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31.05.2015 admin
Perennial Grains. The Land Institute  led by Wes Jackson had made some spectacular progress in the domestication of wild perennial species, and hybridisation between annual crops and related perennial species.
Stefan will share from his experiences converting a commercial apple orchard into a fully-fledged commercial Permaculture Orchard.
This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. Further information regarding this publication is contained within the Investment Statement and the current registered Prospectus. In addition, Craigpine Timber has one cutting right with private landowner included under its FSC certificate.
The company has one sawmill, which is based in Winton and leases a processing facility in Milburn, South Otago. The rationale behind Craigpine Timber Ltd having its own forest estate is to supply high quality radiata pine saw logs for the Winton sawmill. Craigpine Timber Ltd have met the requirements necessary for Forest Stewardship Council certification, with all aspects of forest management meeting the appropriate principles and criteria. Craigpine Timber Ltd has reviewed the Principles for Commercial Plantation Forest Management in New Zealand and the objectives of the New Zealand Forest Accord signed 6 December 1995. The objective of Craigpine Timber Ltd having a forest estate is to produce high quality radiata pine saw logs.
The rationale behind the choice of radiata pine timber is that, due to its white appearance, its ease of use for working, and relatively short term growth rates, it meets the market demand for this type of product. This objective has resulted in the establishment of a silviculture regime to meet the above requirements.
Craigpine uses mainly GF19 radiata seedlings, which are stocked at 1,250 stems per hectare. Roading is completed using the best practices available to minimise environmental and site disturbances. Prior to any planting and silviculture work being undertaken, a meeting is held with the contractor to discuss all issues. Pre assessment plots are carried out prior to any planned silviculture operations commencing. Following all silviculture work, a post-silviculture meeting is held with the contractor to assure that all work has been undertaken as planned. Harvesting is undertaken in Craigpine forests using low ground pressure machines or Skyline haulers. Prior to any harvesting being undertaken, a meeting is held with the contractor to determine issues including the health and safety applications, site specific hazards, and what is required in the cut-over inspection.
A quarterly audit is undertaken on all contractors to assess their compliance with our Health and Safety policy. Chandler Fraser Keating Ltd, forestry consultants, are consulted annually to provide updated forestry valuation information.
Assessments of the aquatic environment are undertaken using SHMAK kits (stream health monitoring assessment kit) in major waterways within Craigpine forests. Prior to any work being undertaken in the forest, a meeting will be held with any stakeholder, contractor or Council where appropriate, to discuss environmental impacts.
Within the Craigpine forests, there is 324.4 (with an additional 58 hectares from Hokonui and Pinnacle) hectares of native bush (including cutover native scrub).
Plantation forests will not replace this indigenous vegetation, and steps are undertaken to avoid adverse effects of forest operations on these areas. In order to retain the existing native bush and stream buffer zones, planting is not carried out in these areas. Where the indigenous area is within ten metres of any stream, the buffer will extend to the indigenous species. Procedures are in place to minimise the environmental impact of industrial waste and spills.
Pursuant to the Pesticides Regulations Act 1983, Environment Southland and the Animal health board has authority to apply 1080 poison to control possums and is carried out to prevent the spread of bovine TB.
The application of agrichemicals is conducted according to the New Zealand Agrichemical Users Code of Practice to avoid adverse environmental effects.


Where any rare or threatened species are found within Craigpine’s forests, the contractor or Craigpine staff member will refer to their Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species booklet to identify the species. The Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species booklet will be reviewed yearly to ensure the information is up to date. When any silviculture, roading, or harvesting work is undertaken in any associated forest operations, the Forest Manager or relevant Craigpine Employee will meet with the contractor to ensure policies are adhered to. Land surrounding the Craigpine plantations is made up of either other forestry or pasture land.
Work undertaken in each compartment of each forest will be documented and maintained in a compartment manual.
Yearly updates of the website will be produced by the Company, which will supply information on various aspects relating to FSC compliance, and associated forest management and practices. Craigpine conducts its own audits regularly, and policies are reviewed to ensure compliance. Prior to any purchase agreement becoming unconditional, Craigpine will liase with stakeholders, Department of Conservation, Environment Southland, Fish and Game Council, Historic Places Trust, Te Ao Marama, Southland Museum, and the Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society to determine whether there are any issues relating to the land.
If any site is recommended by competent scientific authorities to be set aside for protection from planting, this will be documented, and will be left as a reserve. The Company will determine the most suitable areas for roads and tracks, taking into account landscape considerations. All land purchases will comply with the procedures as documented on the schedule for “Procedures for the Purchase of Forest Land”, see appendix eleven.
In determining whether to sell a forest Craigpine has looked at economic pressures, distance to the mill, social and environmental impact, and followed its own sale of land policy contained in Appendix 11 of this Management Policy. Non-certified logs are separated from certified logs, and only product from certified sources will be sold to customers requiring that timber. The timber is identified by packet numbers and coloured tags, which indicate whether product is from a certified or non-certified source. Product is tracked through a computer system, so that timber sold can be checked to guarantee that it was produced from certified forest. Craigpine Timber Ltd endeavors to communicate with and work closely with its stakeholders, local iwi, DOC, Environment Southland and the police. Craigpine Timber prides itself on helping out the local community via sponsorship of local events and employing a vast number of local staff. Craigpine Timber works closely with the corrections department in contracting a corrections crew to carry out specific silvicultural tasks in our forests. Craigpine Timber also works closely with Rural Women’s forestry scheme nz by helping to manage their forests at no cost and holding regular meetings with them. WAITANE FOREST: Part of our Waitane forest was converted into diary farm land after it was decided to no longer use it for forestry. Consultation with the Hokonui Runanga were carried out to discuss harvesting and re establishment activities.
HILLFORT: Clive Gill, a neighbour on our Western boundary approached us at the Eleventh hour wishing to purchase part of our property. Within the plot area there has been some branch wind damage which has reduced the canopy cover to approx 80% with this effect it has allowed ground cover to grow. Birds Chaffinches were sighted with a Thrush, Fantail, Grey Warbler and Bellbirds being heard.
Ongoing fence repairs have been carried out to stop neighbouring stock entering the forest. In March 2014 the local Dipton pony club had a horse ride through the rugged hills forest after gaining permission from us.
Craigpine staff have been offering complimentary advise to post harvest clients in regard to forest practises. Craigpine have entered an agreement with Nightcaps Contracting to utilise the post harvest slash from skid sites for the use of chipping material for dairy pads.
In 1997 Craigpine Timber Ltd was the first Company in Australasia to be awarded FSC certification. If you do nothing for a looooong time with 80% of New Zealand’s land, it will become a forest again. If you can easy maintain this condition, rice is maybe a good additional stable crop for you.


It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder. A full time staff member has been employed by Craigpine as part of the forestry team to oversee Health and Safety and to provide training to contractors.
The appropriate authorities will be contacted when necessary to ensure we have the correct data. Craigpine Timber has recently subdivided its Hillfort Forest and sold an unplanted block of land to a neighbouring farmer who has been leasing and developing this block of land as a sheep farm. Emails and letters tend to only be used when time allows or a matter is important enough to record. They are provided with training (forest unit standards) and given work experience with the goal of providing increased chances of employment after being released.
In February this year a field visit to their forest was carried out by a large group of their delegates with Craig providing an informed discussion regarding to forestry practices. This farm was sold in 2012 to a southland farming family who now manage it with 2 permanent staff.
It is a pastoral area he looks at from his dinning table and wished it not to be planted in trees. Craigpine have offered complimentary supervision of silicultural work to assist the forest owner. The income received is minimal but helps assist with Craigpine’s various charity donations. So establishing your own forest with the plants you choose is a good and sustainable long term usage. The rotation and harvesting period is approximately 28 years for radiata pine, which is the most appropriate, to produce logs to the required specification. A number of positive employment opportunities have arisen through this involvement with Craigpine. The delegates were then taken to Rugged Hills forest for a field visit and lunch at the top of the hill with fantastic views of Southland plains. We were intending to plant this during winter 2004 however in the interest of good neighbourly relations we held off planting this area (approx 22 hectares), and have leased the area to Clive since at a discounted rate in consideration to improvements he has made.
The chip material assists nightcaps Contracting provide employment as well as cleaning the skid site in therwise slash that occupies area and provides a fire hazard. Lately due to current global financial conditions the decision to harvest is driven by economic purposes with high regard to the environmental impact. The corrections crew have seen their tasks varied with planting being added two years ago on a small trial basis and from that secured the full planting programme for the 2013 season. The forest is managed in accordance to Craigpine’s own forest estate management policies with a sustainable harvest plan in place along with a 5 year silviculture plan. Dave Stockwell gains access to his block through the Waitane forest and complies with Craigpine’s health and safety requirements. In May 2013 Craigpine requested from PGG Wrightson an updated value of lease and purchase options. In the event of a spill, an action plan is in place to ensure minimal effect on the environment. Recent mortality counts showed close to 90 percent survival rate which Craigpine were pleased with considering the prolonged dry period experienced throughout winter and spring 2013. Assistance with a wetland area being considered for future preservation is underway With Craig assisting with this. Outside of office hours Craigpine staff communicate with Peter Blackmore regarding access, to assist Peter in monitoring illegal traffic to his farm and CraigPine’s forest. After consultation with Clive the area was subdivided and subsequently sold to his farming enterprise. Quality assessments by Craigpine find the corrections crew carry out their work in a diligent manor with very little quality issues. Any areas of concern have been dealt with professionally by the corrections supervisor and meetings are held with the crew to discuss.



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