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10.02.2016 admin
Calm down and try to remember the snake’s features, shape, size, color, and tell the information to emergency staff, which is important and helpful for their treatment. Cover yourself with long pants and boots if you have to go to the place that has a high risk of getting snake bite. Snakes are one of the most feared animals on earth and snakebite is obviously one of the dreaded and life threatening conditions. Snakes eat meat and they survive on prey such as insects, birds, eggs, other reptiles as well as small animals like mouse. The snakebite which includes injection of venomous substance is scientifically referred to as envenomation. The influence on the nervous system of the affected individuals may be localized (close to the bitten spot) or it may also directly affect the entire nervous system of the body. There are some species of snake such as Russell’s viper etc which carries venom with the potential to cause direct death of muscles in simultaneously different regions of the body.
There are two known species of snake which are ringhals and spitting cobra, which can accurately spit their venom directly into the eye of the host.
These are some of the significant symptoms experienced due to snakebites however there also some other symptoms such as swelling, rashes, numbness etc which are experienced in most cases. This website is purely for information purpose and gives information that is general in nature. Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape Snakebite »Most snakebites are innocuous and are delivered by nonpoisonous species. Whether one is working in the fields, trekking in dense forests, or even playing in the bushy backyard of the house, we can all fall a prey to snake bites. Curry leaves are used for the treatments of various health issues and is used to add flavor to various culinary dishes. This plant acts as an antidote to a snake bite and is especially effective in treating the sting of the Russel’s viper. This oil is said to boost immunity and protects the body from common ailments like cold and cough. This oil acts as a stimulant and has powers to fight infections and kill microorganisms in the body.
Handling a snake bite from a particularly venomous snake means a trip to the Emergency Room. A Russel’s Viper has venom that destroys artery walls and causes internal hemorrhaging. A case in Africa involving a snakebite on a woman’s leg caused swelling and pain for the bite victim. A frightening statistic in today’s world is that a certain type of anti-venom, Fav-Afrique, is running out. Usually, bites from following snakes are poisonous: copperhead, cobra, coral snake, cottonmouth, rattlesnake, various snakes found at zoos. There are various sorts of snake remarkably successful on land, forest, water, mountains and almost everywhere. There are approximately 3000 species of snakes worldwide out of which only about 400 are known to be poisonous. During the process of envenomation the venomous substances traverses through the venom gland and into the fangs of the snake and finally into the prey or host. These symptoms may range form a conventional puncture or wound to fatal physical abnormality or even death. For direct affect on the nervous system is usually in cases wherein bite traverses venom from elapids or snakes from sea.

One may also experience not so wide but localized death of muscles (necrosis) or even rhabdomyolysis which involves distant muscles.
Tetanus booster is one of the important medicines that help in treating almost any kinds of wounds. Please contact your health care provider for specialized medical advice, diagnosis and treatment. Damp activated charcoal should be applied on the affected area and be covered with a tape or cloth to secure the poultice. Mix some echinacea powder with bentonite clay in some water to make a paste and apply over the wound. This herb can neutralize the venom of the viper and is usually found in the forests of southern India where the instance of snake bites are also high.
It can be applied topically and also taken orally every 6 hours to help in treating the bites and neutralize the effect of the venom.
Add a tsp of arnica salve to a jug of water and apply this mix to the affected area by dipping a cotton cloth in the solution. It can be applied topically to the snake bite which will help in disinfecting and drawing out the venom from the body. It speeds up recovery if applied to wounds and acts as a disinfectant that reduces the intensity of the venom till medical aid is administered.
They protect the body cells from harmful chemicals, decrease irritation along the affected area and help in fast recovery.
However, there are some home remedies for snake bites that can be used in less extreme cases.
It absorbs poison and can help prevent the destruction of red blood cells that occurs because of the venom.
When a poultice of both charcoal and cornstarch was applied to the area and a plastic bag covering the area, the pain began to decrease slightly. The quicker you apply the activated charcoal, the more efficient it is in helping you to reach medical help if it is available or staying alive if it is not readily accessible. The last batch at Medicins Sans Frontieres expires early in summer of 2016, and there is no comparable treatment to take its place.
In total there are approx 25 species of snake which are poisonous are found in North America.
Amazingly snakes also have the capability of regulating venom which means that they can decide whether to secret the venom in the prey or not and is yes then how much. Snakebites are comparatively frequent in topical region as well as places where agriculture is significant. Initially there may be no symptoms experienced by the bitten individual but gradually sudden symptoms may develop and lead to respiratory issues and eventually lead to person into the sate of shock.
Unfortunately bites including cobra and mamba venom may quickly cease the functioning of breathing muscles and cause death with any treatment.
This may also lead to failure of kidney as the dead muscle debris may get clogged in the kidneys. A tetanus injection should be taken once in every 5 years; however, some experts suggest taking tetanus in every six months. Though immediate medical attention is required, but home remedies can be applied for milder venoms or temporary relief. A tincture of this leaf can be applied to a snake-bitten area which will help in drawing out the venom and lessening the pain associated with it.
In addition, there are certain tips related to charcoal that can be used for specific snakes that can increase your chance of surviving to get to the hospital.

One man, who was bitten by a snake and hit with venom only from one fang, dealt with serious pain and a swollen arm (he was bit on the knuckle of one hand). The snake has an appearance similar to a harmless snake, but it is actually very dangerous. Added to that treatment (with the poultice being changed every 30 minutes), two teaspoons of charcoal were consumed every 30 minutes for the first hour and then once an hour for the rest of the day.
Bites which do not contain any amount of venom are known as ‘dry bite’ and these bites are noticed in approximately 25% to 50% cases of snakebites. The number of snakebites occurring in US is uncertain as records indicate around 7000 bites per year but some authors depicts a figure of around 45000 snake bites a year. A bitten individual may spontaneously bleed from mouth or other existing wounds or even the bite- penetrated skin region. Medicinal plants and common items are often used as a folklore remedy to treat snake bites. This method is effective for the first 24 hours so should be applied immediately after the snake has bitten. A story of a woman bitten by a Russel’s viper and treated with a charcoal paste was taken to a hospital where there was no anti-venom. However, it was priced out of the market and is no longer produced by the company that handled production previously.
Snakes are known to be cold blooded; hence they are not active in colder temperature but they are very active in temperature between 77 and 90 degree Fahrenheit.
During this constriction the prey is suffocated due to the tight hold of the snake which enables the prey to breath and causes direct cardiac arrest. Among the various species of snakes approximately 25% of pit- viper bites are dry bite and around 50% of normal timid coral snake bites are dry. The best way to manage bit of snake is by consulting a certified doctor, the doctor may prescribed anti venin medicines and in severe cases the patient may have to rely on ventilator. Charcoal was made into a paste and applied to the bite area two hours after the bite occurred. The woman managed to survive and recovered to full health with no serious complications from the snake bite. The production is in negotiation to be handled by another company, but that could leave the world without the medication for as long as two years. It is believed that snakes crush their prey before eating which is incorrect to certain extent. On the other hand there are snakes which hold tightly on their prey with their teeth and swallow them entirely. Cobra (Naja and other genera) and mamba (Dendroaspis) venom can act particularly quickly by stopping the breathing muscles, resulting in death without treatment. There can be local effect of muscle death (necrosis), or distant muscle involvement (rhabdomyolysis). The debris from dead muscle cells can clog the kidneys, which try to filter out the proteins.

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Rubric: First Aid Advice


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