First aid for bruises strains and sprains,best books of all time ulysses moore,best fiction books for kindergarten 2013 - PDF Review

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Strains happen when you injure a muscle or tendon -- the fibrous tissue that attaches muscle to bone. Elevating your injury helps reduce swelling, so try to keep the injured area higher than your heart, if possible. Also call your doctor if pain is severe, you cannot put weight on a leg or ankle, or if there is any numbness, weakness, or unstable joints. Bruises happen when impact breaks small blood vessels below your skin and blood seeps into tissues. The best way to reduce the swelling and pain of most minor head bumps is with a cold compress or ice pack. Chances are good your doctor will prescribe rest, ice, compression, and elevation for a minor bump, bruise, sprain, or strain. If you can't put weight on a sprained or strained knee or ankle, your doctor may suggest a cane, crutch, or brace to help as you heal.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.American Medical Association, Handbook of First Aid and Emergency Care, Revised Edition, Random House, 2000. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Sprains and strains are types of minor injuries to the soft tissues and connective tissues of the musculoskeletal system, that often result from sports or exercise, but can easily result from any physical activity. A strain is an injury to either a muscle or a tendon (fibrous cords of tissue that connect muscle to bone), commonly occurring in the muscles that support the calf, thigh, groin, and shoulder. Sprains and strains may occur together, and occasionally are quite severe, requiring immobilization of the body part in a rigid cast for weeks, and leading to weeks of rehabilitation, and sometimes even surgery. Although sprains can occur in both the upper and lower parts of the body, the most common site is the ankle. The ankle joint is supported by several lateral (outside) ligaments and medial (inside) ligaments.
Sprains frequently occur at the wrist, typically when people fall and land on an outstretched hand. Mild or minimal sprains with no tear of the ligament usually produce mild tenderness and some swelling. Moderate sprains, in which the ligament has been partially ruptured, produce obvious swelling, bruising, significant tenderness (moderate pain), and difficulty walking. Severe sprains, as when the ligament is completely torn from the bone (called avulsion), make walking impossible and produce marked swelling, internal bleeding and joint instability.
The injured area looks crooked or has lumps and bumps (other than swelling) that you do not see on the uninjured joint.
Doctors closely observe an injured site and ask questions to obtain information to diagnose the severity of a sprain.
Sprains generally result from a twisting force applied to a joint while it is bearing weight, which causes the ligament to stretch beyond its natural limit. Elbow strains sometimes occur in people who participate in racquet sports, throwing, and contact sports. Patients typically have pain in the injured area and general weakness of the muscle when they attempt to move it.
An acute strain is associated with a recent trauma or injury; it also can occur after improperly lifting heavy objects or overstressing the muscles. Chronic strains are usually the result of overuse: prolonged, repetitive movement of the muscles and tendons. Many herbal and homeopathic remedies have been formulated with specific ingredients to heal from the inside out – helping to facilitate strengthening of injured ligaments.
Filipendula almaria is another herb that has been used for centuries by herbalists to treat pain with modern research citing this herb as nature’s aspirin! Arnica D6 is a highly respected ingredient in homeopathic medicine and has powerful anti-inflammatory and tissue healing properties. Peppermint Essential Oil - Peppermint has many therapeutic uses and may be used for a wide variety of conditions including respiratory and digestive conditions as well as musculo-skeletal pain. Filipendula almaria: also known as Meadowsweet, is an herb which has been used for centuries by herbalists to treat fever and pain.
Ginger Essential Oil - Obtained from the root of the ginger plant, ginger, like peppermint, is a highly versatile medicinal plant with thousands of years of therapeutic history.
Magnesium phosphoricum D6 is a biochemic tissue salt found naturally occurring in the body. Symphytum officinale also called comfrey, contains allantoin - a chemical which encourages bone, cartilage and muscle cells to grow.
Adequate amounts of calories and protein are required for the body to repair damaged connective tissue. Still, if you are prone to sprains and strains, or you subject your joints to hard work, which may lead to sprains and strains, then your body definitely demands better, well-balanced diet from you. Avoid chips and packaged and processed foods that contain hydrogenated oils, and avoid fried foods, which are often cooked in those oils.
Include in your diet anti-inflammatory oils such as those found in cold-water fish (salmon, trout, mackerel, herring and sardines), nuts, and seeds (linseeds). Vitamin C with flavonoids for connective tissue repair - Some rich sources of vitamin C are oranges, green peppers, watermelon, Rose Hips, papaya, parsley, grapefruit, cantaloupe, strawberries, kiwi, mango, broccoli, tomatoes, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, currants, cabbage, and citrus juices or juices fortified with Vitamin C.
Turmeric – Curcumin is the active constituent in turmeric, the yellow Indian spice that is a key ingredient in many curry recipes.
As the cause is the drying up of the Synovial lubricating fluid in the joints, eating some avocado daily is considered helpful in restoring normalcy. Alternative healthcare practitioners frequently recommend proteolytic enzymes (enzymes that catalyze the splitting of proteins into smaller peptide fractions and amino acids by a process known as proteolysis) for various minor injuries. There is some suggestion that a low intake of the antioxidants selenium and vitamins A, C and E may increase the risk of tendinitis. Treatments for sprains and strains are similar and can be thought of as having two stages - Reduce Swelling and Pain and rehabilitation.


For people with a moderate or severe sprain, particularly of the ankle, a hard cast may be applied. Elevation - If possible, keep the injured ankle, knee, elbow, or wrist elevated on a pillow, above the level of the heart, to help decrease swelling. The second stage of treating a sprain or strain is rehabilitation, whose overall goal is to improve the condition of the injured area and restore its function.
The amount of rehabilitation and the time needed for full recovery after a sprain or strain depend on the severity of the injury and individual rates of healing. Chiropractors commonly treat sprain and strain injuries, particularly those with pain and diminished function. In a study of people with ankle sprains, researchers compared the effectiveness of chiropractic joint manipulation vis-à-vis anti-inflammatory medication. Therapeutic massage is effective at increasing circulation and may relieve spasm in surrounding muscle groups.
Wear shoes that fit properly – Buy well-cushioned shoes with excellent arch support. Your browser does not support inline frames or is currently configured not to display inline frames. Harker Herbals Bruise Cream (1025) is a fast acting cream with triple-strength arnica to help soothe strains, bruises and joints.Ideal for sports massage, and everyday knocks and bumps. Eucalyptol Oil, Peppermint Oil, Rosemary Oil, Turpentine Oil, Wintergreen Oil, Pine Oil, Menthol Crystals, Mustard Oil, Arnica Flower Tincture, Olive Oil, Glucate Cream, Aloe Vera.
Any product information or advice on this site is provided for informational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for the advice provided by your own medical practitioners. So for the first 24 hours after a minor injury, apply a cold compress for 20-30 minutes, then remove it for 20-30 minutes. Your doctor will oversee the device, because prolonged use can lead to stiffness and loss of range of motion. You can help bruises heal by applying a cold compress right after the injury, then elevating the site above your heart, if you can.
However, if you have lingering pain, talk to your doctor about over-the-counter or prescription relief that may include pills, patches, or assistive devices. If you need a brace or assistive walking device, get your doctor's advice on how to use them.
Rehab Rub contains Arnica, Hypericum, Calendula, Ruta Graveolans, Peppermint Oil and Witch Hazel. Basically, strains usually refer to injuries to muscles or to the areas where muscles become tendons.
Most ankle sprains happen when the foot turns inward as a person runs, turns, falls, or lands on the ankle after a jump. In general, a grade I or mild sprain is caused by overstretching or slight tearing of the ligaments with no joint instability.
A grade II or moderate sprain is caused by further, but still incomplete, tearing of the ligament. A sprain can result from sudden, unexpected movements like a fall, a sudden twist, or a blow to the body that forces a joint out of its normal position and stretches or tears the ligament supporting that joint.
Severe strains that partially or completely tear the muscle or tendon are often very painful and disabling.
Muscle strains occur when the weight load on a muscle is greater than the weakest part of the muscle can bear. Arnica is a highly respected ingredient in homeopathic medicine and has powerful anti-inflammatory and tissue healing properties. It is used extensively to treat shock, injury and for post-operative care, and also helps to control bleeding. Used in massage, peppermint has strong anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties and also assists in promoting blood flow to the affected areas. Modern science reveals that this herb contains salicylates - a natural chemical similar to the pharmaceutical aspirin. The oil is warming and toning and has particular application to all musculo-skeletal conditions, soothing pains and aches and also helps to reduce fever. It is known as the 'homeopathic aspirin' due to its unique pain killing and curative properties and is also an effective muscle relaxant, preventing and treating spasms and cramps and promoting relaxation. This explains why comfrey is called 'knitbone' by traditional healers, helping to heal wounds and injuries of all kinds.
They contain omega-3 oils, which although not a direct anti-inflammatory, can lessen the amount of inflammatory chemicals your body produces over time.
Turmeric has an age old reputation as an anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving agent.
These enzymes are also well absorbed when taken by mouth, and are quite effective in reducing pain and swelling associated with various injuries and for speeding up the healing process. At this stage, patients are usually advised to follow a formula of rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) for the first 24 to 48 hours after the injury (see below).
A cold pack, ice bag, or plastic bag filled with crushed ice and wrapped in a towel can be used.
Examples of compression bandages are elastic wraps, special boots, air casts, and splints. The health care provider will prescribe an exercise program designed to prevent stiffness, improve range of motion, and restore the joint's normal flexibility and strength.
Depending on the patient's rate of recovery, this process begins about the second week after the injury.
Patients must work closely with their health care provider or physical therapist to determine their readiness to return to full activity. For example, a mild ankle sprain may require up to 3 to 6 weeks of rehabilitation; a moderate sprain could require 2 to 3 months. They found that joint manipulation was as effective as the anti-inflammatory medication in improving pain and flexibility, but it was more effective than the medication in improving range of motion.


Ask a podiatrist (foot doctor- a specialist in care for the feet) about arch supports or heel inserts. Those who participate in aerobics, tennis, or basketball twice a week need new shoes 2-3 times a year, while those who participate up to four times a week need them every 60 days. You should not use the information contained here for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease.
If you've taken every RICE precaution and still have pain with noticeable swelling after a couple of days, call your doctor. To recover from a sprain or strain, you may need to do exercises at home or work with a physical therapist. Instead, apply a cold compress or towel-wrapped ice pack for 20 minutes every hour while you're awake. The severity of the injury will depend on the extent of injury (whether a tear is partial or complete) and the number of ligaments involved.
Depending on the severity of the injury, a strain may be a simple overstretch of the muscle or tendon, or it can result from a partial or complete tear. This injury often occurs when a ligament near the base of the thumb (the ulnar collateral ligament of the metacarpo-phalangeal joint) is torn. A person with a mild sprain usually experiences minimal pain, swelling, and little or no loss of functional ability.
A person with a moderate sprain usually has more difficulty putting weight on the affected joint and experiences some loss of function. Typically, sprains occur when people fall and land on an outstretched arm, slide into a baseball base, land on the side of their foot, or twist a knee with the foot planted firmly on the ground. On the emotional level, the aroma of peppermint oil will relax and refresh the mind as well as the body, helping to uplift the spirits and restore courage and mental focus.
Unlike, aspirin, however, Meadowsweet has pain relieving and anti-inflammatory properties without side effects such as stomach ulcers and the risk of Raynaud's Disease, associated with the use of pharmaceutical aspirin.
Bromelain, a proteolytic enzyme, is an anti-inflammatory agent and for this reason is helpful in healing minor injuries, particularly sprains and strains, muscle injuries, and the pain, swelling, and tenderness that accompany sports injuries. Ask your provider for advice on which one to use, and how tight to safely apply the bandage.
The provider will instruct the patient to do a series of exercises designed to meet these goals. Sometimes people are tempted to resume full activity or play sports despite pain or muscle soreness. Acupuncturists often apply moxibustion (a technique in which the herb mugwort is burned over specific acupuncture points) in combination with needling in order to strengthen or deepen the treatment for this condition. Additionally, do not expect your shoes to be multi-functional – buy the right shoe for your sport.
Whether you are running, doing aerobics or playing a team sport, talk to a fitness instructor or triner to find out what type of leg stretches are most appropriate, and then make sure you do them religiously before and after each work-out session. If you do aerobics on a hard floor (such as carpeted concrete), always put down an impact-absorbing foam mat first. You should read all product information carefully before purchasing and if you suspect you have a medical problem, promptly consult your heath-care professional. Although, sprains usually refer to injuries to ligaments, they also sometimes refer to other connective tissues, such as tendons and the capsules surrounding joints. Bruising is absent or slight, and the person is usually able to put weight on the affected joint.
An x ray may be needed to help the health care provider determine if a fracture is causing the pain and swelling. Avocados, fresh nuts and olive oil will provide vitamin E and fish oils, cereals, eggs, and brewer’s yeast will supply selenium. If you use a cane or one crutch for an ankle injury, use it on the uninjured side to help you lean away and relieve weight on the injured ankle. When the acute pain and swelling have diminished, the provider will instruct the patient to do a series of exercises several times a day. During this phase of rehabilitation, patients progress to more demanding exercises as pain decreases and function improves. Returning to full activity before regaining normal range of motion, flexibility, and strength increases the chance of reinjury and may lead to a chronic problem.
Cover if severe.Apply to elbows, wrists, hips, knees, ankles as required for soothing relief. A blow to the knee or a fall is often the cause; sudden twisting can also result in a sprain. Magnetic resonance imaging is occasionally used to help differentiate between a significant partial injury and a complete tear in a ligament, or can be recommended to rule out other injuries.
These are very important because they help reduce swelling, prevent stiffness, and restore normal, pain-free range of motion. People with flat feet must make sure that they have adequate arch support and shock-absorbing cushioning.
Technical Specifications and Features are for guidance only and cannot be guaranteed accurate.
Every care has been taken to provide accurate details on this web site, however minor discrepancies may appear. A patient with an injured knee or foot will work on weight-bearing and balancing exercises. The duration of the program depends on the extent of the injury, but the regimen commonly lasts for several weeks.



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