List of vitamins and minerals,daily healthy diet plan,fruits and vegetables list in french,healthy breakfast - Plans On 2016

admin | Healthy Vegetables List | 20.06.2014
Vitamins and minerals are called micronutrients because they are needed in very small amounts. Recommended intake levels have been developed for each vitamin and mineral to give guidance as to how much should be taken every day to prevent deficiency. Antioxidants are molecules are made by the body or found in some foods and supplements, Antioxidants protect the body by neutralizing other, unstable molecules, called free radicals, that are produced during normal cell functioning. Eat lots of colourful fruits and vegetables to get the antioxidants found in the pigments and the phytochemicals contained in the whole food. Black and green tea, mushrooms, red wine and dark chocolate are also thought to be good sources of antioxidants.
Antioxidant supplements include vitamins C and E, the minerals zinc and selenium, as well as coenzyme Q10, alpha lipoic acid and N-acetyl cysteine. This table lists the RDA (recommended daily allowance), UL (upper tolerable limit) and experimental high dose, toxicity, function and food sources. This section deals with some vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that have been studied in HIV. Consider taking a multivitamin-mineral each day.Several studies have shown that vitamin and mineral supplements can have many benefits in people living with HIV. If you get B12 shots and your vision is getting worse, mention it to your doctor, especially if you are a smoker. In people with HIV, there is some evidence that vitamin C can inhibit replication of the virus in test-tube experiments, but it is unclear what this means in the human body.
Vitamin D is emerging as a very important nutrient, with more diverse functions than just its traditional role in calcium metabolism. Vitamin D is found in some foods, but these sources generally do not provide enough vitamin D on a daily basis. For people with HIV, vitamin D supplements are a sure way to get the recommended daily allowance. Zinc is a critical mineral for the immune system; a deficiency can cause severe immune suppression. These and other supplements can be quite expensive and should not be seen as a replacement for a healthy diet and lifestyle.
Alpha lipoic acid is a powerful antioxidant made by the body that is used to regenerate glutathione (the major antioxidant in cells) as well as the activated form of vitamins C and E. Carnitine (also known as L-carnitine) is a natural substance found in foods and made by the body.
N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), a derivative of the amino acid L-cysteine, is a potent antioxidant that regenerates glutathione in the cell (see "Antioxidants and HIV," this chapter). L-glutamine is an amino acid that is used to provide fuel for intestinal cells, muscle cells and immune cells. Probiotics are live organisms, including the bacteria Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species and yeasts. The juicing manual comes with a great list of vegetables and fruits and their main vitamins and minerals. Some scientists and healthcare experts say that micronutrients have therapeutic value at very high doses, up to 10 times the RDA, but others disagree and prefer to take a more conservative approach. Try to include blue, purple, green, orange, red and yellow foods to get the full complement of beneficial substances.
The RDA usually includes all intake, from both food and supplements, while the UL is from supplements only.


They are also important for healthy mitochondria, the power-producing structures in cells, and may help decrease the impact of mitochondrial toxicity (see "Mitochondrial toxicity," Chapter 5). It is very effective at cleaning up molecules that damage cells and tissues (see "Antioxidants and HIV," this chapter). The most important benefit for people with HIV is the widespread antioxidant action of vitamin C. Also, people who live in northern climates (like Canada) probably do not get enough sun exposure to make adequate vitamin D.
Vitamin D is found in multivitamins and calcium supplements as well as individual vitamin D pills.
People with poor fat absorption or malnutrition are more at risk of being deficient in vitamin E. People with chronic diarrhea, new immigrants from refugee camps and malnourished people with HIV, especially children, are at high risk of having a deficiency.
Studies have shown that low selenium levels in the blood are associated with an increased risk of disease progression and death.
In some cases, the benefits of these supplements have been described in small human studies, animal studies and case reports. It plays an important role in immunity because it helps to maintain the intestinal barrier and is a preferred fuel for various cells of the immune system. It has been used to treat congestive heart failure and gum disease (gingivitis) and may help protect the heart and nerves.
The Body and its logos are trademarks of Remedy Health Media, LLC, and its subsidiaries, which owns the copyright of The Body's homepage, topic pages, page designs and HTML code. While fruit and vegetable juices don’t have the fiber to slow down the sugar rush, and should therefore be consumed in moderation, there is still something great about making your own juice.
This list might give you a good idea for what to put in your juice, especially if you are lacking in some key areas!
Vitamins and minerals do not provide energy but perform vital functions that regulate the many activities and chemical reactions that take place inside the body. Studies are difficult to interpret, but recent clinical trials of multivitamins have demonstrated benefits, and many healthcare providers now believe that everyone living with HIV will benefit from taking a multivitamin-mineral each day. Before beginning to take any of these supplements, be sure to discuss it with your doctor and other members of your healthcare team. B vitamins are depleted quickly in times of stress, fever or infection, as well as with high consumption of alcohol. B12 deficiency is associated with an increased risk of peripheral neuropathy, decreased ability to think clearly, and a form of anemia.
Vitamin C has been studied for cancer prevention and for effects on immunity, heart disease, cataracts and a range of other conditions. The daily experimental high dose is between 500 mg and 2,000 mg, the upper tolerable limit. And the use of sunscreen, which is highly recommended to prevent skin cancer, blocks the skin's ability to make vitamin D. Until this is fully studied, it may be a good idea to reduce vitamin E supplements to 200 IU unless your doctor suggests you take more.
The therapeutic doses are not really known for HIV disease and recommendations given here are based on doses used for other conditions or in studies.
Lipoic acid is used to treat diabetic neuropathy (a nerve condition associated with diabetes) and liver disorders, and it may also have a role in slowing the hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis).


Prescription L-carnitine is very expensive and usually not covered by insurance plans for any of these indications. Cysteine appears to decline in people with HIV who have low CD4+ cell counts and in those with wasting (see "Weight loss and wasting," Chapter 6). Glutamine levels decline during periods of physiological stress like opportunistic infection, surgery, burn and cancer. Microflora keep the gut healthy by preventing the growth of disease-causing bacteria and maintaining the intestinal barrier. General Disclaimer: The Body is designed for educational purposes only and is not engaged in rendering medical advice or professional services.
Great for detoxing and as a way to get children to eat their fruits and vegetables, these drinks are also chock full of vitamins and minerals. Remember that these recommendations are set for the general population and do not take into consideration any disease state, like HIV.
In turn, these deficiencies can increase the rate of HIV disease progression to AIDS and can increase the risk of dying. When making decisions about supplementation, be well informed and involve your healthcare team in your decisions. Two ways to lessen the effects of oxidative stress are to increase antioxidant intake and to decrease exposure to things that increase oxidative stress, such as pollution and cigarette smoke.
Keep in mind that the RDA is very low and taking a total of 50 mg of B1, B2 and B3 will more than cover B-vitamin needs. Although vitamin C cannot cure the common cold, supplements of 1,000 mg per day have been found to decrease the duration and severity of symptoms.
Be sure to add up all the vitamin D from different supplements to be sure you are not getting too much. Most of the research suggests that carnitine has a protective effect on the central and peripheral nervous systems and the heart, probably because of its role in mitochondrial function. NAC supplements may be able to replenish low glutathione and improve the antioxidant capacity of cells. It may have a therapeutic role in treating intestinal disease and wasting, and some people with HIV have found it to be a good treatment for chronic diarrhea. I was given a juicer for Christmas, a Cuisinart Juice Extractor, and I am now obsessed with juicing for breakfast (but also main dishes–look for some juice pulp recipes in the near future). Check the multivitamin you take; if it has 30 to 50 mg of these vitamins, you don't have to take a B-complex supplement in addition to the multivitamin. It may be helpful in the treatment of peripheral neuropathy (numbness, tingling or burning in the feet and sometimes hands), dementia and mitochondrial toxicity (see Chapter 5). Study doses have been as high as 2,000 mg per day, but this is expensive and may not be well tolerated. Probiotics may also reduce chronic diarrhea and improve symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
Iron is a pro-oxidant (the opposite of an antioxidant), which means it can damage different tissues in the body( see "Antioxidants and HIV," this chapter).



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