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16.05.2015 admin
There are many differenttypes of business careers, to suit individual qualifications and aptitudes.  Some of the popular types include Business Consultant, Management trainee, Financial Analyst, Estate Planner, Investment Banker, etc. Business careers are demanding and you have to put in a minimum 40 hour work week.  Most jobs in this field require you to work in a team, so good interpersonal skills are a must for a career in business. Practical Action's SWASHTHA project in Bharatpur, Butwal, Gulariya and Tikapur municipalities of Nepal focussed on the health and wellbeing of the urban and peri urban settlements, by improving access to safe water, improved sanitation condition, better hygiene practices, proper waste management and better kitchen management. This project aims to develop and promote integrated approaches by addressing major environmental health risks, such as indoor air quality, water quality, sanitation facilities and hygiene behaviours to create healthy homes benefiting 30,000 women and children in urban and peri urban settlements of Bharatpur, Butwal, Gulariya and Tikapur Municipalities. The target beneficiaries of the project are mainly women and children from the socially excluded communities in all four municipalities and marginalised ethnic and other caste groups. The four year project is co-funded by the European Union under its Non State Actors in Development (NEPAL) programme, the UN-HABITAT's Water for Asian Cities Programme and Isle of Man Government. The overall objective is to contribute to sustainable improvement in health and well being of vulnerable population especially, women and children residing in urban and per-urban settlements of Bharatpur, Butwal, Gularia and Tikapur Municipalities. The SWASTHA project (Strengthening Water, Air, Sanitation and Hygiene Treasuring Health) developed and promoted integrated approaches by addressing major environmental health risks in Nepal, such as indoor air quality, water quality, sanitation facilities, and hygiene behaviours.
Our monthly e-newsletter, SmallTalk, provides regular updates on our work around the world. With a regular or single gift, you can support our work with poor people in developing countries.
Practical Action uses technology to challenge poverty, working with poor women and men around the world. According to the National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL), only 12% of adults have proficient health literacy.
With such high percentages of health-illiterate adults, low health literacy is definitely a public concern.  As a matter of fact, this problem costs the United States’ economy approximately $238 billion annually, according to the Washington Post.  What are the factors contributing to this?  Does race or ethnicity play a role?  What about educational attainment or age?  Where do Vietnamese Americans stand in the health literacy spectrum? In regards to Vietnamese Americans, specific data are not available.  However, one can reasonably deduce from the above statistics that older Vietnamese adults most likely have a higher rate of health illiteracy, and no doubt, Vietnamese adults with limited English proficiency—such as those who have recently immigrated to America or those without educational opportunities—are also in a similar situation. About UsVietnam Talking Points (VTP) is an online editorial dedicated to shedding a fresh perspective on Vietnamese culture & issues.
We hope that the stories in this report will inspire other communities to walk in the same path towards better sanitation and health.


The project also addresses a few urban environmental problems of neighbouring municipalities and small towns, ie., Ratnanagar, Ramgram, Sidharthanagar, Sunawal, Bardaghat and Kawasoti. The project is implemented through its local partners - Environment and Public Health Organisation (ENPHO) and Municipal Association of Nepal (MuAN). 14700 people are dying each year because of unsafe water, lack of sanitation and unhygienic behaviors. Local change agents like Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs), teachers and students are trained and mobilized to aware beneficiaries for safe hygiene practices.
Project has applied ignition participatory rural appraisal (IPRA) tools to trigger behavioral change.
FCHVs have expressed that use of rehydration medicine (Jivan Jal) has reduced significantly in project communities. This report documents the lessons learnt, and recommends strategies, approaches and activities for an ideal water and sanitation project for poor, vulnerable and excluded communities.
As the story unfolded, the man was injecting the insulin into an orange and then consuming the fruit instead of injecting himself with insulin. There is another estimates that 12700 children under five die because of acute respiratory infection (ARI) and diarrheal disease annually due to poor hygiene and sanitation Similarly, 7500 people are dying each year due to IAP, a kitchen killer. The project with the support of local stakeholders are able to declare open defecation free (ODF) in 14 project communities out of 21.
Despite of successes, it is to be mentioned that 5 to 10 percent toilet are still not being used properly, some water filters are already defunct, still some people do not wash hand properly, some installed ICS are not used and waste is not being managed properly. The project’s implementing partners are Municipal Association of Nepal (MuAN), Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO) and Practical Action Nepal Office as Non State Actors (NSA) and respective municipalities and VDCs as State Actors. Low cost household water treatment options like boiling, chlorination, filtration and SODIS (solar disinfection) methods are promoted in project communities. Major project interventions to reduce IAP are promotion of improved cooked stoves (ICS), ventilation improvement, bio gas and kitchen space management.
However in overall, there are visible positive changes in health of people in the project communities. Exact mapping of the outcomes will be revealed by health impact study being performed by an independent consultant.


WASH (water, air, sanitation and hygiene) related diseases attributes for more than 10 percent death each year in Nepal. The overall objective of the project is to improve health and wellbeing of vulnerable population especially, women and children residing in urban and periurban communities of project areas.
People have expressed that awareness on hygiene has increased and adopted safe hygiene practices accordingly.
It can be concluded that improvement on these five components definitely help to create a healthy home and with these healthy homes, a healthy community will form.
The study result will be measured against the baseline data taken before the project interventions in order to measure the success of the project and will be available by November 2012. There is an estimate that about 10 billion Nepalese Rupees loss each year because of poor hygiene and environmental sanitation. The expected outcomes of the project are to reduce health cost through preventing WASH related diseases, creating clean environment and improved hygiene practice.
The project has promoted 3R (reduce, reuse and recycle) principle in managing solid waste of project communities. More than 300 FCHVs are trained on each component of the project and are mobilized in the project communities. Similarly, there is another estimate of about 10 billion Nepalese Rupees annual loss due to IAP.
The project promotes low cost toilets as per the choice of households including single pit pour flush, wet ECOSAN, dry ECOSAN and bio gas attached toilets. Household and community composting are some of the major interventions under this component. Alongside, dish washing platform (Juthelno), dish drying rack (Chang) and cattle shed improvement are also promoted to better health outcomes. Further, a community in Chitwan has been declared as SWASHTHA (Healthy) community after satisfactory interventions of all project components.



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