinnamon has the capability to work like insulin to digest sugar. Pursuing optimum health through self-assessment and dispelling misconceptions about nutrition and medicine along the way.
We simply can’t know how unfavorable our postprandial glucose levels are unless we check. And while optimal health is not about fixating on weight—it’s about measuring truly influential parameters like blood glucose, lipid subfractions, and cardiac plaque—nothing will help you lose weight as effectively as understanding how your meals are affecting your blood glucose levels. AbstractSodium nitrite (NaNO2), a food color fixative and preservative, contributes to carcinogenesis. Biochemical analysisSerum glucose level was determined using the Biomerieux reagent kits [28]. A number of biochemical parameters were examined in the serum collected from each group and the results are summarized in table 1.
The NaNO2 and other additives may react with amines of the foods in the stomach and produce nitrosamines and free radicals. Allal Ouhtit is a principal investigator and a member of the Stanley S Scott Cancer Center at the Louisiana State University (LSU) Health Sciences Center. Diabetes is a serious and chronic disease that occurs when the body does not have the ability to produce insulin, or enough insulin, to metabolize glucose.? There is no known cure for the disease but research continues to make progress.
Based on the short list of symptoms see above alone, it could save your life to be aware of this information.
Blood sugar is a simple sugar (glucose) that is broken down through digestion from the foods we eat and travels through our blood stream to our cells to provide energy to our bodies. Levels may vary if you take lot of sugary food or food items which are rich in carbohydrates. If you ingest foods which contain a higher fibre content it slows down the process of digestion and results in the slow release of glucose. The carbohydrates and calorie content in strawberries are very low when compared to candies or chocolates. Lean meat does not have a vital role in controlling diabetes but they do they have low glycemic index and it take more time to digest it. According to researchers, regular intake of cinnamon extract can make significant changes in your blood glucose level.
Orange’s starting glucose level was different between the two meals (as is typical when comparing fasting glucose levels that are days apart), I plotted the graph to show the change in blood glucose from its starting point. Orange’s high-carb meal elevated his blood glucose over his starting point, but what are the absolute values? And we don’t have to think of ourselves as diabetic in order to spend a few days conducting this eye-opening research on ourselves. Orange going to take this lesson to heart and start eating in such a way as to minimize his blood glucose levels? In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. In vivo evidence of hepato- and reno-protective effect of garlic oil against sodium nitrite-induced oxidative stress.
We investigated the protective role of garlic oil against NaNO2-induced abnormalities in metabolic biochemical parameters and oxidative status in male albino rats. Food and Drug Administration are commonly used to maintain or improve safety, the nutrient value, and the taste and texture of food [1].
The animals were kept under good ventilation and received a balanced diet and water ad libitum throughout the experimental period.
Liver glycogen content was determined according to the method described by Van-Handle [29]. While rats fed on standard diet supplemented with garlic oil did not show any significant changes in the majority of the parameters examined, a significant increase in serum levels of glucose, bilirubin, urea and creatinine as well as the activity of the AST, ALT and ALP enzymes were observed in rats treated with NaNO2 for a period of three months. Such products may increase lipid peroxidation, which can be harmful to different organs including liver and kidney [37].
He received his MPh in Neuroscience and his PhD in Biochemistry from the University Claude Bernard Lyon-I, France. According to the American Diabetes Association, diabetes affects 25.8 million children and adults in the United States.


If you have a blood glucose testing device, like those sold online by many retailers, you should be able to easily examine where your personal blood sugar numbers are relative to this range.
For the layman, all you need to know is that it takes a very small amount of sugar for your body to hit a state of equilibrium. The effects of not properly maintaining a normal blood sugar level can be exceptionally bad. When we discuss numbers of this nature, keep in mind that problems really arise when numbers are too high or low for a long period of time. The human body could not function properly if normal levels of blood sugar is not maintained in the blood.
Insulin, a natural hormone produced by pancreas, maintains the glucose level and also helps in the process of absorption of glucose into the cells. Hypoglycemia is considered as a very dangerous condition and hyperglycemia may sometime results in diabetes mellitus. All high fiber whole grains like barley are good for maintaining the blood glucose level. Orange be thinking long and hard about eating more meals that to not elevate his glucose levels? Starting from a very desirable fasting glucose level of 80, his meal took him from an optimal glucose range into ranges that are toxic to internal organs.
A person can read articles about foods that lower or raise the risk of diabetes and can memorize glycemic index tables until her head spins, but nothing can come close to spending a few days with a glucose meter.
NaNO2 treatment for a period of three months induced a significant increase in serum levels of glucose, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bilirubin, urea and creatinine as well as hepatic AST and ALT.
Although many of the 3,000 these additives enhance our food supply, others are the subject of fierce controversy.
Serum alanine aminotransfrase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransfrease (AST) activities were determined according to the method described by Reitman and Frankel [30], whereas alkaline phoasphatase (ALP) activity was estimated by Belfield method [31]. For comparison between different experimental rat groups, one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used followed by Tukey's test. On the other hand, these free radicals, known to cause oxidative stress, can be prevented or reduced by dietary natural antioxidants through their capacity to scavenge these products [38]. He completed his postdoctoral work at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Keep in mind that while these are this is the most common range, some people may be able to maintain a healthy lifestyle with slightly elevated or depressed numbers as well. If you need to manually check and regulate your blood sugar levels, you will need to learn what foods to avoid, and which ones are great for managing this condition. The first one to consider is hypoglycemia, which is induced when you have an excessively low blood sugar level.
Blood glucose levels are usually less in the morning and it will increase after taking food. With a little effort and minimal cost, we can measure, not speculate, what we’re doing to ourselves with every single meal. Scott Cancer Center, Louisiana State University Health Science Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA;3. However, significant decrease was recorded in liver ALP activity, glycogen content, and renal urea and creatinine levels. The discovery that children at the age of nursery consume food containing great amounts of additives prompted the scientific community to oversee this issue.
Serum was separated from coagulant blood by centrifugation at 860g for 20 min, and then quickly frozen at -20°C for biochemical analysis. Total protein, bilirubin, urea and creatinine levels were determined using Diamond Diagnostic Kit as previously reported [32-33].
However, supplementation of NaNO2- intoxicated rats with garlic oil ameliorated the nitrite adverse effects as evidenced by a significant increase of serum total protein content, and a decrease of serum glucose, bilirubin, urea and creatinine levels, as well as the activity of AST, ALT and ALP enzymes (Table 1).
You should keep in mind that the regular range may vary depending on the time of day, your sex and gender, medical conditions like diabetes, medications like blood thinners, and other variables.
In going off the actual numbers and the potential consequences of too highly elevated or depressed levels, it is important to consider the symptoms and other side effects that can stem from these conditions. It is recommended to check the glucose level once in every 2 weeks, if you experience a one high or low reading once.
Reaching these levels day after day, week after week, year after year, slowly destroys our insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells and causes Type 2 diabetes. In parallel, a significant increase in lipid peroxidation, and a decrease in glutathione content and catalase activity were observed in the liver and the kidney. Sodium nitrite (NaNO2) is present in vegetables and is routinely used as a color fixative and preservative for meats and fish [2]. Small pieces of liver and kidney tissues were separated, weighed, homogenized in ice cold water and stored at -20°C for subsequent measurements. The product of lipid peroxidation, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), was determined as previously described [34].
The same parameters were examined in liver and kidney tissues, and the data are shown in table 2.
The findings suggest nitrite-stimulation of gluconeogenesis [39], and glucose shift from tissue to blood or an impairment of glucose mobilization.


It is well known that both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia have the tendency to be correlated with high and low blood pressure, simple symptoms like headaches, migraines, a lack of energy, and depression; as well as more fatal issues like cardiac arrest and stress.
If the fasting glucose level is between 100 and 199 then it is considered as pre-diabetic stage. Scott Cancer Center, Louisiana State University Health Science Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. However, garlic oil supplementation showed a remarkable amelioration of these abnormalities.
The hazardous effect of NaNO2 derives from the reaction of nitrites with amines to produce nitrosamines, and with amides to produce nitrosamides.
Glutathione (GSH) content was estimated by the method of Prins and Loose [35], and the activity of catalase was determined by the method of Aebi [36]. In the NaNO2-treated rats, a statistically significant inhibition of hepatic glycogen and total protein contents, and the activity of the enzymes ALT and AST as well as the levels of renal urea, creatinine and total protein content (Table 2). Furthermore, nitroso-compounds can alter the antioxidant system causing disturbance in the metabolic processes leading to hyperglycemia [40]. If you have any concern at all regarding your blood sugar and these conditions, or know you have a disease like diabetes, then you should be sure to visit with your doctor regularly to get checked up on.
Orange monitored his glucose after a typical meal (a foot-long roast beef sub and diet soda) and compared those measurements to those he took after eating a low-carb meal of feta cheese, avocado, and olive oil a couple of days later. Orange has done, seeing how our typical meals affect our blood glucose, and we change our eating habits to avoid harmful glucose levels, we could make Type 2 diabetes as rare as hen’s teeth.
The toxic effects of nitrates and nitrites are well documented in mammalians, including impairment of reproductive function [3], hepatotoxicity and methaemogobenemia [4], dysregulation of inflammatory responses and tissue injury [5], growth retardation [6], and endocrine disturbance [7].
The activity of hepatic ALP was significantly increased in the NaNO2-treated rats (Table 2). However, serum glucose and liver glycogen levels were ameliorated upon garlic oil supplementation. Dr Ouhtit is an internationally respected scientist with awards for outstanding and innovative research. However, administration of garlic oil to the NaNO2-intoxicated rats significantly restored these parameters in the liver and kidney organs (Table 2).Further, we assessed oxidative stress parameters and antioxidant activity in the liver and the kidney and the results are summarized in table 3. The hypoglycemic effect of garlic oil and its organo-sulfur compounds might be due to their ability to enhance insulin secretion [41, 42].Our results also indicate an inhibitory effect NaNO2 on the biosynthesis of protein, which was restored by garlic oil supplementation. Using F344 rat in a multiorgan carcinogenesis model, 0.3% NaNO2 given in the drinking water for 28 weeks increased the incidence of forestomach neoplasm in the post-initiation period [11]. The data indicate that TBARS concentration increased significantly, while GSH content, as well as catalase activity were decreased in both organs of NaNO2-intoxicated rats (Table 3).
These data suggest a stimulation of the thyroid and the adrenal glands by NaNO2 which can lead to a blockade in protein synthesis, fast breakdown, increased rate of free amino acids, and decreased protein turnover [43]. Scott Cancer Center, Louisiana State University Health Science Center, CSRB Building, Room# 748C, 533 Bolivar Street, New Orleans, LA 70112. Thus, it cannot be precluded that NaNO2 has very weak carcinogenic potential, particularly in the squamous epithelium of the forestomach.
However, combination of garlic oil with NaNO2 reduced TBARS concentration and restored the levels of GSH as well as the activity of catalase (Table 3).
In addition, nitrite interactions results into nitric oxide release, which can inhibit total protein synthesis [44]. Moreover, in combination with other chemicals, NaNO2 has also been shown to form carcinogens or to enhance carcinogenesis. However, the increase in bilirubin concentration as well as the activity of AST, ALT and ALP enzymes in the serum of NaNO2-treated rats could be attributed to the toxic effect of nitroso-compounds, formed in the acidic environment of the stomach, in causing severe hepatic necrosis [45].
For instance, highly carcinogenic N-nitroso-compounds are produced when nitrite reacts with secondary amines and N-alkyl amides under acidic conditions in vitro [8, 12] and in vivo [13].
These abnormalities were prevented by supplementation of garlic oil, perhaps due to its role in stabilizing the cell membrane and protect the liver from free radical-mediated liver cell toxicity [46].In response to NaNO2 treatment, urea and creatinine were increased in the serum but decreased in the kidney, suggesting an impairment of kidney functions. Other studies have demonstrated that treatment with NaNO2 in combination with phenolic compounds [11, 14] or ascorbic acid [15] strongly enhanced forestomach carcinogenesis in a rat two-stage carcinogenesis model.Recent trends in controlling and treating diseases tend to favor natural antioxidant compounds rather than synthetic ones [16]. These effects could also be attributed to the changes in the threshold of tubular re-absorption, renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate [47]. The human diet, which contains large number of natural compounds, is essential in protecting the body against the development of diseases, and the garlic Allium sativum is one of the well known plant with remarkable anti-carcinogenic properties is [16, 17]. Garlic oil showed a clear improvement in kidney functions, perhaps due to the antioxidant properties of garlic in scavenging free radicals leading to reduced levels of nitric oxide and lipid peroxidation.
Garlic, is a commonly worldwide used food, and its medical properties have been well recognized since the ancient times. Moreover, NaNO2-inhibited glutathione content and catalase enzyme activity in the liver and the kidney may be attributed to the observed induction of lipid peroxidation [48]. Garlic is known for its antibacterial [18], anticarcinogenic [19], hypolipidemic [20], hypoglycemic [21], antifungal [22], and anti-atherosclerotic [23] properties, and an antioxidant against free radicals [24, 25].Here, we investigated the role of garlic oil in preventing NaNO2-induced abnormalities in the biochemical parameters associated with the oxidative stress in male albino rats.
However, garlic improved the antioxidant mechanism due to the ability of Diallyl disulfide and Diallyl trisulfide present in garlic oil in modulating the oxidative stress and detoxifying enzyme system [49, 50, 51].In conclusion, from the results achieved it can be concluded that the administration of garlic has an extremely beneficial role in overcoming the occurred adverse effects of chronic ingestion of sodium nitrite, which is probably through its excellent antioxidant properties and highly nutritional values.



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Comments

  1. 28.08.2014 at 16:33:15


    Low in carbohydrates or very low in calories and.

    Author: Escalade
  2. 28.08.2014 at 14:44:14


    Have some degree of retinopathy This is because.

    Author: NELLY_FURTADO
  3. 28.08.2014 at 20:58:50


    Complications like an increased chance of coronary.

    Author: Fire_Man
  4. 28.08.2014 at 15:55:35


    Not make enough insulin or does take an extra shot of insulin, or, if your body and.

    Author: HEYAT_BIR_YUXU
  5. 28.08.2014 at 18:59:31


    Trials rather than to sampling error (chance), 10 with an I2 value less than are.

    Author: Fellin