Hormonal therapy for prostate cancer effectiveness 2014,prostate surgery for urine retention nhs,ayurvedic medicine prostate gland 3d - Videos Download

15.02.2014
Moreover, the risk of memory, learning and concentration problems associated with hormone therapy was greatest for men with a particular gene mutation, researchers from the University of South Florida in Tampa found.
Hormone therapy is used to lower the level of testosterone, thus preventing growth of prostate cancer cells.
For the study, Gonzalez’s team evaluated 58 prostate cancer patients before they began hormone therapy and six months and 12 months later. What is needed, he said, is a randomized study that compares similar men receiving hormone therapy with those not receiving this treatment. Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP): This is the primary fuel used by cells to generate the biochemical reactions essential for life. Adrenals: The glands located on the top of the kidneys that are responsible for the production of stress-related hormones, such as cortisol, DHEA, and adrenaline. Adrenocortiotrophic Hormone (ACTH): The hormone released from the pituitary gland that interacts with receptors on the adrenal gland to begin the process of cortisol and DHEA production. Advanced Glycosylation Endproduct: The polymerized end products of protein cross-linked with glucose. Aerobic Exercise: Exercise with a low enough intensity to facilitate adequate oxygen transfer to the muscle cells so that no buildup of lactic acid is observed. Anaerobic Exercise: Exercise at an intensity that exceeds the ability to supply oxygen to the muscle cells leading to the buildup of lactic acid. Anti-aging Zone Lifestyle Pyramid: The combination of the Zone Diet, moderate exercise, and meditation that interact to reduce the four pillars of aging (excess insulin, excess blood glucose, excess free radicals, and excess cortisol).
Biological Marker of Aging: Any physiological marker that appears to be universal in an aging population.
Biological Response Modifier: Any molecule that can modify the biological response of cells to changes in its external environment. Calorie Restriction: The reduction of calories that maintains adequate levels of protein and essential fats while also supplying adequate amounts of micronutrients (vitamins and minerals).
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone (CRH): The hormone released from the hypothalamus that interacts with the pituitary to produce ACTH.
Cortisol: The hormone released from the adrenal glands in response to stress or low blood glucose. Endocrine Hormones: Hormones that are secreted from a discrete gland and then travel through the bloodstream to target tissues. Endocytosis: The process by which extracellular molecules (including hormones) enter a cell. B-Endorphin: A hormone derived from the pituitary that induces opiate-like responses to decrease pain.
Essential Fatty Acids: These are the fats the body cannot make and therefore must be part of the diet. Male erectile dysfunction, (ED), or impotence is the inability for a sexually active male to obtain and sustain an erection for sexual purposes. Estrogens: A group of three steroid hormones that convey female characteristics and control fertilization. Exocytosis: The process by which intracellular chemicals (including hormones) are released. Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH): The hormone released from the pituitary that stimulates estrogen production in females, and sperm production in males. Glucagon: The hormone from the pancreas that causes the release of stored carbohydrate in the liver to restore blood glucose levels.
Glucose Tolerance: The ability of muscle cells and the liver to remove glucose from the bloodstream. Glycemic Index: A measure of the rate at which a carbohydrate will enter the bloodstream as glucose. Glycosylated Hemoglobin: A measure of the long-term control of blood glucose determined by the amount of carbohydrate-modified hemoglobin in the red blood cells.
Growth Hormone: The hormone released from the pituitary that interacts with fat cells to release fatty acids and also the liver to produce insulin-like growth factors. Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone (GHRH): The hormone released from the hypothalamus that causes the release of growth hormone from the pituitary. Hippocampus: The portion of the limbic system in the brain that integrates incoming nerve impulses to the hypothalamus, and is also the memory center of the brain. Hormone Releasing Factors: Hormones released from the hypothalamus that directly affect the pituitary and initiate the release of other hormones into the bloodstream. Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF): The hormone released from the liver in response to growth hormone. Impotence: The condition where a man can not achieve or maintain an erection suitable for sexual relations. Interstitial Space: The space between the endothelial cells and target cells, such as the liver or the smooth muscle cells that line the vascular bed.
Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP): A special x-ray test of the kidneys where an iodine dye is injected into the veins. Limbic System: The part of the brain that is concerned with more primitive impulses and maintaining biological homeostasis. Longevity: The percentage of the maximum life span that an organism will reach before it dies. Luteinizing Hormone (LH): The hormone released from the pituitary gland that stimulates the production of testosterone in males and the production of progesterone in females.
Kidney Stones: Most urinary tract stones originate as crystals in the kidney, grow within the kidney, and then migrate or pass through the urinary tract. Macronutrient: Any food that contains calories and, therefore, can generate hormonal responses. Micronutrient: Vitamins and minerals that have no caloric value and little direct impact on hormonal response. Mortality Doubling Time: The amount of time required for the death rate to double after reaching adulthood. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: A special type of polyunsaturated essential fatty acids found primarily in cold-water fish and purified fish oils. Omega-6 Fatty Acids: The type of polyunsaturated fatty acids found in protein and most seed oils. Percentage Body Fat: This describes the percentage of your total weight that is composed of fat.
Progesterone: A hormone produced in response to luteinizing hormone (LH) released from pituitary gland.
Progestins: Synthetic analogs of progesterone that have some of the properties of natural progesterone. PSA Blood Test: PSA stands for Prostatic Specific Antigen, a special blood test that can help detect prostate cancer. Prostate Gland: This is a gland about the size of a walnut that sits at the base of the bladder. Prostatitis: Prostatitis is an inflamation of the prostate gland and is a common condition affecting many, if not most, men at some time in their lives.
Second Messenger: Molecules that are synthesized in response to hormones binding to their receptors. Seminal Vesicles: There are normally two seminal sacs or vesicles that lie behind the prostate where they collect fluid made by the prostate.
Telomer: A small segment at the end of nuclear DNA that becomes shorter with every replication of the DNA. Testosterone: The hormone that promotes the building of muscle mass in males and libido in both sexes. Thymus: The gland responsible for the production of certain white cells known as T-lymphocytes that are important for immune function.
Thyroid-Releasing Hormone (TRH): The hormone released from the hypothalamus that instructs the pituitary to release TSH. Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH): The hormone released from the pituitary that causes the thyroid gland to produce T4 hormone. Trans Rectal Ultrasound (TRUS): TRUS is an examination where a finger-like probe is placed in the rectum, and ultrasound pictures are made of the prostate. Type 2 Diabetes: A diabetic condition characterized by the overproduction of insulin (hyperinsulinemia), increased AGE production, and decreased longevity. T4: The thyroid hormone that is released from the thyroid gland in response to TSH, which generates cyclic AMP.
Vas Deferens: The tube that carries the sperm from the epididymis and testicle to the penis.


Zone Diet: A calorie-restricted diet that provides adequate protein, moderate levels of carbohydrates along with essential fats, and micronutrients spread throughout the day into three meals and two snacks that approximately maintain the protein-to-carbohydrate ratio throughout the day.
NO PRESCRIPTION WILL BE PROVIDED UNLESS A CLINICAL NEED EXIST BASED ON REQUIRED LAB WORK, PHYSICIAN CONSULTATION, PHYSICAL EXAMINATION AND CURRENT MEDICAL HISTORY. PLEASE NOTE, AGREEING TO LAB WORK AND PHYSICAL EXAM DOES NOT GUARANTEE A FINDING OF CLINICAL NECESSITY AND A PRESCRIPTION. Ray et al (2006) also looked at the relationship between the PSA nadir (nPSA) and eight year disease free survival. Clearly the lower the final nadir, the better the long term prospects are of remaining disease free. With hormone treatment, the PSA behaviour after the radiation treatment is even more uncertain.
PSA nadir predicts biochemical and distant failures after external beam radiotherapy for prostate cancer: a multi-institutional analysis. Till now, we knew that hormone therapy treatment is the only most viable treatment to cure prostate cancer in patients but with increasing number of inventions in medical science, some researchers had recently claimed that the combination of radiotherapy with hormone therapy can give better results in treating the illness. The Medical Research Council (MRC) ran a large study in collaboration with the NCIC Clinical Trials Group located at Queen's University in Kingston, Canada to get some newest treatments to cure prostate cancer in patients. The results of the study clearly showed that 74 percent men in the latter group showed improvement in health and were still alive at the seven-year point as compared to the 66% of the former group. After learning the above results, the researchers involved in the study have clearly highlighted in their statements that combining radiotherapy with hormone therapy in patients suffering from prostate cancer, has significantly improved chances of men's survival than was done by the hormone therapy treatment alone.
Regarding the situation and the new findings, Senior Scientist at the MRC Clinical Trials Unit, Mr. Stage 1 prostate cancer, also called as localized prostate cancer is not spread to the distant organs or lymph nodes. The type of treatment you will get depends on your age and health, the stage of your cancer as well as your preferences. Surgical removal of part or the entire prostate gland is a best option for men with stage 1 prostate cancer. There are various surgical options, such as open surgery, robotic laparoscopy, laparoscopic prostatectomy, cryosurgery or transurethral resection of prostate. While undergoing any of these surgeries, lymph node in the pelvis is also to be taken to test whether the cancer in prostate has spread from the prostate, or not.
Androgen, also called as male hormone is highly responsible for the development of prostate cancer. There are several hormone therapy options, such as removing the testicles to stop testosterone production, which is responsible for development of male hormones. These people are recommended for regular checkups for each 3-6 months to test the tumor grade and determine how fast the tumor is growing. Apart from these treatment options, your doctor will also recommend you to follow proper diet guidelines and lifestyle recommendations. Brachytherapy is a form of radiation treatment that is used for treating cancers of various kinds. Just like the problem with initiation of urine, frequent urination is another side effect associated with prostate brachytherapy. Burning sensation while urinating is associated with the effect of surgery and radiation treatment. All surgical procedures on the pelvic region can take a toll on bladder control and many changes in the bladder activity can be noted thereafter. Swelling of the scrotum and bruising is common after a surgical procedure in the groin area. After any kind of radiation treatment on the pelvic region, a common complaint faced by all men is the narrowing of the urethra or urethral stricture, which has a direct impact on urine flow and emptying of the bladder. All kinds of radiation treatments have some kind of effect on the sexual function of a man. After the surgical implantation of the radioactive seeds, men can also be faced with rectal bleeding due to the effect of high radiation that is concentrated around the groin area.
This condition, also known as hematuria is another side effect that has to be expected after brachytherapy. But men with the gene mutation rs1047776 were 14 times more likely to have mental problems related to hormone therapy than men without this mutation, Gonzalez said.
But men on hormone therapy also experience fatigue and depression, which might affect their mental abilities, too, he said. AGE’s tend to adhere to capillaries and arteries increasing the risk of heart disease, blindness, and kidney failure. It is a combination of lung capacity, the size of the capillaries, the pumping action of the heart, and transfer of oxygen from red blood cells to target tissues. There are eight essential amino acids the body cannot make and, therefore, must be included in the foods you eat. Of the three components of the Anti-aging Zone Lifestyle Pyramid, the Zone Diet is by far the most important. They are usually crystals of one or another molecule, but may be formed of combinations of elements or rarely protein matrix. Type I diabetics make no insulin, whereas Type II diabetics are characterized by the overproduction of insulin, but the inability of the target cells to respond to the insulin. They act as a barrier between the bloodstream and target cells that hormones must pass through in order to reach their receptors and exert their biological action.
The production of estrogen is stimulated by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which uses cyclic AMP as its second messenger. Free radicals are unstable and will extract electrons from other biological molecules, which generates more free radicals. Some simple sugars, like table sugar, will enter the bloodstream slower than many complex carbohydrates, such as bread, rice, and potatoes. The higher the amount of glycosylated hemoglobin, the worse the control of blood glucose levels. It can be associated with kidney disease, an urinary tract infection, kidney stone, trauma, cancer of the urinary tract, and is sometimes normal. Hormones require specific receptors to begin their biological action and use second messengers to initiate the cellular process that uses that information. This is usually a consequence of insulin resistance in which the cells do not respond to insulin to reduce blood glucose levels. Babies are incontinent until their nervous systems mature and they learn to control their urine flow. As a result, the body secretes more insulin into the bloodstream in an effort to reduce blood glucose levels. Impotence can be caused by stress or psychological factors; however, it is more frequently associated with medical problems such as diabetes, elevated cholesterol, hypertension, heart disease, numerous medications, and other causes. The higher your percentage of body fat, the greater the likelihood of chronic disease, such as heart disease, cancer, or diabetes. As the scar tissue increases in size, it can squeeze and deform the penis where there is bending or angulation of the penile chambers. These hormones include growth hormone, ACTH, B-lipocortin (the precursor to B-endorphorin), FSH, LH, and TSH. Priapism is most often associated with penile injection therapy where the erection will can last more than 4 hours. Like sinusitis, it can be acute, chronic, infectious, allergic, inflammatory or even psychosomatic. Once that hormone is bound to the receptor, the information carried by the hormone can now exert its biological action. The number and motility of the sperm is evaluated, infection is ruled out, the volume and acidity of the fluid is assessed. This fluid becomes the seminal fluid that is ejaculated by a man when he is sexually active. It should be noted that these two tables are only a summary of their results and their paper needs to be consulted for more complete details. In the study, researchers randomly involved 1,205 men suffering from prostate cancer from around UK and Canada.
Moreover, the combined medication group also showed 50% lesser risks of specifically dying from their prostate cancer. People who are diagnosed with stage 1 prostate cancer are suggested to undergo radiation therapy instead of the surgery or it can even be performed after the surgery to destroy any existing cancer cells. All material provided on this website is provided for informational or educational purposes only.


While one in seven men experience difficulty in urination after the procedure, this is thankfully not a permanent condition in most men. This can be controlled through medication as it is a temporary side effect of brachytherapy.
Along with difficulty in frequency of urination, one would also notice that the flow of urine is considerably slow as compared to the flow before the procedure. With brachytherapy, the bruising and swelling could be worse as the effects of radiation too are involved. We run network of high quality 50+ high niche websites with millions of regular visitors, Please connect with us. AGE’s are best estimated by the levels of glycosylated hemoglobin in the bloodstream. As autocrine hormones, they are constantly produced by the cell to sample the external environment.
There are two groups, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, each gives rise to a different group of eicosanoids. Three are in the brain (hypothalamus, pineal, and pituitary), three are in the throat area (thyroid, thymus, and parathyroid), two are in the midsection (pancreas and adrenals), and one is in the gonad area (testes for males and ovaries for females).
Bladder stones are often associated with chronic urinary blockage or infection, or severe protein starvation sometimes seen in the third world.
As a man ages, the prostate gland can enlarge causing urinary difficulties (BPH) or form prostate cancer. Struvite or infection stones are typically associated with chronic urinary infection and should be looked for in patients with urinary tract infection that is difficult to clear.
It is very helpful in directing biopsies to areas of high suspicion, but TRUS is non-diagnostic . Uric acid stones are common in people with gout and in people who excrete large amounts of uric acid in the urine.
This is usually recommended for older people who may not bear with the surgical complications. A radioactive seed is implanted directly on the tumor so that the radiation emitted from it is much more powerful and does not affect other organs and nearby healthy tissue as well.
The difficulty is concentrated more at the starting phase where men experience problems in starting the urination. Many men also find that bruising and inflammation of the scrotum is common after a surgical procedure in the groin area.
This is a temporary condition in most cases as it is caused due to the swelling of the prostate after the procedure. Patients must be very careful as to not lift heavy objects and do heavy tasks for a couple of days after the surgery to give time for the wound and bruising to heal. The reason for this could be the proximity of the sexual organs to the prostate while undergoing the treatment. The presence of blood is not very dominant and in most cases, it subsides as the prostate gland starts healing.
Loose bowels can be very frequent after the procedure and it sets in within the first two weeks after brachytherapy. The higher the glycemic index of a carbohydrate, the greater the increase in insulin levels. It may give information about prostate size, shape, and significant local spread of prostate cancer, but it cannot make or deny the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Uric acid stones can not be seen on x-ray, and require special tests, such as an IVP, (x-rays with injected contrast), spiral CT scans or sonography to be found. About 50% men from the group were given hormone therapy, which is a standard drug treatment that is usually given to patients affected from prostate cancer whereas the other 50 percent were introduced a combination of hormone therapy and radiotherapy.
Of the two types of brachytherapy that is popularly used, namely LDR and HDR, LDR brachytherapy is commonly used for prostate cancer. Many men also complain that the frequency of the urination increases at night after brachytherapy. Once the prostate starts healing and the inflammation subsides, the flow will become normal.
Sometimes the swelling and bruising can be very severe that the patient may not be able to urinate for a day.
Inability to attain and sustain an erection can sometimes be a permanent condition after brachytherapy. Other associated symptoms include tenderness, bruising and burning around the groin area and inner thigh region. If the blood is much more than expected and does not stop after the stipulated time, it is important to undergo a checkup. Fruits and vegetables tend to have a low glycemic index, whereas breads, pasta, grains, and starches tend to have a high glycemic index. Contrary to folklore, prostatitis, no matter how severe or long lasting, has not been shown to lead to prostate cancer. Unfortunately, in the early stages only bladder symptoms may occur and the stones may progress silently, growing to fill the kidney, (staghorn calculus), and possibly destroy it. Uric acid stones can be due to family factors, various medical conditions or diets very high in animal proteins. The procedure is used for treating early stages of cancer when the cancer is contained only within the prostate. Due to the swelling, the urine flow weakens and emptying the bladder completely becomes a difficult task as well.
In some cases, the inflammation of the prostate is such that the urine is entirely blocked. In such cases, emergency medical care is needed where a catheter is placed for about a week until the scrotal swelling and bruising subsides.
Rectal bleeding need not be taken seriously unless it causes severe discomfort and persists for more than a few weeks.
However, there are certain specific long and short term side effects that must be expected with this treatment. For such difficulties, the patients are normally advised to use a catheter until the symptoms are manageable.
Again, this too is a temporary side effect and can be mostly dealt with effectively with the help of medications and lifestyle changes like the use of a catheter until the patient is capable enough to gain control of the urination. These too will subside with time and the patient will return to normalcy after a few weeks. However, ensure that you seek the advice of your doctor before venturing into such treatments.
Whilst some may not be so severe, there are others require surgical correction due to severe blockage or urinary incontinence.
Typically, these symptoms subside after a few days and patients are on the road to recovery in a week’s time. The symptoms mostly subside after two months and the patient does not require further medical intervention. Depending on the severity of the condition, catheter has to be used for several weeks or even months. Pain medications and anti inflammatory drugs might also be needed to control the irritation and discomfort. Some men might also find blood in their semen following an ejaculation which too is a common phenomenon after brachytherapy. However, if the symptoms of diarrhea persist after two to three months, it is important to seek medical advice to rule out complications. As bowel movements can increase the rectal irritation, food control is also essential in such cases so that the pain and friction on the rectum can be minimized. Therefore, assessing the sexual side effects and discussing possible treatment options is necessary before undergoing the procedure itself. Anti diarrheal medications will be prescribed to control the symptoms that are very severe.



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