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GenusSyrmaticus (1)Although closely resembling Elliota€™s pheasant (Syrmaticus ellioti), the male of this species can be distinguished by the deep chestnut colour of its abdomen and flanks, and the glossy steel-blue lustre of its throat, neck, upper breast and wing bar (2) (4) (5).
Humea€™s pheasant biologyHumea€™s pheasant is polygynous, with a cock (male pheasant) usually being accompanied by two to three hens (7).
This pheasant has been recorded feeding on fruit, seeds, leaves, buds and roots of over 40 plant species, as well as on worms, snails and insects (2) (7). Humea€™s pheasant rangeFound in northeast India, north and east Myanmar, south-western China and northwest Thailand (4). Humea€™s pheasant habitatInhabits open dry evergreen (mainly oak), coniferous (mainly pine) and mixed coniferous-broadleaf forests on steep rocky hillsides, interrupted by scrub and grassy clearings (8), between 740 and 2,400 metres above sea level (2). Humea€™s pheasant threatsLike many pheasants in East Asia, Humea€™s pheasant is undergoing a continuing decline across much its range in the face of heavy exploitation and habitat loss (8). Humea€™s pheasant conservationHumea€™s pheasant is legally protected throughout its range, and populations exist in several protected areas (8). This species is featured in Jewels of the UAE, which showcases biodiversity found in the United Arab Emirates in association with the Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi.
GenusAdonis (1)The beautiful pheasant's eye has feathery leaves and produces attractive scarlet coloured flowers, similar in appearance to anemones (4).
Pheasant's eye biologyThis winter annual germinates towards the end of autumn and flowers in June and July (3).

Pheasant's eye rangeThis species is thought to be an ancient introduction to Great Britain, and was once such a common feature in southern England that it was sold on Covent Garden Market as 'red Morocco' in the eighteenth century (4), but since 1987 it has been recorded at just 18 sites, and is now restricted to southern and south-east England. You can view distribution information for this species at the National Biodiversity Network Gateway. Pheasant's eye threatsThe slow decline that began after 1880 has been attributed to improved methods of seed cleaning, which removed the seeds of pheasant's eye from the cereal crop. Pheasant's eye conservationUnfortunately, very little direct conservation action has so far been targeted at this beautiful wild flower. There may be further information about this species available via the National Biodiversity Network Gateway. GlossaryAgri-environment schemesThese schemes allow the government to compensate farmers for using methods that benefit the environment.
The crown and nape of the neck are olive-brown, and the back and wings are a rich metallic chestnut-bronze with purplish tinge, with three conspicuous white bars on the upper wing. The breeding season is thought to last from February to July, with egg-laying beginning in March (2) (7).
This bird is widely hunted for food, particularly by hill tribes, including in protected areas, and its preference for paths, small clearings and open woodlands renders it particularly exposed and susceptible to hunting pressure (7). However, hunting and habitat loss evidently persist in at least some of these reserves and national parks, particularly in north-west Thailand, Myanmar and north-east India. Very few seeds are produced by each plant, and their large size and heaviness restricts the colonisation of new areas. It may benefit from various agri-environment schemes, which encourage farmers to use more environmentally-friendly, sensitive methods (8).

The two main initiatives in the UK are the Countryside Stewardship Scheme and Environmentally Sensitive Areas. In stark contrast to this rich russet colour, the lower back and rump are boldly barred dark blue and white, while the long tail is silvery-grey with black and chestnut bars (4). Females lay a clutch of six to ten eggs in a nest of dried leaves, twigs and feathers on the ground, and are solely responsible for their full 24 to 28 days incubation (2) (7). However, the birda€™s persistence in northern India and Thailand, where it is heavily exploited, suggests that it is fairly resilient and can withstand hunting to some degree (8).
Regulations against poaching and habitat encroachment therefore need to be more strictly enforced, especially in protected areas supporting significant populations (7). The Latin name Adonis is said to remember the young Adonis who was killed by a wild boar; this flower supposedly sprang up from the ground where his blood fell (6).
The more recent severe decline was caused by agricultural intensification such as the use of herbicides and nitrogenous fertilisers. Since October 2000 these have formed part of the England Rural Development Programme (EDRP), administered by DEFRA, the Department of Environment Food and Rural Affairs. Like other long-tailed pheasants (Syrmaticus spp.), this bird has noticeable red face wattles around its eyes (5) (6).
Suitable habitat has been destroyed and severely fragmented by extensive shifting cultivation, conversion to agriculture, logging and uncontrolled annual burning in Myanmar, China and India.

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