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Responses to bites range from mild local urticarial (hive-like) reactions to full-thickness skin necrosis. Disclaimer: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and we make no medical claims, nor intend to diagnose, treat, or heal medical conditions. Venomous snakes also know how to climb so watch out for danger from up above like the trees and branches. Now if you do get bitten, do not ever suck off the venom like you have seen so often on TV or the movies. The king brown snake has a huge distribution area and is found in parts of all main land Australia and also found in southern parts of New Guinea. The puff adder Bitis arietans is a large, venomous snake that occurs throughout Africa and in the southwestern Arabian peninsula.
This snake can be identified by the following, a dull black or brown body (mostly in Gauteng) or a banded patterning elsewhere in its distribution, 2 or 3 white bands on its hood, its keeled (rough scales) and its ability to play dead. This snake species is widely distributed being found in the Western Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, parts of Gauteng and throughout Lesotho and Swaziland.
This species is a small-sized cobra, growing to an average size of   about 2 feet in length, but some will grow to a maximum length of just slightly above 3.3 feet. The Black and White Spitting Cobra is also known as Indochinese spitting cobra or Thai Spitting Cobra.   It is found in Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos and Burma.
The Samar cobra, also called Peters’ cobra, southern Philippine cobra or Visayan cobra, is a highly venomous species of spitting cobra native to Visayas and Mindanao island groups of Philippines. There are 17-25 scale rows around the hood, 17-19 ahead of mid-body; 161-184 ventrals, 41-52 subcaudals, basal pairs sometimes undivided.
The color of this cobra may be appealing because the luscious black scales but it is still a venomous snake.
Commonly as the Desert cobra, this snake belongs to the Elapidae family and is the largest among all the poisonous snake families. Not much is known about this cobra because of its habitat, but the fact is that its venom is lethal.
One of these majestic snakes is with no doubt the Naja annulata (formerly Boulengerina annulata), better known as the Banded Water Cobra or the Ringed Water Cobra.
Naja kaouthia is a ground dwelling snake in the flat country, which can however climb and swim very well. The Chinese cobra is highly venomous; yet the teeth marks are difficult to see on the wound.
Also called Gabon viper,  (it is an) extremely venomous but usually docile ground-dwelling snake found in tropical forests of central and western Africa. King cobras can reach 18 feet (5.5 meters) in length, making them the longest of all venomous snakes. Their venom is not the most potent among venomous snakes, but the amount of neurotoxin they can deliver in a single bite—up to two-tenths of a fluid ounce (seven milliliters)—is enough to kill 20 people, or even an elephant. Apart from being one of the most venomous snakes in the world, the bushmaster is also the largest viper on earth. Brazilian pit vipers are slender, with weekly-keeled head scalation comprised of 5 to 12 intersupraoculars.
Of variable coloration, the dangerously venomous cape cobra may be russet, mahogany, olive-brown, of any one of several shades of yellow to almost black.
Cobras are highly recognizable because of their wide neck collars, but most species of cobra aren’t among the most dangerous snakes in the world.
The venom of this species has the most potent composition of toxins found among any cobra species known. The tiger snake is a usually timid species which, like most snakes, usually retreats at the approach of a human. The Tasmanian tiger Snake has recently been shown to be the the same species as that which occurs on the south-eastern Australian mainland, (Notechis scutatus).
Death adders are easily distinguishable from other snakes by the very short, squat bodies, rapidly tapering tail and the broad triangular head. The Eastern Brown Snake is usually orange-brown in colour, but variations from light to dark brown colour to an almost black are also found. About 50% of all bites from this krait results in human death – even with the administration of anti-venin.
The Many-banded krait аlsо known аs the Taiwanese krait оr the Chinese krait, іs а highly venomous species оf elapid snake found іn throughout much оf central аnd southern China аnd Southeast Asia.
The Terciopelo (Spanish for velvet) Viper is one of the largest and most dangerous venomous snakes in the Neotropical rainforest. The saw-scaled viper is highly venomous and listed as one of south Asia’s most dangerous snakes.
Its name is identical to the herpetologist who published the first description of it in a scientific journal in the 18th century. For most venomous snakes the percentage of so-called dry bites, without envenomation, is relatively high.
The common krait, Bungarus caeruleus is a relatively small (3 foot) venomous snake and one of the most venomous snakes in India. The Papuan taipan has a neurotoxic venom that destroys a victim’s nerve ending as well as irreversible blood clotting. Description: A large, fast-moving snake that is typically greyish, dark brown to black above with a broad orange-red dorso-vertebral stripe that extends along most of the back.
Before the advent of black mamba antivenin, a bite from this fearsome serpent was 100 percent fatal, usually within about 20 minutes.
Samples of the types of skills and techniques that are learnt on the Wilderness Survival Course. A selection of shots from the various Advanced Outback Survival Groups based on a 200km walk in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. Traditional bushcraft technique instruction including napping for knives and spear heads and resin preparation.
For your safety, know these 4 poisonous (venomous) snakes, and what they look like – to avoid being bitten by one.
There are thousands of types (species) of snakes in the world, while more than one hundred species are found in North America – and some of them are poisonous (venomous). First, know that snakes only bite when they are provoked (typically), or when you’ve unknowingly startled them. These dangerous snakes have a heat-sensitive sensory organ on each side of the head that enables them to locate warm-blooded prey and strike accurately, even in the dark.
The Copperhead, a pit viper, widespread throughout the United States, is responsible for most of the venomous bites.
However, anyone who is bitten by a Copperhead should still seek medical attention as soon as possible. Common are the patches of hourglass markings on its back and their copper-colored triangular looking head. The Copperhead typically ranges from Massachusetts to Nebraska to Texas and the south-east United States.
It’s venom is a powerful neurotoxin and unless you get prompt snake bite treatment, the bite will shut down your nervous system, your heart will stop beating, and you will likely die. The coral snake is identified by the red, yellow and black bands that ring the length of its body, and it has a blunt black snout.
Coral snakes and the similar looking (but harmless) King snake (red snout), are often mistaken for each other.
The Eastern Coral Snake typically ranges from North Carolina through Florida and along Mississippi.
The Cottonmouth’s bite is far more serious than that of the Copperhead and can be fatal.
Probably the best known snake in the world, the Rattlesnake is a pit viper found almost everywhere in the United States, and is capable of a deadly bite.
The Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake… Give this rattlesnake a wide berth; it is the most dangerous snake in North America!


The Western Diamondback is one of the more deadly rattlers, nearly as much as the Eastern Diamondback, and is most often visualized from pictures and Western movies. The Timber Rattlesnake is in abundance and ranges from the northeast through Florida, Minnesota and Texas, and is commonly found on Wooded hillsides and rocky outcrops. Also, I understand that about 20% of the population may have a severe allergic reaction to antivenom which can be almost as dangerous as the bite itself.
In Virginia, some of the cottonmouths have sprouted wings and will fly into your boat or catch you walking in the woods to ambush you.
I’ve had moccasins drop off tree limbs on three different occasions along the Savannah River. I have cottonmouths to drop from trees trees into the water beside the boat and they will try to get into the boat with you.
In a field test of these famous anecdotes, Whit Gibbons and Mike Dorcas molested 45 wild cottonmouths (Agkistrodon piscivorus) in South Carolina swamps and found that only 2 in 5 bit their fake hand when picked up, only 1 in 10 bit a fake foot when it stepped on them, and none bit a false leg that stood beside them.
Why would you consider this a valid test when these are pit vipers and know the item is not alive? The pygmy rattler deserves mention alongside the others since it’s venom is as deadly or even more so than the larger cousins.
I lived in Florida for over 50 years and yes moccasins will chase you if they feel threatened, and they will come up while you’re fishing to try and get your fish off a line. The more extensive reactions may be associated with systemic manifestations including a  rash, fever, headache, malaise, joint aches, and nausea and vomiting as stated by the website American College of Physicians.
Women who are pregnant or nursing, or persons with known medical conditions should consult their physician before taking any herbal products. While you may need to bug out in a SHTF situation, extra care is needed when you are out there in their territory. Do not put your hand in places where they live in like holes in a tree, on the ground or under logs.
This species usually reaches a maximum length of approximately 1 m, but the largest individuals may be nearly twice that long. It has a wide variety preferred habitats which includes grasslands, savanna, low land forest, fynbos and has been known to regularly enter peoples homes.
The body is slightly depressed but cylindrical, tapered and is moderately slender with a moderately long tail.   The head is broad, flattened and slightly distinct from the neck. It occupies a range of habitats including lowlands, hills, plains, and woodland.   It can also be found in jungle habitat and it is sometimes attracted to human settlements because of the abundant populations of rodents in and around these areas.
The body color of this species is variable from grey to brown to black, with white spots or stripes.
Don’t mistaken it with the Banded Water Snake, which is a species endemic to the southern United States. The body color of the Egyptian banded cobra varies from yellowish or grayish-brown to a very dark brown with broad black bands encircling the body. The monocled cobra is equally at home in a wide variety of places: forest and shrub areas, as well as plantations, rice fields, pastures, villages and cities.
It is the heaviest venomous snake in Africa, weighing 8 kg (18 pounds), and it grows to a length of 2 metres (about 7 feet). When confronted, they can raise up to one-third of their bodies straight off the ground and still move forward to attack. Fortunately, king cobras are shy and will avoid humans whenever possible, but they are fiercely aggressive when cornered. The Bushmaster is a huge, thick-bodied and highly venomous snake with a triangularly shaped head, one of nature’s warning signs that a snake is poisonous and potentially deadly. Supralabial scales average 8-9 in number, with the second fused to form part of the lacunal scales, a characteristic exclusive to crotaline snakes. When forest cobras encounter human beings, they often react by retreating immediately to clandestine hiding spots. The venom is primarily a potent neurotoxin, but it also has some cytotoxic activity (tissue-death, necrosis).
As it is with all mambas the elongate, flat-sided head is often referred to as coffin-shaped. The markings are extremely variable and should not be used in isolation to identify snakes. Colouration varies widely but most species exhibit some form of banded pattern in shades of brown or grey. Bungarus krait venom is neuro-toxic and attacks the human nervous system, shutting it down.
Their venom is a hemotoxin, meaning it attacks the blood, and causes clots that lead to death of the surrounding tissues. It is quite a common snake, lives in proximity to people and is quick to bite when it feels threatened. In India the Russel’s Viper is responsible for many fatalities and they call it Daboia. Kraits have colors ranging from black to grey with white stripes that are more prominent on the lower part of the body. As their preferred food source is rodents, they tend to occupy places where rodents are found, such as rat holes, old houses, and semi-aquatic environments.
They have been blamed for numerous human deaths, and African myths exaggerate their capabilities to legendary proportions. Unfortunately, antivenin is still not widely available in the rural parts of the mamba’s range, and mamba-related deaths remain frequent. Relocation techniques for venomous and non venomous Australian snakes including Snake Bite First Aid instruction.
Although the venom of this species is similar to that of most rattlers (and less potent drop-for-drop than that of the coral snakes), a large Eastern Diamondback is capable of delivering a large amount of venom deep into the flesh of its victims.
So that people bitten by poisonous snakes can be treated and saved from the clutches of death.
In a similar test, Xav Glaudas and colleagues picked up over 335 pigmy rattlesnakes (Sistrurus miliarius) in Florida and found that only 8% bit the thick glove they were wearing.
Generally, unless you surprise a sleeping Diamond back, he will rattle as soon as he senses you in the area. I wouldn’t advise it but you could walk right up to one and it will gape until you go away. And as far as for the jumping in boats if they’re in the tree and you approach In a boat they may be trying to get to the water and the boat is just in the way. For survivalists and preppers like us, it is necessary to look out for these dangerous reptiles.
Its relatively dull coloration, consisting of a pattern of dark chevrons on a lighter tan or brown background, camouflages the snake very effectively.
The cobra can reach a length of up to 4 ft .Its body round and its head narrow like many non poisonous snakes. The unique water cobra on the other hand, is native to western and central Africa, and together with the Congo Water Cobra, it is one of only two species of water cobras in the world. When aroused it can rear up some 18 to 24 inches (45 to 60 cm) and at the same time spread a broad hood, which may be more than five inches (12 cm) across.
The Gaboon viper also possesses the longest fangs of any snake, measuring up to 4 cm (1.6 inches) long.
They will also flare out their iconic hoods and emit a bone-chilling hiss that sounds almost like a growling dog.
Two forms of “cytotoxin II” (cardiotoxin) were found in the venom of this species.  The bite of this species may cause severe pain and swelling, along with severe neurotoxicity. When stressed an eastern green mamba may elevate the forward portion of its body and flatten its neck into a narrow but discernible hood. The tail tip is usually a different colour to the rest of the body, often brightly coloured and is used as a lure by wriggling it to attract potential prey.
It is, however, very rare for humans to be bitten and in the few cases that have occurred, anti-venom treatment has been successful.


The closely related Bungarus multicinctus is ranked 3rd in the world for toxicity of venom (terrestrial snakes). Coma, brain death, and suffocation due to paralysis of the muscles necessary to breathe (diaphragm) are frequent causes of death. Thіs species has twо known subspecies, the nominate Bungarus multicinctus multicinctus, аnd Bungarus multicinctus wanghaotingi. In general larger snakes are slower than smaller snakes, but the Russel’s Viper is somewhere in between, but very fast by nature.
Kraits are nocturnal creatures; therefore the risk of being bitten by a krait is highly increased at night. Same with moccasins, those boys are super fast and they will chase you, so watch it while in Florida. The snakes would swim straight for us and I didn’t hang around to test if they would actually bite.
Smart not to see if they would bite, even though they probably would not, since they have better uses for their venom.
Worst pain I have ever experienced, threw up blood twice (coffee ground emesis), was hospitalized for four days and couldn’t walk without great pain for a week or more.
It looks a lot like a Western Diamondback, but is way more aggressive and their territorial.
Most Mojave that I have encountered don’t give any warning, and will not try to get away from you.
If you want the hide, or if you are one of those that like to eat rattlers, always step on the head, and cut it off before you pick it up. Knowing how to identify them is important in preserving and protecting yourself as well as your loved ones. The fact remains however that this snake is actually a member of the black snake family and as such requires the use of black snake antivenin should any body be envenomated. This species is a primarily nocturnal ambush predator, preying on small mammals, birds, lizards, frogs, and toads, and while it spends most of its time on the ground, it can also swim or climb into low vegetation.
Considered the most dangerous snake after the mamba, the spitting cobra sometimes feigns death to avoid molestation. This aquatic species rarely ever wanders far away from water, and hardly ever shows itself to humans. The venom, which contains a very powerful neurotoxin, is potent and the bite of an adult specimen can be rapidly fatal to a human if not promptly treated. The stout body is boldly patterned with rectangles and triangles of buff, purple, and brown, which gives the snake its velvetlike appearance. Isolated in their jungle environment, envenomation by a Bushmaster is very serious, sometimes fatal and particularly dangerous to humans. Weakness, drowsiness, ataxia, hypotension, and paralysis of throat and limbs may appear in less than one hour after the bite. The many-banded krait mostly inhabits marshy areas throughout іts geographical distribution, though іt does occur іn оther habitat types.
Saw-scaled vipers give birth to live young and those that live in colder climates hibernate in winter. In its characteristic threat posture, the Indian cobra raises the front one-third of its body and spreads out its long, flexible neck ribs and loose skin to form a disklike hood, on the back of which there are markings resembling eyes. There is local and regional variation in colouration and even specimens from the same location may differ considerably in colour. In addition, moccasins are truly the perfect color and shade so as to be nearly invisible when not moving. They only chase people if they are scared or protecting their babies which usually leave in a week or two. So yes, the stuff can keep you alive but doesn’t make it a harmless or painless experience. The copperhead will try to hold their ground, but a rattler will try to get away unless they are guarding a kill.I live in NE Ark and have killed one coral snake when I was in the sixth grade in 1956 we decided it must have come here on a truck or something, because they cannot stand the cold in winter. A Western Diamondback warns you when you pass, but a Mojave is different and is the second most poisonous snake in The US. I’ve spent a lot of years on the Sonoran desert, and never came close to being bitten.
Do not cut the wound, and keep the bitten part below the heart to keep the venom from reaching it.
This pattern provides excellent camouflage and allows this sluggish viper (family Viperidae) to become nearly invisible among leaves and roots of the forest floor. It is important to familiarize yourself with wilderness survival before entering Bushmaster territory because often snake bite victims are miles and miles away from any traditional medical help. Without medical treatment, symptoms rapidly worsen and death can occur soon after a bite due to respiratory failure.
The inland taipan has a rapid accurate strike, delivering the extremely toxic venom deep into its prey. I have killed Moccasins West Texas the Rio and the bite I got was north west of there maps location. BUT the Mojave Rattlesnake take great caution for its neurotoxin and they can be feisty as I have learned through experience.
On the other hand, while I have hunted rattlers, I have never had any desire to handle live poisonous snakes, and have a healthy respect respect for the danger they pose. The Bushmaster is the largest venomous snake in the New World, often reaching lengths in excess of 6 feet with a maximum recorded length reaching an amazing 14 feet! The number of subcaudal scales, which are predominantly paired, ranges from 51-71 scales for males and females, respectively. Without urgent attention, death is a possibility, so take the matter seriously and do not hesitate to get help. A woman bitten by this species in northwestern Pakistan suffered severe neurotoxicity and died while en route to the closest hospital nearly 50 minutes after envenomation. During the day the it lives in its shelter underground, waiting until nighttime to search for its prey. Average length is approximately 60 cm, but there have been individuals of up to 160 cm reported.
The mouth is large and the lower jaw articulates well back beyond the labial scales giving these snakes an enormous gape and the ability to accommodate very large prey items. Its excellent sense of smell compensates for its weak eyesight and in this way it finds birds, lizards, mice and other snakes. These snakes are sexually dimorphic, with females larger than males; females also produce significantly more (220 mg vs 40 mg), and more lethal, venom than males. Venom composition varies significantly between males and females, with male venom containing more protein diversity. Side winders like to bury themselves in soft sand, and will strike if you step close to them, or on them. After its first holding bite the cobra will hold its prey for a long time before the venom can be injected and take effect – until the prey is dead.
Female venom is more potent for hyaluronidasic and hemorrhagic activities, and is more lethal. This fact is important to us because if one is bitten by a cobra, generally, there will be enough time to release its hold so as to avoid the venom injection, which can be deadly to humans.
After the prey is dead, the snake releases its hold, unhinges its jaws and swallows the dead animal very slowly. When you are miles from your closest medical help, and especially if you have walked in to back country, the last thing you need is a poisonous snake bite.



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