Odds of pregnancy by age calculator,pregnancy books online pdf 4sh,what is a healthy blood pressure range in pregnancy,what to eat during 21 week pregnancy labs - Easy Way
So the research began, I was reading up and collecting information on places of interest for children. As for Melbourne, we took a day tour on the Puffing Billy, had a warm fuzzy lunch by the winery, yummy gelato at the Yarra Chocolatiere and had a guided tour of the Healesville Sanctuary (got up-close with the Red Kangaroos, emus, platypus and koalas). So what could a Stay-At-Home-Mom do for money considering there is already so little time after all the dishes and laundry and cooking and cleaning are done?
Blog - I started a blog when my first born was about 2 years old and began earning USD4-5 thousand monthly very soon after. Write for others - This is if you can write, you could be a freelance writer for advertising agencies who are always on the lookout for part-timers.
Bake - there are many, many Moms baking for income which means lots of competition but there is only one you. Start a little home business - this could be anything from making something to being a trader to being a marketing affiliate. Failing which, allow me to interview you and I will think of what you could do for a living from home.
I have been working with a company for 18 years and for the past 7 years, I have been working full time from home. My kids were 3yo and 1yo then and I knew I wanted to spend those precious growing years with them and not having to depend on anyone else to care for them.
Working from home does not mean that you can sit at home, shake legs and catch the latest Korean drama Yes - unfortunately for some.
This is important because if you’re going to be in conference calls for a least 30 mins, the last thing you want is to be holding the handset to your head. In between work, I need to step to for my school run and this timing is fixed and has been shared with my manager and peers. If you’re going to be spending 8-10 hours of your day sitting in front of a computer, make sure your workspace is ergonomic. Remember to take mini breaks and stretch or go for a little walk to get that blood circulating.
She was excited initially (we did some prep talk weeks before), thinking that she will be going into the same class as her older brother. We didn’t have a party for Honeybun, we had a small celebration for her at her play school and also with our families. Her favourite for the past few months has been rubber duckies (and bath toys) and particularly characters from a cartoon called Lucky Duck. It took me more than a year to resign from my previous job as an engineer in a multinational oil & gas company. However, as time went by, I started to think about my children who were about to enrol in primary school. But if you really want to change your profession from FTWM (fulltime working mum) to WAHM (working at home mum), I’d like to share some tips that might help you to have something in mind. I always suggest to friends who wanted to let go their jobs for a home business, to get some ideas about how and what their home businesses would be.
I like to recommend to my fellow friends who want to resign and start a business, begin before you sign your resignation. Don’t leave your job if you just can’t take it, leave it if you figure out there are other priorities than your career. I was at the Asia Model Festival Awards 2015 in Seoul, Korea but had to rush back to attend Ashton’s School Day. Mother’s Day is coming so I would to wish all mommies, “Happy Mother’s Day and enjoy motherhood! He was in an art class holiday program which he enjoyed a lot; learning crafty things and the best part was that he had a good friend participating in the same program. He also attended a three-day Speech and Drama program in which the main program focuses on the kids having to perform a mini sketch. I will not deny that a couple of months ago, I bought a tab (of course, it’s slightly smaller than my iPad) for my then 2-year old.
Even when my son was younger, I started to expose him to technology – I absolutely loved the idea that my son will not feel like an outcast had he not been exposed to one from an early age.
Fast forward two months later, we re-introduced the iPad & the tab to him BUT very gradually. As parents, I guess the hardest part of actually spending more time with Nooh to do these exciting fun-filled family activities is…. Gradually moving away from these gadgetries and being less attached to these smart electronic ‘imps’ really does make us better parents.
Especially for kindergarten - if they can’t make it for a full day, we can send them for maybe an hour or so.
Set boundaries and set some rules during schooldays so that the child won’t feel attached to home during his school time.
Our bottom line is to plan properly, get mutual understanding with our spouse, decide and stick to the plan. But then whenever I look at my son (who himself loves other people’s birthday celebration), I feel guilty of not organising his own birthday celebration. So much has happened in the last year that this New Year 2015, is a year full of changes for me and my family.
I found out that it is impossible for women to get along in a group of more than a hundred. Although everyone knows what is good for you for great health, they are still not practising good healthy habits.
So after all the stress that I went through last year, there was one blessing that entered my life despite having to quit my job and make regular visits to the hospital. Ashton went on a holiday without us for the first time and it was also the first time he was away from us. When he was walking pass the immigration check point at the airport, he kept looking back at us. It is the school holidays and I am already cracking my head on kids’ activities as we are not planning any trips this time. Last but not least, they had a ride on a pony. The fee had increased from last year and even the ride’s duration was shortened! Letting kids take a year out from school or at any time during the course of their educational path is a great choice that many parents are reluctant to make due to the kiasu nature of Asian parenting in always wanting to get ahead and staying ahead. The thing is, at 15 or 16 or even at 20, did you know exactly what you wanted to do with your life?
We ourselves here have experienced taking a year out merely by accident but nonetheless a good thought out coincidence because my kids are only 10 and 5 this year yet they have already experienced what it is like to not only NOT go to school every single day but were given the great opportunity to explore the world and get to know themselves a bit better.
NEW EXPERIENCES & EXPLORATION – With not going to school, we actually had the opportunity to participate and attend many events that being in school would not have allowed us to do due to scheduling conflicts. EXTRA TIME - Being at home every day gave them the extra time to learn new languages and skills such as how to make glue, how to make sago Melaka, how to make Sugee Cake, how to prepare for a public exhibition, how to present publicly, etc.
GETTING CLOSER TO SELF – Inherently, I feel that one succeeds in this world when one is comfortable in their own skin.
Iceland had always been my dream destination because I would like to see its midnight sun during summer solstice, where there is no night in Iceland. When my husband told us that the next country on our list would be Iceland during the mid-year school holiday (in June), I took it as a gift! However, we were lucky as the weather was so good from day one – the sun shone brightly for us. Iceland is a land of fairies; many locals still believe that trolls and elves still exist around the island.
Ashton is at the willfull stage – I made my decision already, I am not going to change my mind! And he has a ready reason for everything he wants to do too. I asked Ashton for his opinion on his coming birthday party and he surprised me with “I am already a big boy, I don’t want Angry Bird party.
Ever since the kids were comfortable in the water, it has been part of our family weekly activity – Swimming! Our New BMJ website does not support IE6 please upgrade your browser to the latest version or use alternative browsers suggested below. Parents must accept the fact that children with ADHD have functionally different brains from those of other children. Fostering the development of a child with ADHD means that you will have to modify your behavior and learn to manage the behavior of your child. The goal of behavioral modification is to help your child consider the consequences of an action and control the impulse to act on it. It’s important to consistently reward good behaviors and discourage destructive ones, but you can’t be too strict with your child. Create a special, quiet space for your child to read, do homework, and have time-outs from the chaos of everyday life.
Another way to control the impulse to speak before thinking is to teach your child how to pause a moment before talking or replying.
It sounds simplistic, but take things one day at a time and remember to keep it all in perspective. Remember that you are the parent and, ultimately, you establish the rules for acceptable behavior in your home. Many parents today are concerned that their kids may be spending too much time on the Internet. Parents around the world are concerned that their kids may be spending so much time in the “screen world”, that their kids may be missing out on real life experiences. It’s estimated that kids and teens between the ages of 8 to 28 spend about 44.5 hours each week in front of digital screens. About 23% of kids and teens have reported that they actually feel as if they have addictions to video games. However, it’s up to parents to regulate the amount of time their kids spend online each day. Just like any other addiction, Internet addiction can be a way for your kids to escape the real world.
Talk with your child about the things you read and hear, especially the things you find interesting. If you demonstrate excitement about learning and are open to your children pursuing their own interest areas, it will be hard for them to resist the opportunities.
Article provided by wikiHow, a wiki building the world’s largest, highest quality how-to manual. Do not place a baby on a waterbed, sofa, soft mattress, pillow, or other soft sufrace to sleep. Even women who put a lot of thought and planning into eating the right foods can miss out on important vitamins.
The National Council on Folic Acid recommends that all women who can become pregnant consume 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid daily to prevent serious birth defects of the brain and spine. Studies have shown that, if taken before and during early pregnancy, folic acid can dramatically reduce the number of birth defects of the brain and spine called neural tube defects. Half of all pregnancies are unplanned; that’s why it’s important to start taking a multivitamin with folic acid now, even if you’re not planning a pregnancy. Getting 400 mcg of folic acid each day might also help protect against disease and promote long-term health.
Taking a daily multivitamin containing 400 mcg of folic acid is an easy way to make sure you get enough of this B-vitamin. In today’s fast-paced world, busy schedules often make it difficult to be sure you’re getting the vitamins and minerals you need from your diet every day. Replace standard bulbs with low-heat CFL (compact fluorescent lights) or LED (light emitting diodes) bulbs as standard light bulbs emit a lot of heat. Take cool rather than hot showers and keep the bathroom exhaust fan on for about 20 minutes afterward to remove excess heat and humidity. If you are worried that your child has one or more of these signs, take your child to a doctor or hospital. If your child is going outdoors, use an SPF 30+ sunscreen on your child’s face, hands and any other parts of the body that aren’t covered by clothes.
Recently, researchers have been looking at whether sunscreens harm babies younger than one year old (most authorities don’t recommend sunscreen under the age of six months). If you use only small amounts of sunscreen on uncovered areas such as the face and hands, and use clothing to cover most of the body, rather than slathering your baby’s legs, arms and body in sunscreen), the tiny amount of sunscreen that might be absorbed shouldn’t harm your baby. Never leave babies or young children alone in a car, even to run a quick errand, no matter what the weather. Make sure air can circulate around them – for example, by removing any padding around the cot.
Cover mattresses and waterproof sheets with thick layers of cotton sheets to absorb perspiration and prevent prickly heat rash.
See How to be patient for some more general ideas on letting a little more patience into your life. If you do not allow children to do things their way, this takes away their autonomy and potentially stunts their ability to discover things for themselves. If you feel that a situation is getting out of hand with a child, take a step back and create space between you and the child.
A child who is given time with an adult soaks up the message that the busyness of adult life can wait, that childhood is a good time, and that there is no need to grow up too quickly. Another kind of patience that can be hard to find is when dealing with an infinitely stubborn child.
If impatience is running your life and threatening your relationships, consider seeking professional help to gain some insight as to why. We recommend that your child eat 3 meals per day plus snacks in between, from a variety of foods.
Offer your child plenty of variety, and don’t worry if they refuse some things – they’ll make up for it by eating other foods. Present your child’s food in different ways, like offering meat as hamburgers or meatballs. To help prevent choking offer food that matches children’s chewing and grinding ability, and avoid small, round, hard foods like nuts and grapes.
Young children need some fat in their diets for energy and growth, but it’s important not to have high-fat and high-sugar foods (eg, chips, lollies and ice cream) every day. Try to offer snacks and treats well before mealtimes so your child has time to get hungry again. Helping children to learn to behave the way you want them to is one of the most important jobs of being a parent. Know the times when your child is likely to have a tantrum, such as when they are tired, hungry or frustrated – have food and drink on hand or give them something else to do to calm them down. Your health care provider will be able to support you with strategies to manage your child’s tantrums. Look after your child’s first teeth by brushing them twice a day – after breakfast and before bed. Regular check-ups of your child’s teeth increase the chances of finding and treating any tooth decay (holes) early.
If your child accidentally bumps their teeth, take them to a dentist, even if the teeth still look all right. Teaching a child to read is a fulfilling and educational process, both for the parent and child. As your child ages to elementary school level, try reading them books that might be above their reading level but that have an interesting or engaging story to get them interested. Look for books that combine other senses along with the reading, to help your small child to interact as you tell them the story.
Help to teach your child critical thinking skills by asking open-ended questions about stories. Because your child may be touching and reading the books often, be sure to choose ones that have wipeable pages and that aren’t incredibly sentimental. A fancy bookshelf may seem like the most attractive option, but until your child is in school focus on the utilitarian purposes of book storage. It is easier for children to develop phonemic awareness when words are broken down into their smallest parts.
Don’t move onto explicit phonics until your child has developed adequate phonemic awareness. Don’t use whole stories or books yet; have your child read from word lists or from a basic story (not focusing on the plot).
Make a questions list that your child can read; their ability to read and understand the provided questions is nearly as helpful as answering the questions themselves. You’ll notice an enhanced reading ability as your child learns to spell by decoding and sounding out words. Reading out loud doesn’t have to be limited to stories; whenever you are around words, have your child sound them out to you. If your child has no patience to learn to read and would rather watch TV, try turning on the closed-captions and encouraging them to follow along. Whether you’re in the backyard, at the beach or at a community swimming pool, keep your toddler safe by following these simple tips. Whenever infants or toddlers are in or around water, an adult should be within arm’s reach to provide active supervision. Every child is different, so enroll your child in swimming lessons when you feel he or she is ready. Remember that things such as water wings, noodles and other swimming aids are fun toys for kids, but they should never be used in place of a U.S. Install a door alarm, a window alarm or both to alert you if a child wanders into the pool area unsupervised. Most women sail through pregnancy and the postpartum period but it is good to be prepared for any untoward incidents. Have had fluid gushing or leaking from your vagina (the amniotic sac has ruptured) AND you know or think the umbilical cord is bulging into your vagina (cord prolapse). A common method of checking your baby’s movement is to count the number of kicks or moves you feel in an hour.
Uterine tenderness, unexplained fever, or general weakness (possible symptoms of infection). Between 20 and 37 weeks, more than four to six contractions in one hour could indicate preterm labor.
After 37 weeks, contractions every five minutes for one to two hours could indicate labour. Between 20 and 37 weeks, preterm labour could be indicated by low back pain or pelvic pressure that does not go away, or intestinal cramping with or without diarrhea. Get emergency help if you think you are in danger for example if you have a seizure or pass out. Your breasts are painful or red and you have a fever, which are symptoms of breast engorgement and mastitis. Your vaginal bleeding seems to be getting heavier or is still bright red four days after delivery, or you pass blood clots larger than the size of a golf ball. You have a severe headache, visual problems, or sudden swelling of your face, hands, or feet. You buy those little mittens to protect your infants precious little face, but eventually those mittens have to come off and here is how you can trim those thin, sharp finger nails. Studies have warned that prolonged exposure to screens and devices — televisions, computers, tablets, phones, and the like — may cause attention, socialisation, emotional and physiological problems in children. That being said, when regulated well, there are devices and programmes that can engage a child in a more compelling manner and aid in their development.
Yes, the first step to getting children interested in life is for parents to be engaged themselves.
One of the most effective means of getting a child to participate is to engage them with activities that stimulate the senses. For the more adventurous, attempt to create funkier supplies that would befuddle the minds of your young ones. The creation of sounds and music is another sensory activity that warrants its own introduction. Getting a pet might seem like even more work for the already overwhelmed working parent, and it is. Furthermore, consider adopting a pet from a rescue shelter — teach your child the importance of responsible and the sanctity of life before involving them in the decision-making process. So far, we have been taking the kids on holidays to no other than beach destinations in and out of Malaysia and the kids loved every bit of it, even more especially after they had learnt how to swim. If you don’t, you just need to be that much more disciplined but it can be done and I am pure testament to that.
But then blogosphere got crowded and I got pregnant again and then went back to full time employment for a bit so the blog got put aside for awhile. Finding something you could do from the computer is an easy and fast way to save some pocket money. I switched from a consulting job to a desk-bound program support job which enabled me to work from home full time and support the Asia Pacific region.
So when I got this job, I thanked God and my colleague, Agnes because she was the one who roped me into her team. Therefore, it’s important that you invest in a good headset with the ability to mute your line. I also block off my time in Microsoft Outlook for school runs so that my colleagues will know that I will be out of office at specific times of the day.
We are all given a notebook to work from but since I am a teleworker, I am able to order additional accessories for my notebook which include a docking station, monitor stand and a 24 inch monitor so that I can comfortably work in front of the computer (like a geek). We should resign from our job in a way that reinforces our professional image and keep our current employer relationships positive. It might be different for those who resign and decide to stay at home taking care of family, without any proposal to do home-based business or work.
If you start now, you’ll get the rhythm and it’ll be easier to adapt later when you leave the office.
Sugar is not just defined as the raw sugar that you put into your coffee but sugar from fruit, sugar from carbohydrates such as white flour, rice, noodles, bread and pastry.
Although you may lose weight purely by limiting the portions and the quality of food that you eat, exercise is still incredibly important because it not only strengthens your bones and muscles but promotes the circulatory system within your body. In order to live a great, healthy life that will not succumb to illnesses, the body requires an ovoerfluous amount of vegetables.
It is so worth it to do so because I have seen too many people suffer from poor health being once a patient of poor health myself. Recently, he modelled for Lord’s Tailor at the Pavilion Fashion Week show (he stole the limelight!) and was the opening model for the Go Go Green Charity show. Chinese schools give their students a lot of homework so my husband and I have to watch him finish his homework every day.
He is the first person I want to see, the first person I want to kiss, the first person I miss.
Every night, as mummy is lazy to read bedtime stories, he’ll ask me to have a chat with him before he goes to bed.
Well, really I had intended it for my own use, but over time I felt it was more convenient (and lighter) for me to bring around just to console my son whenever my husband and I needed some “rest time” during our family outings. He’ll get to use it if he truly behaved and finished his food or slept earlier the night before. We even introduced Nooh very light housechores for him to assist Mommy & Daddy with, and we began to seriously organise more fun-filled family activities on alternate weekends.
My cousin makes really beautiful cakes, so I’m going to ask her to make a customised birthday cake for Nooh. Over the last year, I learnt several lessons along the way that I would like to share with you in hope that it will benefit you in some way. To be fair, not everyone in Malaysia is educated enough about health but they should really take the initiative to learn it up as it is their own bodies and they should never take that for granted. We had planned for the trip to a theme park in China well in advance but I could not make it as it was just 3 days after my operation. I spoke to him every day for the 5 days that he was there. The first day he asked, “Mommy are you okay?
Sometimes, he gets drinks of water for me and tells me that when I am sick, I need to drink a lot of water. We plan to have a small do with just my family but my friends asked me to hold a small party.
We had been there before last year but it is still a fun place, especially for young toddlers.
I can never understand this concept why it is so important for children to be the youngest graduate.
By widening your children’s eyes, stretching their ears, increasing their perspectives in having a broader mind, they get to think more, do more, and ultimately make better decisions about what they like and do not like. This year alone, we got to participate in entrepreneurial markets where my eldest daughter got to learn how to barter, trade and sell.
They also managed to hone in on their language skills and dug deeper into any subject of interest such as loom bands and art and model making. The world becomes clear and there is no pretence on any part when you know who you are, what you are capable of, where you want to go and how you are going to get there. When people are directionless sometimes, they take a year out from the hustle and bustle of work and spend a year traveling or doing other things to decide where they truly want to be. It is extremely enlightening and if you ever have the opportunity, don’t think too hard about letting your kids take a year out. We departed from KLIA to Schipol, Amsterdam and transited for about 8 hours to taste the freshness of raw herring, standing on the bridge overlooking a canal near Central Station.
Our target was to drive from Reykjavik to the South, around Iceland, and back to Reykjavik from Sn?fellsnes Peninsula. One minute, you might be blinded by the hot sun whilst the next minute, you could be soaked by an extreme downpour. According to an Icelandic we met, they were having bad weather for weeks before we arrived.
I asked my children about going back to Iceland and they replied that they really wanted to visit Iceland again. I want Pocoyo party!“ So, he is going to have an entirely different themed party this year after having Angry Bird themed parties for three years.
He has set ideas on colours for girls and boys - pink and red are for girls and blue is for boys. My son already knows simple arithmetic like 1+2=3, 4+5=9 and can count the money I give him .
I was going, “The Angry Bird opens his hands to pick up the things” when he said, “NO NO Mommy, Stop! Normal rule-making and household routines can become almost impossible, so you’ll need to adopt different approaches.
While children with ADHD can still learn what is acceptable and what isn’t, their internal regulation makes them more prone to impulsive behavior.
This requires empathy, patience, affection, energy, and strength on the part of the parent. Color coding chores and homework can keep your child from becoming overwhelmed with everyday tasks and school assignments.
Television, video games, and the computer encourage impulsive behavior and should be regulated. Encourage more thoughtful responses by helping your child with homework assignments and asking interactive questions about a favorite television show or book. Children mimic the behaviors they see around them, so if you remain composed and controlled during an outburst, it will help your child to do the same. If your child has accomplished two of the three chores you assigned, don’t worry about the third, uncompleted task.
ADHD may not be visible on the outside, but it’s a disability and should be treated as such.
Be patient and nurturing, but don’t allow yourself to be bullied or intimidated by your child. These days, kids and especially teens need the Internet to research information for school projects. Plus, kids don’t like to take time away from their digital screens to sit down to healthy meals. This can lead to an internet addiction, which just like any other type of addiction, can destroy a healthy balance of interests and activities in your teen’s life.
And, make sure it’s situated so that you can easily view the screen when you step into the room.
Troubling situations and painful feelings may be suppressed, which will only cause bigger problems later in life.
A passion for learning is quite different from just studying to earn a grade or to please parents or teachers. If they show curiosity about a hobby, area of study, sport, or instrument, encourage and support them in any way your finances allow. School, educational games and television, and a shelf full of books all can’t accomplish what you can in the education of your child. Fostering independence in your child is very important for their brain development and how they feel about learning. Attend school functions, volunteer in the classroom if possible, and communicate with the teacher.
Some things are not taught in a class room, but that doesn’t mean they are worth exploring.
If your child makes a low grade, don’t scream and yell, but instead show them what they did wrong and help them understand. Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Encourage Your Child to Love Learning.
It is found in most standard multivitamins, as well as in fortified foods like cereal, bread and pasta. New research also suggests that folic acid might reduce the risk of other birth defects, such as cleft lip and palate and some heart defects.
New research indicates that folic acid may reduce the risk of heart disease, as well as colon, breast and cervical cancer. Preparing healthy meals often takes a back seat to other activities, and even people who eat a balanced diet every day may not get enough folic acid from their diet alone.
Check your food in the oven by looking through the glass rather than opening the door and cover pots to reduce indoor humidity. Make sure your ceiling fans run in a counterclockwise direction to help keep you cool during evaporation. Sunscreen works better if you put it on 20 minutes before you go outside, and reapply it every two hours. They have studied whether a baby’s thin skin can absorb chemicals from sunscreen, which might damage the baby’s organs. To cool hot little bodies, try frequent lukewarm baths, or sponge your child down with a cool face washer.
Patience gives us time to reflect, to slow down and think about the world and the things we’re doing.
When the daily chores mount up and everyone is rushing about, sometimes it’s easy to take one another for granted. Allow a child to try new things often, so as to give them a sense of self-trust and personal responsibility. Children are ready to trust and soak up information from the people who care for them and spend time with them. Instead of seeking to control, patience allows the child to grow at their own pace, rather than being pushed into doing things before being ready. This breathing space is important for both of you, after which you can express your thoughts and establish boundaries when you are collected, rather than channeling your concerns through frustration. It can be very hard to be patient sometimes in a world where teaching Mozart in the womb and expectations of exemplary behavior from preschool are considered the norm. Sometimes our greatest impatience arises when we allow our own endeavors such as work, personal pursuits, hobbies, sports, etc., to get in the way of spending time with children.
The point of life is being with one another, a gift that can only be imparted to a child in the doing.
In this case, part of the trick is to have a good sense of humor, not at the child but about the situation.
People who have adopted or fostered children who have experienced hardship or horrors, such as living through a war, a famine, or violence of any kind, often attest to the need for waiting patiently while the child learns to trust again, to unfurl from the cocoon of safety in which the child has wrapped themselves up as they realize that people do care again and that they are respected. At the core of severe impatience could be psychological issues that can be successfully worked through with the right kind of help and support. Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Be Patient With Kids. If your child is rejecting certain foods and drinks, there’s a range of things you can do to encourage their eating. Always make sure your child sits down while they’re eating and drinking and that an adult is with them.
If your child drinks more than 2 cups of milk (500 ml) a day, they may not eat well because they’re already full. If you want them to behave in a kind and calm way, they need to see you often being kind and calm. Make sure that everyone who looks after your child agrees on TV time, eating, playing, bedtime and general expectations. They’ll feel a lot safer when they know what the limits are, even though they will test them sometimes. Here are some tips to stop tantrums before they start, and to help your child when they do have a tantrum.
You may find it easier to stand behind your child and gently tilt their head back as you brush. Don’t rinse with water, because a small amount of fluoride toothpaste left around the teeth will help to protect them. To protect your child’s teeth, give them low-sugar snacks between meals such as fruit, fresh vegetables, yoghurt and other dairy foods. Do not give your child drinks that have natural or added sugar, such as fruit juice, cordial, fizzy drinks, flavoured milks and chocolate drinks. Whether you home school your kids or just want to give your child a head-start, you can begin teaching your child to read at home. As with all things, it’s difficult to get good at something without having a bit of exposure to it. It’s no good if you have books around, but located in places that your child can’t easily take them.
This can be done in two ways: create your own mini-library at home by collecting dozens of books in your child’s reading level, or make weekly trips to the local public library together to check out books.
Before you even start getting into the alphabet and sound specifics, help your child recognize that the lines on the page are directly correlated to the words you are speaking. In the recent past, some companies have advertised specialized flashcards to help babies, toddlers, and preschool age children to read. When your child has developed word awareness, begin breaking down words into individual letters. One of the most important steps in teaching reading is associating a spoken sound with a letter or letter-pair. Avoid confusion and build a solid foundation by working at a steady pace through all of the speech sounds. This can be done with the clapping game (clapping out each syllable in a word) or by sounding-out words into their individual letters. Rhyming teaches phonemic awareness and letter recognition, in addition to the most basic English words. Traditionally, children are taught to recognize a word based on its size, the first and last letters, and the general sound.
If they cannot associate sounds with letters or letter pairs quickly, they need a bit more practice before moving onto complete words. Classically known as ‘sounding out’ words, decoding is when a child reads a word by making the sounds of each individual letter, rather than trying to read the whole word at once. Regional accents and weak auditory skills make it hard for children to say most sounds in an academically correct way. Preschoolers, kindergartners, and first graders are very concrete in the way they think and cannot handle complicated concepts. Certain words in the English vocabulary are spoken often, but don’t follow the typical phonics rules. Odds are, your child will be in school by the time they are able to read and will be given their own reading material by their teachers.
Similar to when you were reading stories to your child, every time your child reads ask them questions about what they’ve just read. Reading is a necessary precursor to writing, but as your child develops reading skills have them practice their writing in conjunction. You’ll be given a better idea of your child’s reading ability when they read out loud, and they’ll be forced to slow down their reading to correctly sound out words. Road signs are a great example of something your child sees on a daily basis, and can practice reading out loud to you.
They can recognize some shapes and correlate them to pictures, but it is not really reading. Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Teach Your Child to Read. Families who have meals at the table with no distractions (such as mobile devices or television) are found to be more likely to be a healthy weight. We know it’s hard to get everything done without a little multitasking, but this is the time to avoid distractions of any kind. It will give you tremendous peace of mind – and the more peace of mind you have as a parent, the better. Make sure backyard pools have four-sided fencing that’s at least 4 feet high and a self-closing, self-latching gate to prevent a child from wandering into the pool area unsupervised. This is quite rare, but if it happens, immediately get down on your knees and drop your head and upper body lower than your buttocks to decrease pressure on the cord until help arrives.
You are passing blood clots and soaking through a new sanitary pad every hour for two or more hours. They do not grow as fast, but you don’t want your baby scratching up his or her little legs. Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Trim an Infant’s Fingernails. However, in this day and age, many parents forgo quality bonding time with their children simply because it is easier to thrust a smart device under their child’s nose and allow them to entertain themselves. Still, engaging a child through real-life activities and parental interaction are crucial and instrumental to their well-being and holistic growth.
Put down your phones, stow away your tablets, set aside your e-mails and place all of your attention on your little ones. This way, they are more aware with their surroundings and are more likely to explore the world around them. Try combining corn starch with water to form a more viscous, semi-liquid, semi-solid resource that children can marvel over and experiment with.
The hands-on experience coupled with the aromas — fragrant or otherwise — will be more than a stimulating experience.
Create a challenge of recording as many different sounds as possible within a period of time.
However, rearing pets is also a great way of teaching a child the virtues of responsibility and commitment from young.
If we have the chance to visit Melbourne again, we’ll definitely take a train to spend our own sweet time at those places.
Whatever it is, whatever it takes, you either have a project going or take time out to be by yourself, do something.
Many of us waste far too much time on Facebook when some of that time could be spent more productively. All you need to do is to have samples of your writing in hand and inform them that you are available. Get out of your comfort zone and start a business where you will be in complete control of your life. When I work from home, I am very productive because I already save time to get ready for work and to commute to and from work and there have been times that I work through lunch as well.
It’s important that they are not neglected as well because the whole idea to work from home is so that you can spend quality time with the kids right? But the good news is; on the 1st week itself, the teacher informed us that she just sobbed a little and stopped after we left.
This can be anything from processed cheeses, processed cereals, canned food, snacks that you buy from the convenience store wrapped in plastic, even commercial muesli bars; they all add toxins into the body over time. Good circulation ensures that every part of your body functions well and gets good quality oxygenated blood that is filled with the nutrients that each part of your body needs. Usually this is not possible and especially not for children when they are fussy eaters and thus, good, natural supplements are necessary.
This is because water has Hydrogen and Hydrogen is everywhere in our cells binding our DNA. If you do not sleep enough, you are giving the free radicals more opportunity to multiply within your body. Think of your children, they need you thus you owe it to them to care best for your own body at no sacrifice. The place was pretty packed which limited us to much fewer activities in comparison to the first time we were there. Of course, occasionally work beckons, but it is more important to be connected with your own children – especially during their formative years. Now at 4 years old, he still carry that same temperament even though I had sent him to kindergarten since he was 2 years old with a change to another school since then. However, after meeting his friends and as the learning session begins, he starts to enjoy himself.
As much as I tried to moderate little tiffs and differences in opinions, some women are so set in their ways and are unforgiving. She had always been a sparkle of health doing daily morning brisk walks and eating mostly vegetables and fish with very little oil and lots of fruit, but still despite the clean health record from the Doctors, she died suddenly when her heart stopped without warning.
Instead of taking prescribed drugs from the Doctors which could potentially lead to other problems, let alone side effects and what not, I am now healing with only these natural supplements and it has been very positive. My husband also stayed behind to be with me so my mother-in-law and father-in-law took Ashton on the trip.
Your tummy is okay?” Second day, he asked: “Mommy why so long you aren’t here yet?” I had to explain to him again that I told him I cannot go and he sounded disappointed.
We had a great time with the orphans and I am very glad that Amber Chia Academy and Pensonic supported this campaign.
He keeps asking me, “How many days are there to Christmas?” Christmas and his birthday are the 2 occasions that he looks forward to the most.
It is not entirely stroller friendly as there are a couple of bumpy rides but overall, a stroller comes in handy especially with younger toddlers.
Had we been at school, the most we could have taken off would be 2-3 weeks but since we weren’t at school, 5 weeks was our Haven. With all this time, the world was their oyster and they only needed to drown themselves in anything that they wished. Unfortunately for us, this was also a year that my Mother-in-Law passed away, my Mother passed away and the diagnosis of my heart disease happened, all within this last 2 months.
It is nourishment for their soul to find themselves and it is only when you know who you are that you can truly succeed in this amazing world. We had no internet connection and relied only on the hotels’ wifi (which we didn’t book any, except Reyjavik’s), a GPS and our travel book. We went to the district which is famous for the hidden valley of elves, fairies, and puffin! I think it is because of the different experiences they had while they were in Iceland - rivers, waterfalls, larva field, fjords, valleys, hills, glaciers, icebergs, beaches, lagoons, towns, villages, and many more.
We went back to Keflavik, had a little rest before catching our flight back to Kuala Lumpur via Amsterdam at 2.30 o’clock in the morning. What was most important thing was the kids: as long as they enjoyed themselves, the whole trip would be the best we ever had.
Ashton will be turning four soon, at the end of this month and it’s time for me to plan for baby number two. It is a different stage of motherhood, a different set of experience and I enjoy every moment of it. Recently, I asked him to try on a wig so that we can have an idea of how his sister will look like. I think it became a habit from the time he was little when I would ask him about his day without fail.
Sometimes when I ask him about a certain character, he will go to Youtube and tell me the history. The sibling controlled analyses included sibling pairs who were discordant for exposure to SSRIs or venlafaxine and birth defects.Main outcome measure Prevalence of birth defects, including subtypes of cardiac defects. It can be frustrating and disheartening to cope with constant impulsive behavior from your child, but there are ways to make life easier. The second is negatively reinforcing bad behavior by following it with appropriate consequences, leading to the extinguishing of bad behavior (negative reinforcement). If your child acts out in public, they should be immediately removed in a calm and decisive manner.
Simple daily tasks, such as having your child lay out his or her clothes for the next day, can provide essential structure. By decreasing time with electronics and increasing time doing engaging activities outside the home, your child will have an outlet for built-up energy. Just as your child will need to take breaks while studying, you’ll need your own breaks as well. Take time to breathe, relax, and collect your thoughts before attempting to pacify your child.
National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health (NIH) reports that “screen time” as a whole is the problem. And, when used properly, it can be a reliable source of information for kids who simply love to read or want to learn more about specific topics. If screen time seems to be a problem, spend more time talking to your kids to find out why. Those who develop a love of learning at an early age continue the process throughout their lives and are generally more successful, interesting, and happier than those who don’t. Sometimes, activities seem too difficult for your child only because you haven’t encouraged them to do it yet.
For good grades, don’t buy big, expensive things to celebrate (at least not all the time). Also, tighten all nuts, bolts, and screws every few months, and check the mattress support hangers and hooks regularly.
To get enough folic acid, women should take a daily multivitamin and eat fortified grains as part of a healthy, well-balanced diet.
These illnesses often lead to a slight rise in temperature by themselves but, in hot weather, this could lead to dehydration.
Even a very young child can indicate their likes and dislikes; allowing these to express themselves at appropriate occasions is important.
Taking time now and then to express your gratitude for your children will help you to respect them for the unique, individual beings they are, and helps them to see the importance of valuing others openly. While their attempts might sometimes cause you frustration and worry, it is important to allow children to show you their way of doing things. Trying to control children lacks respect for their own self and is a way of trying to insert your way of thinking and preferences onto them. No matter what the competitive approach insists upon, patience gives you a means for remaining calm within yourself, to give you the perspective to recognize the readiness of a child at their own developmental pace, independent of external standards. Whether we’re parenting, caring, teaching, working or volunteering with children, nobody is immune from impatience at times. Find amusing, fun, and happy things to entice the child out of their stubbornness and to becoming involved with whatever it is that you’re doing.
This kind of patience takes a special kind of reserve but it is absolutely vital if the child is to learn to trust again. Healthy baby teeth usually mean healthy adult teeth too, so it’s important that you look after your child’s first teeth. Use a small toothbrush with soft bristles and a smear of regular-strength fluoride toothpaste.
In order to get your child interested in reading, you should be reading to them on a regular basis. Keep books low to the ground and in typical play-areas so that your child begins to associate them with play activities. Spend a minimum of ten minutes a day reading when your child is around, so that they see you enjoying the activity on your own. Accompany this by pointing to words on the page to help them connect the lines on the page with the sounds that form words.
Having a variety of books on hand (especially with an older child) will add interest for reading, and help to incorporate more vocabulary into their knowledge base. However, these don’t teach reading skills, but rather teach the children to associate a particular line drawing (word) with a correlated image.
Although the alphabet song is the most classic means of teaching the alphabet, try getting creative. Read nursery rhymes to your child, and then eventually make lists of easy-to-read rhymes such as mop, top, flop, pop, and cop. This method of teaching is known as implicit phonics - working from the largest piece down. By age four, most English speaking children already have an excellent grasp of grammar and in due time, they will learn all the formal grammatical rules. Help them to read these whole stories by encouraging explicit phonics use, and recognizing vocabulary. At first it will be difficult for them to think critically about meanings of words and the buildup of character development and plot (or the semblance of those things in the most basic of stories), but over time they will develop the necessary skills to answer questions.
They’ll develop a stronger phonemic awareness when they can see words as you read them, rather than struggling to do both at the same time themselves.
Avoid stopping your child to correct them while reading though, as doing so can interrupt their train of thought and make comprehending what they’re reading more difficult. Include your kids in simple chores like walking the dog or washing the car or organize a family bike ride.
Try creating sandbags, water bags and flour bags, amongst other things, for your child to play with.
Parents racing around with their children in order to make and experiment with different sounds and music can be one of the most entertaining things to do.
It need not be a high maintenance pet; a small rabbit or hamster can help with the lesson too. So, we narrowed it down to Hong Kong (as they have Disneyland there), Japan (Disneyland too, but main language is in Japanese) and Australia (heard good reviews from people who travelled there with young children).
Generally, the people there are ever willing to give an extra hand and give way to people with strollers. We also managed to visit the SeaLife Aquarium, spent some time at the DFO South Wharf by Yarra River. We of course pray that it never happens, but is it not wise to just be prepared even if a little?
This is also something I have done before and is a good way to earn if you do not like moving about. Actually, I should start this business on what to recommend for Stay-At-Home-Moms to do to earn an income!
Instead of spending every waking moment in front of the TV, spend some time actually building something for yourself. If you consume it in very low quantities, you can probably get away with it, but if you are a regular consumer of processed food, at some point in your life or your child’s life, there are bound to be consequences. If you have poor circulation, certain parts of your body will start deteriorating and over time, disease sets in. However, if you can be diligent to juice several times daily in order to make up for the lack of nutrients that your body requires, then you could almost negate the supplements but honestly, how many of us have the time to juice 6-7 times a day on top of eating 3 meals that are filled with several dishes of fruit and vegetables? Sometimes, it is a struggle, “Mommy I don’t like Chinese!” I think he is picking up Mandarin well.
For the first few days, he kept asking and looking for the iPad & tab – pining like a lost lover! Nooh is now 3-years young, and every time we look at him, we know we’ll miss his baby face and cheekiness when he eventually goes off to college to pursue his studies. I have led a life of over indulgence eating lots of sugary desserts and chocolate, and I literally ate anything I wanted to as nobody slapped me into consciousness. I have much more energy as a busy Stay-At-Home-Mom now (previously I would collapse in exhaustion whenever my Oxygen levels were low and sleep during the day for up to 4 hours) and I haven’t had a bout of chest pain since.
By choice, we did not visit all the touristy sites in Europe because we decided from the start that this was a children’s trip to experience another continent, the weather, the food, the people, learn about currencies, and to observe most of all how people lived other than in our home country. We attended the Home schooling Sports Day which was completely different from a typical school’s sports day where the community just stuck together with support and trust with everyone seen helping one another and not being at competition with each other. When you truly know yourself, you get to dictate your own terms on how you will live your life and not have the urge to compare yourself and your life to anyone else like the majority of people do. This makes me realise that there is a reason for everything and had we not taken a gap year, the stress of these changes might have flung me towards a nervous breakdown.
We wanted to discover Iceland’s glory for ourselves and decided that the best way to explore the country was on a road trip.
During that flight, the man who sat next to me would not allow us to change seats with him despite my child crying in front of him.
It was 11 o’clock and supposedly near midnight in our country but thanks to the midnight sun, it was bright as day. I have been trying to conceive for a year and I thought a relaxing holiday may well do the trick.
The other day, he told me, “Mommy, it is okay to have a boy” because I am used to comforting him with, “Ashton, it is okay…” whenever he is not happy with something. By following these guidelines, you can limit destructive behavior and help your child overcome self-doubt. You teach your child to understand that actions have consequences by establishing rules and clear outcomes for following or disobeying these rules. For example, allow the child to accrue points for good behavior that can be redeemed for spending money, time in front of the TV, or a new video game. Odd behaviors that aren’t detrimental to your child or anyone else should be accepted as part of your child’s individual personality. Exercise also improves concentration, decreases depression and anxiety, and stimulates the brain. It’s important to understand your child’s thought process in order to help him or her curb impulsive behaviors. So, how much time is considered to be too much for kids to be on the Internet and in front of screens in general? Here are a few simple things you can do to engage your child: count the number of houses, black cars, bicycles, etc.
For example, things like peeling their own banana, picking out which shirt to wear, and feeding the family cat, are all things that a young toddler can do. Learning to let go despite the messes, frustration, and mistakes that will inevitably arise is a vital skill when caring for or being with children. It’s about respecting the wants and requests of the child within the appropriateness of the situation. Despite the worries of others, his mother took this in her stride, believing he’d speak more than enough when he was ready. Rushing can cause you to lose sight of your guiding role, and of the precious essence of the child. If you’re able, this should start when they are an infant and continue through their school years.
Even if you’re not an avid reader, find something to read - a magazine, the newspaper, or a cookbook all count. In general, flashcards are not the most useful or effective technique for teaching reading skills. Explain each of the letters with their name, but don’t worry about trying to incorporate the sounds the letters make yet. There are 44 speech sounds created by the 26 letters in our alphabet, and each sound must be taught paired with its letter(s) counterpart. Your child will begin to see the patterns of sounds that are made when certain letters are combined - in this case, the sound ‘o-p’ makes. However, studies have shown that readable vocabulary dramatically increases (from 900 words to 30,000 words by the third grade) when taught in the opposite fashion: breaking each word into the smallest parts, and building them up into a full word - explicit phonics.
Recognize that learning sounds is only an intermediate step to learning to read, it is not the goal.
At this point, you need to concentrate only on the mechanical skill of reading, that is learning to decode new words and incorporating them in memory to build fluency.
As their word recognition increases, they’ll be able to more fully understand story plots and meanings.
An easy and fun way to help encourage this is to use puppets who represent characters in the story, so your child can describe it to you through them. The motor memory of the letters, listening to their sounds and seeing them in writing will reinforce new learning.
Younger children can learn math skills and older ones will enjoy being able to choose and prepare foods they like. The best way to foster a child’s natural curiosity about the world around them is to bring an animal into the equation. It is similar to a science centre; older children would be able to relate more on the exhibits. We learnt how to take a train to Brighton Beach where the famous colourful bathing boxes are located (those boxes are basically storage space for surfers). One would go mental and seriously lose a lot of self-esteem plus not to mention that once the kids leave the nest, you’d be crippled.
I’m too lazy to bake these days so I’d most likely order from you instead if your cake tastes good. If you are interested, send me your CV and tell me what you like to do and I will find you a work from home job based on your interests, your time that you want to put in versus how much money you would like to make. Processed food contain food preservatives, additives, fillers, food conditioners and flavourings, or you would not be able to keep them in your pantry for more than a few days.
Because it not only feeds our already existing but dormant cancer cells within our body but overworks our pancreas and gallbladder into producing excessive insulin.
Exercise will also strengthen bones and build muscles, keep a healthy heart and give you overall great health. Of course there is a thing as too much water so the correct amount to drink per person is based on their weight in pounds (lbs) divided by 2 in ounces (oz).
Sleep is the time when our cells regenerate and heal, so if you sleep very little, there is very little opportunity for your cells to do a thorough and complete cell renewal process. And as much as I tried to diffuse situations, it was only me in the end that ended up getting burnt to charcoal. The lesson learnt is that if you have spent quality time with your loved ones continuously, the tragedy of loss will be much easier on the heart. I was an emotional eater too and that didn’t help so it was a very bad habit, this daily eating bad food habit. I am praying very hard that these supplements will heal my heart so well that I will not have to go for an open heart surgery as the Doctors have suggested.
Some just want their kids to get into the working world as fast as possible to either be ahead of their peers or to start earning as early as possible.
From the batch of my classmates and peers, I’d say less than 50% are performing what they graduated in.
It was an amazingly rich experience for us just spending the whole 35 days as a family unit moving from city to city, having to make decisions, compromise and spend quality time with host families in every country. The kids got to participate in story telling sessions, yoga classes, baking classes, started Capoeira classes, went ice-skating, made an array of new dishes in the kitchen, learnt how to prepare a full dinner without my intervention, visited Bank Negara, the National Musuem, etc and you know what?
Having this time out of school undeniably has given my girls a chance to get to know themselves better. I have to really study all the cartoon characters as Ashton is getting more knowledgeable about the cartoons than me. It’s ultimately harmful to discourage a child’s quirky behaviors just because you think they are unusual. Try to ignore mildly disruptive behaviors as a way for your child to release his or her pent up energy.
Letting your child do things like this makes them feel more in control of their world, which in turn inspires them toward bigger and better exploits. Giving too many rewards also encourages bad habits and manners, such as bragging, and can lead to complexes (such as fear of failure). Whether you’re raising children, or working or volunteering with them, a little patience goes a long way.
Patience also enables others to accept us into their lives through our faithful, continued presence and enduring respect for them. Help the child to learn the difference between making a request and making a demand and what the consequences are. Read books at levels that they would be able to read, should they know how; at a young age this may lead you to read 3-4 small books a day.
Soon they’ll become interested in reading on their own, simply as a result of seeing you doing it too. Try to avoid them, and substitute out flashcards for another study and skill-development techniques described.
This includes the long and short sound produced by each individual letter, as well as the specialized sounds some combined letters make (like ‘ch’ and ‘sh’). Help your child to begin reading by having them sound-out each individual letter without looking at the overall word first. It’s a great tool for many reasons but is reading and posting about what you ate yesterday going to change your life? They are stuck because they never had the forethought to keep something for themselves and when shits hit the fan, they are well and truly stuck with not enough options. Whenever we consume sugar, our body produces a spurt of insulin to balance out our body’s blood sugar level.
For example, take a heavy, large me who is 80kg which is 176lbs, divide that by 2 to make 88 ounces, which is the amount of water for my body to function optimally, which converted into litres is 2.64 litres. So when’re you can, do sleep and best by 11pm because that is the best time the body starts its healing work.
Where are you?” It can be frustrating at times when I am busy at events but I enjoy the sweet feeling that he misses me.
The ring is not my style but I love it and wear it because it was given to me by my beloved son. At that moment, I saw a different side of my son, the expressive side and the confident side.
I truly think now that if you want your kids to love school, to give them a year out and keep them at home but do NOTHING with them until they get so bored that they are begging to go back to school. I am thankful that we did just that and so although we are terribly saddened by their deaths, we are not crippled and celebrate their passing with continuing their legacies in our daily living. And suddenly last year, when I least expected it just before my Mother passed away, I had a bout of chest pain and was diagnosed with heart disease.
Another blessing is that I found a business that I could run from home and am exploring other business opportunities too!
I want him to know that there are children who are not as fortunate as him, children who do not have parents but are still able to stay positive. Some did a degree of their parent’s choice because they just couldn’t decide and didn’t know how to decide, some are just going with the flow and carrying on with the degrees they’d graduated with. It has given them a quiet confidence that no school could ever instil as it is a solo journey of self-discovery.
He can also explain somewhat the meaning of words – “Surprise is when you see something and you are happy” and “Disgusting is when the people are very ugly”.
When I asked him to tell me bed time stories instead, he insists that it is Mommy’s job to do that. Some behaviors should always be unacceptable, like physical outbursts, refusal to get up in the morning, or unwillingness to turn off the television when told to do so.
However, destructive, abusive, or intentionally disruptive behavior should always be punished. Experts believe that athletics can help a child with ADHD find a constructive way to focus their passion, attention, and energy.
When we accept the importance of patience in our lives, it becomes easier to be patient with others too.
It is also important to help them understand the importance of delayed gratification, teaching them that when you do say no, sometimes this is about waiting, rather than never having or doing what they’ve asked for. In watching and learning from your child or from other children, you will learn their character better, and see both their strengths and their weaknesses, giving you an opportunity to help them nurture the best talents and to learn to manage their weaknesses. It is a time during which you can learn a great deal about seeing the world through fresh eyes. You could have your own definition but better still if whatever you do actually contributed to the family income, wouldn’t that be fantastic? It takes many years of experience to know what works and what doesn’t and I have experimented with various blogs to learn all that. Over time, our body becomes insulin resistance and despite the pancreas producing more insulin, it no longer works to remove the sugar from our blood. However if you exercise or are active and sweat a lot, then there is no harm drinking a little more than your recommended water intake.
If you have work to do, wake early to do it even at 4am, but sleep early rather than sleep late. It is not that I have no confidence in him but he is such an active character, always bouncing about, moving and learning ever so quickly that I am amazed he could listen to the drama teacher’s instructions pretty well. Just be the politician and be nice to everyone even if you do not really agree with what others do. Some people are not so fortunate and feel a deep sense of regret, sometimes for the rest of their lives.
I hope he continues with this habit in future as I want to be able to give him proper advice when required. When I asked him about his China trip, he told me, “Boring, Mommy!” I am looking forward to our little family holiday trip. I am very grateful that my kids had this opportunity to give themselves the time and love for the things they are truly passionate about.
Through respecting the rhythm of ourselves and others, being patient presents an opportunity to give of ourselves rather than expecting others to conform to our wants. Helping them to understand this time perspective is far kinder than simply saying no and not explaining any further. It can also be a time when you realize that you can make a big difference in the life of a child by teaching or showing them something new, and by helping them to love and respect themselves all the more. We grabbed a couple of souvenirs at Paddy’s Market for decent prices and our kids were overjoyed with their new kangaroo and platypus soft toys.
I’m just saying out of the very little time that you already have, spend a portion of it doing something productive.
Like it or not, we will die without water and water contains good Hydrogen that will repair and cleanse out our defective cells known as free radicals from the body. I want to spend as much time as possible with him so I try to cut down on my trips and travel.
So listen up, if you have not been spending quality time with your loved ones, start now because they can go. Happy with sticking to our core degrees and spending the rest of our lives making a living out of it?
Free radicals are defective cells that get produced from bad food, stress, environmental pollutants, smells, creams, pollution, and the mere act of breathing because our body is like a car and cars produce fumes as a by product from burning fuel. If any of you are Stay-At-Home-Moms and want to have something for yourself apart from children and the household only, there are definitely options that you could explore. Time to come home.” I am touched that he misses me so much but sometimes I feel helpless, not being able to have him understand why I cannot be with him.
However, most people aren’t consuming sugar after a long workout and their livers are already full of glycogen. And I believe that even if you had the most forward thinking women in a group, this problem will still surface. It is a big problem because now, not only have we lost a source of big income, we have an extra expense – HOSPITAL BILLS!!!
So please, please, please, make a conscious decision on how you will be improving your lifestyle health-wise today. Increased risks of anal atresia,7 hypospadias,7 14 clubfoot,7 limb reduction defects,7 craniosynostosis,8 omphalocele,7 8 gastroschisis,8 and cystic kidneys17 have also been reported with use of SSRIs in early pregnancy, but less consistently. Some of this fat gets shipped out, but a part of it remains in the liver and builds up over time and you get Liver Disease. Eating sugar also increases bad cholesterol and triglycerides and can contribute to Leptin resistance which will then cause weight gain, cravings, sleep problems and such. Eating sugar will create an addictive sugar response in the brain plus it doesn’t fill you up and instead encourages you to eat more. From nationwide health registers in each Nordic country we obtained data on births, dispensed drugs, birth defects, and potential confounders. A civil personal registration number is assigned to each resident at birth or immigration, enabling data linkage between the registers. Reporting to the registers is mandatory and regulated by national laws.Each participating country contributed data for different periods corresponding to the availability of the prescription databases and other health registers. Accordingly we identified all live born singletons in Denmark 1997-2010, Finland 1996-2006, Iceland 2003-07, Norway 2005-10, and Sweden 2006-10. We considered infants to have been exposed in utero if they were born to women who filled a prescription for an SSRI from 30 days before the first day of the last menstrual period until the end of the first trimester (defined as 97 days after the last menstrual period).Major birth defectsFrom the medical birth, patient, and malformation registers we retrieved data on maternal characteristics, the pregnancy and delivery, and major birth defects diagnosed within 365 days after birth.
The presence of maternal diabetes was defined as dispensed antidiabetic drugs (ATC code: A10) from 90 days before the first day of the last menstrual period to 97 days after the last menstrual period. Owing to missing data on confounders, the number included in the adjusted analyses (n=2?145?050) was slightly lower than the number included in the crude analyses (n=2?303?647). In our primary analyses we assessed odds ratios for birth defects by exposure in early pregnancy to any SSRI and venlafaxine and to each specific SSRI or venlafaxine. In each instance the reference group comprised births of infants not exposed to any antidepressant (ATC code N06A) in utero. We present only the results from analyses with more than five births among exposed infants with the specific defect or defect group.To adjust further for potential confounding from family related factors, we conducted sibling controlled analyses by restricting the study population to women with at least two children in the dataset. Furthermore, we restricted the sibling analyses to families with siblings who were discordant for both exposure and outcome. Using conditional logistic regression we compared the prevalence of birth defects overall, any cardiac defects, and right ventricular outflow tract obstruction defects in infants exposed to any SSRI and venlafaxine with the prevalence in siblings not exposed to any antidepressants.Predefined sensitivity analyses were performed for a shorter and a longer period of exposure—that is, dispensed drugs from the first day of the last menstrual period until 97 days after the last menstrual period and from 90 days before the first day of the last menstrual period until 97 days after the last menstrual period, respectively. In addition we conducted secondary multivariable analyses stratified by use of anxiolytics and hypnotics.
In the full study cohort, 36?772 (1.6%) infants were exposed to a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) or venlafaxine during the first trimester in 1996-2010. Table 1? presents the characteristics of the full study cohort and the sibling cohort according to drug exposure status. Similarly, and except for escitalopram, atrial or ventricular septal defects were positively associated with maternal use of each specific SSRI and with venlafaxine (fig 2?).Fig 2 Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or venlafaxine in early pregnancy and risk of cardiac birth defects.
Exposure to citalopram and sertraline were both associated with an increased prevalence of clubfoot, and sertraline also with anal atresia.Fig 3 Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or venlafaxine in early pregnancy and risk of non-cardiac birth defects. The adjusted odds ratios in the sibling controlled analyses were attenuated compared with estimates from the covariable adjusted analyses in the full cohort.
The confidence intervals were also wider in the sibling controlled analyses.Table 3 ?Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or venlafaxine in early pregnancy and birth defects.
Stratification according to use of anxiolytics and hypnotics did not result in substantial variation of risk estimates between strata. However, we found no increased prevalence in the sibling controlled analyses, suggesting that the small observed increased risk when including mothers and their infants in the analyses could be explained by familial related factors or other lifestyle related factors not adjusted for. One study8 reported a fivefold increased prevalence of omphalocele associated with sertraline. We found a twofold increased prevalence of omphalocele in infants exposed to SSRIs, but this estimate was based on only 10 cases. None the less, non-adherence to the dispensed antidepressants may have yielded misclassification of exposure and thus biased the relative estimates towards the null. However, previous Nordic studies comparing data on use of SSRIs from prescription databases with self reported SSRI use in pregnant women indicate the prescription data to be quite accurate and reliable for regular use of drugs such as antidepressants.35 36 37Although we had data on several important confounders, including maternal age, diabetes, use of other potentially teratogenic drugs, and self reported smoking, residual confounding cannot be ruled out.
By using dispensed drugs as a proxy for diabetes we may have missed those women with untreated diabetes type 2. Still, we find it likely that our estimates would have been even closer to 1.0 if we had been able to better control for lifestyle factors. To use a sibling design when both exposure and outcome are rare, a large study population is required. Even though our study included 2.3 million births, the number in the sibling cohort was moderate. The sibling design has the advantage of controlling for familial factors that may be difficult to measure and control for in more conventional analyses. But sibling analyses reduce the size of the study population, since only sibling pairs discordant for both exposure and outcome are informative and contribute to the effect estimate. Moreover, the sibling analysis has lower statistical power than the conventional cohort study design. Yet the upper limits of the confidence intervals were similar in the sibling analyses and the covariate adjusted cohort analyses. A possible weakness of the sibling design could be that use of SSRIs in a later pregnancy is not independent of the outcome of a first exposed pregnancy. However, in this study the order of exposure and outcome between discordant siblings did not influence the level of the odds ratios, which would suggest no such bias.We tested several associations, but all the analyses were based on a priori stated hypotheses, which were built on previously published findings.
As the number of tests in a study increases, the probability that one of them will be falsely positive also increases.
We presumed, however, that women who had a previous hospital admission for a psychiatric disorder had more severe depression than women with no such admission. Restricting the analyses to women without previous hospital contacts for psychiatric disorders did not substantially change our relative estimates. Yet severity of the underlying illness may still vary substantially within this group of women.We used population based data on live births, but we lacked information about prenatal diagnosis resulting in termination of pregnancy, miscarriages, or stillbirths caused by birth defects. This may have led us to underestimate the association between use of SSRIs and birth defects. Such bias would particularly concern less serious cardiac defects, such as ventricular septal defects, which often remain undiagnosed in infancy.
We would, however, expect such differential misclassification to be of similar magnitude between the different types of SSRIs.
Furthermore, the fact that we found no increased risk of cardiac defects in infants exposed to escitalopram argues against substantial surveillance bias.
The risks of channeling bias are probably small considering similar pregnant populations and that prescription patterns of SSRIs to pregnant women differ somewhat between the Nordic countries—for example, citalopram and fluoxetine are the most prescribed SSRIs in Denmark, whereas citalopram and escitalopram are most prescribed in Norway.12 43 We also have to consider that women who continue to use antidepressants in pregnancy may differ from those who were never prescribed antidepressants and those who stopped using antidepressants in pregnancy. Pregnancy is a major determinant of cessation of antidepressant treatment, which may be explained by concerns about potential adverse effects of the drugs.44ConclusionsTaken together, the results from our covariate adjusted analyses and the sibling controlled analyses point against a substantial teratogenic effect of SSRIs.
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