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A BMI Chart or Body Mass Index Chart can be a useful tool for visualizing the ranges for underweight, healthy weight, overweight, and obesity based on a person's height. This spreadsheet was used to create the BMI charts listed above (using quite a few special tricks which may delight the Excel enthusiast). BMI is calculated the same way for children as for adults, but the criteria for determining a "normal" weight is different.
For children, the weight status category (underweight, healthy weight, overweight, and obese) is defined based on the BMI percentile (less than the 5th percentile, 5th to less than the 85th, 85th to less than the 95th, and equal to or greater than 95th, respectively). Disclaimer: This body mass index chart spreadsheet, the images, and the information on this page are for illustrative and educational purposes only. Due to popular demand, you will find two tools below which you can use as an overweight calculator. What is the difference between Body Mass Index (BMI) and percent body fat?Body Fat Percentage is a more advanced overweight calculator than your Body Mass Index score.
A: Measuring weight alone is not a completely accurate assessment of health or fitness because it doesn't distinguish pounds that come from fat and pounds that come from lean muscle mass.
A: Obesity is directly linked with Diabetes Type II and hypertension, and is a contributing risk factor for many other conditions including heart disease, sleep disorders, arthritis, gall bladder disease, stroke, and several forms of cancer.
Q: How does the Tanita's BIA compare with other methods in terms of accuracy, repeatability, cost, convenience, and length of procedure? Today, this method is considered a gold standard because of its reliability, precision, and the fact that it is based on three body components (fat, muscle, bone) rather than two (fat and muscle) as in most other methods including hydrostatic weighing. Bioelectrical impedance analysis uses a very small electrical signal to measure body impedance. Tanita's leg-to-leg version of BIA produces very accurate results that are highly correlated with both DEXA (Tanita's reference method) and hydrostatic weighing.
Skinfold measurements taken by calipers are easy to do, inexpensive, and the method is portable.
Q: Are there optimal conditions for determining body fat percentage using Tanita's products? Early morning is not recommended because the body is often dehydrated after a night's sleep.
By following this format, hydration fluctuations throughout the month will average out, and you will be able to better assess any real change in your body fat percentage over time. A: Persons with pacemakers or other electronic medical implants should not use the monitor. A: All bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) scales sold by Tanita have been cleared by FDA for sale in the US.
A: The Athlete mode was developed to provide a more accurate reading for athletic body types. Tanita defines "athlete" as a person involved in intense physical activity for approximately 12 hours per week or more. Those who belong to a sport team or a sport organization with the aim of participation in competition, etc. A: Hydration fluctuations which may result from alcohol or food consumption, sleep, intense exercise, medication or pre-menstruation.
A: The product's length of durability, accuracy, and reliability is measured by the amount of times it is used, not calendar time.
A: Unlike Tanita's Body Fat Monitors, the new UltimateScales™ have no memory feature for storing personal data. A: The unit's "Weight Mode" has been set to measure your weight in units of stone-pounds or kilograms. Q: I can receive my weight and body fat % but I can't get any of the other readings on the Innerscan Body Composition Monitor. A: Research has determined that as we age there is a tendency to increase body fat and decrease muscle mass.
A: If you are an adult who has approximately 12 hours of intense physical activity and have a resting heart rate of approximately 60 beats per minute or less, you probably need to use the Athlete Mode. Tanita uses a mathematical formula to determine body fat percentage based upon these variables: height, weight, gender, age group and resistance (impedance). At this time, populations of professional athletes and body builders have not been studied to establish a separate mode for this unique group. A: Basal Metabolic Rate is the minimum level of energy need at rest to function effectively.
A Medical Management of ObesityA  A more recent article on this topic is available.This is a corrected version of the article that appeared in print.
Influence of aerobic capacity, body composition, and thyroid hormones on the age-related decline in resting metabolic rate. Sibutramine: a new weight loss agent without evidence of the abuse potential associated with amphetamines.
Randomised placebo-controlled trial of orlistat for weight loss and prevention of weight regain in obese patients. Weight control and risk factor reduction in obese subjects treated for 2 years with orlistat: a randomized controlled trial. If you are apprehensive about using commercially manufactured shakes then you have another effective alternative. In order to understand their importance you have to know about the benefits that they provide.
These ingredients have their own benefits that include intestine cleansing, healthy liver and prevention of fatigue and allergies. The thing which is vital for food aimed at reducing body fat is that it should be low in calories. FatLossPot is your ultimate source to make the best decision of your life about your fat loss mission without any confusion. Attention Skinny Guys who can’t build muscle or gain body mass no matter how hard they try. Use the Body Mass Index Calculator in the sidebar to the right to calculate your BMI rating and then check your results with the table below. The Body Mass Index is calculated by putting your body’s height and you weight into relation. The Body Mass Index is a result of dividing the body weight (kilograms) by the body height squared (meters). How To Increase Weight Fitness-eBooks 4 Book Sample Package – FREE WEIGHT GAINING TECHNIQUES!
The simplicity of the BMI formula has made it extremely popular as an initial diagnosing tool for determining a person's healthy body weight.
It also contains a BMI Calculator and provides tables listing the weight status categories.
Instead of specific BMI thresholds, a BMI percentile is used to compare to other children of the same age and gender.


Everyone needs some body fat, but too much fat results in obesity--one of the most important public health issues in the United States. Awareness and monitoring of body fat percentage can be a motivational tool for a fitness or weight management program. This information is helpful in determining a suitable exercise and nutritional program on an individual basis. However, the test is somewhat subjective because it relies upon the subject's ability to expel all oxygen from their lungs while submerged in a tank of water.
However, results can be very subjective depending on the skill of the technician and the site(s) measured. It should be made clear that there is only one method of calculating body composition that is close to 100% accurate, and that is an autopsy.
If it is absolutely necessary to measure in nylons, use a drop of isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol on the foot pads to act as a conductor. This method of body fat analysis is very accurate and easy to use; however, changes in hydration levels can affect readings. Although there are no known health risks, this is a precaution that is advocated by all manufacturers of BIA. Since research has not been done on this population extensively we advise women who are pregnant to use the Body Fat Monitors for weight purposes only. BIA scales are medical devices that are regulated by the United States Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, Section 510(k).
Other scale manufacturers bypass this clearance process, Tanita does not compromise, your confidence is our priority. Athletic body types are physiologically different than standard adult body types, due to muscle mass and hydration level differences.
Instead, users enter necessary information whenever they wish to use the scale as a body fat monitor.
Tanita's Body Fat Monitors and the UltimateScales can measure weight in three different modes: lb (pounds), kg (kilograms) or st-lb (British stone-pounds). After stepping off of the scale you can press any of the other buttons to see your readings. The Athlete Mode uses a mathematical formula that is different than that used in the Adult Mode. Professional athletes and body builders are advised that since the models have not been designed with them specifically in mind, they may obtain a higher than normal body fat reading. By eating right, exercising and monitoring your body fat, you are making the right steps for a healthier life. It is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality and generates great social and financial costs. Known as the body mass index (BMI), it is based on the patient's height in meters and weight in kilograms: BMI = weight in kilograms A· (height in meters)2 (Figure 1).
A low RMR for a given body mass is a risk factor for weight gain.6RMR is influenced by aerobic capacity and fat-free weight, an indirect measure of muscle mass.
A review of the pharmacological evidence to differentiate it from d-amphetamine and d-fenfluramine. A person viewing it online may make one printout of the material and may use that printout only for his or her personal, non-commercial reference. Although these reduce the fat but there is no guarantee that they will not reduce the muscle mass. There are many weight loss shakes for women recipe that allow them to attain the desired results. She has helped thousand of people in achieving their fat loss goals & provide them with personal coaching. With hundreds of diets plans categorized by calories, time & weight, FatLossPot brings you highly informative articles covering diet, exercises, workouts and other fat loss related issues.
Use of this website and any information contained herein is governed by the FatLossPot Terms Of Use Agreement.
The formula does have its shortcomings because it does not take into account age, frame size, gender, or muscularity. Just as there are Weight-for-Age, Height-for-Age, and Head Circumference-for-Age growth charts, there are also BMI-for-Age charts.
According to new federal guidelines, more than half of the US adult population are now overweight or obese, and one out of four children and adolescents is too fat. Having a very low body fat percentage, particularly for women, can result in musculoskeletal problems and osteoporosis. The equipment used is very expensive and a person must lie perfectly still for 10-20 minutes while the scan is taken. The equipment is not expensive, making Tanita a professionally-accepted method that can be adapted easily for home use. Accuracy is an issue for certain categories of people, but the units may still be used to monitor trends and accurately show degree of change. Since there are dynamic physiological changes that occur during pregnancy, a pregnant woman cannot expect an accurate body fat reading. Any metallic implant in your body could affect the body fat reading, giving a slightly lower than normal reading.
This includes review and clearing an application for a BIA scale prior to its sale to ensure the scale is safe and effective. This takes less than 30 seconds, and makes an UltimateScale perfect for the person who wants to monitor occasionally.
The age equations now being utilized on the latest Tanita products are designed to provide greater accuracy in the estimation of body fat. The Athlete Mode was designed through population studies of individuals meeting the above criteria.
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Yogurt is a good source of calcium and Vitamin D for the body and protein powder allows for easier food digestion which reduces your need for food. Hall's fitness tips & plans have been featured in various fitness magazines including Shape, WomenFitness, LiveStrong, Women's Health to name few.
FatLossPot is dedicated to the single goal of helping its members achieving their fat loss goal effectively. All third party brand names, trademarks displayed on FatLossPot are the property of their respective owners. In clinical settings, this procedure is repeated a number of times, and an average is taken. Inexpensive models sold for home use are usually less accurate than those used by an accredited technician.


However, since the metal will continue to have the same affect on the reading each time you use the monitor; you can still use the monitor to successfully track the relative change in body fat over time. These differences would skew the body fat reading high, when taken with the standard Adult mode. Previous models did not have this data and therefore were not as accurate as the current models. Daily Caloric Intake is the amount of calories you can consume within 24 hours and still maintain your current weight. Women themselves like to watch movies and read fashion magazines featuring beautiful, slim models and in their quest to look like them they resort to weight loss methods.
Homemade weight loss shakes for women are not only healthy but the good thing is that they make use of commonly available ingredients. Conventional Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis methods are accurate, though not as convenient as the Tanita BIA method, and may be somewhat subjective based on the placement of electrodes. Additionally, the more obese the subject, the more difficult to "pinch" the skin correctly. As weight is lost by restricted energy intake, fat cells shrink, reducing expression of leptin, a product of the ob gene. Therefore, it is important that you drink the shake made up of ingredients that help to retain muscle mass, not lose it. Alternatively you can mix flax seed oil or wheat germ oil in the shake to stimulate the process of weight loss.
These variables are used in a highly researched, proprietary formula to make the body fat assessment.
Weight loss medications may be appropriate for use in selected patients who meet the definition of obesity or who are overweight with comorbid conditions. As leptin levels fall, metabolic rate decreases, and appetite increases, thereby impeding further weight loss.8 Environmental factors also influence weight. Recent research by Shaklee indicates that addition of amino acids such as Lucine can produce weight loss shakes women that can help them to reduce weight without losing muscles. Medications are formulated to reduce energy intake, increase energy output or decrease the absorption of nutrients.
Drugs cannot replace diet, exercise and lifestyle modification, which remain the cornerstones of obesity treatment. Two new agents, sibutramine and orlistat, exhibit novel mechanisms of action and avoid some of the side effects that occurred with earlier drugs. Sibutramine acts to block uptake of serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine, while orlistat decreases fat absorption in the intestines.
They can be classified by their mechanism of action: drugs that reduce energy intake, drugs that increase energy expenditure and nutrient-partitioning agents.
Although some of these medications show promise, no long-term outcome studies have assessed their effect on overall morbidity and mortality.Drugs That Reduce Energy Intake. Within the noradrenergic class, diethylpropion (Tenuate), mazindol (Sanorex), phenylpropanolamine (Dexatrim), phentermine (Fastin) and phendimetrazine (Bontril) are characteristic medications.
Abuse potential is extremely low for these agents.Serotonergic agents include fenfluramine (Pondimin) and dexfenfluramine (Redux). It is metabolized by the cytochrome P450 enzyme system to two active metabolites.12 Sibutramine's effect on food intake is caused by increased noradrenergic and serotonergic activity in the central nervous system. In laboratory animals, the drug decreases time spent eating and increases time spent resting, maintaining the normal physiologic pattern of eating, resting and activity. This differs from amphetamine-class drugs, which cause eating and resting behavior to be replaced by increased locomotor activity, disrupting the normal cycle.13Studies have shown that active weight loss occurs for the first six months of sibutramine use and can be maintained for up to one year with continued treatment.
At the initial dosage of 10 mg daily, 40 percent of subjects lost 5 percent of their baseline weight, and 20 percent lost 10 percent of their baseline weight. When compared with dexfenfluramine, sibutramine was found to produce significantly greater weight loss over a period of 12 weeks, with a more tolerable side effect profile.15Sibutramine therapy has also been studied in patients with diabetes. In one study of patients with type 2 diabetes,16 sibutramine produced significant weight loss compared with placebo, but less weight loss than in non-diabetic patients. Interestingly, the treated group also experienced a decrease in glycosylated hemoglobin levels, although it is not known whether this loss was related directly to sibutramine or was a result of the patients' overall weight loss. Increases in blood pressure (mean 2 mm Hg in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure) and pulse rate (3 to 6 beats per minute) may also occur. Patients with cardiac conditions should be given this drug with caution.16 The manufacturer advises against giving sibutramine to patients with a history of coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, arrhythmias or stroke. The drug is not absorbed but instead inhibits pancreatic and gastric lipases, thus reducing triglyceride hydrolysis.10 Unabsorbed triglycerides and cholesterol are excreted in feces. Unfortunately, the study had a relatively high dropout rate, which could make it difficult to apply to the general population. LDL was reduced by 8 mg per dL, and total cholesterol was reduced by 11 mg per dL over a two-year period, which was significantly different from the result achieved with placebo.Side effects of orlistat include steatorrhea, flatus, fecal incontinence and oily spotting. These effects are more dramatic with the consumption of fatty foods and may contribute to weight loss by discouraging dietary indiscretion.
In two randomized, controlled studies,23,24 gastrointestinal side effects were considered mild to moderate and improved in the second year of treatment.The package insert warns of changes in coagulation parameters in patients being treated with warfarin (Coumadin), because of the possibility of decreased vitamin K absorption.
In one study,24 plasma concentrations of fat-soluble vitamins were lower in orlistat-treated patients than in the placebo group, but they remained within the reference range. Other studies have shown a slight decrease in fat-soluble vitamin levels in orlistat-treated patients.23,25A  The manufacturers recommend vitamin supplementation, although not within two hours of orlistat administration. The drug is contraindicated in patients with chronic malabsorption syndrome or cholestasis. The search for a thermogenic medication that has a tolerable side effect profile has yielded few drugs, and none is recommended for weight loss treatment.Ephedrine and the xanthines, such as caffeine and theophylline, increase metabolic rate. Studies have demonstrated their efficacy as short-term weight loss medications, but the risk of cardiac complications from hypertension, increased heart rate, increased myocardial oxygen consumption and increased cardiac output limit their clinical use.10 Thyroid hormone also increases the metabolic rate, but it can cause tachycardia and is associated with accelerated protein loss. In obese persons who are losing weight without medications, a decrease in weight is associated with a decrease in circulating levels of leptin, suggesting its role in weight homeostasis. Administration of cholecystokinin decreases food intake, but the agent must be administered parenterally, and no safety studies have been performed.9Surgical Intervention. In some persons, weight loss is crucial because of coexisting conditions such as sleep apnea, cardiovascular disease or diabetes.
When medical management and lifestyle changes prove insufficient, surgical intervention may be considered. Vertical banded gastroplasty and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass can result in dramatic weight loss of up to 25 percent.
Surgical mortality can be as low as 1 percent.26 It is important to remember, however, that a weight loss of even 5 percent, achieved with diet modification, exercise and medical therapy, can lead to substantial improvements in other metabolic and cardiopulmonary conditions.



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Author: admin | 30.03.2016



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