Lung cancer low survival rate,good books to read of all time,first aid training job description - New On 2016

22.12.2015 admin
You should be careful in case you notice that there are some changes in chronic cough, especially if you are a smoker. Hoarseness caused by lung cancer appears when the tumor affects the nerve which controls the voice box or larynx.
Cancer cells are using the energy from the body as well as the body uses the energy obtained from food, so it leads to rapid weight loss -10 pounds or more. Lung cancer can spread to the bones and cause pain in the back or in other areas, which is more severe during the night while sleeping on the back. Due to blocking and narrowing the airways by the cancer as well as from fluid accumulated in the chest by lung tumor, one can often feel breath difficulties in case of lung cancer. If you feel pain in the back, chest or in shoulder, you should be careful since it can be also caused by lung cancer which is rarely linked with coughing. When you catch a cold or have a respiratory infection, the cough will be gone after week or two.
In case of wheezing or whistling sound when you cough, it may result from blocked, inflamed or constricted airway. Healthy Life Feed offers the latest news in health, fitness, weight Loss, nutrition, diet, food, recipes, and beauty. The dark side of sun exposureSome safe exposure to the summer sun is important to help the body make vitamin D.
To provide even greater transparency and choice, we are working on a number of other cookie-related enhancements. A new study shows that CT scans do a much better job catching early stage lung cancers than X-rays, but is screening patients worth the risk of the additional radiation… which can also cause cancer?
A CT scan — computerized tomography — is a specialized X-ray that takes multiple pictures to produce a cross-sectional image of a body part. But a standard chest CT delivers 10 to 15 millisieverts of radiation, while a chest X-ray has 0.1 millisieverts. One extra point however, about 25% of nodules found were false positives (nodules that showed up that were not cancerous)! 3) Since many of these nodules are too small for PET scans, bronchoscopies, or needle biopsies, they then need to be followed by MORE CT scans, thereby increasing the radiation someone will receive in their lifetime. I am actually following about one hundred patients that have had a nodule found on a CT scan (done for other reasons), most will turn out benign and most will need at least two other CAT scans.
This is a very controversial subject and until further recommendations are made after further studies, I would not recommend these tests for now.
Personalization Improved Survivorship Care Plan Adherence in Breast Cancer Patients: A randomized trial showed that personalized care plans and one-on-one counseling can improve adherence to survivorship plans among low-income breast cancer survivors, according to data presented by Rose C. Physical Exams Adequate to Detect Thyroid Cancer in Cancer Survivors: The use of a standard yearly physical examination to screen for thyroid cancer among high-risk survivors of childhood and young adult cancers resulted in a negative predictive value of 100% for clinically relevant thyroid cancer and a significant cost savings compared with regular ultrasound screening. Young Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors Often Don’t Receive Recommended Care: Most adolescent and young adult survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma did not receive the recommended care within the first year post-treatment, according to a study presented by Erin E.
Cumulative Burden of Morbidity (CBM) in Survivors of Testicular Cancer Correlated With Worse Health: Survivorship care plans for patients treated for testicular cancer should take into account CBM, which appears relatively early following treatment, according to a study presented by Sarah L.
Chemotherapy-Induced Neuropathy Symptoms Persist Long After Treatment: A study of female cancer survivors found that almost half experience chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) symptoms years after completing their cancer treatment, according to data presented by Kerri M. Namely, the diagnosis was made after the disease had progressed in 40 percent of patients which had lung cancer, and in stage 3 in one third of them. Preventive Services Task Force recommended high-risk people which are more prone to this disease to have low-dose CT screening.
If you or someone else notices that your voice is deeper, raspier or hoarse, you should immediately visit the doctor. So, if you are short of breath often, for example when you bring groceries, when you climb stairs or you perform actions which didn’t make you feel breathless before, visit a doctor. Whether it is constant, comes and goes or it is dull, it is always an indication that you should visit your doctor. Wheezing can be a sign of various medical conditions which are benign and curable as well, but it is also a symptom of lung cancer, so do not hesitate and consult your doctor, and he will diagnose the problem. However, the cumulative effects of sun exposure put us at higher risk of cellular damage, early wrinkling, age spots, actinic keratoses and skin cancer -- including malignant melanoma, the most serious type.
It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. More sensitive than an X-ray, it can detect lung nodules that are only 1 to 2 millimeters wide. There are many health professionals who would be happy to help and there is the NYS Smoker’s Quit Line. At Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, a long-term follow-up program has been established for high-risk survivors of cancer.

That is why you should read this article and learn the early symptoms, how to recognize them and in what way early screening can help, in order to prevent the cancer to spread. According to study from 2011, low-dose computed tomography (CT) scans are proven to help in reducing lung cancer mortality by 20%. This includes people who are 55 to 79 old, have a 30 year or more history of smoking or have smoked within the past 15 years. Even though these symptoms can be linked with simple should be alarmed if this lasts for more than fifteen days.
In some cases, the lung tumor can press the main vena cava, the larger vein which takes the blood from upper body into the heart.
You should also notice whether the pain occurs only in a single area or appears throughout the chest. Be careful if the cough lasts longer than usual, and if you cough for a longer period of time, with mucus or without, it is another sign that you need to visit the doctor. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. The new study randomized 212 low-income women with stage 0–III breast cancer to either usual care or a survivorship intervention. In terms of short-term care, most patients received recommended visits, lab tests, and imaging in the first year, while less than half of patients received the flu vaccine, a recommended preventive care treatment.
Due to the young age at diagnosis, homogeneous type of chemotherapy used (cisplatin-based), and high cure rates, survivors of testicular cancer provide a unique opportunity to study various health conditions. In this study, 53,454 people at high risk for lung cancer had a low-dose CT scan or an X-ray.
Chest pain which is a result of lung cancer is due to metastasis to the chest wall, pleura (lining around the lungs), or the ribs or because of enlarged lymph nodes.
SuntanTanned skin may be revered as beautiful, but that golden colour you see is the result of injury to the epidermis, the top layer of skin. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site. My mom hadn’t touched a cigarette in more than 10 years when she died of lung cancer in May.
Looking specifically at a high-risk group of patients who were initially treated with high-dose anthracyclines, cardiac screening more than 10 years out is recommended. Among 751 patients studied (median time since chemotherapy, 4.6 years), the most common health conditions were obesity (74%), tinnitus (45%), peripheral sensory neuropathy (63%), peripheral motor neuropathy (45%), and hearing loss (44%). After an average of 5.8 years since diagnosis, 45% of the cohort still reported symptoms of CIPN.
Exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays accelerates the effects of ageing and increases your risk of developing skin cancer. Among 56 such patients, almost all underwent annual blood pressure screening, but only 30% received echocardiograms and other screening modalities. Self-reported measures were worse in those with CIPN symptoms, including measures of physical function and disability. To prevent sun damage, use a sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher when outdoors and re-apply it regularly. Using the Medicare cost of ultrasound this would amount to approximately $27,000, whereas yearly ultrasound screening would have cost nearly half a million dollars. Also, 31% of CIPN-positive patients reported experiencing a fall, compared with only 19% of CIPN-negative women (P Read more. Also, cover-up with clothing, sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat and seek the shade during the middle of the day. Most sunburns result in redness, warmth to the touch, and mild pain, affecting only the outer layer of skin (first degree burns). Sunburn usually appears within hours after sun exposure and may take several days to weeks to fade.
Painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, cold compresses and aloe, hydrocortisone or moisturising creams may help reduce pain and discomfort. Sunburn (second degree burns)A second degree burn - damaging deeper skin layers and nerve endings - is usually more painful and takes longer to heal. More than 80% of the signs of skin ageing in adults are the result of the tans they had as teenagers before the age of 18. That’s because over time, the sun's ultraviolet light damages the fibres in the skin called elastin.
When these fibres break down, the skin begins to sag, stretch and lose its ability to go back into place after stretching. The sun can also cause a permanent stretching of small blood vessels, giving your skin a reddish appearance.

FrecklesFlat, pigmented spots on the skin, freckles are usually found on sun-exposed areas of the body. They’re more noticeable in the summer, especially among fair-skinned people and those with light-coloured or red hair.
Seek medical advice if the size, shape or colour of a spot changes or if it becomes painful, itchy, or bleeds.
Melasma (pregnancy mask)Melasma (or chloasma) is characterised by brown or tan coloured patches on the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin. If it persists, melasma can be treated with prescription creams and over-the-counter products. Age spots (solar lentigines)These brown or grey spots are not really caused by ageing, though they do multiply as you get older. Age spots are the result of sun exposure, which is why they tend to appear on areas that get a lot of sun, such as the face, hands and chest.
Solar lentigines are harmless, but to rule out serious skin conditions such as melanoma, seek medical advice to confirm the diagnosis. Actinic keratosis (solar keratosis)The small, scaly red, brown or skin-coloured patches caused by too much sun exposure commonly occur on the head, neck or hands, but can be found elsewhere on the body. Actinic keratosis usually appears on people after the age of 40, but they can appear in much younger people.
Early treatment is advised to stop the possible progression to squamous cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer. Actinic cheilitis (farmer's lip)Related to actinic keratosis, actinic cheilitis is a precancerous condition that usually appears on the lower lips.
Less common symptoms include swelling of the lip, loss of the sharp border between the lip and skin, and prominent lip lines. Actinic cheilitis may eventually evolve into invasive squamous cell carcinoma if not treated. Squamous cell carcinomaThis non-melanoma skin cancer may appear as a firm red nodule, a scaly growth that bleeds or develops a crust, or a sore that doesn’t heal. It most often occurs on the nose, forehead, ears, lower lip, hands and other sun-exposed areas of the body. Bowen's diseaseBowen's disease is also called squamous cell carcinoma "in situ." It is a type of skin cancer that spreads outward on the surface of the skin. By contrast, "invasive" squamous cell carcinomas can grow inward and spread to the interior of the body.
Basal cell carcinomaThe most common form of skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma is the most easily treatable and least likely to spread, though it can damage surrounding tissue. Basal cell carcinomas can take many forms, including a pearly white or waxy bump, often with visible blood vessels, on the ears, neck or face. The carcinoma can also appear as a flat, scaly, flesh-coloured or brown patch on the back or chest, or more rarely, a white, waxy scar. Malignant melanomaMalignant melanoma is not as common as other types of skin cancer, but it's the most serious and potentially deadly.
Possible signs of malignant melanoma include a change in the appearance of a mole or pigmented area. Seek medical advice if a mole changes in size, shape or colour, has irregular edges, is more than one colour, is asymmetrical, or itches, oozes or bleeds.
Malignant melanoma can affect the skin only, or it may spread to internal organs and bones. CataractA cataract is a cloudy area in the lens of the eye that blocks the passage of light to the retina. Cataracts are painless but may cause vision problems, including foggy vision, glare from light and double vision in one eye. Shun the sunThe best way to prevent sunburn, premature wrinkles, skin cancer and other damaging effects from the sun is to stay out of it, especially between 11am and 3pm in the UK, when the sun’s rays are strongest.
Apply sunscreen liberally (don’t forget the lips and ears!), wear a hat and sunglasses and cover up with clothing when outdoors. If you notice changes to your skin such as a mole changing appearance, a new growth, or a sore that won't heal, seek medical advice promptly.

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