Global project management challenges,e business courses online,requirements for business analyst certification - New On 2016

15.06.2015
Managing a large infrastructural project in a developing country has many unique challenges.  There is often the problem of delay in decision making because of too much bureaucracy. Delay in acquisition of land for large scale projects has been a big problem in India in recent years. In spite of these unique challenges of project management in developing and least developed countries, it is wise for many large companies to take up infrastructure projects in these countries. I am not here to promote PMP but there’s a reason it mandates prior project management experience. A large number of software and information technology (IT) companies use the Agile project management framework in their projects.
In order to increase their success rate in project management, many organizations are using a very systematic approach to project management.
IT companies train their project managers in some common, systematic approaches to project management like PMBOK, PRINCE 2, Critical Chain, Agile et al. The critical chain project management approach (CCPM) focuses heavily on the resources required for the project.
The approaches mentioned above are some of the common approaches to project management that are being widely used these days. Stakeholders of a project include the client, the company delivering the project, the team members doing the project and anybody else who is directly and indirectly affected by the project.
The second step in project planning is identification of project deliverables that will be required for achieving the project goals. The fourth step in planning is to create plans regarding human resource requirements, communications and risk management. Communication is critical for effective collaboration between project team members and other stakeholders.
This ability enables them to understand the expectations of the different stakeholders of a project. Empirical evidence shows that successful project managers are sensitive to the needs of the team members.
Project managers need to continuously keep in mind the key deliverables that the project has promised during the course of the project.
And most importantly, effect project managers always factor in the invisible, the uncertain. A project is temporary in that it has a defined beginning and end in time, and therefore defined scope and resources.
So a project team often includes people who don’t usually work together – sometimes from different organizations and across multiple geographies.
Project management, then, is the application of knowledge, skills and techniques to execute projects effectively and efficiently. Throughout the workday, project professionals are bombarded by an overwhelming number of stimuli. We can take advantage of this sensitization process to help us advance our project management careers by setting an explicit career goal. Some of these projects are solely with them while others are in partnership with respective governments (public-private partnership model).
So many companies doing large-scale projects in developing countries also have to invest in training and education of the human resources that they employ.
Political protest by vested interests and litigations by non-government organizations (NGOs) against these projects have cost private companies doing the projects much.
If you still manage to make it without a good plan, you have certainly created a stress in the system through long working hours and that doesn’t make you a good project manager.


The media monitors megaprojects and if there is delay in opening or completion, a negative perception about the project is created. If the media has any query about the project it should be adequately addressed by the project manager. WIP here refers to those modules or activities of the project that have still not been completed. The emergence of the Information Technology (IT) industry has led to some new developments in project management. It is issued by the Project Management Institute (PMI) and contains the project management practices recommended by PMI. This approach is about much involvement of the senior management in the management of the project. The underlying belief of this approach is that if the resources required for the project are available, adequately and timely, the project can be completed successfully.
A good project manager should be aware of the developments that are taking place in the area of project management. Communication with stakeholders of the project is a useful exercise that helps in identifying the goals of the project. Interaction with stakeholders helps the project manager understand what the stakeholders want from the project.
Scheduling means estimating the time and resource required for each task that will be required for completing the project successfully.
The human resource plan lays out the human resource requirement of the project; who will be the human resources that will be involved in the project and what will be their specific roles. Successful project managers show certain traits and qualities that distinguish them from others. They treat team members well and are therefore able to motivate them to give their best to the project.
In the details of implementation, successful project managers do not lose sight of the larger picture; of what the project intends to achieve ultimately on completion. And a project is unique in that it is not a routine operation, but a specific set of operations designed to accomplish a singular goal.
The development of software for an improved business process, the construction of a building or bridge, the relief effort after a natural disaster, the expansion of sales into a new geographic market — all are projects. It’s a strategic competency for organizations, enabling them to tie project results to business goals — and thus, better compete in their markets. Private companies that are used to working in developed ones often find it difficult to navigate through this sea of red-tape when they take projects in developing countries. This corruption adds on to the final cost of the project and often ends up spoiling the initial cost estimates of project managers. However it certainly fills the gaps (huge gaps I would say) making us better project managers and asset for our organization.
Her change management model is quite helpful in understanding the reasons behind failure of change management exercises in achieving their goals.
These changes, in case of software projects, usually come in the form of changes in client requirements.There should be a fit between the objectives of Agile framework and the culture of the organization. Things are not left only to the project manager and the participation of senior management is called for.
The ultimate test of the success of a project is whether or not it is able to satisfy the stakeholders. A project is completed successfully when all the deliverables have been achieved within time and budget.


An example of one such risk is unexpected shortage of a resource that is required for successful implementation midway through the project.Once the risks have been identified the risk response to each type of risk is devised. Good project managers therefore place a lot of value on cultivating positive relationships, which facilitate collaboration between the members of the project team. This continuous learning makes them capable of serving the customers and other stakeholders of the project in a better way. The cognizance of the uncertainty aspect equips project managers to respond more effectively to crisis situations.
So any company that skips these countries because of the challenges and obstacles that they present, will lose out in the near future. A number of Megaprojects in India have gotten delayed because of political opposition to land acquisition for these projects.
It is also wise to keep the core group of stakeholders, who influence the course of the project, to as limited as possible. Multi-tasking can also have an adverse impact on the quality of deliverables of the project.
Without effective communication, collaboration between cross-functional teams, working together on a project, cannot be effective.
If this fit is missing then the objective of the Agile project management framework cannot be achieved. These team members interact and collaborate to work on a software development project or other such project. Backup plans are created and the risk management approach that will be taken for each type of risk is explained. It should be flexible to change if such a need arises during the course of project implementation. Continuous communication enables project managers to make changes to implementation according to the evolving requirements of the client.
Each passing project becomes an opportunity of personal and professional evolution for them. Successful project management requires understanding of the unique challenges that these countries present and how to deal with these challenges in a constructive manner.
We always work with tight timelines and forget that we as project managers have the onus of good planning and setting up (or at least facilitating) better client management processes. And they need a broadness of mind and approach that can only be matched by the scale of the project that they are managing.
Due to the iterative nature of Agile methodology project managers sometimes think that there is no need to keep a continuous watch on WIP.
Stair advises that the chaos stage is an integral part of any change management process and managers should not back down from this stage.
A hierarchal organizational structure is needed in such projects so that decision making can be quick and timely. This results in not only changes in the scope of the project but also changes in contracts with suppliers.



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