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17.03.2015 admin
Over the centuries there have been many natural disasters or “Acts of God” that have left a long trail of death and destruction behind in the history of mankind. The threat of earth being hit by an asteroid is accepted as the greatest natural disaster faced by humanity, having the potential to wipe off the entire human race.
If you see the water recede quickly and unexpectedly from a beach or if you are on the coast and there is an earthquake ,run toward higher ground or inland—there may be a tsunami coming. Volcanic eruptions are the most beautiful and eye-catching yet the most dangerous disasters of time. You should always be aware of the flood hazards no matter where you live, but especially if you are living in a low lying area, or near a river, a dam or a lake. There goes a myth in mountains that loud noises like shouts trigger avalanches, however loud noises do not have enough force to generate an avalanche. Choose the Best Realtor – How Can You Find the Best Real Estate Agent For You in Today’s Market? We apply our diverse professional expertise to the opportunities and challenges that face our nation. A range of documents govern our operations and provide information about our projects and initiatives.
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Geoscience Australia participates in conferences to share and engage with our stakeholders. Inside a volcano Volcanic activity frequently occurs at the boundaries of the Earth's tectonic plates which are a series of large blocks moving between each other.
These recovery resources, brochures, and tips are here to help you in the process of recovery. All images on this site are copyrighted or trademarked by their respective owners or authors. It gives us a reminder, on a regular basis of the fact that Mother Nature and not humanity is in charge, after all. Its speed can exceed 155 miles per hour and it may even trigger tornadoes, floods and landslides due to extremely high speed winds and heavy rains.
What makes volcano a deadly disaster is its effects which include, the volcanic eruption itself that is the explosion of the volcano, second is the lava erupting out of the volcano charring and burning everything in its way, and the third is the cooled-ash, which if inhaled even in small quantity by humans can be harmful. Floods can take the shape of a serious hazard, carrying rocks, mud and other debris with its flow. The winds are fast, and you can hear the clouds thunder on and off, but that’s not bothering you from being outside and having fun. Geoscience Australia offers a variety of scientific, technical, IT and administrative roles. These focus on the skills and knowledge needed to teach the earth science subjects within the Australian National Curriculum. The movement of these plates plays a significant role in the type of volcano formed, which influences its shape.
The probability of such a cosmos impact is 1 in 100,000 years that is less than 1% chance of hitting the earth.
Hurricane Katrina was the deadliest and most destructive Atlantic tropical cyclone of the 2005.
Scientists have unearthed the evidences that support the theory of dinosaurs’ extinction caused by a series of eruptions in the past. Though landslides may be triggered by heavy rains, but they are mainly prone in areas where the soil is loose due to loss of vegetation cover.The roots of trees tend to hold the soil together, in absence of which it becomes loose and with a little accumulation of water it turns into the flowing river of mud and slurry.
It devastated around 520 miles of area and resulted in more than 20 meters deep crevices and landslides, which collapsed numerous dwellings. At least 1,833 people died in the hurricane and subsequent floods, making it the deadliest U.S. Human history has records of a whole civilization being wiped off from a volcanic eruption. Some floods can develop slowly while others can develop as Flash floods, destroying everything in its path.
Tornadoes have the potential to uproot trees and houses, pick them up into the funnel of cloud and carry over long distances, until the storm dies down. Until you can realize what is happening, you are struck by lightning, with a prior though short warning. In mountainous regions, avalanches are counted among the most serious hazards to life and property, with their destructive capability to carry enormous masses of snow at high speeds. Below is the countdown of nature’s most dangerous and deadliest calamities we have ever heard of. NASA has been shedding a lot of money on projects that may more or less avoid any such collision with our earth.
The death toll of this devastating calamity was 830,000, which is over 60% of the region’s population though its magnitude was only 8.0 on the Richter scale.
About 80% of tsunamis occur in the Pacific Ocean, but they can occur anywhere from oceans, seas to even lakes. It is believed that in 1600 BC, the whole Minoan civilization, which once existed in Greece, was removed from the face of the earth due to one of the biggest volcanic eruptions of all time. The Uttarakhand floods have been one of the worst disasters in India so far, claiming thousands of lives and rendering hundreds homeless.

Major causes of avalanche are weather, snowfall, temperature, wind direction, snow pack conditions, sloppy terrain and man-made influences. Most of these occur underwater where magma rises from great depth below to fill the space created by seafloor spreading which occurs at a rate of about 10 centimetres a year.
One such project is NEO Shield project, being commenced, with help from scientists across Europe, Russia and the US. They are caused by underwater earthquakes, landslides, volcanic explosions and glacier calving. The survivors of lightning strikes often suffer from long term memory loss, attention deficits, sleep disorders, numbness, dizziness, fatigue, muscle spasms, irritability, and depression. Although primarily composed of flowing snow, large avalanches have the capability to bring down ice, rocks, trees, and other material on the slope with them, concreting everything in its way, under a pack of ice. It is impossible to determine their true potential before they strike; hence the extent of damage they can cause is highly unpredictable.
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which had a magnitude of 9.3, triggered a series of lethal tsunamis on December 26, 2004, killing approximately 230,210 people, making it the deadliest tsunami in recorded history. They can set objects in their paths ablaze and can hurl burning debris out into their surroundings.
Though chances of being struck by lightning are estimated to be 1 in 600,000 but this number can be possibly reduced by following some safety measure and precautions.
The worst case of Avalanche was the Huascaran avalanche, triggered by Ancash earthquake, 1970, in Peru. Identifying potential hazards before time and planning in advance can reduce the dangers of loss of life and property from an earthquake. In addition to the old, weathered plate being forced down and melted, wet sediment and seawater is forced down creating andesitic lava and more violent eruptions containing ash.
Depending upon its magnitude it can cause other catastrophes like Tsunami, Volcanic eruptions, Landslides, Fires etc.
Sometimes earthquakes are actually fore-shocks and an indication that a larger earthquake might occur. As the plate overlying the plume moves away from the hot spot and a new volcano is formed, the previous one cools to become dormant and eventually extinct. Hotspot volcanism forms very large, low gradient shield volcanoes and are similar in composition and eruption style to those found at divergent plate boundaries.
Eruptions can occur without any preceding signals, making them extremely difficult to predict. However, because only a small number of the world's volcanoes have a known history it is extremely difficult to predict future eruptions, particularly for certain types of volcanoes. This problem is typified by using the repose period, or the time between eruptions to indicate the expected size and strength of an eruption. Consistently long repose periods may indicate that a volcano's eruptions are usually large and explosive. However, sometimes there is no clear relationship in the length of time between eruptions and the nature of the eruptions. Accurately measuring the summit and slopes of a volcano is one of the most important tools used for forecasting an eruption. Temperature changes in surface lakes or the groundwater near a volcano also can be a valuable early detection tool, although not all large changes in temperature are related to volcanic eruptions. Changes in the volume or type of volcanic gases produced also may be an indicator of magma activity.
The heated water then reaches the surface to form geysers, fumaroles, bubbling mud pools and hot springs as well as create occurrences of sulphur and other mineral deposits.

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Rubric: Provide First Aid


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