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16.12.2014 admin
The Impact of Media Multitasking on the Cognitive and Affective Processing of Television Commercials: The Moderating Role of Type of Advertising Appeal.
Adlit is an interdisciplinary research project to investigate minors' advertising literacy level for new advertising formats funded by the IWT.
Den omfattende markedsanalyse vi fik foretaget af Communication Research gav en grundig forstaelse af vores brandposition i vores kernesegmenter, og konkretiserede vores styrker og fremtidige indsatsomrader i forhold til vores n?rmeste konkurrenter.
Mehrabian's research, conducted in 1967, was concerned with the relative importance of verbal and nonverbal signals when communicating feelings and attitudes, rather than general everyday or workplace communications.
This misinterpretation of Mehrabian's findings has been repeated so many times that it has become widely believed that nonverbal elements are more important than the actual words used to communicate a message. The ability to explain and get across complex ideas, messages, and instructions is paramount for a manager. In your management role you need to express your requirements, approach, ideas, and strategies clearly so all who hear understand.
It is important to remember when selecting your words to make sure that your choice portrays the level of authority and respect your communication requires.
The next level of signals you give to those you speak to are the para-verbal or vocal signals.
It is this group of signals that will convey your exact meaning or help you to modify it to suit your audience or circumstances. Shouting at someone who isn't doing what you want them to do is not the way to correct such behavior. Your dominant emotion when communicating is easily discernible in the speed of your delivery. Being able to influence the para-verbal signals you use when communicating is a significant skill, and directly relates to how effective your communications are.
In writing, the para-verbal signals are communicated by your use of punctuation, grammar, spelling, and the structure of your sentences. This group of signals, often referred to as body language, plays a key role in how effective your communications will be, but it must not be your sole focus. Your nonverbal signals, or body language, provide your audience with the clues they will use to determine your attitude and feelings towards the communication. These cultural differences are also noticeable in the gestures and element of touch used in an exchange. They also are quite tactile when communicating and may perceive you as being less approachable or more authoritarian in your communications if you avoid touching. An open posture generally shows you are more supportive of what is being said than a closed one. The other aspect posture communicates during an exchange is how comfortable the other person is with the distance there is between you.

You need to quickly pick up on such signals when communicating and if you are too close to the other person then you need to subtly move away from them until you see them relax.
If you are observing a conversation you will also be able to identify how close or personal the relationship between these individuals is from the distance they stand or sit apart. The more experience you have of communicating in all sorts of situations - at work, at home, formally, informally, with friends, etc.
The more you are able to master your own emotions during communications the more effective you will be and the more aware you will be of your own nonverbal signals and how they could be interpreted. Whilst it is important to be aware of the nonverbal signs people exhibit during this process, using and developing your emotional intelligence is far more beneficial than worrying unnecessarily about decoding all of the subtleties of people's body language.
One of the most-cited pieces of research into communication - Albert Mehrabian's '7%-38%-55% rule' - does NOT apply to workplace communication. The words you use are the most important part of a workplace communication and you should choose them carefully. You must make sure that your message is backed up by the appropriate para-verbal and nonverbal signals. A consortium of research partners from Ghent University, Antwerp University, VUB and KULeuven will investigate how minors' advertising literacy level for the new advertising formats can be improved. However, it has been cited as applying to all forms of communications and has been interpreted as stating that over 80 percent of all communications is nonverbal. Using all the three types of signals - verbal, para-verbal, and nonverbal - to ensure that your message is comprehended and received in a positive way is an essential aspect of your communications skills. How you phrase your message and the actual words used can totally alter the meaning of your message. In the majority of cases you will want to use positive language, telling people what you want or can be done, rather than what you don't want or cannot be done. It is essential that your words convey the same meaning to all your audience regardless of their level of knowledge.
Also your words need to present a logical description of the action you need to take place to achieve your objective or perform your role.
This is because your reader or audience only has the words in front of them to ascertain your meaning and the required action.
These are important aspects because often without realizing it you will convey meaning in how you deliver what you say. You may need to offer further instructions or information so that they review how they are conducting the task. Those who are nervous or anxious will tend to talk more quickly, often giving the impression of a lack of confidence or knowledge.
Each of the three signal areas has a role to play in how effective your communications are, and the proportion assigned to each will vary according to the circumstances of each exchange.

People from the southern Mediterranean, for example, are known to be more expressive in their hand and arm gestures than many other cultures.
If you do not reciprocate in a way that reflects the behavior of the person you are communicating with, the emphasis or empathy you want to express may be misinterpreted. This is because it informs those involved in the exchange how attentive you are and how interested you are in what is being said.
But if your posture appears too relaxed, and you maintain little eye contact, you may portray the attitude of someone uninterested in the topic.
Each individual's level of personal space is unique and is a reflection of their culture and character. To be an effective communicator you need to be aware of these unconscious and unintentional nonverbal signals and respond accordingly in order to achieve your objective. The more you actively observe those you communicate with the greater your skill will become in ensuring that your words have a 'perfect' correlation with your para-verbal and nonverbal signals. Making sure your grammar and spelling are correct is essential in this type of communication. Or does it come across as a suitably authoritative request for information about how the task is progressing? If your voice is naturally quiet or soft you will have to develop your delivery technique so that your voice has the appropriate ring of authority for the situation. When you feel strongly about an issue you may find that your voice rises, but this level and pitch may not reflect the right attitude for your communication. You may need to clarify that their understanding of what you want done matches what you want them to do. Being able to control your emotions when communicating indicates an effective communicator.
Poorly spelt or phrased sentences can be as detrimental to the communication of your message as shouting or excessive use of jargon.
Presenting your argument in a logical manner is also a significant factor in communicating well in writing.
Different cultures focus on different aspects of the face when assessing the emotional reaction of the person they are speaking to.
It is important to remember that many of your own and others' nonverbal signals are intuitive and as such are hard to control.

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