Conception rates decreased in all age groups between 2007 and 2008, with the exception of women aged 40 and above, where conceptions remained at 12.6 per 1,000 women. Figures from the Department of Children, Schools and Families show rates in England are down by just 13.3% from 1999 to 2008. Birth rates for teenagers aged 15-17 have fallen since 1991 for all racial and ethnic groups.
The teenage birth rate declined 8 percent in the United States from 2007 through 2009, reaching a historic low at 39.1 births per 1,000 teens aged 15-19 years. Rates fell significantly for teenagers in all age groups and for all racial and ethnic groups.
Teenage birth rates for each age group and for nearly all race and Hispanic origin groups in 2009 were at the lowest levels ever reported in the United States. Birth rates for teens aged 15-17 dropped in 31 states from 2007 through 2009; rates for older teenagers aged 18-19 declined significantly in 45 states during this period. Teenage childbearing has been the subject of long-standing concern among the public and policy makers.
The teenage birth rate in 2009 was 59 percent lower than the historic high reached in 1957 (96.3) (8). The number of births to teenagers aged 15-19 in 2009 fell to 409,840, the fewest since 1946 and 36 percent fewer than in 1970 (644,708), the historic high point.
The birth rate for young teenagers aged 15-17 fell 7 percent in 2009 from 2008, the largest single-year drop since 2000-2001 (1,8) (Figure 2). The birth rate for older teenagers aged 18-19 fell 6 percent from 2008 through 2009, the largest single-year decline since 1971-1972 (1,5,8). Births and birth rates for the youngest teenagers, under age 15, have also declined over the last half-century (see Table [PDF - 15 KB]).
Birth rates for white and black non-Hispanic teenagers and Asian or Pacific Islander (API) teenagers aged 15-17 dropped 53 percent to 63 percent from 1991 through 2009 (Figure 3).
Although the birth rate for Hispanic teenagers declined more slowly overall from 1991 through 2009, the decline in the rate from 2008 to 2009 (41.0 per 1,000) was the largest of all race and ethnicity groups (by 11 percent). Further, the rate for Hispanic teenagers in 2009 was the lowest ever recorded in the 2 decades for which rates are available for this group (1,5). Birth rates overall and by race and ethnicity are consistently higher for ages 18-19 than for ages 15-17.
From 1991 through 2009, rates for all racial and ethnic groups for ages 18-19 dropped by 27 percent to 40 percent. Birth rates for teenagers aged 15-17 fell significantly in most areas of the country from 2007 through 2009, the most recent period of decline for teen birth rates (Figure 5). The largest declines were in the intermountain West and southeast areas of the United States. The rate increased significantly for only one state from 2007 through 2009, West Virginia, by 17 percent. Birth rates fell for ages 18-19 from 2007 through 2009 in the majority of states (Figure 6). The range of decline was from 5 percent for New York, Louisiana, and New Mexico to 27 percent for New Hampshire and Vermont. Teenage birth rate: The number of births to women aged 15-19 (or teenage subgroup) per 1,000 women aged 15-19 (or teenage subgroup).
All material appearing in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated. According to the Governmental data for 2008, it was revealed that the pregnancy rate among girls under 18 has declined up to 4.5% in Bristol, but the figures have not been able to meet the key target set by the Government for this year as Ministers had intended to reduce the rate to 50% against the figures of the year 1998 when it was almost 47 conceptions per 1,000 girls of 15 to 17 years of age.
Supporting the Government's record, morning Schools Secretary Ed Balls said, "It was a really ambitious target - it was 50% fall. The current figure figures are 40.4 per 1,000 girls in 2008 with a 13% dip against the baseline figure and a 3% decrease since 2007. Clare Campion-Smith, Bristol City Council's Cabinet Member for Children and Young People's Councilor, said, "We hope this drop in conception rates is the start of a downward trend for Bristol. While conception rates in the 30-34 and 35-39 age groups fell slightly in 2008, they have risen steadily over the past 10 years. Teenagers who give birth are much more likely to deliver a low birthweight or preterm infant than older women (1,2), and their babies are at elevated risk of dying in infancy (3). Although the downward trend for both age groups has been similar, long-term declines were smaller for older teenagers.
Single-year declines for all groups from 2008 to 2009 ranged from 5 percent to 10 percent (5) (Figure 4).
The largest declines were reported for the intermountain West and northern New England states. The vital statistics natality file includes information for all births occurring in the United States.
Emerging answers 2007: Research findings on programs to reduce teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Teenagers in the United States: Sexual activity, contraceptive use, and childbearing, National Survey of Family Growth 2006-2008. Revised birth and fertility rates for the 1990s and new rates for Hispanic populations, 2000 and 2001: United States. According to the Office for National Statistics (ONS), the number of teenage pregnancies in England and Wales reduced by 4% nationwide. It is certainly a step in the right direction, but we need to make sure we don't take the pressure off". The government had pledged in 1999 to halve teenage pregnancy rates among under-18s in England by this year but is widely expected to miss that target. The number of conceptions outside marriage in England and Wales increased slightly from 56% in 2007 to 57% in 2008.
Schools Secretary Ed Balls defended ministers' record and said the statistics showed the rate of teenage pregnancies was now the lowest it had been for well over a decade. The annual public costs associated with teen childbearing have been estimated at $9.1 billion (4). Moreover, the number of babies born to this age group has fallen to the fewest in nearly 60 years, to 5,030 in 2009.
The natality files, which cover a wide range of maternal and infant demographic and health characteristics, are available from Vital Statistics Online. The highest and lowest pregnancy rates in England are that of North East with 49 conceptions per 1,000 girls and East of England with 31.4 per 1,000 respectively. The ONS data shows for every 1,000 girls aged between 15 and 17 in England and Wales, there were just over 40 pregnancies.
The number of conceptions outside of marriage which resulted in the birth of a child was 67%, compared with 93% of conceptions inside marriage. Elizabeth Wilson, also with the Reproductive Statistics Branch, provided table and figure verification. The North East had the highest under-18 conception rate in 2008, with 49 per 1,000 women age 15-17 falling pregnant. Mr Balls also defended legislation passed on Tuesday night that will mean faith schools have to teach sex education. Rates in the United States fell from 2007 through 2009 by age subgroup, race and Hispanic origin, and state. Rates by state shown here may differ from rates computed on the basis of other population estimates (1,14). The ONS figures for conceptions cover those that result in a live or still birth or are terminated by abortion; they do not include miscarriages or illegal abortions. Data for 2008 and 2009, however, indicate that the long-term downward trend has resumed (1,5). The recent trend marks a resumption of the long-term decline in teenage childbearing that started in 1991.
Government targetAlthough the number of teenage pregnancies in England and Wales fell in 2008, the government is highly unlikely to meet its 1999 pledge to halve teenage pregnancies in England by 2010. Although the recent declines have been widespread by age, race and ethnicity, and state, large disparities nevertheless persist in these characteristics (6,7). Previous studies have suggested that these declines reflected the impact of strong teenage pregnancy prevention messages that accompanied a variety of public and private efforts to focus teenagers' attention on the importance of avoiding pregnancy (10-12). Since 2002 the number of teenage girls falling pregnant in England and Wales has been steadily falling, despite a slight rise in 2007. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. The most current data available from the National Vital Statistics System are used to illustrate trends and variations through 2009. The ONS statistics show there were an estimated 887,800 conceptions among women of all age groups in England and Wales in 2008, a decrease of 0.9% on the 2007 figure of 895,900. Gill Frances, chairwoman of the Teenage Pregnancy Independent Advisory Group, said it also welcomed the teenage pregnancy strategy being back on its long term downward trend.
Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Data from the 2006-2010 NSFG, forthcoming in 2011, may be helpful in identifying the factors associated with the declines in teenage birth rates. Teenage mother Leah said the sleepless nights involved with looking after a baby were very hard.
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