Grow food in winter greenhouse flowers,first aid training courses in glasgow,personal survival kit scouts - Good Point

02.05.2014 admin
Building a simple and portable greenhouse can add three months of harvest to the vegetable gardening. At this time of year, I’m usually kicking myself for not preserving more of the summer and autumn harvest. In his book, The Winter Harvest Handbook, cold-weather farming guru Eliot Coleman outlines how smart plant selection and protected cultivation lead to successful winter growing. For the backyard or balcony gardener this means buying cold-hardy vegetable seeds or starts and covering the crops to protect them from winter winds and frost.
Coleman’s techniques work well with a steady supply of winter sun, but my north-facing back porch enjoys zero direct sunlight beyond Labour Day. SunPod Greenhouses work well on their own in locations with adequate sunlight, but they are also designed to integrate grow lights right into the unit. Push the limits of harvest seasonIf you select the right plants, protect them from the harshest winter elements and ensure they receive adequate light, you too can enjoy a winter harvest straight through until the first crops of spring emerge. It'll let you grow produce nearly year-round, but keeping the building efficient + effective takes some effort.
Ornamentals typically need night temperatures no lower than 55 degrees, and tender tropicals can require night temperatures of 60 or even higher.
Investigate the temperature requirements of the plants you plan to grow before installing your greenhouse and heating system so you can match the heater to your plants’ needs. Besides vents and fans, one low-tech way to increase air movement is by installing screened windows and doors in your greenhouse.
Fluorescent lights are very useful when you’re growing spring seedlings, particularly in cloudy regions. For plants like sun-loving orchids and tomatoes that require the equivalent of direct sunlight, you can also set up HID (high-intensity discharge) lighting systems with special bulbs. Whatever system you choose, adding a timer will give you control over the amount of light your plants receive without having to worry about turning the lights on and off manually. Don’t forget that plants can receive too much light as well as too little, especially in summer. Commercial growers sometimes amend the soils under their greenhouses and plant right in them. Soil mixes for containers, benches, and beds should be lighter and more fertile than most garden soils.
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By clicking "Sign in", you confirm that you accept our terms of service and have read and understand privacy policy. By clicking "Create Account", you confirm that you accept our terms of service and have read and understand privacy policy. Wonderful parent volunteers rototilled the upper garden beds and we planted 200 flower bulbs.
We planted herbs in lower beds and learned about the medicinal uses of herbs during out Colonial studies. We worked out a summer watering schedule and volunteer families watered the garden and harvested the riches. We celebrated Thanksgiving with our own pumpkin pie and continued the Tansy battle with plastic sheeting and wood chips. A well-attended manure party loaded the garden with nutrient rich dirt and volunteers from Washington Mutual helped out.
Jil and Howard Stenn, professional landscape designers, drew us a beautiful garden plan which we were eager to begin implementing. In the new greenhouse we sprouted some seedlings to begin planting in our raised vegetable beds.
The teachers and Trish visited IslandWood and the Bloedell Reserve on Bainbridge Island for inspiration. Several parents attended a planting party in the middle of a rain storm and planted all the beautiful plants. Howard Stenn planned and help install a drip irrigation system to maintain our garden over the summer. Trish Howard built a beautiful harvest table (from cedar donated by Loren Sinner) that's large enough for an entire class.
Parents, students, Gerie and Glenda gave their time to maintain the garden and plant tomatoes.


We harvested a bumper crop of tomatoes as well as some chard, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and a wide variety of flowers.
We have planted a cover crop of fava beans in some beds and a crop of garlic in several others. Copper Panels made by students were installed on the shed to add some art to our natural beauty. PIE once again generously granted us money to pay Trish Howard, our fabulous garden coordinator. The roof is on the shed and we are waiting for stairs and doors as well as the new gate to the garden. Many people visited the garden and were impressed with the beauty and complexity found there. Next up we will be planting two theme gardens in the upper terrace-an Asian garden and a Colonial-style potage garden. Gary Adams slaved in the hot sun laying down a beautiful brick cruciform shaped patio with recycled brick donated by Mrs.
PIE is again supporting our science program by providing a small stipend for Trish Howard, our accomplished teaching partner. Two solar panels were donated by the Stahl Family for installation on the roof of the shed. The 6 x 8 foot greenhouse shown in this video is growing 50 beets, 12 Swiss chard plants, weeks and weeks worth of leaf lettuce, 15 kale plants, 40 parsnips, 40 carrots, weeks and weeks worth of spinach.
A long winter absent of fresh, local produce typically looms large as the days shorten and the temperature drops.
While a February crop of tomatoes is far-fetched, a winter harvest of kale, carrots, radishes, a variety of herbs, lettuce and much more—Coleman grows 30 winter crops—is achievable.
There are a variety of models of different shapes and sizes that retail for $499.00 and up. No reproduction, transmission or display is permitted without the written permissions of Rodale Inc.
The very things that make greenhouse growing more controlled and convenient also make it more demanding. Even in a well-designed solar-efficient greenhouse, outside conditions are sometimes so cold and cloudy that auxiliary heat is needed to keep plants growing at an optimum rate. On a sunny day, even at 20 degrees below zero, greenhouse air can heat up well beyond healthful levels. In general, summer crops grow best at temperatures of about 75  to 85 degrees in the daytime and 60 to 75 at night.
You can find a wide range of heater types and sizes, from freestanding propane heaters to powerful wall-mounted electric heaters.
Good air circulation strengthens the woody tissue in stems and decreases the opportunities for fungi to attack your plants.
By opening a window on one end and the door panel on the other, you’ll have cross-ventilation. When planning a greenhouse, check shade patterns from roof overhangs at the summer solstice in June and modify the plan if the shade is too great. These systems are costly, though, and tend to give off a great deal of heat, so they’re typically used by specialists and professionals rather than people with home greenhouses.
Timers can also control automated watering and mist systems, fans, heaters, and other equipment. Special greenhouse shade fabric panels are available in many sizes, as well as lengths you can order or cut to fit. You can find paint that dries white, but becomes transparent in rainy weather to let in more light.
Home greenhouse growers usually find it easier to use benches with individual pots set on them or growing beds filled with a soil mix. Good soil mixes drain fast, hold moisture well, contain balanced and slow-release organic nutrients, and have a slightly acid pH.
There are many options available in garden centers and from garden supply catalogs and websites. Good mid-season fertilizers include compost tea and side dressings, earthworm castings, liquid fish emulsion, and seaweed. But this year, I’ve taken matters into my own hands and made the decision to grow food straight through the winter—on my back porch.


The temperature on his Maine farm can fall to -20°C, yet those two layers temper the cold just enough to allow the soil to retain its warmth and the crops to thrive. Luckily, I stumbled across a company on Vancouver Island that builds mini greenhouse systems, and they were looking for a variety of settings to test their units. For those with garden space, SunPod also supplies backyard-scale “ultra light arches” in sets of three for just over $150.
Plants still need adequate nutrients and water, and you still need tie, prune, and tend to them. On cloudy days, these temperature ranges should be somewhat lower, since the plant is not manufacturing as many sugars as usual.
As with the greenhouses themselves, all greenhouse equipment is available through greenhouse and garden supply catalogs and Web sites. Dense plant growth can interfere with air circulation and contribute to excessive relative humidity. Remember to ventilate to change the air supply at least once each morning, even if you have to add extra heat. Positioning windows at the top and bottom of the greenhouse walls allows warm air to rise and escape from the upper windows, and cooler air to enter through the lower ones. At levels of 90 to 95 percent, plant growth is weak, early bolting occurs, and fungal diseases become a real problem. Most plants will do fine with typical greenhouse light and supplemental fluorescent lighting. You can choose from screening fabrics that will provide light shade to heavy shade, or protect plants from both too much light and heat buildup.
Make sure you choose a paint specially developed for greenhouses so you can wash it off before winter. If you choose to make your own potting soil, a basic recipe is 2 parts soil, 2 parts finished compost, 1 part peat moss, and 1 part vermiculite or perlite.
Foliar feed plants by spraying leaves with dilute compost tea, nettle tea, or liquid seaweed for extra nutrients and some disease resistance.
If you’re a Do-It-Yourself-er, any well-stocked garden centre or farm supply shop will have all of the supplies necessary to rig up your own system.
Leave adequate space between plants and prune so that leaves from adjacent plants don’t touch each other. Decrease humidity levels by venting or exhausting humid air and watering only when necessary. Typically, you attach them over the greenhouse roof, though in areas of intense light you can choose a size that will cover the upper part of the walls. The compact SunPod unit I’m using is built from Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)-certified Western red cedar and tucked into a corner of my back porch. And while a hight degree of environmental control offers a tremendous amount of latitude, it also means taking on some new responsibilities.
Passive vents allow for this sort of movement, as do thermostatically controlled exhaust fans and intake vents. Growers in arid climates can increase humidity levels in the greenhouse by spraying water on the floor. You can choose fluorescent bulbs designed for plant growth, bulbs that mimic sunlight, or simply pair cool and warm bulbs in your fixtures.
It’s my gateway to fresh homegrown produce, decked out with grow lights, heat mats and a self-regulating “smart vent” that opens and closes based on the inside temperature. Manually operated vents are relatively inexpensive, but you’ll need to check them at least twice a day, and open or close them as necessary. While this is surely the high-end of backyard greenhouses, it allows for a wider range of crops to be grown. Automatic ventilation systems are more costly, but they save time and reduce the chances of excessive cooling or heating.




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