Primitive camping survival skills quiz,healthy eating college dorm,first aid kit for my dog - Reviews

04.03.2014 admin
Camping gear costs thousands of dollars for products, that if used enough, are going to fail when you least expect it.
I will base this off of a summer loadout that I built in 2009 after I lost my job in the economic collapse. Do build your own frame saw.   A nicely tempered 24 inch Bahco saw blade is much lighter in your survival pack and more efficient than an expensive folding saw that tends to bend and break.
Do Not buy heavy, expensive canteens.   I already touched base on this one, but a cheap billy pot and a Gatorade bottle are every bit as efficient as a heavy and costly metal bottle.
Do Not buy expensive custom knives.   A laser sharp Mora in the right hands is pretty hard to beat for $10. Savings: Savings here are not monetary but the quality of 550 over the quantity of bank line gives us a real peace of mind savings. Tent stakes you bought at a store and need replaced occasionally = $10 – $20 every few months. Hopefully you have found something useful here, so maybe if you’re just now planning a low-budget camping backpack, you can save some coin and headache.
Supposedly - supposedly - when the first season gets released on DVD, a completely uncensored version will be available.
Simply stating that Colonel Townsend Whelen (1877-1961) was just an outdoorsman is like saying that Babe Ruth was just a baseball player. Considering the above, and as strange as it may seem, when it comes to classic camping, I was always a little disappointed in the Whelen tent. The simple lean-to is one of man’s oldest shelters, so there is really nothing new or innovative about it.
A few weeks ago, I was looking around for a good source for hand woven wool blankets at a reasonable price (not an easy thing to find). Although Whelen took a notable trip to British Columbia in 1901, in 1908 when the photograph of Sheldon’s tent was taken, Whelen was busy settling into his career in the US Army. During this trip, Whelen and a guide named Bill Andrews spent over six months in uncharted territory, as he called it, between the Scumscum River and the Yukon. According to Canoeing North Into the Unknown: A Record of River Travel, 1874 to 1974 by Bruce W. The photograph above, from the Charles Shelton Collection, Shelburne Museum, displayed on the Alaska’s Digital Archives site, offers a clue to the development of the Whelen lean-to.
I had an open shelter, instead of a tent, with side wings so constructed that, when pegged to the ground, they inclined outward at an angle from the perpendicular, leaving extra space for storing provisions. It sounds from the above description that he had refined the ends of the tarp since the 1906 photograph above, but had still not permanently attached an awning. It is clear from the above that the original idea for this tent goes further back than Whelen’s 1926 version. Remember that in colder regions, it is hypothermia – not a lack of food — that kills stranded people before help arrives. When it finally occurs to you that you’ve lost your way and need a shelter, the first thing to do is take a deep breath and look around.
Protection from wind — Wind makes cold worse, and rapidly leads to dehydration and hypothermia, the two biggest killers in the wild. Proximity to water, if possible – If you’ve already located a water source, build the shelter near it.
Exposure to morning sun – A southeast-facing shelter will be warmed by the early rays of the sun. Once you have decided exactly where the hut is going to be, you should line the ground with as much debris as possible.
Lean more sturdy wood pieces on either side of the main beam in such a way that they just enclose the debris bed. You may need to weave pliable green twigs across the ribs to make a mesh that will support the debris to be piled on top. The remaining part of the debris hut project is insulating it from the elements with as much debris as you can. Crawl into your hut and lie down on the bed to see how much extra space you have around you.
Tuck your pants into your socks, and your shirt into the pants to keep your body as protected as possible against insects in the debris. After getting in and closing the door with whatever you can, lie down on the debris bed and cover yourself with any remaining items of clothing you may have.
If you have fire and plenty of time, build a fire six feet long and let it burn long enough to produce a good bed of coals. This fabulous yet simple way of how to make a hammock out of a king size sheet is a frugal way to create temporary camping equipment and even an idea to add to your emergency preparedness supplies. Disclaimer: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and we make no medical claims, nor intend to diagnose, treat, or heal medical conditions.
Some folks use catfish line, but I’ve tried it and never have found the quantity to trump the quality of paracord.
Of course, they are not indestructible, and you’ll likely be replacing them if you are a hard-use type.
And if you’re an experienced camper, I hope this has inspired you to reevaluate your current investment and needs. It may not display this or other websites correctly.You should upgrade or use an alternative browser. In addition to covering the various Springfield Armory pistols we also have large sections dedicated to other various firearms such as the: M1911, M1A, M14, AK-47 (and other AK rifles), AR's and many more. According to the dust jacket flap of On Your Own in the Wilderness (Whelen and Angier), 1958, Whelen wrote his first outdoor magazine article in 1901 and afterward, his work appeared in outdoor magazines almost every month. During one of my Internet searches, I noticed a link to a site featuring outdoor paintings by John Seerey-Lester. He hunted and camped extensively in British Columbia, the Yukon, Alaska, Nova Scotia, the United States and Mexico.
Scrolling down to the bottom of the second page linked above, I found a photograph of what looked almost exactly like a Whelen tent, except perhaps taller and certainly narrower. Furthermore, another Sheldon photograph on the Alaska’s Digital Archives site, dated June 30, 1906, shows an improvised tent rigged in a style similar to a Whelen tent.


The only mention of a tent in this narrative was a small tent that formed one of their pack covers. At Ashcroft (British Columbia) I bought a saddle horse for $25, two pack horses for $15 each, a stock saddle for $25, two sawbuck saddles for $5, and $25 worth of grub. Besides, at this juncture, he was just starting out in the region, so tent development was probably not at the top of his agenda. Hodgins and Gwyneth Hoyle, as early as 1904, Charles Sheldon and Frederick Courtney Selous (arguably the most famous British big game hunter who ever lived) were hunting in the area of the Macmillan River. In the photograph, referenced earlier in this article and dated June 30, 1906, a tarpaulin shelter can be seen.
A detachable strip of canvas, a foot wide, could be tied in front and sloped outward over inclined poles.
Whelen and Angier in their superb book, On Your Own in the Wilderness, 1958, page 73, show a diagram of the tarp described above by Shelton. None of the other writers of the day, such as Kephart, Miller, Cheley or anyone else were writing about it prior to the 1920’s, so it must have been a very localized design, exclusive to all but perhaps Sheldon himself. I had always believed (and still do) that Whelen was a man of integrity who would not blatantly lie about such matters, and yet, I had concrete evidence that such a tent existed prior to 1926, with no evidence of a direct link prior to that time between Sheldon and Whelen. It is obvious that Sheldon had already thought out the design and someone, most likely Sheldon, had the tent made prior to Whelen ever hearing about it. His youth was spent hunting, fishing, camping and trapping in and around the Broad River Basin and Sumter National Forest. Since I wrote this, a friend of mine turned me on to another source that adds supporting detail to the Whelen lean-to story.
If you are stranded in the wilderness with no proper camping equipment or supplies, the best you can do is turn to the surrounding nature for help.
Constructing a hut with found material is something you should attempt even before a real need arises, because it’s extremely important to make a warm shelter quickly before the sun sets. Gathering materials in one place and transporting it in armfuls to the construction site is just too impractical.
If you are short on leaves and grass, line the ground with small rocks and twigs first to create airspace between the cold ground and the bed you’re constructing. The height of the hut at the highest point should be just a foot or two more than your sitting height, not more. You can place your backpack in the doorway or hang any clothes that you’re not wearing for additional protection. And when they need clean water, elite soldiers are choosing the Paratroopers Water Purifier -- the smallest, lightest, and most durable water purifier on earth! Women who are pregnant or nursing, or persons with known medical conditions should consult their physician before taking any herbal products. That includes hail storms, damaging winds, a few feet worth of rain, and general drunken stubbornness.
In fact, one of the last pieces he wrote addressed the subject of this article and appeared in Sports Afield in June of 1961.
Lean-tos were used extensively by hunters and trappers in the Yukon, British Columbia and Alaska at the turn of the century. He was the driving force behind the creation of Mount McKinley National Park (now Denali National Park) and spent an entire year at the foot of Denali in 1907-1908. The 1906 photo, to be discussed further in this article, indicates that the Whelen style tent from the 1908 photo was created sometime between 1906 and 1908 to mimic this tarp arrangement.
Rather than being a simple lean-to, the ends of the tarp are bent around as Selous describes, and are pegged to the ground. When I first discussed the photos I had discovered with Steve Watts, and before I had done any of this research, he argued for independent invention. Whelen made critical contributions to the final design of this tent, differentiating it from anything that existed before, including the Sheldon tent.
As a result, he developed a lifelong interest in history, aboriginal studies, survival, primitive arts and frontier life.
Check out what kind of plant material is readily available in the area to make a debris hut. You can make an A-line frame by tying together two of the longest wood pieces in the remaining pile to give additional support to the head of the main beam. It may not be exactly comfortable, and it may take some time for your body to warm the air around you, but a hut such as this can, in fact, keep you out of serious danger.
It’s so small and lightweight you can easily carry it in your pocket or purse, backpack or glove box.
Besides, with the savings you’ll make from the other tips in this article, you can afford it. Whelen was the camping editor of Sports Afield for twenty years, Director of Research and Development at Springfield Armory and commanding officer at Frankfort Arsenal.
Another of my camping heroes, Albert Faille (1887-1973) used one on his trips up the Liard and Nahanni Rivers in the Northwest Territories of Canada. I read the description at the bottom, which indicated that it had been painted after an account of one of naturalist Charles Sheldon’s 1906 bear hunts in Alaska.
The next morning I started out over the Telegraph Trail, bound for northern British Columbia.
These trips are described in Selous’ excellent book, Recent Hunting Trips in British North America, 1907. By 1908, as can be seen from the other Sheldon photograph, someone, presumably Sheldon, had a tent constructed from to mimic this tarp arrangement, presumably with awning attached.
Already wealthy from his work and investments with the Chihuahua and Pacific Exploration Company, developers of Potasi, one of the richest silver and lead mines in Mexico, he was able to retire at 35 years of age to pursue his outdoor endeavors. I did not agree, based on the fact that the Whelen lean-to was too much like Sheldon’s tent. He widened the center panel from what is pictured in the 1908 Sheldon photograph so that there is more room inside to sleep. Shrubs as well as green boughs that you can break off low lying branches of trees are welcome, too.
Ties can be made with peeled inner bark of green wood or a sturdy climber, if you don’t have a piece of string with you.


If you were able to gather the stems of climbers, you can tie these ribs at the top in pairs, to add more stability to the structure. Between you and your four neighbors, chances are that at least one of the five households will experience a break-in… or worse, a home invasion. He was the developer of the Whelen rifle sling, the Whelen lean-to tent and the .35 Whelen rifle cartridge.
This would have still put it in the Golden Age of camping (1880s-1930s), albeit toward the end of the era, but I was more interested in equipment and techniques from the middle period (turn of the century), so my Whelens were relegated to the shelf in favor of a wall tent and awning with all the accoutrements, except of course, when I needed to go classic and go light at the same time.
Donald Wilder made an excellent film of one of these trips Faille took when he was 73 years old.
If a Whelen-style tent existed this early in the twentieth century, I wanted to see a photograph of it!
In looking at the photo, one can see that the seams run from one end of the tarp to the other, making it obvious that it is a simple tarp shelter rather than any sort of tent with walls.
The log fire which is always made before the shelter reflects warmth directly inside, so that one can sit at ease and in enjoyment in all but the coldest weather. The two photographs from the Charles Sheldon collection referenced in this article indicate that the tent in the 1908 photograph was invented sometime between 1906 and 1908. Instead of leaving the lean-to open at the sides, or bringing the sides straight down, as in the Baker tent, the sides are splayed outward and forward so that the bottom end comes three feet forward and three feet outward from a perpendicular dropped from the ends of the ridge. With Sheldon’s tent, the side wings had to be spread when pitched so that there was enough room to stretch out. For the last sixteen years, he has studied with Steve Watts at the Schiele Museum of Natural History. Then the Whelen really shines as a practical, packable shelter for almost any kind of weather, provided one uses campcraft by picking the correct site and erects it so that the front opening is parallel to the wind. How could Sheldon have been using a Whelen tent if it was not invented until the mid-1920s? Subsequently, I discovered photographs at Alaska’s Digital Archives, a site where various institutions post their collections of digital images. As evidenced, it is very much like what we now know as a Whelen tent, even down to the ties under the awning to accommodate the clothes rod as described in Whelen and Angier’s On Your Own in the Wilderness.
He may have simply needed a tent to suit his purposes which was more convenient to erect than a two-piece tarp, so at some point between 1906 and 1908. My old canvas one weighs in at 10 pounds, no more than a cheap nylon tent with fiberglass poles. The collection of original photographs found in the links (here and here) are from the Charles Sheldon Collection housed in the Shelburne Museum in Shelburne, Vermont. In 1926 I designed a small tent in accordance with Sheldon’s suggestion and asked Dave Abercrombie to make it for me. I believe Whelen designed his tent based on Sheldon’s descriptions and suggestions alone. Whelen’s wider back panel added the option of bringing in the side wings to protect against blowing rain or snow (see Watts, In Praise of the Whelen Lean-To). Other teachers and influences include David Wescott, Mel Deweese, Mors Kochanski and Dave Holladay. Ask anyone whose home has ever been robbed what if feels like, and they’ll say it feels like they were violated. Fuzzy, a trail friend, had a poly tarp last six months and he was every bit as hard on his as I was on mine. A version could be sewn from Egyptian cotton sheeting that would weigh a mere six and one-half pounds. At first I thought perhaps Whelen might have invented an early version of the tent prior to 1908, but quickly realized this didn’t add up.
I joked with Chris about not committing blasphemy, but it did not make me feel any better about my discoveries. Whelen also slightly reduced the height of the tent, making it even more resistant to rain and snow blowing in. For the past 28 years, Tom has worked in private, public and technology education.  He has taught numerous primitive skills classes and has presented a multitude of interpretive programs to a wide audience. Many stormy nights for him, as well.  I know because I rode out a night filled with rain wrapped twisters with him on more than one occasion, so I can vouch for his tarp. One of its few disadvantages is lack of privacy, but the Whelen is a wilderness tent, and this is not a concern in remote areas. The history of his travel, his writings and his experiences during the first decade of the twentieth century did not lead back to Alaska and the tent in the 1908 photograph.
This improved the tent’s ability to keep the warmth from the fire close to the sleeper. Because not only do criminals violate what should be your sanctuary from the world and walk away. I will not go into all of the details regarding the advantages and wonderful practicality of the Whelen tent, for Steve Watts has already done an excellent job of that elsewhere on this site (see In Praise of the Whelen Lean-To). Some time afterward, he remembered a long forgotten article from an October 1979 magazine called the Buckskin Report which he proceeded to fish out from his archives. After all, in the passage above, he gives Sheldon full credit in print for giving him the ideas for his tent.
These significant design changes coupled with the fact that Whelen probably spent more time than anyone else in the tent, justifies this tent being called the Whelen Lean-to.
Whelen himself never referred to it as such until it was marketed under that name; he too, was simply seeking practicality. However, because the final design is Whelen’s, because he wrote extensively about it and because of his vast experience camping in it, it will always be known by that name, and it should be. If Whelen had not done these things, this unique and nearly perfect tent design would almost certainly have been lost to obscurity.



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