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There is another type of burn that requires immediate medical attention, no matter the severity. Burns are categorized according to severity and the severity determines the burn treatment options.
1st-degree burn – A first degree burn is the least serious of the type of burns you can receive and it is limited to only the outer layer of skin. 2nd-degree burn – When the burn goes past the first layer of skin to the second layer that is a second degree burn. Now that we have some reference on the types of burns out there, what are your treatment options?
If a minor burn occurs, there are several steps you can take for immediate treatment of the burn. Cover the burn with a sterile bandage or clean cloth and protect it from pressure and friction.
Over-the-counter pain medications may help reduce inflammation and swelling as well as help with the pain. If a major burn occurs, there are several steps you can take to immediately treat and care for the burn.
If clothing cannot be removed from the victim make sure the victim is not in contact with smoldering materials.
If the victim is breathing, cover the burn area with a moist, cool sterile bandage or clean cloth. Until medical help arrives, continue to monitor victims’ pulse, rate of breathing and blood pressure if possible. Hopefully you will never be faced with anything more serious than a minor first degree burn, but it is important to know what to do just in case. One of our favorite ways to explore new areas and spend time with the dogs is to take a hike.
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Survival Techniques for Animal AttackEvery year over 100 people are attacked and killed by wild animals in the U.S.
Tactical Tips for Bugging OutWhen bugging out, you need to be prepared to go quickly: 10 minutes or less and you're out the door. How to Perform an Emergency TracheotomyPerforming an emergency tracheotomy (aka: cricothyroidotomy) is one of the strange survival methods that could be the difference between life and death. If you’ve suffered from an electrical burn (from a power line, for example) go to the hospital right away as this type of injury can cause serious damage to the organs of the body. When you can’t run to the Emergency Room or the neighborhood clinic, the responsibility for medical care may rest on your shoulders. A quick way to tell the difference between a first degree and second degree burn are the presence of blisters. In a severe burn, the skin has been removed and fat, muscle and even bone areas may be affected.
Since it is more likely that you will have and be able to survive first or second degree burns, we will cover those first. Treat a burn as a major burn if the area is more than 2 to 3 inches in diameter or if it is located on the hands, feet, face, groin, buttocks or major joints.
To prevent shock, lay the victim flat, elevate the feet 12 inches and cover the victim with a coat or blanket.
Putting ice directly on a burn can cause a person’s body to become too cold and cause further damage to the wound.
The ideas expressed on this site are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions of anyone else. It gives us the opportunity to enjoy nature, appreciate vistas that you can’t see from the car, and get a little exercise at the same time.

Make sure your dog is in good physical condition. Begin with long walks in your neighborhood before you start taking short hikes in the woods, and work up from there.
Prepare your dog for the weather and terrain. Spring and summer hiking means sun and bugs, so pack sun screen and insect repellant formulated for dogs. Carry plenty of water for your dog. Dogs don’t sweat, and that makes them prone to heat stroke in warmer temps. Leaves of three, let it be. Dogs are susceptible to plant-based toxins just like people, and can pass the oily substance from poison ivy or poison oak to you on their fur.
Carry a small first aid kit. Generally, a human first aid kit will do since you are both likely to suffer the same type of cuts, bruises, and abrasions.
Your dog should have proper identification. In case your dog gets lost, make sure his ID tag is properly secured to a collar that won’t slip off.
Take extra care during hunting season. Extra precaution are necessary when hiking during any hunting season. Your dog can share the load. Acclimate your dog to carrying a pack by starting with short walks. No one should know that you and your dog went hiking. All trash and dog waste should be bagged, carried out, and properly disposed of.
When you get home, check for ticks. Ticks can cause severe medical problems such as Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever – both of which can be contracted by both dogs and humans.
I know there are bug eggs and what not but dogs with good emune systems should be fine right? Yet, I've actually gotten into verbal arguments with runners who sometimes drag their dogs with them. Drink before you are thirsty is huge!The Grand Canyon is stunning but it is one to be prepared for the conditions and many overlook that due to it's popularity. In terms of imparting information to our readers, I feel like this was one of my best posts ever.
Clearly there may be a big difference in what some people consider a hike and what precautions they think they need to take. We see people on the trail all the time who have their dogs running off leash, drinking out of mucky pools of water, or at the SUMMIT where the dogs look too exhausted to safely make it down.
I love to take the boys hiking, though I may have to refresh myself on what poison ivy looks like?? Oz says you should never ignore those bites because they can lead to serious health problems, like an infection or allergic reaction. Clifford Bassett says many people end up in the emergency room from mosquito bites that have led to Skeeter Syndrome. Bassett says there are a few essential things you need to have on hand as part of a summer first aid kit to treat mosquito bites and avoid discomfort or an infection. 5Learn survival tips like: Where to buy the cheapest AR-15 accessories, homeschooling tips, the health benefits of fevers and more! Seriously, from simple sun burns to touching that hot item on the stove, or reaching into the over too quickly most of us have been burned to varying degrees. Knowing how to recognize and treat burns is a medical skill that everyone in your family should have.
1st and 2nd degree burns that do not cover an area of more than 3 inches (length of your finger) are considered a minor burn.
If someone else has caught fire, douse them with water, wrap them in a thick, non-synthetic material such as wool or cotton or lay them on the ground flat and roll them. Do not put the victim in this position if he or she is uncomfortable or if you suspect a head, neck, back or leg injury. The author may or may not have a financial interest in any company or advertiser referenced.
Believe it or not, Ty matches Buster’s pace – but only because we’ve slowly built up his endurance.

Breeds with short coats may appreciate an outer layer if you’re hiking in wet or cold conditions, and dog boots may be necessary if you’ll be hiking in snow or where cacti or nettles are common.
Take a moment to be sure that you can identify the toxic plants common to the area you’ll be hiking. Talk to your vet about the proper dosage, and include an antihistamine in your medical supplies in case you or your dog gets bit or stung and has an allergic reaction. Be sure that you know what’s in your kit and how to use it – when someone is howling in pain is not the best time to search the kit or read the directions!
The tag should have your cell phone number and any other information that someone might need if they find your dog.
If you’re hiking in bear country, fit your dog with bear bells and carry a can of bear spray.
Most dogs can safely carry up to a third of their weight, so be careful not to overload them. If for some reason you were unable to get back and needed assistance, having a relative, friend, neighbor, or park ranger know where you are and when you expected to return is a big help. Talk to your vet about an appropriate tick prevention program, and be sure to examine yourself and your dog after hiking in wooded areas where ticks are common.
Hiking with your old dog can be done, at most, twice monthly; as they need more rest than younger ones do. Buster wants to drink from them all the time too, and he's never gotten sick, but I usually try to keep him from doing it. I've seen bike riders with their dogs and runners with dogs who are panting to the point of exhaustion. I think a lot of people like to go hiking with their dogs, but don't think about all the things they should do before they go. It is an infection caused by a mosquito bite and leaves a dark red rash appearance on the skin and in severe cases can lead to blistering. If you want to avoid being the next victim, you need to learn some unusual and even dangerous survival techniques. In their most minor form, burns seldom require much attention, the pain is brief and we go on with our lives. Any action taken as a result of information, analysis, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the reader. Anytime you’re entering an area where bear sightings are possible, always keep your dog in sight and stay alert! Printing this information on a simple note card with relevant contact numbers could save a lot of heartache. As for your own convenience, you should bring yourself a hiking stick to help you keep up with your running dog up steeping hills. It feels a little like gambling to me - he might drink from a puddle 50 times and be fine, but the 51st time could make him really sick.
In a real grid-down scenario you could easily get scalded when you are trying to boil your water to make sure it is safe for consumption or any one of hundreds of different possibilities.
And I would strongly discourage you from allowing your dog to drink from streams or lake shores as the water may contain gnarly parasites.
Buster loves his backpack, and we appreciate him for hauling the dog water and a light collapsible bowl. There could be accidents dealing with using fuel such as gas to power your emergency generator.

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