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07.02.2015 admin
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Every spring, three wild plums put on a show locally: The Chickasaw, the Flatwood, and the American.
The Flatwood (Prunus umbellata) which often stands alone, ripens to black or yellow and can be around through the summer into the fall. Liberated from their shells the sunflower-sized kernels of these plums can create cyanide in your gut. In the 1800’s there was great interest in making cultivars out of native plums and by 1901 there were over 300 of them.
ENVIRONMENT: The Chickasaw forms thickets in open areas, any open space in scrub forest, sandy soil, roadsides, fences, prairies, Pennsylvania west to the Rockies, south south to Central Florida, also California. Texas has Mexican plum trees and I don’t know what the small trees that are native to Fort Worth area. Several years ago a neighbor who has since moved away gave me some plums from her Chickasaw plum tree. I live near the in san jose california and just wondering if chickasaw plums are growing in my back yard.
Just wanted to say that the American plum is also delicious if you get it when it is fully ripe. I think Cameron was actually asking if plums are self fertilizing or if you have to have a male and female tree to grow fruit. My husband and I purchased a 19 acre site in GA to retire to; wooded with cabin and small clearing.
Incidentally, through Columbia, South Carolina, where I live is an old indian trial, now called Two Notch Road (and is now also US 1). Disclaimer: Information contained on this website is strictly and categorically intended as a reference to be used in conjunction with experts in your area. Use these free images for your websites, art projects, reports, and Powerpoint presentations!
Guinea pigs incisor teeth top and bottom grow continuously throughout their life and need to be worn down and kept at the correct length by eating grass, hay and leafy greens.
Guinea pigs like humans cannot produce vitamin C so need a daily source of it in their diet. Guinea pig babies are called piglets; they are born with fur and open eyes and can run from 3 weeks old. Guinea pigs, if overfed, can sometimes selectively feed and may leave their less favourite ingredient in the bowl until last. Mr Johnson's Advance guinea pig is an ideal extruded guinea pig food - it contains glucosamine for joint mobility, deodrase a yucca extract to reduce the ammonia in urine which in turn reduces hutch and litter odour. Unlimited access to good quality hay is essential as part of a healthy diet for guinea pig's. Fresh greens like broccoli, beetroot, carrots, cabbage, celeriac, celery, chicory, corn on the cob, celery leaves, cucumber, dandelion greens, kale, lettuce, parsley, peppers, pea pods, runner beans, spinach, dandelion, clover are all loved by guinea pigs and a small quality of different fresh greens should be fed daily. Fresh fruit can be fed in moderation, the fruit should not contain any seeds, stones or pips –guineas can eat melon, apples, grapes, oranges, pear, bananas, cucumber, and strawberries. The size of the hutch is important remember your guinea pig is going to grow very quickly so a hutch suitable for your guinea pig when it’s fully grown will save you having to change it in a few months’ time.
Bedding should be clean, dry, and absorbent and dust free – straw, hay & wood shavings make good bedding. Your guinea pig will need time to settle into its new home so try to resist the temptation to pick it up for a few days, just talk to it and gently stroke it so it can get used to you and its environment.
Various species of Thyme originate from the Americas while many species are indigenous to different regions of Europe as well as the Mediterranean regions. Oil is extracted from the leaves and flowering tops of these plants, using the steam distillation process. It can work as a lung and bronchial stimulant which makes it useful for fighting colds, coughs, asthma and bronchitis.
Like many other herbs, Thyme is commonly used for making herbal tea which is good for the health.
Disease Preventing Properties: It contains various essential nutrients that prevent various diseases by improving the immune system. Controls Heart Rate and Checks Blood Pressure: Potassium is a crucial component of body fluids and cells.
Healthy Teeth and Gums: It prevents caries, gingivitis as well as infections and inflammations of the throat and mouth.
Rich Source of Antioxidants: There are many beneficial flavonoid phenolic antioxidants in Thyme. Stress Reduction: Its high vitamin-B6 contents can provide approximately 27% of the total recommended amount of thevitamin per day.


Antimicrobial Properties: Various researches show Thyme to have antimicrobial properties as it contains Escherichia coli, Shigella sonnei, Staphalococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis.
Better Digestion: Another important benefit is the maintenance of  digestive system health by preventing mucus accumulation in the intestines.
Protection against Harmful Free Radials: Its high vitamin C contents help to scavenge pro-inflammatory free radicals and develop resistance against various infectious agents, thus protecting the body from different diseases. It is one of the main ingredients used for making bouquet garni and herbes de Provence, two mixtures of herbs that are added to soups and stews for enhancing their flavor. Fresh Thyme leaves can add a delicate flavor to pasta dishes, omelets and sauteed vegetables. Another common use is for seasoning various bean dishes such as black beans, kidney beans and pinto beans. Drinking Thyme tea everyday can treat bronchitis, coughs and colds as well as relieve indigestion. It is used as an active ingredient for producing some alcohol-free, all-natural hand sanitizers. Certain species, like the Mother of Thyme, are cultivated as ornamental ground cover in different parts of the world. It is used as a main ingredient in various vegetable, fish and meat dishes all over the world. It is available in the fresh as well as dried form in all herb stores and grocery stores throughout the year.
Fresh Thyme leaves can be stored for around two weeks when it is kept in the refrigerator after wrapping it in a paper towel and then placed in a plastic bag. Dried herb can be stored for up to six months when stored in a tightly sealed container (preferably glass) in a cool and dry place.
Its essential oil was used for medicating bandages before the development of modern antibiotics.
It was used by the ancient Egyptians in the process of mummifying the dead bodies of their deceased pharaohs. The Chickasaw and the American go on to produce consistently edible plums whereas the Flatwood’s fruit can range from extremely bitter to sweet. If the tips of the teeth on the leaves have yellow or red glands (you’ll need a hand lens) it is the Chickasaw, otherwise the Flatwood. The American (Prunus americana) tends to fruit in late summer to early fall and has red fruit. But mechanization of fruit production in the early 1900’s led growers away from the native varieties though there has been some interest of late to use the native plums again as a high-value specialty crop. The thorny thicket is valuable for songbird and game bird nesting including the bobwhite and mockingbird. It makes a tart, bright red jelly.  The Flatwood was used to make jellies or to add to other jellies.
I had a Forrester take a look at my woods a couple of weeks ago and she identified 3 wild plum trees. There are two thickets and one produces what looks like dull skinned cherries but another thicket a few feet from it makes a very slightly larger fruit that looks similar but grows on one stem not joined stems like cherries. Dip the trimmed, scored portion of the cutting in a liquid solution of root stimulator before potting. Water every day to keep the soil muddy wet until roots are established – about 2 months. You should generally avoid eating the skin though since it is full of tanin and pectin, and is fairly astringent.
But th easiest thing to do is ask someone to send you some seeds in the spring after they have dropped.
There are many places along this road to find chicasaw plums, presumably they were planted centuries ago as a forage item along the trail, or in areas that were inhabited for a time. To help overcome selective feeding your guinea pig should be fed twice a day, dividing their daily requirements into two meals and feeding morning and evening and only refilling the bowl once empty. Mr Johnson's Supreme guinea pig mix is the perfect coarse mix for guinea pigs, a blend of tasty ingredients enhanced with Verm - X herbs. The water should be changed daily and bottles cleaned regularly so that they are free from green algae. Also if you are going to keep more than one guinea pig its needs to be considerably larger. Do not position the hutch on a south facing wall or in direct sunlight, as it will get too hot for your guinea pig.
This needs changing regularly to ensure your guinea pig has a dry, clean environment to live and sleep in.
Once it is settled in, regular gentle handling and contact can prevent timid or aggressive behaviour.


This removes any loose or matted fur, keeps their fur in good condition and helps builds the bond between you and your pet. The name most commonly refers to the plant Thymus vulgaris, which is popular for its culinary and medicinal properties.
Here is a general description of Thyme leaves which are principally used for culinary and medicinal purposes. The reddish-brown essential oil has a sweetish herbal aroma and is used for various medicinal purposes. The warming qualities of the essential oil make it beneficial for conditions like sciatica, rheumatism, gout and arthritis. The tea is an excellent source of various volatile oils, flavonoids and beneficial phenols. The potassium contents of Thyme control the heart rate and help to monitor the blood pressure. This helps to reduce stress by maintaining the levels of gamma aminobutyric acid in the brain. Its thymol content has been proved to be effective in fighting certain fungi that affects toenails.
The other components in the bouquet garni are parsley, bay leaf and celery while herbes de Provence consists of basil, savory, fennel and lavender. But, in case Thyme is absolutely unavailable, you can use certain other herbs such as basil, marjoram, oregano and savory in its place. However, its effects are unknown when consumed in larger amounts for medicinal purposes during this period. One can also freeze the leaves in order to save its aroma for a longer period of time (around 4 to 6 months). If you have fat leaves with a strong pointed tip, it’s the American though it is not common here. The fruit of the Flatwood often remains amazingly bitter and hard even after months on the tree. You can find plums in the wild which display some characteristics of each and can be impossible to identify.
The fruit on the first thicket I described has joined stems and looks like cherries except the skin is dull like a plum.
If you want to change your guinea pigs diet, it is recommended that this change takes place gradually over a 10 day period. Eating lots of grass and hay, which is abrasive, helps to wear down your guinea pig's front teeth. It’s important to remember a hutch cannot be too large, the larger the better as it will allow your guinea pigs room to play and exercise. In the winter, ideally when temperatures drop below 15 degrees Centigrade, if possible bring your guinea pig indoors – a shed or garage is ideal to protect them from the cold but ensure they have exposure to some natural light. Don’t forget to support your guinea pigs bottom when picking it up so it doesn’t hurt its back or struggle because it feels insecure.
At present, Thyme plants are grown throughout the world for edible as well as decorative purposes. It is rich in an important essential oil known as thymol, which has antiseptic and anti-fungal properties. So, it is recommended for pregnant and breast-feeding women to avoid using the herb in large amounts. Locally the fruit of the Chickasaw (Prunus angustifolia) ripens to a sweet red in the spring and is gone by June. Letting the cakes set for a day or so allowed enzymes to work on those chemicals as did subsequent cooking, making the cake edible… or at least that is the explanation experts give. The plum, extensively used, was taken everywhere by the Chickasaw Indians and it has many local names. This can be done by mixing small quantities of the new food in with their existing food, while reducing their existing food proportionally until the food is fully changed over.
Native Americans and settlers, however, regularly ate of the American and Chickasaw plums, the latter developing very sweet fruit with a tang. Its quality can vary from tree to tree, rarely rising to the gustatory level of the Chickasaw Plum.
The pop included the skins and was initially very bitter, we discovered though that the bitterness could be reduced drastically by adding a small amount of gelatin powder to the batch as it cools.



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