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From Upstairs, Downstairs to Gosford Park and Downton Abbey, TV dramas and films have made us care about the characters below stairs.
The tweeny - in-between stairs maid earned ?13 a year, worked seven days a week from 5am-10pm and looked after slop duty.
According to Delap, the cook and her kitchen staff were able to eat in the kitchen where the other servants always suspected they were getting better food. Servants in a country estate would have been given specific tasks that matched their station, unlike today, where Fink says he has seen some instances of multi-tasking and the expectation that a butler may also, for instance, be asked to do the cooking as well.In the Victorian era it was not just the aristocracy who employed servants, new wealth had trickled into the cities and led to a burgeoning middle class. With the men sent off to fight, women dominated traditional male working roles in munitions factories, making aeroplanes and uniforms. Charlotte Dujardin and Mark Cavendish are among the medal hopes, as Team GB aim to follow Sunday's historic haul and stay above China in the medal table.
Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. Domestic service was Britain's biggest employer a century ago, but how have things changed over the years?"It is a form of marriage to a point as you are devoted to that family," says 78-year-old Rick Fink.Fink has more than 55 years of experience managing estates and working as a butler. I keep myself the other side of the baize door." There is a great deal of nostalgia surrounding the traditional notion of domestic service, with the scandals above and below stairs in ITV's Downton Abbey proving a ratings success.


According to Dr Lucy Delap, director of studies in history at St Catharine's College, Cambridge, servant status was reinforced at mealtimes."There would be a strict order of coming in to eat and strict rules about where different ranks of servants sit, and you might also have rules such as no speaking unless you were addressed by one of the senior servants," says Delap.
The population is expanding, the middle class is expanding therefore the demand for service is expanding, but the supply of servants is shrinking."Employing young people from the Victorian workhouses was thought to be one way of resolving the servant crisis. After World War II, many women did not return to their domestic service roles.Gradually the "modern home" of the middle classes was updated with new equipment to accommodate the shortage of servants - the introduction of flushing toilets, washing machines and microwave ovens. He started off in the Royal Navy in 1953, and one of the first guests he served as a young steward was Prince Phillip. But life for a domestic worker has evolved.With the help of labour-saving devices, a household can now be run by fewer people. Poor and destitute orphans were "rescued" from a life in the gutter, educated and sent to work as servants. The 21st Century domestic workers now tend to be self-employed entrepreneurs, running their own ironing businesses from home or their own cleaning service franchise. Employers can contact staff on a mobile phone rather than have to ring a bell or track them down in the grounds of the estate. The black dress, white apron and white cap worn by maids in the 19th Century was a Victorian creation, a way of disguising personal identities. In 1891, the number of indoor domestic servants is 1.38 million, which is a pretty high number," says Dr Pamela Cox, senior lecturer in sociology at the University of Essex.


He just came aboard and he was tanned with blonde hair and looked fabulous and I had to ask him what he wanted to drink."Now Fink runs the Butler-Valet School, training butlers for service in stately homes and private residencies. The inventory is itemised on a computer so there is no need to count the silverware and the dishwasher takes on the burden of washing up. Some aspects of the role are timeless and governed by an unspoken etiquette and code of conduct. Although not the Waterford Crystal.According to the Office for National Statistics from the 2012 Labour Force Survey, about 65,000 people are employed as domestic workers by households in the UK. This includes domestic personnel "such as maids, cooks, waiters, valets, butlers, laundresses, gardeners, gatekeepers, stable-lads, chauffeurs, caretakers, governesses, babysitters, tutors, secretaries", to name just a few.
It excludes the provision of services such as cooking, gardening etc by independent service providers (companies or individuals). The figure includes those who may work for more than one household and may live in or away from their employer.
Fink is surprised at just how many job adverts he sees these days for "live-out" domestic workers.



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