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10.08.2014, admin  
Category: Muscle Magazine

In light of relevations into doping in Australian sport, should more be done to protect and inform professional athletes?
Benjamin Koh does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond the academic appointment above. University of Technology Sydney provides funding as a founding partner of The Conversation AU. Should an athlete advocacy organisation be established to help athletes navigate the minefield of banned and permitted substances in sport? Last week’s report by the Australian Crime Commission (ACC) on the impact of doping in professional sport coincided with the introduction of the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority Amendment Bill 2013, that would potentially give the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) unprecedented power and control over investigations into anti-doping rule violations. Even without the proposed prosecution powers, ASADA may already not be perceived by athletes as a preferred source for information into supplement use. Politicians join the heads of Australia’s sporting organisations to announce the findings of a report into corruption in Australian sport. As the lead national authority on what is legal or illegal in sport, ASADA is the ultimate source in Australia to confirm whether a substance is banned. Many modern-day elite athletes use dietary supplements to help cope with the pressures of being an elite athlete – a practice that also extends to non-elite level athletes. Supplements include vitamins, minerals, herbal remedies, traditional Asian remedies, amino acids and various other “ergogenic” (performance enhancing) substances.
Such substances may often also be used independently of expert (physicians and dieticians) advice, and many athletes may not know if the supplements used are banned in sports. Even if athletes have the relevant scientific knowledge and are aware of the legalities of the active ingredients, not all supplements are regulated, and traces of substances that may be banned in sport may be present but not listed on the supplement bottle. One of the first comprehensive studies to evaluate the doping risk posed by dietary supplements showed about 15% of a total of 634 supplements purchased in various countries in 2000 and 2001 contained varying levels of cross-contamination with prohibited anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS).
Because the manufacturers of these contaminated products also manufacture other nutritional supplements on the same production line, the risk of cross-contamination with such AAS is very high. It should comprise professionals who are knowledgeable in the area of PESM and can tell athletes what are legal or illegal PESM, acting as an “ethics” body to make sure athletes have an informed choice and a neutral second opinion. It should be funded through players' lobby groups that currently help negotiate on behalf of athletes’ matters pertaining to welfare, salaries, insurance, and so forth. An informed consent requires that athletes understand both the risks and benefits of any potential treatment or substance they are receiving.
As a protection for athletes, the information for all new treatments would be screened by the athlete’s organisation, acting as a guardian ad litem.
Peptides are classified as a Schedule 2 (S2) prohibited substance on the WADA Prohibited List and are therefore prohibited for use by professional athletes both in and out of competition. It is unknown what information was provided to athletes under investigation for doping practices before they were allegedly injected with the peptides. The issue at hand is that the alleged peptides may act as secretagogues: a substance that, when introduced into the human body, causes another substance to be secreted.
An athlete who is diligent and wants to check if, for example, CJC-1295 is listed in the banned list, will not be able to find it, unless he or she knows how the substance acts – its “similar biological effect(s)”. But – because of the inconsistency of applying the section S2 rule – the issue is also not straightforward for those familiar with the pharmacodynamics of substances and body physiology.


These amino acids have the potential to act as growth hormone secretagogues but are not banned under the WADA prohibited list.
As can be seen, even when confined to the matter of specific substances and section S2 of the prohibited list, the issue is not straightforward.
From left, Kenya’s Florence Kiplagat, Emily Chebet and Joyce Chepkirui celebrate victory at the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow.
Fans who go to the stadium or barrack from their living rooms need to be assured that sport is real.
What makes Animal Stak so different and effective is that it is specifically designed to help your body build muscles naturally. Many bodybuilders and athletes who train with the goal of creating larger, stronger muscles don’t realize that their body may not be working at full capacity. Animal Stack is an anabolic hormone stack that boosts natural testosterone levels, increases energy and strength levels, and maximizes anabolic muscles.
Natural Test Complex – The goal of the natural test complex is to boost your testosterone. Human Growth Hormone (HGH), is a master hormone that is produced in abundance throughout your entire life — The problem is your body loses its ability to release this key hormone that can counteract a lot of symptoms of the aging process. Below is a detailed explanation of the amino acids and other ingredients that have been shown to enhance the release of Hgh in the human body. He has worked as a cycling journalist in Spain and contributes on an occasional basis to El Pais newspaper and co authored the Report “I Wish I Was Twenty One Now – Beyond Doping in the Australian Peloton” which is available in print and on Amazon kindle. We use a Creative Commons Attribution NoDerivatives licence, so you can republish our articles for free, online or in print. But if ASADA is also the prosecutor of athletes for anti-doping violations – as per the proposals in the new bill – that will make it difficult (and even less appealing) for athletes to approach the organisation to clarify the status of supplements. Studies since 2002 have found further supplement products contaminated with high amounts of undeclared AAS.
After all, it’s not hard to imagine there could be a perceived conflict of interest where an organisation has a duality of policing and advising functions. Each club’s sports science staff will continue to do what is necessary to improve athletic performance, but ultimately they work for the interest of the clubs that pay them. Research by one of this article’s authors has shown that amateur elite athletes may not know all anti-doping rules and this puts the athletes at risk of inadvertent doping under the strict liability standard. In that report, one of the alleged violations that are deemed to have been committed is the use of peptides.
An unscrupulous therapist could have informed the athletes that they were being injected with small proteins.
There are also numerous top athletes promoting the virtues of protein supplements in advertisements. Amino acids such as arginine, ornithine, glycine and glutamine are readily available over-the-counter. Navigating through the problem of supplementation would require some knowledge of the science and the law. Animal Stak helps to balance your hormones, specifically, the anabolic hormones that are responsible for building up muscle mass.


In order to increase your muscle mass safely and naturally, you need to optimize the production of anabolic hormones in your body and prevent them from being wasted during your hard workouts. It is able to optimize your metabolic rate for a more productive workout with its potent formula using ingredients such as Arginine Alpha-Ketoglutarate[1] and Acetyl L-Carnitine[2].
Arginine Alpha-Ketoglutarate helps dilate the blood cells and helps prevent muscle breakdown after a workout. Yes, Animal Stak comes with such powerful and effective ingredients that we know it will trigger changes in your body’s natural process.
As it is also safe for the body to use, Animal Stak will regulate natural hormone production and processes within for optimal results with ingredients like Tribulus Extract Complex[3] and Mucuna Pruriens Extract[4]. L-Arginine enhances aerobic exercise capacity in association with augmented nitric oxide production. L-Carnitine Supplementation and Physical Exercise Restore Age-Associated Decline in Some Mitochondrial Functions in the Rat. Stak is the new and improve version after the second week I noticed improvements physically and my lifts got heavier about 10 to 15 pounds.
I would say I’ve noticed since taking it that at the end of the day I get really tired.
Arginine Ketolsocaproate boosts short term Nitric Oxide, increasing your pump during your workouts. The ingredient complexes of Animal Stak are at optimal concentration, meaning that they are just the right combination for your body.
This product was not meant to treat, cure, prevent, or diagnose any disease and has not been evaluated by the FDA. However, if you have any concerns about any of the ingredients on the label, it is highly recommended that you talk to your doctor before use. He also organised the New Pathways for Pro Cycling Conference in Geelong in September 2010. Start experiencing optimal results today with the potent ingredients that Animal Stak has to offer.
The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 63(10), 1027-1033. Not every product is for everyone but You should not only try this product but the whole Animal family. For best results, cycle this product following a schedule of three weeks on and one week off.
They will target the areas of your body that are responsible for muscle growth and boost the function of testosterone, protein, and other natural muscle builders in your body.
Currently I’m taking Stak in the morning and M-Stak in the afternoon before lifting, and giving that a try. Avena Sativa is an herb that has been shown to soothe the brain and nervous system while also increasing sexual desire.



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