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24.04.2014 admin
SPARTA TOWNSHIP, New Jersey—On a recent early summer morning, the chirps and trills of songbirds filled the air as our group of around two dozen walked down a dirt access road into a forest in northern New Jersey.
We were on a walk into the Sparta Mountain Wildlife Management Area, a 3,461-acre state-owned nature preserve about 50 miles northwest of Manhattan and about 30 miles due east of the Delaware River and the Pennsylvania border. Although it’s a relatively small chunk of New Jersey’s roughly 740,000 acres of publicly owned forestland, Sparta Mountain is also at the center of a controversial management proposal, prepared by New Jersey Audubon for the state Department of Environmental Protection, that would allow up to 10 percent of the preserve’s forest to be cut over the next 10 years by state-contracted loggers. The plan is roiling the state’s environmentalists—and it reflects a larger debate in the Northeast about how to manage the region’s resurgent forests, which have regrown in the past century to cover the greatest area seen since colonial times. The proposed plan would allow for “selective thinning in areas where there are trees of predominantly the same age class,” said Robert Geist, communications coordinator with the NJDEP’s Division of Natural and Historic Resources. Opponents of the plan argue that New Jersey cannot afford to lose any of its mature forest. Opponents also worry that the plan is a veiled effort to bring commercial logging to New Jersey’s forests. It’s unclear at this stage whether the state would pay contractors to do the work or expect them to generate revenue from selling the wood they cut on Sparta Mountain. That position is echoed by John Cecil, vice president for stewardship at New Jersey Audubon and a leader of our June morning hike, along with colleague Donald Donnelly, a stewardship project director-forester with New Jersey Audubon.
But many of the people who have turned out for the walk—community members concerned that the plan will harm the forest, regional water quality, and local wildlife—look unconvinced. Sharon Wander of Newton, who with her husband, Wade, has worked for decades as an environmental consultant in the state, is one of these skeptics. Wander is also concerned that the plan does not offer the sorts of documentation and protections of streams, wetlands, or vernal pools that would be required in a commercial development project, or firm plans for monitoring them. She also believes that creating big gaps in the forest could lead to big problems with invasive species.
The proposal notes the presence of about 50 rare or endangered plants in the Sparta Mountain preserve that the proposed cuts would have to work around or promote, as well as 41 species of vulnerable wildlife. In the bird’s eastern United States range, “we have a lot of early successional forest that has grown up into mature forest because of current land use practices and the way we manage our forests,” Rohrbaugh said. In the preserve, Donnelly and Cecil bring the group to a brushy thicket of bushes and saplings that barely hit the five-foot-tall mark.
Three years later, the growth is “still a little young for pure golden-winged warblers,” Donnelly said, which like their forests in the five- to six-year range, apparently.
Although there is a stream and a wetland downslope of this cut, Donnelly and Cecil say there have been no signs of erosion or sediment loading since the cut. There were around 100 breeding pairs of golden-winged warblers in New Jersey in the 1990s, said Cecil.
While they are still waiting for a firm sign that the cut is attracting golden-winged warblers, Sharon Petzinger, a senior zoologist and a 15-year veteran with the DEP, tells the group that since 2014, she’s seen a jump in the diversity of avian species in the area. BILL McCONNELL, a primitive survivalist, started training in the wilderness at the age of four under the guidance of his grandfather. Actually, they started having Joe build the fire or shelters to try to audience confidence in him.
Learning the woodsmanship skills presented in this column not only is an insurance policy, but a way of getting back in touch with nature. Step One: Wedge a ridge pole (a horizontal cross piece) into the lower forks of two closely growing trees (one end can rest on the ground if necessary), or support the ends of the ridge pole with tripods of upright poles lashed together near the top.

Ordinary wooden matches are best and should be kept in a waterproof, unbreakable container.
After the tinder is laid, pile a handful of small, dry twigs (preferably evergreen twigs) above this.
With the fire pile sheltered from wind and rain, ignite the tinder so the flames will eat into the heart of the pile. Nashville flipped: creating historic homes, There's more to nashville than just country music – and more, sometimes, than meets the eye. Resumes - sample resume, resume template, resume , List of free sample resumes, resume templates, resume examples, resume formats and cover letters.
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Nashville vacation rentals & short term rentals - airbnb, Best neighborhood nashville. The leaves formed a dense green canopy high above our heads, filtering out most of the warm sun. The preserve is nestled amid a dozen or more preserves and parks running across the state’s northern mountains, in a region called the New Jersey Highlands. While some plots would have trees selectively removed, others would be clear-cut to create multi-acre thickets of young trees surrounded by older forest.
Advocates say that cuts are necessary because the forest, which is composed of evenly aged trees ranging from 65 to 100 years old, lacks the habitats needed by diverse wildlife species, including the birds and bats that everyone agrees are on the decline. Neither rule out a logging contractor making some money off the trees they would cut under the management proposal, although they too refute that the results would amount to creating a commercial logging industry in New Jersey. The one that has come up most often among both defenders and detractors of the plan is the golden-winged warbler, a songbird that summers and breeds in North American forests and winters in Central America and northern Colombia. It’s the site of a 13-acre clear-cut that the state made in consultation with Audubon during the winter of 2013. But blue-winged warblers and blue-golden hybrids have been sighted in the thicket, and he seems pleased with the diverse array of trees growing in. We’ve seen nonnative mugwort plants along the dirt road, but Donnelly said that invasive plants are far from problematic in the cut, making up less than 5 percent of the regrowth.
Now there are about 25 pairs, and half of them are using the rights-of-way under power lines for nesting—vulnerable areas because utility companies are legally required to keep undergrowth no higher than three feet. She has recorded 28 bird species—including gray catbirds, prairie warblers, towhees, scarlet tanagers, buntings, field sparrows, and indigo buntings—compared with 14 to 16 in the interior forest and around 20 in typical Sparta Mountain wetland.
Army Green Beret, passed selection at only 21 years old and is among some of the youngest soldiers to have made it into the elite brotherhood of Special Forces Operators.
He grew up near Cleveland, Ohio but often spent time outdoors in the mountains of nearby Pennsylvania. Yet even though we consider ourselves “outdoor types,” few of us possess the survival skills and knowledge to be considered a true woodsman.
If forced by calamity into a survival situation, many people would find it difficult to stay warm, well fed and healthy.
It can be an adventure in which the reader discovers not only how to survive in unexpected situations, but how to live well whether fishing solo on a backcountry river, hunting with friends in a wilderness area or camping with family in a park near home.

They can be erected without tools in an hour in an area with downed timber—less if you find a makeshift ridge pole such as a leaning tree to support the boughs. The spit is a long, straight, green tree limb, preferably one with a fork on one end that can serve as a handle for turning. This lofty 100-year-old forest is in the heart of a swath of unbroken, mature forestland that is rare in America’s most densely populated state, all of it sitting above an aquifer that provides drinking water for 6 million residents. The even ages of the trees also make them vulnerable to a catastrophe such as parasites or extreme weather.
With tours in Iraq and northern Africa, Grady is a small arms, mobility, and survival expert. As a young adult and art student, he was homeless for a time and adapted the lessons of his grandfather to hunt for his own food and practice a form of urban survival.
Those who study these tips will discover they can do things they never dreamed they could do. Good tinder ingredients include lint (check your pockets and belly button), cotton threads, dry-wood powder, unraveled string, bird or mouse nests, dry splinters pounded between two rocks, dry shredded bark or pine needles, and slivers of fat pine. Also in teepee fashion, so ample oxygen will reach all parts of the heap, lay up some big pieces of dead wood. The location of this cut, near a power line right-of-way where golden-winged warblers have been known to nest, makes him and his colleagues optimistic that the species will move in. Before joining the Army, Grady studied graphic design, but ultimately decided to follow in the footsteps of other family members who have served, including his grandfather, who was in the 11th Airborne Division during World War II, and his father, who was a Green Beret during Vietnam. Eventually, Bill found his way to the Pine Barrens of New Jersey, where he studied under and taught alongside Tom Brown, Jr. And at particularly high moments, they will feel a real connection to the natural world around them.
Even when plenty of matches are at hand, this skill may someday mean the difference between a warmly comfortable camp and a chilly, miserable one. Shave the spit to flatten it along two opposite sides (this prevents food from rotating on the stick) and suspend it across the coals atop two forked sticks driven into the ground on opposite sides of the fire at an appropriate height. In 2011, Grady competed in the NBC series Stars Earn Stripes, ultimately winning alongside his partner Eva Torres.
Being adventure lovers themselves, they know the enormous thrill, joy, and sense of accomplishment that inevitably follows your first or hundredth sky dive, summit, flight, climb, tour, or canoe trip. After serving with distinction in the Army for five years, he left and began training military, law enforcement, and civilians in tactical skills, such as defensive firearm implementation. His lifelong devotion to the outdoors led Bill to explore primitive skills, including the tool manufacturing and hunting techniques of indigenous and ancient societies. Drawing on his expertise in shooting, evasion, field medicine, and urban survival, Grady has also run protection details for high-level U.S. He now lives in Montana where he runs the PAST Skills Wilderness School, leading courses on primitive camouflage, fire by friction techniques, Native American hunting traditions, and many other related topics. In 2013, he competed in a survival race for National Geographic’s Ultimate Survival Alaska.

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