The copy of earlier insurance policy effectively owns the car until the designated proprietor or driver of the vehicle. There is an app for Apple and the.

Check my bmw vin number jeep,free vehicle history records,three car garage records letra - PDF 2016

General BMW Questions Use this forum to ask general question about the BMW ownership and keep up on the latest BMW news.
This is one of the better ones (modified from a Bimmerfest posting of the past for better organization so as to be more usable to the user).
I remember looking at this a long time ago and noticing that it's not quite right for my wagon, and my M6 is nowhere in sight. Great information,the only problem is the text is so wide I can't,and I'm sure others can't print it for a reference.
If that doesn't work for you, the originals on Bimmerfest were in two parts (see the referenced E39 sticky thread if that helps) so maybe printing those (which are half the size) would work for you? Rack & pinion steering has been around for quite awhile and remains the most common type of steering system in todays cars and minivans. Fluid leaks around the pinion input shaft are also an indication of internal leakage that needs to be repaired.
The appearance and condition of the power steering fluid in the pump reservoir can reveal a great deal about the condition of a rack. Other problems that can afflict racks include loose or torn bellows (boots), worn inner tie rod sockets, worn outer tie rod ends, and loose or broken rack mounts.
Any time a steering problem is suspected, you should test drive the vehicle to confirm the complaint. Start the dry park check by leaving the steering column unlocked and reaching up and rocking the steering input shaft from underneath the vehicle.
If you find the steering pulls to one side while driving the vehicle, it might be due to an alignment problem or it might be due to a leaky spool valve that is routing pressure to one side of the rack.
If the steering feels stiff and requires a lot of effort, the rack piston seal may be leaking pressure or the pump may not be producing adequate pressure.
Normal operating pressures within a power rack generally do not exceed 150 psi when the wheels are straight ahead. Steering wander and looseness can be caused by play in the rack, rack mounts or steering linkage (worn tie rod ends or sockets). Once a rack has been removed from a vehicle, the power steering pump and lines must be flushed to remove all the old fluid. NOTE: The Motorist Assurance Program now recommends changing the power steering fluid every 50,000 miles, or any time components such as the steering rack, pump or hoses are replaced. Flushing can be accomplished by raising the front wheels off the ground and pouring fresh fluid through the pump reservoir allowing the fluid to drain out the return line.
When installing the pressure lines on the rack, extreme care must be taken not to overtighten the fittings. Following the flushing procedure, refill the power steering pump reservoir with the type of PS fluid specified by the vehicle manufacturer.
Next, disable he ignition and crank the engine over several times while observing the fluid in the pump reservoir. Another trick that can be used to purge trapped air from a rack is to raise up one side of the vehicle with a floor jack, then the other while cycling the steering back and forth.
On some systems, the use of a power steering pump air evacuator (Devac tool) is required to purge the air from the system.
Realignment of the toe setting will be necessary after replacing a rack, inner sockets or outer tie rod ends, so make sure the small outer clamp on the rack bellows has been tightened after the wheels have been realigned.
If you are replacing a General Motors center take-off rack, make sure the center housing cover washer goes between the inner tie rods and rack.
The GM variable ratio racks can be identified by letters stamped into the pinion dust cover, by inspecting the teeth on the rack itself, or by counting how many turns of the steering wheel it takes to go from lock-to-lock. If you are replacing a rack on an air bag-equipped vehicle, do not rotate the steering wheel while the rack is disconnected. Chevy Truck Wiring Diagram C1500 and Electrical Schematics 1997 – here are wiring diagram for Chevrolet Truck Pickup C1500 1997. Here you will find Technical Information and help about automotive and electronic producs and services. Do you know or have any information that you think would be helpful to the community and would like to share it in this blog?You are welcome to post it if you would like to!



Sometimes when working with immobilizer EEPROMs, the ideal way of programming the EEPROM is by doing it while it is in the circuit, as removing it, programming and resoldering it back to the circuit, adds a bit more of effort to complete the job. The solution for this situation is to disable the crystal oscillator of the micro controller (MCU) that is attempting to run with the programmer’s voltage. Good luck and be always careful when working with sensitive electronic circuits by using ESD (ElectroStatic Discharge) protection to avoid damaging the circuits. It's shrunk down to the minimum that would barely fit in a Bimmerfest post also, so there's not a lot I can do to make the text more printable other than those suggestions above. Contamination can occur if the power steering pump is failing, if the hoses are deteriorating, or if the fluid is contaminated by moisture or other substances. Seal wear can allow fluid to seep out of the power cylinder into the end bellows on the rack.
Though seal kits are available for many applications, installing seals is a delicate art that requires numerous special tools, and is not always successful. Damaged bellows should always be replaced because they protect the inner tie rod sockets from road splash and contamination. This test involves rocking the steering back and forth with the full weight of the vehicle on the wheels (use a ramp type lift). Either by pinching the bellows or by sliding the bellows back for direct observation, you should see no visible motion. The spike mount is a simple rubber tube with a metal sleeve inside through which a bolt passes to mount the rack to the crossmember or firewall. If the control valve that shunts pressure sticks open, the rack may not have much assist at low speed. The dry park check we described earlier should help you isolate the cause of the looseness.
Long racks come completely assembled and ready to install with new inner tie rods, bellows and mounts. Skipping this important step will shorten the life of the replacement rack by circulating all the contaminants from the dirty fluid right back into the new rack. Tilting the vehicle sideways causes the air inside the rack to rise toward the end of the rack where it can find its way out. If this washer is omitted or installed on top of the tie rods, the tie rod bolts will extend too far through the rack and contact the inside of the rack housing. Most people want the same steering feel as before, so make sure you get the correct replacement rack for your car.
Racks with standard gears typically have three plus turns lock-to-lock, while those with a low ratio gear will usually be less than three turns lock-to-lock. A coupling donut that is deteriorating with age poses a serious safety hazard, so be sure to replace it if it is not in perfect condition.
Look no further than Performance Chips Direct for the best performance chips on the market! That is accomplished by simply jumping the crystal by running either a 0.1uf capacitor or a small jumper wire across it. For this, you will need to construct the harness, composed of 8 micro clips and a 4-pin dual header for connecting it to the programmer. For example, you may get the SOIC-8 SMD clip complete with its harness and ready to use from MCMall. Morning sickness is a condition where the steering feels stiff when the car is first started on a cold morning. Worn inner tie rod sockets and outer tie rod ends will cause steering looseness and toe wear on the front tires, and can be replaced separately if necessary. Also inspect the power steering hoses, fittings and drive belt, and the fluid level in the pump reservoir to rule out obvious problems. By loading the rack and steering linkage this way, any play in the system becomes quickly obvious. You can attempt to rebuild it, or you can do what most sane people do and replace it with a new or remanufactured unit.
Long racks are a good choice for high mileage vehicles that have wear in the tie rod ends, and they save installation time.


The ratio for a variable rack can vary, so pull back one of the bellow, turn the rack as far as it will go to one side and examine the teeth on the rack. The clockspring forms the electrical connection between the air bag module in the steering wheel and the rest of the air bag system.
To check the strut mounts, turn each wheel side-to-side while the tie rod ends are disconnected from the steering arms. You may change between economy and power or just go back to stock (factory) settings any time. In this case, the problem is that the micro controller of the ECM is attempting to start (run) with the reading supplied voltage. In the picture below, it is shown how a 0.1uf capacitor was temporarily soldered across the crystal terminals to disable it.
The presence of power steering fluid in either bellow, therefore, means the rack is leaking internally and needs to be replaced.
A crack, tear or split in the bellows can allow dirt and moisture to ruin the inner socket.
Deterioration of the rubber insulator around the sleeve due to heat, age or oil contamination can allow the rack to wobble slightly on its mounts creating looseness in the steering or increased feedback through the steering wheel. If the wheels are up against a curb or if the steering wheel is turned hard against the stop, it can climb to 700 to 2,000 psi depending on the application.
Fill the pump reservoir with the correct type of power steering fluid required for the vehicle, then crank the engine over (after disabling the ignition by grounding the coil wire) or turn the pump by hand. The ones that are not protected from the elements by a plastic sleeve are usually the ones that have to be replaced.
If the steering is not centered when the rack is installed, it is possible to overextend and break the clockspring when the steering is turned all the way to one side or the other.
This problem is most common in Saginaw racks on older General Motors FWD cars and is caused by wear in the spool valve housing. If nothing is done about the problem, the bellows will continue to mushroom with fluid until one or the other bursts, releasing the fluid that has been mysteriously disappearing from the pump reservoir. Rubber bushings can be replaced if worn or damaged, but broken or cracked mounting ears require rack replacement. It takes special tools and know-how, and leaves you vulnerable to comebacks should the rack you rebuilt turn out to be a leaker. Short racks cost less, but take more time to install because the tie rod ends also have to be installed. Add two quarts of new PS fluid to the pump reservoir (be careful not to let the pump reservoir run dry), then reconnect the pressure line to the pump.
A broken clockspring would prevent the air bag from deploying in an accident, and would also cause the air bag warning light to come on. Center wear is caused by wear between the rack and pinion gears, and can allow steering wander when driving straight ahead.
That is why the bellows should be inspected every time a vehicle is up in the air, and replaced immediately if found to be defective. Most manufacturers and rebuilders thoroughly test their racks before they are shipped to make sure they are leak free and operate properly. And they give you a warranty, which is something you do not get when you rebuild a rack yourself. Some lines are designed to swivel after they have been tightened to provide flexibility during installation and to accommodate engine vibration. Overtightening the line fittings can strip the soft aluminum threads in the rack and damage housing.



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