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28.03.2016 admin
Dam failure or levee breeches can occur with little warning potentially devastating large populations. Having a bug-out-bag ready to go and an evacuation plan in place is a must for surviving this type of disaster.
A series of earthen dam failures in the 1970's caused the Nation to focus on inspecting and regulating dams. On February 26, 1972, a tailings dam owned by the Buffalo Mining Company in Buffalo Creek, West Virginia failed. On June 5, 1976, Teton Dam, a 123-meter high dam on the Teton River in Idaho, failed, causing $1 billion in damage and leaving 11 dead. In November 1977, Kelly Barnes Dam in Georgia failed, killing 39 people, most of them college students.
Boiling with huge chunks of debris, the wall of flood water grew at times to 60 feet high, tearing downhill at 40 miles per hour and leveling everything in its path. According to AmerenUE, a computer software problem caused the reservoir to continue filling even though it was already at its normal level. Piping ultimately creates voids in reservoir walls and causes reservoir walls to slump and fail.
Once you determine that you live downstream from a high-hazard or significant-hazard potential dam and find out who owns the dam, this information also should be available from your state or county emergency management agency, NID, or ASDSO. An EAP is a formal document that identifies potential emergency conditions at a dam and specifies preplanned actions to be followed to reduce property damage and loss of life. If there is a dam failure or an imminent dam failure and you need to evacuate, know your evacuation route and get out of harm's way. Six inches of water will reach the bottom of most passenger cars causing loss of control and possible stalling. Two feet of rushing water can carry away most vehicles including sport utility vehicles (SUV’s) and pick-ups. Listen for news reports to learn whether the community’s water supply is safe to drink. Use extreme caution when entering buildings; there may be hidden damage, particularly in foundations.
February 8th, 1843: On this date, the biggest earthquake known to have affected the Eastern Caribbean occurred. 1946: The largest recorded earthquake to have occurred in the Caribbean is believed to have been the El Cibao earthquake in the Dominican Republic. October 8th, 1974: This was the largest earthquake to have occurred in the Eastern Caribbean (St. Between April - July 1997, a series of earthquakes affected the southern Caribbean, particularly Trinidad and Tobago. A valuable resource for understanding earthquake hazards in the Caribbean are the earthquake hazard maps produced by SRC, EQU and PRSN. The potential intensity of ground-shaking that could be expected during an earthquake in the countries within the region ranges from MMI V to MMI VII.

All CDEMA Participating States are in a seismic active zone with some being at a higher exposure than others. The largest earthquake recorded in the world was a 9.5 magnitude quake in Chile on May 22, 1960. During an earthquake take cover, many studies show that injuries and deaths caused by earthquakes are due to falling objects. While the 4.3 magnitude earthquake centred about 20 kilometres north of Victoria did not cause much damage, it was a stark reminder that if the big one hits everyone needs to be prepared. She says the kitchen is often the most dangerous room in the house during an earthquake, thanks to heavy appliances, breakable items, and sharp objects.
If that's not possible, consider heavy drapes in high-risk areas, or a special film for glass. Bernstein suggests teaching younger children a song to sing during the shaking so you know they are safe.
Children's kits should also include items such as toys and family photographs to comfort them while they are out of the home. Make a plan for food and medication for pets, as they are often over-looked in emergency planning. Dive under a sturdy table, drop to your knees, cover your head and neck and hold on to the table. If there is no desk, crouch in an inside corner of a room, avoid standing in a doorway. By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Listen to our SVP, Western Region, Joe DeAngelis, discuss Emergency Preparedness Week tips with Radio NL in Kamloops, British Columbia. Quick note about cookies: like most websites, we use cookies to help improve this site so that you can get around easily. This site requires JavaScript to function properly.Please enable JavaScript in your web browser. The cause of these failures can be due to natural or man made events, such as earthquakes and heavy rains or engineering design defects and poor maintenance practices. Over 4,000 homes and over 4,000 farm buildings were destroyed as a result of the Teton Dam failure.
Those caught by the wave found themselves swept up in a torrent of oily, muddy water, surrounded by tons of grinding debris, which crushed some, provided rafts for others. Darkness fell, thousands were huddled in attics, others were floating on the debris, while many more had been swept downstream to the old Stone Bridge at the junction of the rivers.
Flash floods can occur in these areas with or without such typical warnings as rain clouds or heavy rain. If floodwaters rise around your car, abandon the car and move to higher ground if you can do so safely. Over 2,000 people were killed, including several by a fever epidemic that followed the event.

The earthquake was of magnitude 8.1 and generated a tsunami which caused 75 deaths and rendered 20,000 homeless. Two of these events, on April 2 and April 22, caused damage to homes, public and commercial buildings and other property in Tobago.
These maps, particularly those that identify (using acceleration, intensity and velocity) the earthquake hazard across all sixteen Participating States, are highly informative. According to McCann (unpublished paper),"The eastern margin of the Caribbean from Trinidad to Puerto Rico has the potential for large earthquakes.
Baastel (2007) compiled available data to arrive at a rough order of magnitude comparison of the relative earthquake exposure of CDEMA states in the table below. Reduce your risk by securing pictures and mirrors to walls, and keeping beds and tables away from windows. Call for help if need be, look out for fallen power lines, fire and damaged buildings.
By submitting your comments, you acknowledge that CBC has the right to reproduce, broadcast and publicize those comments or any part thereof in any manner whatsoever. In addition, preliminary indications are that minor leakage through the dam walls over a prolonged period, had carried away fine material in the walls, weakening the reservoir's holding walls.
To find out, contact your state or county emergency management agency or visit the National Inventory of Dams (NID) or the Association of State Dam Safety Officials (ASDSO). The cost of damage was estimated at approximately US $3 million and about 200 people were affected. According to the SRC- produced maps, the Participating States are exposed to earthquakes in varying degrees. However, there is no evidence to suggest that any of them are exempt from potentially experiencing a great earthquake resulting in effects greater than their MMI rating (Baastel, 2007). Please note that comments are moderated and published according to our submission guidelines. EU regulations mean we have to point this out, hence the annoying message, which will only appear on this first visit. As always with our kits, we only use products that we have tested and would be happy to use in an emergency. In Antigua, the English Harbour sank and in Point-a-Pitre, Guadeloupe, all masonry was destroyed in the earthquake, with an associated fire consuming wooden structures. The island was again affected by an earthquake in January 1907 and in January 1993, the latter measuring 5.3 on the Richter scale and causing minor damage. The intensity map below details the Expected MMI with a 10% probability of exceedance in a fifty-year period. To make things easy we will assume that you're happy to receive cookies but you can change settings any time by using the Change cookie settings link in the Special menu.

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