Are vitamins natural substances from the earth crust,pdf free low carbohydrate diet plan,hypnosis and weight loss studies - PDF 2016

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While it may sound a bit on the ridiculous side, this experiment allowed scientists to recreate the conditions of the Earth’s mantle, which sits 8-32 km (depending on the crust-oceanic or continental crust) below the surface and is somewhat of a mystery to researchers. However, the diamond that peanut butter yields is not entirely a pure one or much to look at. Nevertheless, this is an amazing feat and the team hopes the experiments will further elucidate the mysterious inner workings of our planet. A vitamin is an organic substance ( meaning it contains carbon) that your body requires to help regulate functions within cells.
The minerals that act as nutrients are absolutely essential to a host of vital processes in the body, from bone formation to the functioning of the heart and digestive system . About This Site: The aim of this web site is to help provide accurate and reliable info regarding nutrition and health.
Nutrition for Health and Longevity: How to give yourself the best possible odds of living a full, healthy life by avoiding common causes of death such as cardiovascular disease and cancer .
Top 10 Nutra-Smart Foods: A list of the top 10 food groups shown to maximize longevity by preventing heart disease and cancer.
The Nutra-Smart Diet: Consisting of the Top 10 Foods, the Nutra-Smart diet is designed to maximize the potential for long life and good health. Nutritional Nonsense: There's a lot of nutritional nonsense out there in the media and on the internet, as well as that being pushed by food and supplement companies. The content of this web site is available to the public for free, however it has taken a lot of time, effort and money to bring it to you. My wife has a little brother confined to an electric wheel chair who suffers from Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy; an incurable fatal disease that lessens the quality of life of not only the patient but their whole family. Wallach told the story of how all the diseases known to modern man are the result of nutritional deficiencies due to the food supply being depleted of minerals, and how a handful of populations around the world enjoyed unusually long lives, apparently due to their living near mineral-rich water that irrigates their lands referred to as 'glacial milk'.
These meetings were apparently a weekly event, where MLM distributors were to bring along new recruits to encourage them to sign up and join the pyramid; thus beginning the road to financial freedom simply by finding a handful of friends or family members who could do likewise.
This photo was taken approximately a year after he was still claiming that his grey hairs were supposedly returning to their natural brown. Many of the people who had been brought along by distributors were simply old, sick and very desperate people who were either sick themselves or had desperately ill family, who had heard Wallach's DDDL tape (and no doubt received advice from AL distributors) and come along in hope of finding a cure. Of course I learnt a bunch of facts about human nutrition throughout this time, but perhaps most importantly, I learned how to examine the evidence behind any claim or belief about something scientific, in this case, health and nutrition. I continued to observe sick, vulnerable people preyed upon by these snake oil salesman, and in an attempt to protect them, I decided I should make the facts behind Wallach's claims publicly known.
Several days later, I planned on attending the other major seminar in Sydney, only this time decided that if Wallach's henchman were going to have me thrown out, they could explain their actions in front of the rest of the country, so I alerted Channel Sevens 'Today Tonight' of Wallach's meeting.
The plan was that instead of handing out flyers to people who may potentially go and dob me in so to speak, I should simply stand up and ask Wallach why he was misleading people and to question him in front of the audience (of several hundred people) and the cameras.
The Today Tonight crew also sought expert opinions from doctors including Professor John Dwyer, one of the worlds leading immunologists and an outspoken critic of medical fraud, who described Wallach as 'just a snake oil salesman with monumental skills in self promotion'. The television expose' along with the increasing popularity of my web site (which inevitably prevented many potential victims from falling for the scam) lead to a constant campaign of harassment from supporters of Wallach, no doubt with a significant financial interest in his MLM scheme.
Upon arrival at court, I requested the judge grant me permission to have more time to seek legal council.
Since then, other than constant hate mail from AL members and supporters, the only retaliation AL has offered is a 'rebuttal' to my web site to which I have posted a reply. Below are a few snippets of hate mail from Wallach supporters, which my website has attracted over the past few years. Wallach reported to have identified pancreatic lesions in those with 'Keshan disease'[5] (a condition thought to be caused by susceptibility to a virus that occurs in extreme selenium deficiency) as those in CF; an observation which he insists was supportive of his original theory. In the early 1980's, Wallach practiced as a "Manner Metabolic Physician''[10] a term given to those who treat cancer patients by administering 'laetrile', also known as vitamin b17; a cyanide containing substance which is derived from apricot pits, clinically proven to be ineffective against cancer[11] (many criminal charges have been brought against people selling laetrile as a cancer treatment, ripping off thousands of desperate patients. Several years later, Wallach worked at Tijuana's infamous 'Hospital Santa Monica' (the 'alternative medicine' clinic which recently gained notoriety when Coretta Scott King died there) operated by the infamous Kurt Donsbach,[10] well known for his long history of criminal activities including practicing medicine without a licence, drug smuggling, tax evasion, making false health claims, using phony diagnostic devices, and more.
In 1991, a Naturopathic group allegedly attempted to nominate Wallach for a Nobel Prize in Medicine, for his CF research. Wallach still tours the world giving hundreds of seminars (which don't seem to have changed that much since the 1991 version) to promote his MLM scheme. Because to the average layperson, many of the claims Wallach makes may sound too good to be true, as they completely contradict what modern medical science practices. If Wallachs claims about disease and his claims about how to treat them were true, then one would think that he would be spending most of his time and effort into providing evidence to support them, rather than attacking anyone who may disagree with his teachings.
Statistics covering the population of 344,823 physicians, and the deaths of 19,086 over 5 years indicate that the average life expectancy of American doctors is actually greater than the rest of the U.S.
One of the most concerning pieces of information that Wallach gives us is that not only is our food supply depleted of minerals (which leads to all the diseases known to man) but the U.S. As for the nutrient content of our food supply, unless you happen to live an remote area or the world chronically deficient in selenium or iodine, the chances are there there are more than enough vitamins and minerals available. This is perhaps the most interesting and hope-inspiring part of Wallach's story, where he explains that there are a handful of populations in remote villages who regularly live well beyond the age of 100; the result of living near areas of mineral-rich 'glacial milk'.
The problem in determining the accuracy of reports of those who have traveled to Pakistan to study the Hunzas alleged longevity is that the ages of these people were obtained purely by asking them, without being evidenced by documentation despite the fact that it is well known that in these areas of the world, extreme old age is frequently exaggerated to gain respect and an elevated social stature. After Leafs initial visit, radiologist Richard Mazess and anthropologist Sylvia Forman traveled to Vilcabamba to determine whether or not there was any validity to these claims. After studying the people of the Caucus Mountains extensively, a Russian geneticist named Zhores Medvedev shattered the myths regarding these people's claims of extreme longevity, revealing that many of the supposed centenarians had actually assumed the identity of their dead parents and grandparents to avoid detection after they had deserted the military forces during World War I. One of Wallach's more commonly cited catch cry is that we need 90 essential nutrients every day, and that for every nutrient we miss out on, there are approximately 10 deficiency diseases associated with it. Furthermore, just because we may require a certain element, does not mean that having more of it will be healthful, in fact in the case of certain minerals such as iron in men, we get more than enough as it is, and additional doses can accumulate and be harmful.[35](Funnily enough, Iron is one of the most abundant minerals in colloidal minerals[36]).
Colloidal Mineral products are basically shale leachate; that is, they soak humic shale in water (which leaches the minerals into it) and then bottle the water. Other than containing minerals that most people would probably have never heard heard of, the other attractive claim made for their use is that unlike other mineral supplements (either salts which Wallach incorrectly refers to as 'metallic minerals' or those chelated by amino acids) which according to him, have between 5 - 40 per cent absorbability, 'colloidal' minerals are 90-98 per cent absorbable, because of their small particle size and negative charge. Once again, Wallach exploits the lack of understanding that most people would have about metabolism and nutrient absorbability. Firstly, the absorbability of a mineral depends less upon the 'form' it is in, and more upon our body's need for it. Wallach then goes on to mention that typical supplement pills can not be absorbed well, telling a story of how he supposedly met a man who cleaned port-a-loos and showed him all the multivitamins which had been collecting in them (that is, that they had been swallowed and passed out without being broken down). Another issue that needs to be taken into consideration is that despite having a relatively small particle size and a negative charge, unless our body is particularly in need of a specific mineral, the absorbability of it will be of little difference. This might lead one to ask how therefore can they get away with claiming that their product is '90-98' per cent absorbable', as we see printed on the back of the van window. Wallach's claim that all diseases are due to nutritional deficiencies is perhaps his most outrageous and potentially dangerous. The trace mineral copper acts as a cofactor in several apoenzymes, including (among others) lysyl oxidase which is involved in the biosynthesis of the connective tissues elastin and collagen,as well as tyrosinase which is involved in the biosynthesis of melanin, the pigment in our hair and skin.
It was first suggested that the disease was an inborn error of copper metabolism when Australian sheep grazing on copper deficient soils displayed similar colourless 'kinky' wool.[44] A phenomenon in bovine called 'falling disease' which occurs due to a sudden ruptured aortic aneurysm was also thought to occur due at least in part to grazing in copper deficient soils, however this was never confirmed.
Given the fact that copper is needed to produce pigment and maintain healthy blood vessel elasticity, Wallach claims that all vascular abnormalities and other problems associated with connective tissue including aneurysms varicose veins and even wrinkles, are simply a result of a copper deficiency, occuring in late age supposedly due to a decline in the ability to absorb it (remedied only by colloidal minerals of course.). There are many biochemical reactions and therefore many different substrates involved in the synthesis of connective tissues, only one of which requires a copper dependant enzyme. Wallach claims that blood sugar irregularities such as Diabetes are simply the result of a Chromium and Vanadium deficiency. Many people may not know the difference between a heart attack caused by a cardiomyopathy (very rare) and a heart attack caused by coronary heart disease (caused by blockages in the coronary arteries.
Researchers have examined the selenium status of other dilated cardiomyopathy patients around the world. This claim of Wallachs is simply a lie designed to lull people into thinking that there is a simple way that they can prevent heart attacks by buying his supplements. During his DDDL lecture, Wallach mentions that the 'anti-cancer diet' had 'been found', but doctors are not interested in letting us know about it. What Wallach does not mention is that this population was severely malnourished and deficient in these nutrients.
Throughout his DDDL presentation, Wallach lies about the causation and potential to prevent, treat and cure many other diseases, including Lower back pain (which he falsely claims that all cases are a result of Osteoporosis) Alzheimer's Disease (which he falsely claims is due to a deficiency of cholesterol, too much vegetable oil consumption and a vitamin E deficiency) cravings (which he falsely says is a form of pica caused by multiple mineral deficiencies) baldness (which he attributes to a tin deficiency) arthritis (click here or see below) and more.
The lies of Wallach and Australian Longevity may do more harm than simply ripping people off. Wallach claims that consumption of salt has nothing to do with high blood pressure (hypertension) and that the long-lived cultures drink a lot of salt; thus encouraging us consume lots of salt and to ignore our doctors advice to avoid it.
Wallach also bases this claim on the fact that 'salt licks' are sometimes used by cattle farmers.
If salt sensitive people were to take Wallachs advice, they would be worsening their hypertension which would increase their risk of cardiovascular disease and death. In another of Wallachs recordings, he claims that there is no need to worry about high blood cholesterol levels, and that taking doctors advice to lower them can be harmful; specifically, one of his catch cries is 'A day without a hamburger is like a day without sunshine'. Wallach likes to gain the trust of his audience by having them loose trust in the medical profession, usually by taking individual cases of medical negligence or quoting unrealistic statistics about harm from medical intervention; thus giving the impression that people would be better off not seeking medical attention and instead treat themselves following his advice.
Because colloidal mineral supplements are made by soaking humic shale in water, it has a mineral composition very low in some of the minerals that Wallach claims we are lacking in (such as chromium, selenium, calcium, vanadium, etc) and very high in Aluminium;[81] the most abundant metal in the earths crust (where shale is derived from). High Aluminium containing products such as antacids bare warnings on their labels that the product should not be taken for more than a few weeks, and should be avoided in patients with kidney disease. Furthermore, the table below compares the amount of aluminum with some common foods,[93] as Wallach often gives the impression that because Aluminium is a mineral so abundant in the earths crust, it must therefore be present in high doses in our diet.
When questioned about this high aluminium concentration in Wallachs 'majestic earth' mineral water, Wallach's supporters often respond saying that the product is 'natural', 'organic' and 'plant derived'. The materials engage students in understanding the earth system as it intertwines with key societal issues.
List the most abundant elements in Earth's crust and describe how these relate to the most abundant minerals in the context of resource availability.
Infer the relationships between sustainability, resource availability, population growth, and economic development (not covered in reading, but covered in class). In this module, we will consider a mineral resource to be a mineral or rock mined from the earth and used in the products we use daily. Although the majority of Earth's elements are found in silicate minerals, they are usually found in higher quantities in nonsilicate minerals, commonly oxide or sulfide minerals.
If mining companies want the element in the mineral (and not the mineral itself), then they seek nonsilicate minerals that contain the element. A mineral's chemical and crystalline nature gives it properties that can make it useful.
Rocks are divided into three groups - igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary, based on how they formed.
Later in this module, we will see that the processes in the rock cycle can concentrate mineral resources and turn them into mineral reserves.
To make an ice cube, you fill a tray with liquid water which then freezes, making a coherent solid (a rock). Mineral: A substance that is solid, inorganic, natural, chemically homogenous, and crystalline.


Specific Gravity: Relative density (the density of a rock divided by the density of water). A team of German scientists at the Bayerisches Geoinstitut in Germany has made diamonds from scratch using none other than plain old peanut butter. This region constitutes around 85% of the total mass and weight of our planet, so it’s an undoubtedly important area. Natural diamonds are created through a process that takes millions of years deep inside the Earth’s crust, where temperatures are very high and pressure is intense. Most peanut butter diamonds are quite small and discolored due to impurities in the peanut butter. For the most part we get vitamins from the food we eat ,except for vitamins D and K which can be synthesized in other ways. Many are necessary for the activity of enzymes ( proteins that serve as catalysts in the body's chemical reaction). If you have found any of the information on this web site to be particularly helpful, then you may wish to consider a donation to help keep this web site running. After being assured by medical experts that the disease was incurable and would result in death before adulthood, imagine the surprise of my in-laws when a man with no scientific background at all who had vaguely known the family from years ago, suddenly turned up on their door step out of the blue, announcing that he could offer them hope. He then told of how there was an area in Utah that native Indians knew of, where the drinking water could cure all ails and a promote long healthy life.
I arrived at the Australian Longevity head office at Castle Hill in Sydney, to find out that AL was in fact the Australian extension of 'American Longevity'; the Multilevel Marketing (MLM) scheme created by Joel Wallach through which he markets his magic mineral water. Many of them I recognised from the Latter Day Saint (Mormon) church, in which I had been brought up.
We were also given lots of health advice advocated by Wallach, which included making sure we consume lots of salt, butter and animal fat, to avoid vegetable oils and fibre, and of course, to purchase their various 'nutritional' supplements, most notably the 'pig pack' (so called because it was the formula Wallach claims to have used to cure arthritis in pigs) which included the all important 'plant derived' colloidal mineral water.
If he goes around with a head of hair looking like this, claiming that it is changing colour, then I'm sure he would have no reason to object to a photo of it being published along with the claims he makes about it.
He was told that if he signed up and purchased a case load of their 'pig packs' that within a few months, his friends diabetes would be back under control.
It was plain to see (at least from my perspective) that this was all a bit too good to be true, but more than likely had at least some element of truth to it. I did of course, which resulted in my swift removal (including being physically dragged out and thrown down a flight of stairs) but this time, occurred in front of the whole audience instead of quietly out the back door as on the previous occasion. I was then approached by Todd Smith (the person who had brought Wallach's pyramid to Australia) and his barristers, who informed me that they would not seek damages if I were to hand control of the web site over to them then and there. Fortunately, most of the feedback I recieve is supportive - it's just far less entertaining.
Wallach's hypothesis had no credibility, and was (rightly) not taken seriously by the scientific community.
Moreover, laetrile is one of the more popular choices of cancer therapy among infamous Tijuana cancer clinics operating outside of U.S.
The Nobel committee do not inform nominees of their nomination, and apparently, they denied that Wallach was ever a legitimate nominee to begin with. The relative expressed concern that Wallach had convinced the patient not to be treated by his regular physician; thus he did not seek proper medical help and died. The first exposure most people will probably have to AL is by being handed a copy of the DDDL recording, though there are copious other recordings of his other lectures, all very similar, as well as a handful of books including 'Let's Play Doctor' (which his followers refer to like scripture) which contain misleading advice on how to treat you own diseases.Throughout his many lectures and books, Wallach makes many unsubstantiated claims about the causation and appropriate treatment of various diseases.
For people to believe not only that his claims are right, but not to believe anyone (most likely doctors) who argues his claims are bogus, it is important for him to win their trust over that of their doctors. Several years ago, the Australian Bureau of Statistics published the 'Apparent Consumption of Nutrients'[20] as well as the 'National Nutrition Survey'[21] which revealed not only that the Australian food supply contained an abundance of macro and micro nutrients, but the average Australian was consuming in excess of the Recommended Dietary Intakes of all vitamins and minerals. These populations include the Hunzas in Pakistan, the people of Vilcabamba in Ecuador, villagers in the Caucus Mountains of Georgia and the people of Tibet.
They performed a house-by-house census and checked records of births, deaths and marriages and cross checked various documents against each other. When questioned about this, Wallach's spokesmen base the fact that approximately 60 mineral elements are found in tissues to support his claim that therefore, all these minerals are needed. The reason I mention this is because below is a list of the elements identified as being essential in at least one species of mammal, in some cases, essentiality has only been confirmed due to specific pathologies that occur when that mineral is deficient, as apposed to essentiality being confirmed due to an actual known metabolic role being established. Unfortunately, humans were designed to eat plants and animals, not rocks, so the mineral content of this humic shale leachate sold as 'colloidal minerals', contains varying amounts of various minerals. There is simply no evidence at all to suggest that 'colloidal' minerals are absorbed any better than any other mineral supplements,[41] in fact by definition, a colloidal particle has poor definition across a semi permeable membrane[42] (such as that which coats our bodies cells). Put simply, it is a liquid product, consisting mainly of water; we absorb almost all the water we ingest. His strategy is relatively simple [if you know the basics of human micro nutrient metabolism).
Dietary deficiency of copper is virtually unheard of, in fact the only known copper deficiency state in humans occurs in a rare condition called called Menkes Disease, where there is a disruption in the gene encoding the Menkes protein which is responsible for transporting copper through the cell, resulting in what is essentially a severe deficiency state. Likewise, he claims that grey hair at any age, is not natural at all, and is simply due to copper deficiency.
Because chromium is involved in insulin function, a deficiency of chromium may result in diabetes like symptoms (insulin dysfunction).[46] Studies have shown that diabetics are generally not deficient in this mineral,[47] and that chromium supplementation (or simply increasing the chromium intake from the diet) will only assist people who are already deficient in this mineral.
This is the single most common cause of death in western populations.) Wallach makes fun of people who 'dropped dead of a cardiomyopathy heart attack' because, as he claims, cardiomyopathy is caused by a deficiency of selenium, however cardiologists do not tell us this so that they can make money by charging patients for heart transplants instead.
He cites the results from a study which is called the Linxian intervention trial, which found that supplements of selenium, beta carotene and vitamin E decreased the risk of gastric cancer. Furthermore, once again, he slectively cites only one study among many, and mentions only the one which supports his own agenda. These claims are blatant lies, designed to trick vulnerable people into trusting him and buying his products. Several of Wallachs claims are potentially dangerous, and some of his products may be harmful. There are hundreds of population studies which have examined the effect of diet and blood cholesterol on the risk of cardiovascular disease. It has been reported that at least 1 person died after taking Wallachs advice not to follow their doctors instructions. Although a cause an effect relationship has not been conclusively established, an increase in the incidence of Alzheimer's Disease has been found among populations whose drinking water is high in Aluminium.[82-86] Furthermore, Alzheimer's Disease patients have been found to have higher levels of Aluminium in their brain tissues. Because in Australia, Wallachs products are sold as 'listed therapeutic goods' (as apposed to pharmacy medicines such as antacids which are 'registered therapeutic goods') there is no legal requirement for Wallach and Co to print warnings on their labels. Firstly, some of the most toxic substances known to man are completely natural (such as tobacco, snake venom etc).
These include disease of the thyroid [95,96] multiple sclerosis [97] kidney disease [98] and cancers of the digestive tract.
Some minerals, like our teeth, would not be here without our organic processes, but because the apatite (the mineral that makes up our teeth) in our teeth is identical to inorganic apatite, we still consider the apatite of our teeth to be a mineral.
Some minerals are made in labs, by people, but because they are made using the same processes that nature uses, we can still consider them minerals. Other elements are more rare; we find them less frequently and therefore have a lower overall supply of them.
Even though those minerals are probably less common, it is more efficient (fewer resources are needed) to extract elements from the nonsilicate mineral. Some of these properties must also be considered when determining how to best mine and process mineral ore and dispose of mine waste. A mineral's hardness is determined by the crystalline nature of that mineral, the type and strength of the bonds that hold the atoms together, and the nature of the repeating pattern. Specific gravity is a relative density, determined both by a mineral's chemistry (minerals containing more massive elements will have higher specific gravities) and how closely together the atoms are packed. The crystalline structure determines how light passes through a mineral, or if light is able to pass through a mineral at all.
The sheet-like cleavage of muscovite allows it to be broken into tiny pieces of glitter (Figure 6). Another property of the crystalline structure (the type of bonds) and chemistry causes different minerals to dissolve (turn into the ions that comprise them) differently.
The electrical conductivity is mainly determined by the types of chemical bonds; metallic bonds cause metals to have high electrical conductivity, and these are favored for wires (Figure 7). On Earth, an existing rock can undergo processes and become a different type of rock, which means that rocks are recycled and the different rock types are all connected according to the rock cycle. The rock granite is mined to make countertops, and the mineral halite is mined, crushed, and sold as table salt. The reading also discussed the five criteria something needs to meet in order to be a mineral. Most minerals are silicates because there is more silicon and oxygen on Earth than any other elements.
By simulating conditions in the lab, the scientists have come up with a way to make diamonds using peanut butter. Thus, she started to develop an interest in science around the 5th or 6th grade because it explained all of the answers to her questions and then a passion for it after taking Biology in her freshman year. Only very small amounts are needed to carry out their functions but these small amounts are essential .
Minerals are basic elements of the earths crust ( In contrast to vitamins they are a non organic matter they contain no carbon ) Carried into the soil ,groundwater, and sea eeosin ,they are taken up by plants and consumed by animals and humans.
The various forms of vitamin A are called retinoids because of their importance to the health of the retina of the eye. The tape ended by telling the listener that this source of American glacial milk has been discovered and that bottles of it are available if you were to just phone the person whose phone number was written on the cassette tape. I was told all about the wonderful health improvements that AL members had received from taking the 'pig pack'; the name given to an incredibly expensive combination of dietary supplements, among which included this wonderful 'glacial milk' which the DDDL tape had left listeners wondering about.
Throughout this time I was informed as to the 'real' causes of various diseases such as cardiomyopathy, diabetes and even baldness and grey hair. This man and others first complaint was about the ludicrous price of these magical cure-all products, and were told that they could afford them much easier by joining the pyramid (of course pyramids never use the word 'pyramid') and recruiting family and friends to help spread the business. I considered asking my GP what he knew about the wonders of 'colloidal minerals' however I had been lead to believe that doctors couldn't be trusted (hence the catch phrase, 'Dead Doctors Don't Lie'.) Not knowing where to go for more info, I took the long road to knowledge and changed my course of study at university to become a nutritionist.
I had also come across a handful of people from the church who had been approached by AL distributors claiming to cure them of their health conditions, many of them who had received no benefit but were too shy or ashamed to let their story be heard. Their alleged concern was that potential customers may mistake my site for an official AL site, and that they needed to amend it for this purpose, as it contained incorrect information, ie, that I was warning that customers would be 'sucked into the pyramid' (Smiths exact words, and probably not too far from the truth.) I had previously offered to sit down with AL bosses and go through the statements I had made on my site, and amend any incorrect information so long as they could provide me with the evidence to support their argument. Every now any then, I even see a building or road sign with the DDDL message printed on it with a contact phone number. Here I will briefly cover the major claims he makes through his Dead Doctors Don't Lie recording, which his entire company is based on. Consequently, he spends a large portion of time making exaggerated criticisms of the medical profession, suggesting that money driven conspiracies drive the industry.
In reality, this 'senate document' is merely the reprinting of an opinion piece written by a farmer in the 1930's published in Cosmopolitan magazine which subsequently caught the attention of a Florida senator.
Unfortunately, as is often the case, reality is far less hope-inspiring, as even though these cultures do exist, their supposed longevity does not, and even if it did, it would certainly not be due to any mythical, magical mineral waters.
As they investigated these documents they found a consistent pattern of age exaggerations and inconsistencies throughout the records.


When we look on the labels of food products or various dietary supplements, we would be lucky to find even 10 minerals listed let alone 60. The resulting shale leachate is very low in some important minerals that may actually be beneficial to many people such as calcium and selenium, [36]whilst very high in minerals such as alumnium and cadmium [36] which are non-essential, have no biological role whatsoever,[34] and are contained in potentially toxic amounts.[36] At least multivitamin and mineral supplements are specifically formulated to contain minerals that we actually need, usually in doses that are safe and appropriate, not random depending on what chunk of rock you happen to pull up from the ground. No where does the wording specifically state that it is the minerals (let alone all the minerals) that are 90-98 per cent absorbable.
Take a vitamin or mineral, figure out what its biological role is and what symptoms would occur in a deficiency state, figure out what chronic disease is closest to those symptoms, and say that all cases of that disease are simply caused by a deficiency of the corresponding nutrient.
The onset of the disease occurs immediately, and causes many severe abnormalities as a result of the copper deficient state. To establish reliable results, scientists need to systematically review ALL studies which have examined an issue, and look at the over all results. As is the case with all matters of science, not all studies will have the same outcome, so when examining the strength of evidence to support either notion, scientists look at the results from the majority of large, well designed studies (often published as a meta-analysis or systematic review). Another way to think of this is that you can write one chemical formula that describes the entire mineral (see some examples in the table below). For example, the chlorine (Cl) and sodium (Na) atoms in the mineral halite are arranged in cubes and these cubes repeat throughout the mineral (see Figure 1 above). This is an example of a word that has a scientific definition that is different from the common-use definition. As you can see in Figure 2, oxygen (O) is the most common, silicon (Si) the second, and potassium (K), calcium (Ca), sodium (Na), aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and magnesium (Mg) make up the other six.
For example, sulfur allows gunpowder to ignite at a lower temperature and provides fuel for the fire. Minerals that have low electric conductivity will be used for insulators, used to block or confine the electric current. Although copper can be found as a pure metal (native copper, upper right), it is often beneficiated from minerals such as chalcopyrite (CuFeS2, lower right).
Thermal conductivity is determined by both a mineral's chemistry and its crystalline structure. For example, gold is malleable, which allowed early people to easily shape it into ornaments. Other times, minerals and brines are processed to extract one specific element, and these individual elements are also often called commodities. Come up with a way to clarify the different between the criteria (something needs to meet to be a mineral) and the properties (that might make minerals useful).
In order to make this diamond, conditions of intense pressure and very high temperatures are needed. When these gems are made from peanut butter, the substance is subjected to very high pressure while being heated. She loves STEM classes, but also loves the humanities as well, especially writing and history (Euro and US History). Unless you eat a lot of liver or fish oil or take extra supplements it is practically impossible to get too much vitamin A. This particular mineral product was promised to be special in that it contained all '60 essential minerals' unlike the small handful that most supplements contain, but most notably, contained minerals in their 'colloidal form' which according to Wallach, was the only form in which our bodies could properly absorb them. This ''ours is the true group'' ''we have the true leader'' ''spread faith-promoting testimonials'' nature of the meeting gave it many of the attributes I had become familiar with, growing up in the Mormon church.
Funnily enough, it was only those who for whatever reason, believed that they had been cured, whose testimonials were given at meetings and printed on the plethora of AL's advertising material. I attended a lecture hosted by AL for members and prospective members to come along to see Wallach in his annual tour of Australia, where I handed out leaflets warning people to be skeptical of the claims they were hearing, and to refer to my web site for more information.
I know I'm sure to see them with a stall at the 'Mind Body Spirit' festival twice a year, and I'm even told they have been spotted from time to time at Parklea markets in Sydney. The IP address of this annonymous pig-packer funnily enough seemed to shift from different states of Australia before ending up in California at around the same time that Wallach Jnr was traveling the country giving promotional seminars to AL members before returning home. This kind of conspiracy theory against mainstream medicine is also popular among followers of alternative medicine, which may be more likely to believe the rest of his claims due to confirmation bias.
They discovered that none of the 23 self-proclaimed centenarians had actually reached 100 at all, in fact their average age was seen to be closer to 86. He has already given us the idea that we can not get all the nutrients from out food, and therefore need to take supplements, but this information makes us doubt whether the supplements on the shelves are any good. Just because a mineral may be present in a tissue does not mean that it is playing a functional role, as certain tissues tend to accumulate certain elements even if we have no biochemical use for them. A mineral such as lithium for example, has been shown to cause certain problems in birds when it is deficient, however what role it plays in the body is unknown.
Admittedly, some forms of minerals are better absorbed than others, but the difference is generally quite small compared to what he alleges.
This lie, however ridiculous, may easily lead people to believe that they would need to ingest whopping large amounts of supplement pills in order to absorb enough of them. If this break down occurs in minutes using a weak acid such as vinegar, what do you think the likelihood is of them sitting in stomach acid (which is approximately 100 to 500 times stronger than that of vinegar) for several hours, being churned by the digestive tract and then being excreted without having been broken down at all, let alone completely digested.
Unfortunately, as obvious as this may sound, I seriously doubt that any of Wallach's followers (let alone the ones who have it splashed across their car windows) ever realize this.
The most common problems are early onset osteoporosis, the inability to regulate body temperature, neurological damage, mental retardation and in severe enough cases, abnormalities of the blood vessels including twisting and frayed inner walls of the cerebral arteries, as the arterial walls are stabilized by the connective tissue which fails to be correctly produced in a state of copper deficiency. When researchers compiled every single controlled intervention study (14 studies involving over 170,000 people) to look at whether beta-carotene, vitmains C,E and selenium could decrease the risk of getting cancer, they found that taking these supplements not only has no protection against various cancers, they may actually increase the risk. Coal, oil, and natural gas are also mined, but these energy resources will be considered separately. Other minerals (such as rutile) are quite opaque, which makes titanium oxide (the chemical name of rutile) an important additive in things that need to be opaque, such as paint. The pH of water also affects solubility; some minerals will dissolve faster in acidic water whereas others might dissolve more readily in alkaline waters.
For example, the commodity aluminum is extracted from the rock bauxite, which contains aluminum-bearing minerals such as gibbsite. When a sample of peanut butter is squeezed between two diamonds (because diamond is one of the hardest substances on Earth and can withstand immense pressure) and the necessary amount of pressure for the experiment is applied (about 1.3 million times that of our atmosphere pressure), the result is a diamond where a peanut used to be.
Outside of academics, Jeanie serves as the Co-President of her chapter's Team HBV, an international organization to spread awareness of hepatitis B and ultimately eradicate it, actively debates in her speech and debate club, and serves the community through a musical organization. The man who had originally invited me along even told me that Joel Wallach was similar to Joseph Smith (the founder of the LDS religion) because both were humble farm boys, condemned among mainstream thinking for bringing the truth to the people, spread through a small faithful group.
As soon as Wallach's major AL members became aware of this, I was promptly removed from the premesis by security. Unfortunately, I have also been informed that many chiropractors have been abusing their position as a trusted health professional, by introducing their patients to Wallachs lies in an attempt to increase their income and lighten their patients wallets. The document was located by Donald Davis who reported his findings to the Townsend Letter and brought it to the attention of the National Council Against Health Fraud who subsequently published warnings to consumers to be wary of supplement companies basing claims on this 'senate document'. For example, if someone were exposed to high levels of leaded exhaust fume, they would have high levels of lead accumulated in various tissue.
Toxicity of these elements are probably better understood.[34]) When you see an element listed as essential that you do not commonly see the levels of listed on food labels or added to mineral supplement formulas, do not think that you need to go out and start getting more 'lead' or 'arsenic' in your diet - the chances are, you are probably getting levels of these elements that are more than enough, and are at a greater risk of accumulating toxic doses than you are of becoming deficient in them. To use calcium as an example, calcium carbonate is generally approx 30 per cent absorbable, depending on the need for it.
Another characteristic in some cases is colourless and 'kinky', presumably because copper is needed to produce pigment and formation of disulfide bonds in keratin, the protein hair is made from.
Once again, Wallach is simply telling people what they want to hear (ie, they they can eat all the fast foods and fatty animal foods they want without guilt) to win their trust, regardless of the risk. Consequently, being 'organic' does not make it safe or natural, however it is a word which marketing companies often use to promote a product as being safe and natural, as this is how lay people commonly perceive it.
More distrurbingly, if there was a correlation between colloidal mineral consumption and any disease, without scientific studies, no one would even know.
The process of extracting the desired mineral or element from an ore is called beneficiation. Vitamins are categorized as either fat soluble ( A,D,E and K) or water soluble ( B vitamins and Vitamin C) The distinction is important because the body stores fat soluble vitamins for long periods of time ,water soluble remain in the body for a short period of time and need to be replenished frequently. No doubt, you will see one of them trying to grab your attention somewhere, somehow (if you have a family member with an incurable disease, you may even be unlucky enough to have one turn up to your doorstep). For example, had Wallach have calculated the average age of death from the obituaries in the previous months issue, the average age would have been 83. Calcium citrate, considered the most absorbable form of calcium, is approximately 33 per cent absorbable. This information then leads the listener to want to learn where they can obtain a mineral supplement which is better absorbed, which of course, his colloidal mineral water supposedly is. Wallachs company has spent millions petitioning the FDA so that they can boast about 'health claims', however they will not fund any studies to see whether their mineral water actually does anything.
For example, tiny amounts of impurities can change the color of quartz (a mineral) from clear to pink, or blue, or purple, but the formula remains SiO2.
Aluminum does not form a mineral on its own but must be extracted and concentrated (beneficiated) from the mineral gibbsite.
The mineral hematite can have both metallic or nonmetallic luster; hematite with metallic luster is used to make jewelry. For example, the Eads Bridge that crosses the Mississippi River is faced with rock made of insoluble minerals below the water line, whereas more decorative limestone (made of the more soluble mineral calcite) faces the support above the water line.
The piezoelectricity of quartz allows it to be used to tell time (in quartz crystal watches) and piezoelectricity is also useful in transformers and motors. She hopes to make a difference in the world by making a positive impact in people's lives through whatever she chooses to do! Most vitamins are sensitive in varying degrees and heat in light ,and there is always some loss of vitamin when food being stored ,handled, and cooked. There are more than 60 minerals in the body( making up about 4 percent of its weight) but only 22 are considered essential. Although its classified as a nutrient that is ,it comes from food, it is actually a hormone ,and like other hormones it is manufactured in the body. Many of the healthy effects of plant foods come from phytochemicals which are certainly not present in shale. Some minerals are also useful in blocking other wavelengths of light; lead (from the mineral galena) blocks X-rays, for example. Of these seven calcium, chlorine, magnesium ,phosphorus, potassium ,sodium, and sulfur are called macrominerals because they are present in the body in relatively large quantities. Even small overdoses of vitamin D can be toxic ,leading to kidney stones ,kidney failure, muscle and bone weakness. If a mineral is being mined for the element it contains, then it will be easier to extract that element from a soluble mineral. The other essential minerals are termed trace or even ultratrace nutrients because they are present in such minute quanties. Its nearly impossible to get too much from food alone and absolute impossible to get too much from sunlight.



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