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The Greek peninsula was originally settled by the Minoan people who originated in Egypt and came to the mainland via the island of Crete on the south, by the Achaeans who settled in the Peloponnese, and by the Dorians, Ionians, and Aeolians who entered over the mountains from Europe in the north.
The name comes from the ruins at Mycenae where a large palace and many graves were discovered. The values that emerged from Homera€™s epic tales became the basic values of Greek culture and formed the basis for Greek education.
Excellence (arete) -- doing the best you can, setting high levels of achievement, being the best at what you do, being superior in achievement to that of others. Honor -- being a person of virtue, one who lends to neighbors without expecting repayment, and one who keeps promises and commitments. Bravery -- for the Greek man bravery during war and athletic prowess in peacetime were the goals.
Sacrifice -- being willing to give up self-comfort for the sake of the polis, choosing to defend the polis over family life. Glory (kleos) -- glory one achieves for parents, family, and polis through great deeds of excellence, honor, bravery.
Impermanence of human life -- everything in life is impermanent, but glory (kleos) never fades.
After the Trojan Wars, the Mycenaeans went through a period of civil wars and their defenses became weakened.
This period extended from the beginning of the wars with Persia up to the death of Alexander the Great in 336 B.C. The ideal Greek man was considered to be a brave warrior during war time and an excellent athlete in peace time. The olympic site at Olympia still contains the actual fields, large dirt berms where spectators sat, the tunnel through which the contestants ran onto the fields, and remnants of many statues to the gods.
Persia, a major power that developed to the northeast of the Fertile Crescent, expanded through military power into present-day Turkey (Anatolia) and into the western areas of the Black Sea, just to the north of Greece.
The Greeks had established colonies in Troy, Ephesus, and other locations along the eastern edge of the Aegean in present day Turkey.
Every modern marathon is exactly the same distance, whether it is run in London, Tokyo, or Boston. Xerxes is also well known to Christians and Jews because he was the husband of Queen Esther, a Jewish young woman who lived during the Babylonian Captivity of Judah. Xerxes took his time -- four years -- to assemble a huge army of 2 million men and 1200 ships to attack Greece. The Persians marched to a point to the north of Athens, burning and pillaging Greek villages along their path.The goal was to conquer Athens and burn it to the ground in retaliation for Dariusa€™ previous defeat at Marathon. The Persians were like a herd of elephants attempting to crawl inside the neck of a Coke bottle. The Athenians meanwhile began evacuating all the citizens of Athens to Salamis, an island south of Athens, which was separated from the mainland by the Bay of Salamis.
Why was the Athenian army not present at Thermopylae if the goal of Xerxes was to destroy Athens?
Why did Leonidas not dismiss the Thespians from the battle, as he did the other Greek troops?
What can be learned from the example of how Leonidas chose Thermopylae to fight the superior forces of the Persians? By the time the Persians entered Athens, the entire city had been evacuated except for some priests and priestesses who were supposedly given the job of defending the sacred temples on the Acropolis. Why did Xerxes not head immediately into the Peloponnese to deal with Sparta, the hometown of Leonidas, who had angered him at Thermopylae? When the Persian ships entered the Bay of Salamis they were quickly surrounded by the more maneuverable Greek ships. The Athenians went on to build the worlda€™s largest navy and a merchant fleet that trading throughout the Mediterranean, while the Spartans developed the worlda€™s most powerful army. After the Persian wars Athens and Sparta continued to develop two radically different cultures.
The Peloponnesian League attacked Athens, but the outmanned Athenians under Pericles gained allies in the Peloponnese, thus damaging Spartaa€™s supply lines, and encouraged the Spartan helots (slaves) to flee to the Athenian allied city-states for safety and freedom. Athens had built large stone walls from the city down the rocky slopes about 8 miles to Piraeus, its port on the Aegean. Eventually in following years Athens proved to be the city with the most resiliency, vitality, and potential. What two confederations were set up in Greece in view of disputes and bad attitudes between the various city-states?
Pericles was the leader of Athens following the Persian Wars and led Athens in its war against Sparta.
Socrates lived during the Peloponnesian Wars that racked Greece and brought Athens and Sparta to exhaustion.
Socrates sought through his philosophy to teach a better way, and to do so through the education of the youth of Athens. Socrates was upset by an earlier group of Athenian thinkers, the Sophists, who maintained that there were no universals or absolutes in life.
The elders of Athens were very disturbed by Socrates questioning tradition and teaching his students to do the same. Socrates was held in deep respect by his students, but resented by the leaders of the polis.
In the Apology of Plato (Dialogues 32, 41) when asked how he felt about his soon death, Socrates is reported by Plato to have replied that he had no feelings or emotions about death. What does Socrates believe about the soul that leads him to conclude that everything a person needs to know already exists in his mind, and merely needs to be allowed to come out? Since Socrates never wrote any of his teachings down, what is one source of his teachings that we can consult to discover what Socrates believed and taught?
Early in life Plato wandered around the Mediterranean and was at one point captured by pirates.
In The Cave, Plato describes several people chained inside a cave who have never viewed what lies on the outside of the cave.
But if there are real Forms of chairs and trees and red apples, then there are real Forms of humans, also. It was Platoa€™s emphasis on the upper story that appealed to people in Northern Europe during the Renaissance and during the Protestant Reformation, as opposed to the man-centered humanism of Aristotle which was favored in the Italian Renaissance.
How is this expressed in the statement by Plato to his teacher: a€?a€?And what, Socrates, is the food of the soul? Aristotle was the son of a physician who had served the grandfather of Alexander the Great. An educated mind is able to listen to and entertain a thought without blindly accepting it.
Aristotle departed from his teacher, Plato, by maintaining, as did Confucius and Buddha, that there is not enough time in this life to worry about a life to come. Aristotle was a pioneer biologist in observing and classifying the plants, trees, and animals of Greece.
Aristotle, in similar fashion to Plato his teacher, saw two energies or components of the soul -- desire and reason.
At the close of the middle ages, many Italians began to discard the traditions of the Roman Church.
All three of these philosophers, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, emphasized human reason as the major force of life. In Christianity there is the important matter of the necessity of being born again, having our minds made new, of submitting our minds and wills to God, in trusting Him for wisdom and understanding.
Some speculate that the gods and goddesses in Greek mythology were heroes from the earliest Mycenaean periods of Greeks history, preceding even Troy and Homer. This speculation comes from a careful study of Greek pottery, art, and sculpture, which gives, in the opinion of some historians, evidence that the gods and goddesses may have been the glorification by the early Greeks of major characters from the line of Cain who lived prior to the flood. For instance, Zeus could possibly be Nimrod, the first of the great warriors and the founder of the first city according to Genesis.
Thus Greek mythology, maintains Johnson, is a corrupted version of biblical history, a twisted memory. To understand the whole story that underlies the stories contained in Greek mythology, one must be aware of the clash between the older Titans and the younger Olympians. In other pieces of Greek art there is a continuous emphasis on capturing and grasping the tree that contains the fruit of knowledge and mysteries. If Johnson is correct in his interpretations of the many scenes depicted in Greek pottery, Greek mythology deifies the pre-flood line of Cain and depicts Zeus as triumphant over Noah and his God for rule on the earth. Athena is consistently represented in Greek art as not only the patron of Athens but the goddess who possesses knowledge, wisdom, and access to the mysteries. At the wedding feast celebrating Philipa€™s marriage to Cleopatra, her father made a toast, asking the gods for the birth of a son to become heir to the throne, obviously discounting Alexandera€™s legitimacy.
In the melee that followed, one of his bodyguards, a friend of Alexander, stabbed Philip to death. It is interesting to note that about 700 years later when a Roman general demanded that all of his troops sacrifice to the Emperor to confirm their loyalty, the same Thebian elite unit, now comprising a legion of 6,000 men, refused to sacrifice and the entire legion was put to death. Alexander invaded Anatolia, conquered Syria and Palestine, became the only one in the history of Afghanistan to conquer it, and conquered mighty Egypt. His goal was to unite the entire known world under one leader, speaking one language, and possessing one culture. Before you read the following account, please read the story of Paula€™s visit to Athens as described by Luke, Paula€™s companion, in Acts 17:16-34. The Athenians developed a complex mythology in an attempt to make sense out of human existence. By the time of Christ there were literally several thousand gods and goddesses in the religious system of Athens. Monuments and altars to the many gods and goddesses lined the highway from Piraeus, the port, to the center of the city of Athens. Paul stopped in Athens on his way to Corinth, waiting for companions to arrive from Thessaloniki.
In describing Paula€™s reaction to the Athenian idolatry, Luke, the companion of Paul, uses the Greek word paroxysm from which we get paroxsymal.
Epicureans taught that the basis of human life was to a€?eat, drink, and have a good time, because tomorrow we will die.a€? There are no moral absolutes.
Sophists were an itinerant group of philosophers who emphasized the intellect as the basis of human success.
Paul was invited to climb up to Mars Hill, a large hill inside Athens about 300 yards from the Acropolis.
Some have suggested that Paul made a mistake by resorting to philosophy and logic in an attempt to be accepted by the Areopagus. They asked the oracle at Delphi, what had they done to cause this plague, and most importantly, what could they do to end it?
Further, the Oracle said, the Athenians must travel to the Island of Crete, to Knossos, a traditional enemy of Athens, to seek out the legendary prophet, Epimenides.
Upon arriving at Athens, Epimenides noticed the hundreds of altars and monuments dedicated to the scores of Athenian deities.
According to Plato, he states in his Laws, since the deity sacrificed to was unknown to the Athenians and unknown to Epimenides, the sites were named in honor of Agnosto Theo, the unknown god who had been appeased and who had lifted the plague. Plato further noted that Epimenides prophesied that in ten years Persia would again attempt to invade Athens but would be frustrated and turned back.
Within ten years, Persia, under Darius, attempted to invade Athens, just as Epimenides predicted, but was defeated at the famous Battle of Marathon.
Lest we become too enamored by Epimenides, however, he also claimed that Zeus was immortal. The refusal of the people of Crete to adore Zeus as the Immortal One caused Epimenides to make that classic statement, a€?All Cretans, liars!a€? This quote is cited by Paul in Titus 1:12.
In the book, Peace Child, Don Richardson describes how the Gospel seemed to be a concept beyond the ability of the Asmat tribe in New Guinea to understand. Likewise, in the Ekari tribe of New Guinea the loss was lamented of the knowledge of Ajii, a place where the dead could go after death, where there was the absence of war, illness, sadness. In this same way, Paul used the bridge of the agnosto theo to enable the Athenians to understand the Gospel. Although Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were later revered by the rest of the world, they were not well received during their lifetimes in Athens. What truths did Epimenides declare about the true God when he made his four suggestions about the agnosto theo? What can we learn from this story to help us in talking with other people about the Good News of Jesus? Although Rome conquered Greece, Greece in its religion, philosophy, and language conquered Rome. The Christian faith grew rapidly in Greece, including such famous Christian communities as those in Corinth, Athens, Philippi, and Thessaloniki.
After the fall of Constantinople to the Islamic Ottoman Turks in 1453, most of Greece in 1460 fell to the Ottomans.The Ottoman Turks were mountain people from the north of Persia who invaded and conquered present-day Turkey by the 12th century.
Facing Russian troops sent by the Christian tsar of Russia at the walls of Constantinople in 1829, the Sultan of the Ottomans finally recognized Greek independence. In the 20th Century Greece was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II, and a communist government was elected shortly after the war.
Greece is important and of interest to Western Christians because it was the birthplace of the Christian Church in Europe.
Greece is also the civilization that served as a bottleneck, preventing the domination of Islam in Europe. What is not laudable, is the religious darkness that existed in Greece prior to the arrival of the Gospel.
What are the differences between the limited democracy of Athens and democracy as practiced in the United States? What evidences are there for humane treatment of girls and women in the ancient Greek civilization? It is said that the Romans capture the Greeks, but in reality the Greeks captured the Romans.
The classical civilizations of Greece established institutions and defined values and styles that endured for many centuries and that continue to influence our lives today. Alongside of these religions developed two divinely revealed religions: Judaism and Christianity. The first Greek civilization was the Minoan civilization, located on the island of Crete, with Knossos as its main community. The migration into the Greek mainland from the north by the Mycenaean people, and their subsequent invasion of Crete, resulted in a common language. Troy was a city-state strategically located at the Hellespont, where it controlled traffic to and from Europe and Asia Minor. Athens served as one of the models for the Founding Fathers of the United States of America, but as a direct democracy functioned very differently than the representative democracy established in the United States.
While Athens was experimenting with a direct democracy, Israel had received from Jehovah through Moses a form of democratic, representative government.
Israel, even though embracing a limited monarchy, considered itself a theocracy, with Jehovah at its center and the temple and sacrificial system centered in Jerusalem.
The story of the plague at Athens and the wisdom of Epimenides led to the worship of the a€?Unknown Goda€? and to the eventual entrance of the Gospel to Athens and Greece.
Persia became the feared enemy of the Greek city-states, resulting in three major battles at Marathon, Thermopylae, and Salamis. Ironically, the wife of Xerxes, king of Persia, was Esther, a Jewish woman whose family had been takenA to Babylon in the Babylonian Captivity of 566 BC. The refusal of Athens to share its democratic dream with the other city-states, as well as jealousy and rebellion on the part of the other city-states, resulted in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC). Macedonia under Philip the Great conquered all of Greece and established the Macedonian empire. The values contained in The Iliad and The Odyssey that permeated Greek culture and Western Civilization. The difference between a direct democracy, like that of Athens, and a representative republic, like that of the United States of America.
The battles in the Persian-Greek wars at Thermopylae, Marathon, and Salamis, included the reasons why the numerically smaller Greek forces were able to ultimately defeat the vast forces of Persia.
1.Excellence (arete) --A doing the best you can, setting high levels of achievement, being the best at what you do, being superior in achievement to that of others. 2.Honor -- being a person of virtue, one who lends to neighbors without expecting repayment, and one who keeps promises and commitments. 3.Bravery -- for the Greek man bravery during war and athletic prowess in peacetime were the goals.
4.Sacrifice -- being willing to give up self-comfort for the sake of the polis, choosing to defend the polis over family life. The show, divided into two phases, displayed 283 classical Chinese paintings and calligraphy pieces once cataloged in the Precious Collection of the Stone Moat, an inventory of the royal collection of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Most visitors had to wait for long hours to get a glimpse of the Qingming Shanghe Tu, one of the best-known pieces on display, which is a scroll that shows scenes along the river during the Qingming Festival. However, because of the huge crowds, each visitor got only a few minutes to have a look at the painting whose colors have faded. The exhibition is believed to have reignited people's interest in classical Chinese painting and calligraphy. Over the years, there has been a growing interest in the Precious Collection of the Stone Moat among collectors of Chinese antiques. Many items cataloged in the inventory were taken out of the Forbidden City (Palace Museum), and some even transported abroad, following the decline of the Qing Dynasty, social chaos, wars and other reasons. Paintings and calligraphy scrolls listed in the catalog's three volumes are still sought after by potential buyers since the mainland art market started to boom in the 1990s. In auction catalogs, a note saying "formally cataloged in the Precious Collection of the Stone Moat" is a strong indication of the work's authenticity and significance. Another bible for collectors is the Catalog of Classical Chinese Paintings and Calligraphy compiled by a team of prominent connoisseurs, such as Xie Zhiliu, Qi Gong and Xu Bangda, in the early 1980s. They examined hundreds of collections in both private hands and public institutions, and the catalog records their judgments, including their different opinions on the genuineness of particular works. These catalogs are typically used when collectors need to identify a featured artist's other works. The Precious Collection of the Stone Moat exhibition at the Palace Museum last year helps improve knowledge of classical Chinese painting and Emperor Qianlong's collecting philosophy. On May 15, the Grand View night sale of Chinese paintings and calligraphy, staged twice a year by Beijing-based China Guardian Auctions, saw a packed salesroom.
The second section, comprising classical works, typically referring to pieces produced during and before the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), generated three big transactions that night.
In the classical art section - where 15 of the total of 45 pieces remained unsold - the total takings were 667 million yuan, exceeding the modern art takings for the first time since the Grand View sale was launched in 2011.
The results of the Grand View sale reinforce the impression that the market for classical Chinese art, which has been stable over the past decade, is growing. The classical Chinese art market is becoming bigger slowly even as other categories, including contemporary art and modern Chinese paintings and ceramics that used to produce record prices in the boom years around 2008, have continued to slide. This is because of sluggishness in the Chinese art market since 2014 as the country's economy cools, driving away buyers looking for quick profits.
Jushi Tie was sold to Chinese media mogul Wang Zhongjun and the buyer of Song Ke's album is Zhang Xiaojun from Shanxi province.
But Beijing-based art market expert Ji Tao said in a recent blog that collectors are diversifying their purchases, and the successful bids by Wang and Zhang indicate that due to a shortage of quality contemporary works, they are now looking at other genres such as classical pieces that are rarely seen on the market yet boast a sound provenance and are cataloged in important inventories compiled by academic authorities.
The sale also showed a steady market for Chinese calligraphy works, especially those from the Tang, Song and Yuan (1271-1368) dynasties.
Ren Wen from the Beijing-based Art Market Monitor of Artron says few works of these three periods exist and even fewer come on sale as most of them are in either public museums or the hands of top private collectors who are not very likely to sell. So, when a piece like this appears in sales rooms, it inevitably sparks a bidding war, pushing up the price. Market watchers also say that the sale of Jushi Tie could be considered a one-off and one should not expect the classical Chinese art market to erupt based on this one transaction. They also need to invest a lot of time researching the subject so that they are less likely to be cheated. Zhu Shaoliang, a collector of Chinese paintings, says that the classical artwork market is meant to be a niche one. He also says modern ink art attracts a bigger group of potential buyers because it deals with more everyday subjects and is thus easier for people to appreciate. Typically, a robust art market also relies on potential buyers being educated about the subject to better recognize the value of China's artistic legacy, and not be focused on just one or two iconic works. A good example of the obsession with iconic pieces was seen when the Palace Museum held the Precious Collection of the Stone Moat exhibition last year.
At that time, visitors endured hours of waiting just to see the Qingming Shanghe Tu, a 12th-century painting known as one of the top treasures collected by the museum.
But after the work was replaced with other equally important but lesser-known works at the exhibition, the number of visitors to the exhibition dropped noticeably. Explaining the decline in the visitor numbers, Yu Hui, a researcher with the Palace Museum, says the Qingming Shanghe Tu attracts a lot of viewers because it is an iconic work, but the other works, largely literati paintings, require an understanding of Chinese art history. To counter this phenomenon, he suggests that more study material on classical Chinese paintings and calligraphy be included in school texts so that the younger generation get a complete picture of how Chinese ink art has evolved.
Above left: Essays on Baita Mountain, written by Qing Dynasty (16441911)emperor Qianlong, sold for 116 million yuan ($19 million) in 2014. Almost 80 years ago, Chinese writer Lin Yutang wrote in his book The Importance of Living, that: "The wisdom of life consists in the elimination of non-essentials," a line which resonates with British writer Greg McKeown, as both of them advocate a life of focus. McKeown is a Young Global Leader of the World Economic Forum, a columnist for Harvard Business Review, a public speaker and the CEO of his company, which provides leadership training for companies such as Apple, Google and Facebook. Asked to describe himself in one word, McKeown says he's an "essentialist", and all that he does is to share "essentialism", a term he coined, which he says refers to a systematic discipline for discerning what is essential in people's work and lives, and then eliminating everything that is not, so that people can focus on things that really matter. In late May, McKeown was in Beijing to promote his book Essentialism: The Disciplined Pursuit of Less, which was published in 2014 in the United States, and then translated and published in China in April.
The book was the result of a question - "Why is it that otherwise successful people and companies don't break through to the next level?" McKeown tells China Daily. McKeown says the question was on his mind since he left England to study communications in the US, and also as he co-authored an earlier book Multiplier, in which he analyzed more than 150 leaders to find out how the best leaders make everyone around them smarter.
Instead of the commonly accepted wisdom that if one works hard enough, you can have it all, his philosophy of essentialism proposes that the pursuit of "less but better".
Using examples of successful companies and personal anecdotes, the book shows three stages - explore, eliminate and execute - to live out the essentialist way of life. McKeown says he can't forget how seven years ago when his daughter was about to be born, he was asked to attend a meeting with a client.
However, simply being at the meeting in an anxious mood didn't help, and although his colleague said that the clients would respect him for being there, McKeown said the looks on the clients' faces didn't portray respect. He says: "In the same way that our closets get cluttered with clothes we never wear, but accumulate, so do our lives get cluttered as well-intentioned commitments and activities we've said yes to pile up. McKeown suggests that one should ask oneself the question and, "If the answer isn't a clear yes, then it's a clear no". McKeown, who has visited China twice before, says that the country, on the development fast-track for the past two decades, is seeing a lot of opportunities but also a lot of restlessness in society. And although he didn't understand what they were saying, there was something in that moment that he recognized that comes out of non-essentialists. Lu Wei, 35, a Guangzhou-based interior designer with a leading property developer for the past 13 years, who has developed more than 2,000 home layouts, and worked on more than 15,000 apartments, says: "One of the biggest issues is where to store things, which is understandable as most Chinese have been exposed to residential buildings for not more than 20 years.
Lu believes the key to living elegantly and smartly is not using a designer, but focusing on "living quotient" (LQ) - a term she coined based on IQ and EQ in her new book A Growing Space from Small Houses, which has been published by China Citic Press.
Together with illustrations, Lu has for the past year been posting her ideas on the social media platform to help people improve their LQ.
Last week, as her fully illustrated book was launched in Beijing, there were fans at the event hoping to meet her and get an opinion on their draft layouts. Lu, who has wanted to become a cartoonist or manga creator since the age of 9, found her calling drawing blueprints for home design. She says that while she has over the years seen many trends and developments in the home design and storage market in the country, it is only recently that Chinese tastes and their LQ are improving.
The Japanese storage master's books, which have been translated into Chinese, are very popular with Chinese readers. But Lu has used Kondo's wisdom and developed more localized options for Chinese households. Meanwhile, Wang Shi, the chairman of Vanke, a leading Chinese real estate company, says Lu understands the origin of the problem and understands the kinds of solutions the Chinese need to resolve their living space issues.
She also says that skill is the least important when it comes to home decoration and storage. Summertime paints much the Inner Mongolia autonomous region its true hue - green - in its greatest array of shades. But there's more to the palette that colors the region during the season, such as blanched deserts and cerulean lakes. That's not to mention human elements that tint its cultural tapestry, such as archery, horse racing and wrestling. Hulun Buir's grassland is among the country's best preserved and is best to visit between June and September. Tourism authorities are working to let people know that, while the region has become synonymous with grasslands, it offers much more. A road-trip itinerary that traces the region's north from Hulun Buir to Alxa connects Inner Mongolia's main attractions.
It covers Xanadu, the fabled summer palace of Genghis Khan's grandson and the Yuan Dynasty's (1271-1368) founder, Kublai Khan. An eco tour across Hulun Buir, Manzhouli and Arxan Mountain offers grasslands, wetlands, water and Russian culture. Visitors can engage Mongolian tribes, explore the Argun River and experience Russian influences at Shiwei town, Inner Mongolia's northernmost point. A Xilingol and Chifeng tour features Mongolian tribes and historical sites - plus grasslands. Another tour across Erdos, Bayannur, Wuhai and Alxa features prairies plus the Yellow River, red-sandstone formations and deserts.
Cities will also stage Nadam activities, including the autonomous region's capital, Hohhot, which will also host an art festival dedicated to Mongolian attire. Family tours offer chances for parents and children to bond while milking cows and shaping sand sculptures. Routes for the elderly offer blood-glucose and fat monitoring while visiting Yulong Sand Lake and practicing tai chi. Ma enjoyed the cooler weather while exploring Gonger's grassland and Chifeng city's Yulong Sand Lake, set in tremendous terrains studded with yurts and livestock. These are the charms Sichuan province's Hailuogou hopes will coax college students to visit. The scenic spot's administration signed a memorandum with Beijing International Studies University on the exhibition's opening day. It will arrange for students to engage in service learning at the site and will set up a fund for students majoring in ethnic tourism.
Geothermal springs steam in places hidden in ancient forests in the shadows of snowy mounts and glaciers.
Officials expect over 1 million arrivals by the end of 2017, when the expressway connecting Ya'an to Kangding is completed. Tibetan women dance on an outdoor stage in front of the snow mountains in the Hailuogou scenic area.
The premiere for the film, also known as Warcraft: The Beginning, is around two weeks later than in some European countries and two days ahead of the United States. But apparently pleasing diehard fans isn't the only ambition of the film's British director, Duncan Jones, who is also a big gaming fan. Jones replaced American director Sam Raimito to helm the film for Legendary Pictures in 2013.
He changed the script to pitch the storyline on conflicts between humans and orcs - or "the first invasion", as he defined it. Blizzard developed the game into a decadeslong franchise, including five core games and dozens of novels.
If the film was made complex by too many characters, it would have to spend a lot of time explaining things to audiences, he says. Facing colonization from the orcs fleeing their degenerating land, humans on Azeroth stand up to fight for their home. Jones says he has immersed his personal emotions and life into the characters and storyline. And more than relating to emotions, fans of the game will also likely be impressed by the film's vivid sets and stunning battle scenes.
About 2,000 scenes were made with special effects by Industrial Light and Magic, the well-known studio founded by George Lucas in 1975.
Chinese moviegoers had lined up in 2009 in large numbers to watch James Cameron's Avatar and its 1,600 special-effects scenes.
And Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings trilogy has drawn multitudes for all three installments of the series since 2010.
Game fans will also be delighted to find that the language spoken by the orcs has a complete grammar system. An American linguist, who creates languages for fantasy films and such TV series as Game of Thrones, was recruited to work on Warcraft. Wu, a heartthrob of many Chinese women, hid his good looks behind an ugly, slouching appearance - the villain Gul'dan. He has never acted like that before - wearing tights and clothes attached to motion-capture chips. The presale box office has raked in up to 100 million yuan ($15.15 million), almost double that of Fast and Furious 7, Hollywood's highest-grossing film in China of all time. Despite poor reviews on foreign websites, most Chinese fans say they'll go to the cinemas to watch Warcraft. Warcraft will be screened in China on June 8, which the director says will draw both gamers and moviegoers. The orchestra was playing at the Hong Kong Cultural Center, where it started its China tour of the year. Vulgamore joined the orchestra in Shanghai for two concerts and then another two in Beijing, finally wrapping up the residency program with two more in Macao on May 29.
It is the last year of a five-year residency program that the orchestra signed with the NCPA.
What's more, she has returned with a new deal signed with the NCPA, prolonging the residency for the next five years in Beijing.
The residency is also special to Ryan Fleur, executive vice-president for orchestra advancement, since he joined the Philadelphia Orchestra in 2012, when it started the China program. The orchestra also performed in Changsha, Hunan province, and Hangzhou, Zhejiang province - Chinese cities they hadn't visited before. He says that the residency provided an annual reunion for the orchestra's old musicians who performed in the historic 1973 tour of China. In September that year, the Philadelphia Orchestra toured the country as the first US orchestra to perform here after the founding of New China in 1949. A year before the concert, then US President Richard Nixon had visited Beijing, signaling the resumption of relations between China and the United States. In addition to their four concerts in Beijing, the orchestra watched a rehearsal of the National Symphony Orchestra, which was then called the Central Philharmonic Society, with Philadelphia Orchestra's music director Eugene Ormandy conducting the Chinese orchestra to play the second movement of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony. The musicians from both countries exchanged gifts, and it was the start of a long-lasting friendship.
In 2012, Nicholas Platt from the US liaison office in Beijing that helped to realize the orchestra's 1973 trip asked Vulgamore to launch a long-term program in China. Platt is still a consultant for the orchestra and accompanies members in China on their tours.
The NCPA orchestra made a successful US debut in 2014, with help from Philadelphia Orchestra, he says.
Musicians with the Philadelphia Orchestra take part in a master class in Beijing during their recent China tour. Taiwan's cellist-actress Ouyang Nana, 16, will start her first tour on the Chinese mainland this month.
Finnish singer-songwriter Tarja Turunen, who's best-known as the former lead vocalist of the Finnish symphonic metal band Nightwish, will perform in Beijing. Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels will be staged as a children's play by the French company Skappa & Associes. French accordion virtuoso Richard Galliano will give a concert with Geneva Camerata, an innovative chamber ensemble consisting of young soloists. Artist Xu Bing's multi-media installation of a utopian world - inspired by an ancient Chinese fable - is on display for the first time in China. The circular installation, which was earlier exhibited in London's Victoria and Albert Museum and in Chatsworth House in England, comprises nine landscapes made up of stones, plants and ceramics. For instance, black stones and red plum flowers represent the northern part of China, while white stones, bamboo and pavilions represent South China's landscapes.
The stones are from five provinces and the ceramics are from Jiangxi province's Jingdezhen, which is nicknamed China's "capital of ceramics".
The installation is inspired by the Chinese fable, Peach Blossom Spring, written by poet Tao Yuanming (AD 365-427), who depicts an ideal world where man and nature live in harmony. Xu Bing, 61, who acknowledges that the name of the work, The Dream of Traveling to The Wonderland Must Be Realized, is contradictory, justifies the title, saying: "The tension between nature and man is increasing.
In the fable, the fisherman who finds the wonderland by accident, can't go back to it again after he returns to his village.
Expanding on his work, Xu says: "Men seem to be on an endless pursuit of such a wonderland in their minds. The installation, which was created for the Victoria and Albert Museum's large-scale Chinese painting exhibition in 2013, gave Xu the chance to bring Chinese landscape paintings to life using stones and ceramics. In 2014, the installation moved to Chatsworth Garden, a house built in the 15th century in Derbyshire in England. Xu says he loves the contrast between his work and the environment where it was displayed in Britain.
In the V&A Museum, while his wonderland was displayed inside, outside was the city of London.
In Beijing, the pond in the circular installation is replaced with fields of vegetables, rice and corn.
Explaining the modification of his installation, Xu says he did this "because for thousands of years, China was an agrarian society. Commenting on the work, Dong Yi, president of the Beautiful Asset Company, the organizer of the show, says: "That's my wonderland, a Chinese-style wonderland. Dong says she is a fan of Xu, whom she calls a master with a good understanding of the East and West, who knows how to express this through contemporary art. Xu, who was born in Chongqing, moved to New York in 1990, but has been in Beijing since 2007. The artist, who gained fame in the global in the 1990s art world with his printmaking and large installations of hand-carved characters, has had his works displayed at museums across the world, including MoMA, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the British Museum and the National Gallery of Canada. Artist Xu Bing displays in Beijing his multimedia installation featuring a utopian world inspired by the Chinese fable, Peach Blossom Spring. Through his pictures, in which reality and dreamlike scenes mingle, Xu persuades people to always seek the warmth of life even when going through bad times. He stresses this in one of his recent poems, Warm Sun, in which he writes: "Doubts and anxieties of the past no longer exist. The poem is an introduction to Xu's ongoing Inner World exhibition in Beijing's Songzhuang art district.
On show are dozens of landscapes and paintings from his three series: Forbidden City, Countryside and Sketch Classes.
In his works, he captures "inconspicuous corners that people simply overlook" or just have a quick look at for photos - red walls, yellow tiled roofs and corner towers.
Through the paintings, he gives a sense of serenity to the Forbidden City, which is typically filled with the noise of tourists. Further, he connects the grand architecture of the Forbidden City with China's modern history. Xu's early exposure to painting came from his father, Xu Yong, a retired professor of Chinese painting at the Luxun Academy of Fine Arts in Shenyang.
During his childhood, he often traveled with his father who did a lot of sketching across the country. Xu was impressed by the intricately painted frescoes at the Yongle Temple in Shanxi province. He moved to the United States in 1996 where he was nurtured by Western art over a period of six years. Xu returned to Shenyang in 2002, believing that its "familiar soil" would let him devote himself to painting. In the series Countryside and Sketch Classes, he demonstrates what it means to be restless and hopeful at the same time.
Commenting on his work, Zhang Hui, a professor of the Luxun Academy of Fine Arts, says: "Xu's works show his power of observation when it comes to changing surroundings and people's struggles.
He has written around 300 poems since 2006, when he produced his first work aboard a plane. A painting of the Forbidden City by Xu Shendong is part of one of the three series of his ongoing show. Fast-forward to last month, when two years of cosseting in six different French oak barrels was complete, and deft blending by in-house winemaker Fan Xi had produced the 2013 Chateau Changyu Moser XV.
By the time you read this, five different premium wines - 65,000 bottles - will be on their way to the finest restaurant tables in Europe.
Changyu was founded in 1892 in Yantai, Shandong province, by a veteran Chinese diplomat named Zhang Bishi. Zhang, a vineyard enthusiast from his wide travels, had big ideas for what was a novelty business in China. Despite a slump in 2014, China continues to be a fast-growing market for wine, with consumption per capita doubling between 1995 and 2010 to 1.2 liters.
For most of its short life, the Chinese wine market has grown faster than producers could keep up. However, China's biggest companies took notice when boutique wineries sprang up in Ningxia and created what has become a Napa Valley wannabe, a wine zone that would feed a thirst for quality instead of quantity. Convincing French people to drink Chinese wine might sound like the punchline of a joke, Moser acknowledges with a smile.
But in the 1960s, California wines were shrugged off as "mouthwash", until a pioneer named Robert Mondavi changed perceptions by developing Opus One and other vintages with some French collaboration. Li notes that there is a government push to integrate tourism into every level of its wine industry.
Putting Changyu Moser XV on dining tables in the finest hotels in Europe will open a lot of eyes on both sides of the world. The chateau and its wines are named after the company's Austrian winemaking consultant Laurenz "Lenz" Moser and his family: the Moser lineage can be traced back 15 generations, but it was Lenz Moser's grandfather, Lenz Moser III, who became an icon in the industry for growing grapes horizontally on wires, producing a more uniform and quality harvest, instead of letting vines race for the sky. Lenz Moser has been a consultant and winemaking adviser to Changyu since 2005, has been coming to China "in spurts" for most of that decade, but last fall - on his 28th trip to the country, he camped out in Ningxia for a solid three months. The Chinese corporation unveiled Chateau Changyu Moser XV in Ningxia in 2013, a more than 500-million-yuan ($77-million) project that took two years to build.
Today Moser is playing proud papa, alongside "my good friend Mr Fan", as the bottles bearing Moser's family name chug along an assembly line. But while savoring the winery's five current export offerings, ranging from the white Italian riesling (150 yuan or $23) to the top red - 2013 Chateau Changyu Moser XV (750 yuan) - he's already looking ahead. His culinary chutzpah, and the long waiting list for a seat at one of his unorthodox dinners, earned him write ups in newspapers and magazines and even an appearance on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert.
But after graduating recently, the 22-year-old whiz chef from Newton, Massachusetts, is facing the same reality as a lot of other new college grads. Four months after leaving his dorm, Reider has been booted from the Columbia owned apartment where he hosted the latest incarnation of his supper club. His goal is to earn a living staging "wild, crazy events" for companies including, perhaps, fashion houses and hotels.
Just a day before he graduated last month, the economics and sociology major cooked up his "experimental cuisine" for 90 guests who gathered at a Fifth Avenue mansion for an evening of music with Grammy-nominated conductor Andrew Cyr and the Metropolis Ensemble. He's also lined up to filman online series, appear at a Chicago cooking conference and prepare a series of meals at a Manhattan art gallery, with visitors helping to choose and mix ingredients amid artful ceramics and furniture. Reider's cooking career started when he and his friends at Newton South High School formed a grilling club.
With a mere four seats around one table and reservations available only online, Pith had no choice but to start small. The Wall Street Journal reported that the school had started getting heat from the Health Department-something about how, apparently, dorm kitchens can't be used to conduct commercial restaurant activity.
Billed as Australia's finest dining, award-winning Wagyu by Mayura Station comes to China for two wine-pairing dinners hosted by Penfolds and Melbourne wine guru Kyla Kirkpatrick, also known as The Champagne Dame.
To celebrate the 25th anniversary of the establishment of China-ASEAN relations, ASEAN-China Centre and Beijing Minzu Hotel are hosting the First ASEAN Food Festival - Splendid Indonesia Month through June 24.
Celebrating the expansion of its phase 2 development to a whopping 1.1 million square meters, Galaxy Macao is hosting a month-long Best of Asian Dining event for June. Wherever Chinese ink painter Li Jin goes - be it a museum or an awards ceremony - he carries a basket with him that contains items of daily use and subjects that his art focuses on.
The art professor at the Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts also takes the basket to the market to buy meat, vegetables, fish and shrimp. But for his latest show, the colorful food inside Li's basket has become black-and-white on rice paper - the original colors of Chinese ink-and-water painting. Li has drawn cabbages, meat, fish, men and women, and self portraits in the traditional style. He says he wants to open the next chapter of his career by going deep into his spiritual world after having lived and recorded a colorful life for years.
In recent years, Li has formed the habit of spending a few days alone in the mountains, where he can escape city life and explore his "inner world". Reflecting that change in his life, his paintings have moved from colored ink to monochromatic ink.
Li sees the change both as a challenge and a new stage in his career since most masterpieces of Chinese painting often reflect the artists' spiritual worlds. Britta Erickson, curator of Li's show and his longtime friend, says having been a master of all things to do with color, the painter seems to be empowered to work with shades of ink.
She says traditional Chinese painting masters often made big accomplishments on turning 50. Just like the show's name, Being, Li says he is following his heart to return to the point when he began painting in the Tibet autonomous region in the 1990s. After graduating from the Chinese painting department of the Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts in 1984, he spent a year in Tibet.
Furniture, artwork, jewelry and collectible objects that once graced the Los Angeles home of former US President Ronald Reagan and his wife, Nancy, are headed for the auction block, Christie's said recently. The landmark sale, a series of live and online auctions scheduled for September, also encompasses decorative pieces of art, books, ephemera, sculpture, drawings and prints from the Reagans' home in the affluent Bel Air neighborhood of Los Angeles. Proceeds will benefit the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation and Institute, in line with the Reagans' wishes. Reagan, a former Hollywood actor and California governor, was elected the 40th US president in 1980.
The couple presided over a glamorous White House, where bold-faced names from the Reagans' years before the cameras as actors injected a glitzy element into Washington's traditionally staid social scene.
The auction house says the collection was noteworthy for reflecting the simple and elegant private life the Reagans enjoyed together in Bel Air, where they often entertained. The 2-meter-high piece, which together has 1,000 arms and eyes, was made using liuli, a kind of ancient glass. The exquisite craft at the Festival Walk mall is the artistic interpretation of life and goodness, Yang says. Guanyin is also an inner strength that people can experience when faced with difficulties or while helping others in need, Yang says, describing the concept in Chinese culture.
She believes if everyone puts self-interest aside, people will become more generous and society will be more united.
The whole creation process - from crafting the model, covering it with a silicon mold, filling a wax mold, releasing the wax, casting fire-resistant gypsum, baking it in the kiln, cooling and polishing - was full of challenges. They chose the mall as the setting for the exhibition with the intention of exposing as many people as possible to the mindset that "doing somebody a favor with no conditions attached" is a good thing, as Buddhism teaches. The couple wanted the sculpture to be viewed widely by the public rather than restrict it to an exhibition for connoisseurs. Yang discovered her bond with Guanyin and Buddhism in 1996 when she embarked on a journey along the ancient Silk Road.
Marveling at the exquisite portrayal while regretting the peeling paint that blurred the image of Guanyin over time, Yang resolved to re-create the painting in a three-dimensional form. In May 2000, a 1.6-meter-tall sculpture of Guanyin was completed and transferred to the Dunhuang Research Academy. Six years later, the 1-meter-tall liuli sculpture of Thousand Arms, Thousand Eyes, Possessing the Knowledge of Sorrow was completed, which marked the first liuli-made 3-D rendition of the Guanyin mural. Yang's work has been collected by more than 20 internationally renowned museums, including the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, the Corning Museum of Glass in New York and Bower's Museum in California. A racially insensitive Chinese advertisement pokes open the gaping hole of ignorance and class-based bigotry, which is a growing challenge in our age of globalization. The controversy surrounding an advertisement for a Chinese detergent is the latest in cultural mismatch in the progress for globalization. Qiaobi, the detergent brand, posted a video commercial that portrays a young black man being thrust into a washer. Suffice to say, this ad would never be able to pass the marketing department let alone the broadcast platform had it been in a Western country.
While the racial insensitivity was outrageous, the underlying forces for this advert could be much more complicated. If you put yourself into the shoes of the Qiaobi advertiser, you would probably be bursting with pride when first hit by the concept. Most detergent commercials would show a piece of dirty laundry and how it turns clean after a spin in the washing machine. Sure, everyone could see the skin-whitening idea was an exaggeration, but wasn't it more fun - and effective in getting across the marketing message? For good or bad, blacks as a race are used for dramatization when appearing in Chinese imagery. Even today, in an age of fitness mania, the joke is still around when a young man in China has skin darker than the average. I've seen healthily tanned Chinese-American girls who came back to China to find their Chinese relatives responding in horror. Many Chinese have never come into contact with people of other races, especially blacks, and they may not know whether or how the issue of skin color could be addressed properly. That said, I would not justify the simmering racial discrimination that exists among some of my compatriots.
Years ago, I heard a story of a Chinese language school that refused to hire English teachers who are blacks.
The school authorities defended themselves by saying the parents insisted on a white-teachers-only policy.
Whoever made the initial decision could be thinking that Chinese moviegoers would not be drawn by an unknown black man, to put it mildly. That is why symbols like the first black American president and Hollywood luminaries like Denzel Washington and Morgan Freeman are so important in shaping public perception. Although China is also an ethnically diverse country, most of our minorities do not have distinct facial features.
I once debated the issue of "yellow-face" with a Chinese-American dramatist who is a kind of vigilante against the outmoded casting practice.
Just as early Hollywood portrayals of Asians tended to be caricatures, white or black characters on Chinese screens are rarely three-dimensional.
Until you have mingled with a fair number of regular people of other races, you tend to form premature opinions that are basically prejudices and, if you're a filmmaker, you might reinforce it by presenting crude replicas on the screen. In 2011, CNN posted on its website an article listing "the most revolting food" in the world.
After causing a controversy, it apologized "reservedly for any offense the article has inadvertently caused". Had it labeled the article "some of the revolting food in the eyes of most Westerners" and changed the tone from authoritative to humorous, it might have flown by without any controversy.
But I guess the editors had forgotten that CNN is a global news operation rather than an Atlanta local paper. So, they should have vetted the ad concept with cross-cultural experts, or at least with a few blacks, since they are the subject of the misplaced humor here.
After experiments with mixing traditional music with rock since the early 1980s, he brought his music to the West in 1993, performing at various festivals and forums in Berlin and Potsdam. Estimated delivery dates - opens in a new window or tab include seller's handling time, origin ZIP Code, destination ZIP Code and time of acceptance and will depend on shipping service selected and receipt of cleared payment - opens in a new window or tab. International Shipping - items may be subject to customs processing depending on the item's declared value. Your country's customs office can offer more details, or visit eBay's page on international trade.
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By clicking 1 Click Bid, you commit to buy this item from the seller if you're the winning bidder. Ita€™s most famous ruler was the legendary king Minos who established the capitol city of Knossos.
It was a warrior culture mentioned by Homer in his two epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey, describing the events that took place during the Trojan Wars between the Mycenaeans from the mainland of Greece and Troy on the western shoreline of Anatolia (present-day Turkey). They were carried into Roman culture by Virgil, were embraced by the Byzantines, and were carried into Italy during the Renaissance. Art, pottery, sculpturing, and architecture developed, establishing the foundation for much of the Classical period. Athenian democracy developed under Pericles and the Parthenon was built on the Acropolis in Athens in worship of Athena. It derived its name from the goddess Athena who in Greek myth competed with Poseidon to be the patron of the city. The Isthmus games were held every two years at the narrow isthmus of Greece, located near Corinth.
He was most angered by Athens and Sparta, because when his father Darius sent messengers to those two cities to offer them the opportunity to surrender prior to the Battle of Marathon, they killed Dariusa€™ emissaries by throwing them down into deep wells.
The Persians arrived at a narrow, rocky pass, Thermopylae, which overlooked the rocky shoreline below -- a 50-foot wide narrow pass which only permitted a limited numbers of troops to squeeze through the pass at a time. King Leonidas of Sparta blocked the pass with 300 Spartans and 400 soldiers from other city-states.
A Greek traitor, however, revealed a hidden pass through the mountains that would by-pass Thermopylae and allow the Persian to attack Leonidas from the rear.
He sent a messenger to Xerxes with the message that many of the Greeks were terrified, that they would not fight, and that if Xerxes sent his ships into the Bay of Salamis they could easily wipe out the Athenian navy. This would not bode well for the future of peace between the two city-states, however, and ultimately resulted in the Peloponnesian Wars.
During the Peloponnesian War Athens suffered from a plague, which took the life of Pericles.
Pericles led a number of major building projects in Athens including the rebuilding of the Parthenon, constructing a large statue of Athena in the Parthenon, and rebuilt the acropolis. Socrates maintained that the universe and life below here on earth pointed to a different reality. In the dialogue, Meno, Socrates set forth the idea that when a person is born it is a reincarnation of the eternal soul which contains all knowledge. He argued that the soul is eternal, lives on after the death of the physical body, and existed before the physical body.
Although he disagreed with some of his teachings, Plato memorialized Socrates in his work, the Apology of Plato.
In it he describes the ideal form of government and society comprised of three classes of people: producers (craftsmen, farmers, builders), warriors, and guardians (rulers). The goal is to follow the lead of the rational and spiritual portions of the soul and to make them masters over the appetite.
They can only speculate and guess, based upon the shadows they see moving across the floor and walls of the cave. Plato seemed to these North European Christians to be saying that reality is above where God is. After his education in Athens, Aristotle was hired by King Philip of Macedonia to be the personal tutor of this son, the future Alexander the Great in Macedonia.
Too many good things go unaccomplished because of either a bad beginning or not beginning at all. During the Reign of Terror in France all Christian symbols were removed from the cathedral in Paris and a statute of the Goddess of Human Reason was placed in the cathedral. On the other hand, there is considerable evidence, some speculate, that many of the Greek gods and goddesses were reminder remnants of Biblical history prior to the Flood of Noah. Eve may be the prototype of Athena, because invariably when depicted in Greek sculpture Athena is pictured with a snake at her one side and a sword at the other. Access to its snowy peaks was very difficult, it was shrouded in mystery, and was supposed by the Greeks to be the home of the Twelve Olympians.
He is the son of Gaea and then became her husband; together they had many offspring, including twelve of the Titans. Because Atlas led the Titans in the battle, he was singled out by Zeus for a special punishment and was condemned to hold up for eternity the world on his back. Earth (Gaia) presents the new-born child to Athena, who represents the reborn serpent-friendly Eve after the Flood. In Section One of the Cycle of Rebirths in Buddhism, the gods and demigods are continually engaged, as here with the Greek deities, in a struggle over who will obtain the magic fruit of the tree that dispenses wisdom and eternity. To depict this, Athena is usually accompanied by one or several snakes -- the symbol to the Greeks of hidden wisdom. As the story goes, Olympia, a mystical follower of the god Dionysus, often slept with a giant snake in her bed as both a pet and a spiritual symbol of Zeus.
Olympia immediately feared that Cleopatra would produce a son who would become the legitimate heir to Philipa€™s throne.
When he ran from the banquet, two of Alexandera€™s other friends caught him and killed him.
When a boy baby was later born to Cleopatra, Alexandera€™s mother Olympia arranged to have Cleopatra and the child killed to prevent a challenger to Alexandera€™s throne. In Egypt he left behind a Greek, General Ptolemy, who became the first of the Ptolemaic pharaohs. Wherever he went he left behind Greek soldiers to intermarry with the population and in this way to capture the local culture. In other words, Paul was a€?deeply shaken.a€? he had a a€?sudden attacka€? or a€?deep disturbance,a€? and felt impelled to make a statement.
He informs them about the unknown God, the Creator, who is near to each one of us, the one whom they worship but whose identity is a mystery to them. The Greeks, whether from Sparta, Athens, or Thebes, would never think of going to war, embarking on a new project, or taking a long trip, without consulting with the Oracle. The Oracle's advice disturbed them -- an Unknown God was the cause of the plague, she said, who intended to punish the Athenians for having violated many years before an ancient Greek code of conduct against another city-state.
The grateful citizens wanted to reward Epimenides, but he declined any payment, asking merely for a treaty of peace between Athens and his home city, Knossos. He spent the majority of his time in front of them filling that empty concept of the unknown god with truth about the God they worshipped as the agnosto theo. That is, until he discovered the exchange of little children made between warring clans for the purpose of making peace. The Roman gods, for example, were for the most part simply re named Greek gods from Greek mythology.
It impacted the entire culture of Greece and the population were almost entirely Christianized by the middle of the second century. They destroyed most of the ancient Christian communities in Turkey, like Ephesus, Laodicea, Pergamum, and other churches listed in the New Testament. The long struggle of Greece to resist Islam and to serve as a guard for the rest of Christian Europe against the Islamic Ottomans was at last over. It is interesting to travel through Greece to see white crosses placed virtually every hilltop to celebrate their independence from Ottoman rule. Churches at Corinth, Ephesus, Thessaloniki, and Philippi all had New Testament letters addressed to them. Many school children in America study Greek mythology in school, thinking of it as some sort of fairy tale, cartoonish system, not realizing its demonic roots and total domination of the Greek culture.
Thomas Jefferson seemed to have favored implementing a certain form of limited democracy in the United States. How might they have been modified and re directed after the Greeks embraced the Christian faith? They drove many of the Mycenaean people to the Ionian coast, and intermarried with the remaining Mycenaeans to form the Greek people.
700 B.C), authored two important epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey, the oldest known European literature. There is some indication that this mythology was the deification of a€?heroica€? men and women of old, who, before the Flood, composed the line of unrighteous persons. This was in stark contrast to the polytheism and idolatry practiced by its neighbors, including Greece and Rome. It was compiled under orders of Emperor Qianlong to record some 11,000 artworks that were considered excellent among his immense collection. Both are avid collectors of contemporary art, and hence their successful bids were seen as surprising. In this genre, buyers need to be knowledgeable about Chinese history and its cultural traditions, which helps them cultivate a discerning taste. Especially when compared with 30 years ago, as people these days find they have more money to spend and it is easier to buy goods online. And I remember in one case that we worked for six months to create a space for entrances," she says.
In some spots, Earth's crust is torn to make volcanoes bleed to shape scabs and scars on our planet's skin.
It tacks on the Hinggan League and Erdos - a Mongolian border city built on one of China's most important dinosaur fossil-excavation sites. The picture is among the exhibits of the ongoing photo exhibition that's touring Beijing's universities. My change was to rebalance the film," explains Jones, who was in Beijing alongside actor Daniel Wu and actress Paula Patton. But unlike typical good-versus-evil stories, the film has two heroes - Sir Anduin Lothar and Durotan - in opposite camps to protect their lands and people. His father, pop star David Bowie, died in January and his wife has recently been diagnosed with cancer. In Beijing, in addition to two concerts at the National Center for the Performing Arts conducted by its music director Yannick Nezet-Seguin, members of Philadelphia Orchestra visited a few local schools to coach students.
Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra will perform in Beijing under the baton of its artistic director and principal conductor, Yuri Temirkanov, as part of the international cultural series celebrating Russian Day in the World 2016.
Forbidden City Concert Hall, inside Zhongshan Park, west of Tian'anmen Square, Xicheng district.
She will perform pieces from her 2015 debut album, titled 15, which includes Mendelssohn's cello sonatas, Songs Without Words and William Henry Squire's Tarantella Op 23 for Cello and Piano.
Programs include Holberg's Time from Holberg Suite by Edvard Grieg, and Bachianas Brasileiras No 1 and 5 by Heitor Villa-Lobos.
We often complain about our lives in the modern world as well as the environment we inhabit. Hence the artist wanted to create a two-and-a-half dimensional effect to remind people that utopia does not exist. And in Chatsworth Garden, the Chinese painting-like wonderland was placed inside an ancient European house.
The expressiveness of his oil and ink works remind one of such Western master artists as Vincent van Gogh, Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso, whose styles influence the creations of the 44-year-old painter from Shenyang, capital of Northeast China's Liaoning province.
But the longer I gazed at the palaces, the extensive walls and roofs, the more I felt that they were like solid barriers to keep the country from connecting with the world at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries," he says. He was then impressed by the grandeur of the Helan Mountain in the Ningxia Hui autonomous region. Barrel No 2 is more macho, the flavor long and spicy.]]> China's giant Changyu winery is ready to change the glo bal reputation of Chinese wines, making a big splash in Europe with vintages from its Ningxia chateau, Mike Peters reports.
One of Europe's top distributors has signed on after a barrel tasting, and hopes to make deals with two other Ningxia wineries. The company's name is formed from his surname Zhang (Chang) and the Chinese character that means prosperity.
By 2011, Changyu Pioneer Wine Company was among the 10 largest wine companies in the world, producing more than 90,000 tons of wine that year. That is still 40 times less than consumption in France, where wine drinking is actually declining, so the potential in China is huge. Commercial giants like Changyu had little need to produce vintages of superior quality when making wine fast and cheap generated quick sales. When labels like Jia Bei Lan (made by Helan Qingxue) and Pretty Pony (Kanaan) started scooping up international awards and tributes, the value of that effort became plain. In an area still dominated by coal, Ningxia's 184 wineries now represent 20 billion yuan in annual revenue from plantings on 610,000 mu (40,666 hectares). In the cellar here in Ningxia, there is a barrel signed with the big black scrawl of Jasper Morris of Berry Bros & Rudd, a big buyer in Europe and holder of a royal warrant in Britain's capital.
The winemaking family has since also helped popularize aging in barrique, 225-liter barrels as opposed to commonly used barrels of 400- to 700-liter capacity. It houses an 800-barrique cellar, a high-tech bottling line and a museum illustrating the history of the company and of winemaking in China. Besides export orders for major European distributors, made their way to the recent London Wine Week and the Vinexpo 2016 in Hong Kong.
His eviction comes amid pressure from the university and city health officials, who said he was operating a restaurant under the radar of food inspectors. He had no formal training in cooking last September when he started his Columbia dorm supper club, which he called Pith, for the white outer part of an orange or lemon. But after one news outlet dubbed it "New York's hottest new restaurant", the waiting list quickly grew to thousands of wanna be guests. In addition to a special menu prepared by chefs from Indonesia, each week features different displays of fashion, tourism, music or art.
More than 120 restaurants, including several Michelin-award winners in 2015, will allow guests to have a taste of 5,500 types of Asian dishes from 56 cuisines from 19 Chinese provinces and cities plus another 12 countries.
Sourced from Moya Spring at Changbai Mountain in Jilin province, which is known for its unusually low-sodium light-mineral waters, both the still and sparkling water of the new Nongfu Spring Natural Mineral Water range feature a refreshing and "unaggressive" flavor, ideal for cleansing the palate between dishes. Without it, I'm not Li Jin," says the 58-year-old at Beijing's Ink Studio, where his latest show, Being, is underway. He calls each day a "festival", full of friends, food, alcohol, laughter and conversations. After years of experience, I reached a point where I had to be brave enough to look inside to find myself," Li says. Now, it's perhaps time for him to go deeper instead of staying on the surface of "food and color". But estimates are based on the items' market value, and the possessions of celebrated figures offered at auction typically have soared to many times their estimates. Christie's says the collection includes American, English and Chinese furnishings, many evoking the "Hollywood Regency" style, and many personal objects.
Yang picked up the skill in France before it dawned on her that the technique has its roots in China, dating back to the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220). During her stay in Dunhuang, Yang was deeply touched by the murals - A Thousand Hands and A Thousand Eyes Bodhisattva (Guanyin) - in the Mogao Caves. Unfortunately, the disastrous earthquake in Taiwan in September that year turned her clay model into rubble.
Yang and her husband, Chang Yi, are displaying a sculpture of the Guanyin bodhisattva in a shopping mall in Hong Kong. Out comes a fair-skinned Asian, the kind of androgynous pop idol that represents the trend for male beauty in China.
Leishang Cosmetics, the company that owns the brand, issued an apology to those who may have felt offended. They would rather get Russians who speak English with an accent than native English speakers who are more qualified in every other way. The lead actor, who is black, mysteriously disappeared from the group image until he was reinserted as a result of protests.
Instead, it could have been helpful by alerting some Chinese not to serve these local favorites to foreign guests. Its detergent may not be targeting Africans per se, but they are not selling to a landlocked market either. Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase you maximum bid amount.
He probably did not write the Iliad and the Odyssey because handwriting was not discovered in Greece until about 400 years after the time Homer was said to have lived.There were Greek colonies all along the Ionian coastline.
The philosophic schools of Socrates and Plato developed.The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) was fought between Athens and Sparta and their allied city-states. Darius and the Persians invaded Greece with over 100,000 troops but were defeated by 20,000 Greek hoplites in the famous battle at Marathon just north of Athens. Her story is recorded in the Book of Esther and through her efforts a major slaughter of the Jews was averted. When a spy told them that the Persians were so numerous that when they shot their arrows they blocked the sun, Leonidasa€™ response was, a€?Good! Xerxes sent about 400 Persian triremes into the bay where the larger Persian ships, loaded with soldiers who could not swim, were faced by 300 smaller, sleeker Greek ships built to sail from island to island and were much more maneuverable. These wars involved virtually all of the Greek city-states who allied themselves with either Athens or Sparta.
He was so important to the life of Athens that his period of leadership is called the Age of Pericles (5th century).
He is also known for his contribution to the further development of democracy in Athens, which also provided salaries for magistrates and limited eligibility for public office to those who were born to two Athenian-born parents.
Confucius was the result of the Warring States period in Chinese history and he sought employment as a civil servant in order to sell his ideas to the rulers.
Therefore, each child, upon physical birth, is a reincarnation of that eternal soul and hence possesses that ancient knowledge. When he was ransomed by his friends they purchased a small property for him so that he could settle down. But we are trapped in our human bodies and cannot conceive of those Forms other than by observing their shadows down here in the lower story where we live. We only see his reflections down here but one day we will be fully enlightened when we go to heaven to be where he is. For example, it is okay to laugh at a joke during lunch time, but probably is a bad idea in the middle of your grandmothera€™s funeral. They knew nothing about a personal God who lies outside of us, who communicates with us, and who has set out for us ideas and principles that are absolutes by which we are to live. Hera represents the serpenta€™s Eve before the Flood, and Athena represents the rebirth of the serpenta€™s Eve after the Flood.
The ruler of the Titans was Cronus (or Chronos, from which we get the words a€?chronologya€? and a€?chronometera€?). Gaea seems to have been an earth-mother who was worshipped before the Indo-European invasion into Greece that lead to the Hellenistic civilization.
His rule ended when his son Cronus, encouraged by Uranusa€™ mother-wife,Gaea, castrated him. 190 BC), Nereus, the Greek Noah, standing in the rear to left, is the only one among the many other figures who is not actively engaged in the battle.
The figure to the left of Gaia and the child is Hephaistos, the eldest son of Zeus and Hera, the deified Cain, the eldest son of Adam and Eve.
Is it possible that Athena, as with the other Greek deities, is a flashback to a pre-flood person -- possibly, Eve?
Later she convinced the young Alexander that when she conceived him in her womb, she had become pregnant, not by Philip, but by Zeus, king of the gods. When Philip, drunken from wine, stumbled over a table in his attempt to strike Alexander, Alexander taunted Philip in front of all the guests by exclaiming, a€?Look! The most famous of his descendants was Cleopatra, lover of Julius Caesar and Marc Anthony. He also created several cities which he named Alexandria, the most famous becoming the capitol of Egypt under the Greek Ptolemaic pharaohs.
As each group of invaders swept into Greece, parts of their mythologies and deities of their religions were incorporated into the Greek religion. On the top of the Acropolis in Athens stood the Parthenon, the temple devoted to the worship of Athena. Luke tells us that Paul attracted the attention of the Epicureans and the Stoics, the two main schools of Athenian philosophy at the time. They even founded a debating forum called the Areopagus, a unique Athenian group, at one time the ruling institution of Athens. Paul was a master at meeting people where they were, moving them in the direction of truth, and then explaining to them the Gospel. Every year a woman from a local village was selected to spend the entire year sitting on a stool at Delphi, next to an open crevasse created by one of the many earthquakes in the region.
All of the known gods either dona€™t hear us or are incapable of helping you with this plague. It was in this condition that the Apostle Paul found the Athenians when he visited them in the first century A. When one of the warring clans wanted peace, they would take one of their own baby boys and, traveling under a truce to the enemy village, would offer the little boy as a peace offering. Letters in the New Testament were written to Greek churches at Corinth, Thessaloniki, Philippi, and Ephesus. When Constantine built the new Roman capitol at Constantinople, Greece became the host-area for the Byzantine Empire. Christian monasteries in mountainous Greece became the safe havens for the Christian scriptures and other Christian literature. Many buildings in the United States imitate great architecture with their large marble pillars, built during the a€?Greek revivala€? in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. When the first part of the sales event - comprising modern works - ended, many walked out of the room, leaving dozens of empty seats.]]> The Grand View sale of old Chinese artworks made 667 million yuan, exceeding the modern art total for the first time since the sale's launch. But soaring house prices have meant that people can afford only small living spaces in cities. The film Warcraft, based on Blizzard Entertainment's game franchise World of Warcraft, will be released in mainland theaters on June 8.
The programs will include Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's Scheherazade and Dmitri Shostakovich's Symphony No 5.
She will also adapt hit songs by her aunt, Ouyang Feifei, who is a veteran pop singer in Taiwan. Meanwhile, thousands of carefully selected corks arrive from France, and an eager parade of glass bottles sails along a Changyu conveyor belt. Now a stock-listed corporate giant, the company has holdings in France and Spain, with eyes on other acquisitions.
Graced with European-style chateaux, Changyu vineyards now sprawl across millions of hectares in the Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region (its biggest operation), Liaoning (where it makes a lauded ice wine) and Shaanxi (with what may be the largest wine cellar in Asia) provinces.
China's latest Five-Year Plan calls for growth to 300 wineries generating 50 billion yuan from 1 million mu planted.
The relatively smaller barrels allow more of the wine to be in direct contact with the wood. The event includes a lobster festival, featuring 37 lobster dishes prepared by both Cantonese chefs from restaurants like Lai Heen and Western chefs.
Yang, an award-winning Taiwan actress who founded Liuli Gongfang, a contemporary glass studio, along with her husband, Chang Yi, a former film director.
You only need to do your bit within your ability to help anyone who is in trouble," says Yang. So, the more sun-tanned the skin, the less shelter and comfort one is presumed to have enjoyed. If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable.
The Iliad and the Odyssey were memorized by the Greeks and became essential components of Greek thought and culture.
It is proposed by some that writing developed in Greece shortly after Homer in order to record his epics. It was in response to the aftermath of this war and the defeat of Athens by Sparta that Socrates (469-399 BC) grew to prominence in an attempt to bring order out of the chaos that developed. Pressure from Greecea€™s traditional enemy, Persia, prevented the idea of limited democracy from developing further and it was forgotten until much later under the leadership of Pericles (c.
The Olympic games were held every four years at Olympia, in south-west Greece in the Peloponnese. Darius, king of Persia, was furious to learn that Athens had aided the Greek colonies in their rebellion. A bad taste was left in the mouths of the Athenians because the promised military assistance from Sparta never materialized. The troops were recruited (usually by force) from all of the Persian colonies throughout the Middle East.
Hearing that the entire army and navy of Athens was on the nearby island of Salamis, Xerxes decided to postpone his march through the isthmus and to first annihilate the Athenians.
Xerxes, who was overlooking the battle from a high cliff, watched in dismay as the Greeks used oars, spears, and heavy clubs to kill the Persians when their triremes were overturned.
The job of the teacher is simply to induce it to come out by asking wise, guiding questions. He named the property Academus -- Academy -- because he quickly turned it into the site for a school, following the pattern of his mentor, Socrates.
Each has its own area of specialization and should not intrude into the areas of the other two classes. It is okay to eat a doughnut, but probably not a good idea to eat a dozen doughnuts, especially just before you go to bed or just before running a race. For instance, even though every village and town had its own favorite god or goddess and each had its own temple or sacred place, there was one goddess to whom it was permissible to make sacrifice, and none of the other gods and goddesses would be offended. To insure his safety and superior position, when each of his children were born, he ate them! The sculptors have placed him as a mute witness to the Greek godsa€™ defeat of the Giants (Nereusa€™ Yahweh-believing sons) signifying the end of Greek faith in Noaha€™s God.
Heracles, the Nimrod of Genesis, demands to know something that only the Salt Sea Old Man can tell him. Philip, King of Macedonia, assembled a powerful military and was intent on conquering Persia as payback for Persiaa€™s earlier invasions of Greece and, in his day, its current ongoing threat to the well-being of Greece. However, he died prior to completing the second step, his planned invasion of Anatolia and Persia. This divine parentage elevated Alexander to be a god in the flesh, on a par with the noblest heroes of Greek mythology. Did Olympia and Alexander assassinate Philip prior to any chance of Philip fathering a son with Cleopatra? Beyond the beauty of the sites visited, however, Paul was deeply disturbed by the rampant idolatry. While Paul seemed to them to be an ignorant babbler, still, it was new and interesting information he was babbling about! By the time of Paula€™s arrival it had become more like a breakfast club that gathered to hear all the latest ideas, fads, and philosophies. His approach at Athens was not a new tactic and did not result in a rejection of the Gospel.
Assemble also teams of stone masons and have ready a large supply of stones.a€? The next morning 100 goats arrived together with teams of masons and loads of stones. Second, if there is an unknown god, that god must have the ability and the inclination to hear us when we sacrifice to him or her. The Greeks resisted conversion by the Muslim Ottomans and maintained a strong Christian culture, even in the face of frequent persecutions. There were two early forms, one a derivative of hieroglyphics in Egypt, and the other from the Phoenicians.
Famed military heroes and kings of the polis from the Mycenaean Age were included as gods in the growing mythology of the Greek religion.
A two-tiered class system developed based upon onea€™s personal wealth, with the greatest power going to those at the top of the ladder; the lowest classes, however, were free from taxation. When they arrived at the Hellespont, Xerxes filled the channel with ships and built bridges over the decks of the ships so that the men and supplies could pass over into Greece. He did not dismiss the Thespians because not trusting their loyalty, he wanted to keep his eye on them. Furthermore, the Athenians, Corinthians, and other Greek ships were highly motivated because they were fighting for the survival of Greece.
Not only could the Persians not swim but their long robes became water-soaked causing most to drown. Athens was viewed by many as the big, bad, prosperous wolf of Greece and potentially dangerous to the other city-states. His three principle featuring filial piety, he believed, would bring harmony and order to political, economic, and family life.
This meant that it was not to the gods or the elders that we should run when seeking answers but through contemplating about onea€™s life, about what produces good, harmony, and happiness in this life. From Socratea€™s death comes the expression, a€?Pick your poison.a€? He chose to drink a beverage made of a lethal poison, hemlock. The rightful goal of every person is to faithfully live out the role assigned to him by nature and should not seek to do any other business or seek another other role. They probably would not believe him because what he saw and then reported to them would not necessarily conform to what they sightlessly imagined it to be. Most of the Titans fought with Cronus against Zeus and were punished by being banished in defeat to Tartarus in the underworld. This worked fine until Rhea, unhappy at the loss of her children, tricked Cronus into swallowing a rock, instead of the newborn Zeus.
Herakles demands to know from Nereus, who is a living connection to the pre-Flood world, where he can find the enlightenment of the serpent. He wondered how the Athenians, who had developed their special brand of democracy and produce philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, could fall for such pagan concepts of spirituality. As she sat there on her stool, breathing in those toxic and perhaps hallucinogenic fumes, it was believed that she could predict the future. Rubbing his sleepy eyes, Epimenides said, a€?Now, turn the goats loose and allow them to graze wherever they choose. Third, in order to help us this unknown god or goddess must have the ability and power to actually do something about the plague. In this way the two warring clans were related together in one confederacy by the presence of this one a€?peace child. After the Ottomans failed in their 1683 attempt to conquer Vienna, Austria, Christian troops from Venice and Austria invaded Greece, attacked the Ottomans in Athens, and greatly weakened Ottoman rule in Greece, By the late 1700s, however, Ottoman rule was re established until the Greeks won their independence, region by region from the Ottomans. The Mycenaeans were adventurers, traveling to and trading with peoples in Anatolia, Europe, and throughout the Mediterranean. It was a a€?limiteda€? democracy because it only allowed adult males (not women!) (1) to vote and hold office, (2) but only if they were born in the city of Athens, (3) and if they owned land. The teachera€™s role is to encourage that knowledge to come out by use of proper questions. Therefore, ethics is personal and autonomous (determined by onea€™s own thoughtful insight and not something received from others).
We see the shadow of the Real Chair, the Real Tree, the Real Red Apple by looking at their shadows down here on earth. During their rule the Titans were associated with the various planets and their names remained attached to the planets when the Romans adopted much of Greek mythology. Zeus revolted against Cronus and the other Titans, defeated them, and banished them to Tartarus in the underworld. While on his death bed, lying in a tent in Baghdad, his troops filed past in a huge procession to honor their great leader. Since it is early morning, none of the goats will normally lie down, but will eat their full after a night with no food.
And fourth, this unknown god or goddess will understand that it is in ignorance that we do not know his or her name and will forgive us for our ignorance.a€? With those words, the sacrifices were offered up to the unknown god. Greek honor guards at the presidential palace today in Athens have 450 pleats in their native uniforms, signifying the 450 years that Greece was subjugated to the Ottoman Turks.
Because of this the Athenians developed a€?overseasa€? colonies in order to grow wheat and other grains.
To the women and to those who moved to Athens from other areas, this was hardly a democracy. A soldier, Pheidippides, was sent running back to Athens, 26 miles to the south, to announce the good news of the victory. Zeus and his wife (first known as Dione and then Hera) are deifications of Adam and his wife Eve.a€? (Johnson, The Parthenon Code 2004, p. The New Testament was not written in Aramaic (the language of Jesus and the apostles) or in Latin (the language of the Roman conquerors) but was written in Greek, the most widely spoken language. They invaded south to Crete where a blending of the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures took place. Some historians state that the United States acquired its concept of democracy from Athens. The area with its moderate climate was ideal, however, for the development of olive groves, vineyards, almonds, and apples. The Saducees were hellenized Jews, and thus denied the reality of the resurrection of the dead.
In his honor and memory (his kleos) the Greeks established the marathon of 26 miles, exactly the distance of the modern marathon race. Kronos (Chronos), the father of time in Greek mythology, a€?could very well be,a€? says Johnson, a€?Greek religiona€™s equivalent of Yahweh, the Lord of Tome.
They constructed gymnasiums and athletic stadiums in Palestine, to the horror of the traditional and legalistic Pharisees. I use resin because:it creates a permanent, durable and waterproof seal on the eyesit is crystal clearit makes acrylic eyes sparkle like glass! But if you're not ready to add cute resin charms to your life, you may want to stick to the "old-fashioned" way of making baby tears. Test your resin thoroughly to make sure it remains cool during the curing processPot-life - some resins cure faster than others. Other things are order-specific, such as eyes depending on whether the doll is awake or not. The Root-A-Loop method is a great way to get beautiful results every time: even for novice rooters!
Check out this detailed eyebrow painting tutorial to add that extra dimension to your brows.
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