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03.12.2015 admin
Mika Brzezinski attends the 2013 National Book Awards Dinner and Ceremony on November 20, 2013 at Cipriani Wall Street in New York City. This morning Mauritanian President Sidi Mohamed Ould Cheikh Abdallahi has been removed from power by a coalition of army officers who had been deprived of their privileges at the beginning of the week. The president has been substituted by a former presidential guard chief Mohamed Ould Abdelaziz who called himself the head of the State Council the new administrative body. The president and the prime-ministers have been detained and their exact location is unknown at this time. The African Union condemned the coup and promised to send the head of the peace and security council to Mauritania at the end of this week. While highly neglected in the developed world, the situation of many African states where the army plays a key role is less then encouraging. How many more countries have to fail before we can all realize that helping Africa requires the demilitarization of the state?
Colonialism was replaced by neo-colonialism as the former colonial power sought to control or influence governments of the newly independent nations. Despite the recent military coup in Mauritania, I am convinced that the era of military regimes in Africa are coming to an end.
If indeed you read my post, you will see that I NEVER GAVE SUPPORT to the military coup in Mauritania. The only thing most people know about the country is that it is the last place on earth where slavery is still a common practice. Looking back at the last 20 years one could easily notice that Africa is the only continent where these coups are still possible at a worrying frequency. I mean the complete demilitarization, not just the one that you do for the sake of doing it. One thing that made me speechless were the products sold in every stores from milk, to cookies, to bread etc.
African military organisations (except that of Zimbabwe, Angola and Mozambique) were instruments of repression used to keep Africans resisting colonial rule at abeyance. Many colonies got their independence and the colonial military structure was simply re-organised to fit that reality. There is a new thinking in many African nations that makes it hard to accept military governments.


Yes I am here in London, but I do spend enough time back in Nigeria to know what is actually happening over there and West Africa in general. I merely explained that the penchant for African militaries to carry out coups are partly down to their colonial legacy.
In 2005 another coup removed Maaouya Ould Sid’Ahmed Taya, Mauritania’s long standing dictator who ruled for 21 years unopposed. RWAFF became the Nigerian, Ghanaian, Gambian and Sierra Leonean armies while KAR became the Ugandan, Kenyan, Tanzanian and Malawian armies.
The African Union unlike its predecessor, the OAU, has taken a strong stance against military rule. The previous visitor is as ignorant and out of touch with African realities as most African ex pats I have met in my life. I explained that ordinary Africans have come to realise the folly of coup plotting and no longer support undemocratic removals of elected governments. Reports say that the person who orchestrated the 2005 coup, General Abdel Aziz, chief of the BASEP (Presidential Security Battalion), is the same high rank military officer behind the August 6th military coup. Quett Masire of Botswana was democratically elected in July 1980 and won subsequent elections that are all free and fair, which resulted in him being in office for eighteen years!!. In Kenya, the British used the King’s African Rifles (KAR) to brutally suppress the anti-colonial Mau-Mau insurgency in the 1950s. The AU and many individual African countries do not recognise the Mauritania military regime and I agree whole-heartedly with that policy.
The army is a recurrent character in African political crises, and it will be like that since local peace and stability cannot be guaranteed by other bodies. Countries like Mauritania fail because those who are able to put an end to this political charade find better things to do.
A prominent soldier in the KAR was Idi Amin Dada who the Brits would later help in overthrowing the democratically elected, but inept Ugandan leader, Milton Obote. They threw their lot with the Congolese Army which was not just their own creation, but were still commanded by Belgian officers (despite past muntiny by African soldiers). Nigeria, which used to be notorious for military coups almost every four years, now has nine years of uninterrupted civilian rule.
The disgust you express as an African confirms my view that most of us see coups as undesirable.


The son of David and Victoria Beckham was spotted filming on his iPhone during the first day of the Coachella Music and Arts Festival on April 10, 2015.
Bostwana (like the USA before President Harry Truman) allows the incumbent to seek re-election for an unlimited number of terms.
In Nigeria, the Royal West African Frontier Force (RWAFF) was very effective in the 1949 massacre of Nigerian coal miners protesting low wages paid by the colonial regime.
The factors used as excuses for military intervention peaked during the controversial 2006 general elections, but there was no coup despite western media predictions.
It is hard to assume that without an army, they could have maintained their statuses for so long. France did not even bother to be covert in its meddling in the internal affairs of its ex-colonies.
Tthis can be traced directly to the 1999 mass purging from the military of all senior officers and only middle-level officers that served in previous military regimes by the past elected administration of Mr. And this visitor with an African name dares to think it’s going to be better in Maurinatia??????????????????? It directly sponsored coups, deposed leaders (democratic or dictatorial) and involved itself in civil wars like in Chad, Ivory coast, etc.
The funniest case was that of Jean Bendel Bokassa of Central African Republic who deposed the civilan government in 1965 and crowned himself Emperor in 1976.
Another purge of fifty senior military officers was carried out, days after the new Yar’Adua administration took office in May 2006. The military man formerly of the African regiment of the French Army recieved French support and when this was withdrawn in 1979, French paratroopers landed in Bangui City and toppled his regime. I believe that democratic governments in other African nations should adopt this strategy as soon as get to power. The democratically elected President Dacko was restored to power, only to be overthrown again in 1981 by French-backed General Kolingba who installed Frenchman Colonel Jean-Claude Mantion as head of his presidential guards. Kolingba would remain in power with French support until 1993 when he tried to legitimize his rule via free elections.



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