Stages of pregnancy book,23 weeks pregnant countdown,likelihood of pregnancy after 40,how do you feel when your 9 weeks pregnant - Easy Way
Pregnancy can be different from woman to woman, and even for the same mother from one pregnancy to the next.
The stages of pregnancy are typically described in three-month periods known as trimesters. About two weeks after a woman has her period, she ovulates and her ovaries release one mature egg. At fertilization, the sex of the fetus is already determined, depending on whether the egg receives an X or Y chromosome from a sperm cell. According to the Cleveland Clinic, it takes about three to four days for the fertilized egg (or embryo) to move to the lining of the uterus, where it attaches or implants to the uterine wall. A woman will experience a lot of symptoms during her first trimester as she adjusts to the hormonal changes of pregnancy, which affect nearly every organ in her body.
Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is a hormone that will be present in a woman's blood from the time conception occurs. She will also feel more tired than usual, a symptom that's linked with rising levels of the hormone progesterone, which increases sleepiness. Early in pregnancy, a woman's breasts will feel more tender and swollen, another side effect of rising pregnancy hormone levels. In addition, a pregnant woman's heart will be working even harder, increasing the volume of blood it pumps to supply the uterus with the additional blood it needs to supply the fetus and elevating her pulse rate.
Besides the physical changes in a woman's body, she will also experience emotional highs and lows in the early months of her pregnancy and throughout it.
After the eighth week of pregnancy and until birth occurs, a developing baby is called a fetus. During the third month of pregnancy, bones and muscles begin to grow, buds for future teeth appear, and fingers and toes grow. By the second trimester, some of the unpleasant effects of early pregnancy may lessen or disappear as the body adjusts to its changing hormone levels. Somewhere between the 16th and 18th week of pregnancy a first-time mother may feel the first fluttering movements of the fetus known as quickening, Burch said.
In the second trimester, the fetus is growing a lot and will be between 3 and 5 inches long, Burch said.
By the fourth month of pregnancy, eyebrows, eyelashes, fingernails and the neck all form, and the skin has a wrinkled appearance. In the fifth month of pregnancy, the fetus is more active and a woman may be able to feel its movements.
By the sixth month of pregnancy, hair begins to grow, the eyes begin to open and the brain is rapidly developing. During the third trimester, as a woman's enlarged uterus pushes against her diaphragm, a major muscle involved in breathing, she may feel short of breath because the lungs have less room to expand, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine.
A mother-to-be will need to pee more frequently because more pressure will be placed on her bladder.
Her face may develop dark patches of skin, and stretch marks may appear on a woman's belly, thighs, breasts and backside. False labor, known as Braxton-Hicks contractions, may begin to occur as a woman gets closer to her due date. By the seventh month of pregnancy, the fetus kicks and stretches, and can even respond to light and sound, like music, Burch said.
The ninth month is the home stretch of pregnancy and the fetus is getting ready for birth by turning into a head-down position in a woman's pelvis. When checked, Shutterstock's safe search screens restricted content and excludes it from your search results. Some pregnancy symptoms last for several weeks or months, while other discomforts are temporary or don't affect every woman who is expecting.
Once the embryo is implanted, the cells start to grow eventually becoming the fetus and the placenta, which is tissue that can transport oxygen, nutrients and hormones from the mother's blood to the developing fetus throughout pregnancy. The pregnancy may not be showing much on the outside of her body, but inside many changes are taking place.
Around the second month of pregnancy, the embryo has grown to the size of a kidney bean, he explained. Different regions of the brain are forming, and the fetus is able to hiccup, according to ACOG.
After sexual intercourse, the egg can be met by sperm in the fallopian tube and one of these may be able to fertilise it.
Once fertilised, the egg continues to travel along the fallopian tube towards your womb (uterus) where it will bury itself in the lining in a process called implantation.
Most types of pregnancy test can detect that you’re pregnant from just after your first missed period.
This is calculated from the first day of your last period and often broken down into thirds, called trimesters.
You can help yourself by taking time to get up slowly in the morning, eating little and often, getting plenty of rest and drinking enough fluids.
Having morning sickness may make you feel very unwell, but it’s important to remember that your unborn baby is unlikely to be affected by it. However, if at any time you find you can’t keep any food or fluid down, seek advice from your GP or midwife as soon as you can. Too little folic acid in early pregnancy may lead to a higher risk of your baby having a problem with his or her spinal cord (a neural tube defect), such as spina bifida.
Some women who have other health conditions before they become pregnant may be advised to take a higher daily dose of folic acid, up to 5000µg daily. If you choose to drink alcohol when you’re pregnant, limit how much you drink to one to two units of alcohol, once or twice a week. The brain is growing most rapidly, which means that your baby’s head is much larger than his or her body.
By the end of the second trimester, your baby has a chance of surviving if he or she is born prematurely, but would need intensive care. Although many women try different moisturisers and lotions to prevent stretch marks, none have been proven effective.
You may find the extra weight you’re carrying makes you tired and you may get breathless as your expanded womb makes your lung capacity smaller.
Your baby's head drops down into your pelvis (engages) ready for delivery – for a first baby, this is usually towards the end of the pregnancy (around 37 weeks onwards).
These can be mistaken for labour, but the difference is that real labour contractions are regular and usually cause some pain. Braxton-Hicks contractions last only about 25 seconds and fade away rather than getting stronger over time. Unless you are very overweight or very underweight, your midwife probably won't weigh you again because it doesn't necessarily give any useful information about your developing baby. The extra weight is made up of: the developing baby, placenta and amniotic fluid the growth of your womb and breasts the increased blood in your circulation water retention essential fat stores My baby is in the breech position.
The majority of babies move into the head downwards position before they are born because this is the natural position that makes birth more straightforward. It’s usually recommended that you have a planned caesarean because this is a safer alternative to vaginal birth for babies that are breech. As the space inside your abdomen gets more cramped for your baby, you may be more affected by his or her movements, which can press on your bladder and keep you awake at night. It may be easier to control your weight gain and if you get gestational diabetes, exercising can help you to control your blood sugar levels better.
Whatever you enjoy listening to will help you feel happy and relaxed, and these good feelings will be positive for your baby too.
Gradually, each organ takes on its complete form, grows larger and begins to carry out its proper function so that by the time your baby is born, he or she can survive outside the womb. There are recommendations for when in your pregnancy you may be best to stop travelling by plane, and airlines have their own guidelines and rules for taking pregnant passengers.
It may also be more difficult to get travel insurance after a certain point in your pregnancy. Also consider the risk of infection and availability of health facilities at your destination in case problems were to develop while you’re away.
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Published at: getting pregnant at 39