Fungal Nail InfectionTiny fungi can get inside your nail through a crack or break, causing an infection that can make nails thick, discolored, and brittle. Corns are usually formed as a result of pressure on the toes and skin surfaces of the feet through incorrect footwearCorns tend to develop when there is constant and persistent friction or pressure on the area. Poorly-Fitting Shoes: Shoes that do not fit comfortably can exert pressure on parts of the foot. Not Wearing Socks: Shoes and sandals that are made of firm or rough materials cause friction with the skin. Athletic Events: Athletes commonly develop corns and calluses because of the excessive stress on certain areas of their hands and feet.
Abnormal Bone Structure: Some people have bony prominences due to irregular foot structure. Faulty Foot Function: Conditions such as scoliosis can lead to uneven weight bearing on the feet. While calluses do not really pose much a of a problem corns, because of their funnel like structure intensify and focus pressure on a particular point, thereby not just causing pain, but also posing a risk of tissue damage and ulceration. Since corns and calluses are composed of dead skin, rubbing the area with a pumice stone is effective in alleviating the symptoms. Soaking the affected foot in a solution of baking soda and warm water is said to be effective in removing the dead, hard skin. Pineapple peel contains certain enzymes which help in softening corns and calluses and removing them from the skin. You can pad the foot so that the pressure is transferred to another part of the foot for some time. There are special medicated pads and liquids available in drugstores which help to reduce discomfort and get rid of corns. A corn is a thickened area of skin that appears on a toe or on the top of a foot as a result of increased pressure. Common causes of corns and callus include footwear that is too small or tight, toe abnormalities such as clawed or hammer toes, bony prominence’s such as bunions and poor foot mechanics when walking or running.
Shoes that are too loose can also damage the foot because they may lead to repeated friction. Jobs that involve carrying around heavy or hard material such as stones can also increase the risk of corns and calluses.

While there are home remedies that some claim can help in the treatment of corns, most experts agree that treatment is not as simple as it may seem, and prevention is in fact a lot easier.
Add about three tablespoons of baking soda to a tub of warm water and place your foot inside. The toes must be kept dry because moisture can lead to infection and worsen the corn or callus. Therefore it is important to identify the cause and eliminate it before the condition gets aggravated. When a toenail is too long, the toe joint may push upwards against the shoe and develop a corn. There are many such tools available, but it is not advisable to use them since they may cause injury, bleeding and infection. However many of these contain salicylic acid which can cause skin irritation in some people.
They are caused by abnormal pressure or friction on the foot, the body’s natural response to this change in pressure is to build up a hard layer of skin to protect the underlying tissues. A corn is a thicker, more focal area with a central core which usually forms over a bony prominence such as a joint – they are almost always painful.
Use of these types of remedies can be very risky in those with poor circulation or diabetes and is not recommended. Do not try to cut away corns and calluses yourself, they can be removed safely and painlessly by a podiatrist with immediate relief. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. They have a waxy, firm core that presses against the skin and exerts strain on the surrounding nerves. Women who have a habit of wearing high heels may also suffer from corns due to the uneven pressure on the foot. Massaging the foot with a paste of baking soda and water is also one of the most common home remedies for callus removal. A corn may develop due to friction when a part of the foot rubs up against an ill-fitting shoe. Corns and Verrucae can have a very similar appearance, a good way to differentiate between them is by using the squeeze test. A callus that develops on a pressure point such as beneath the toe joint or the top of the toe is called a corn.

Shoes that are not made well or are of bad quality are another cause of corns, as the skin may rub against seams or stitches.
This is because of the simple reason that corns and calluses are most likely to develop from repeated excessive pressure and friction in a particular area. Medical attention is advised if a corn causes pain or an individual with a corn has other medical problems, such as diabetes or a circulatory disorder. Keep your feet happy and healthy -- learn the symptoms of common foot problems and what you can do to treat them. Corns look cone-shaped and point into the skin, usually forming on pressure points from poorly fitted shoes or a bone spur. It usually affects the large joint of the big toe, but it also can flare in the foot, ankle, or knees.
Gout comes from too much uric acid (UA) in your body, which can form needle-like crystals in joints. Athlete's FootThis fungal infection can cause peeling, redness, itching, burning, and sometimes blisters and sores. HammertoeWhen toe muscles around the joints get out of balance, they can cause painful problems.
You can get them from cutting your nails too short or not straight across, injuring a toenail, and wearing tight shoes. For mild cases, soak your foot in warm water, keep it clean, and wedge a small piece of cotton under the corner of the ingrown nail to lift it off the skin.
Flatfoot (Pes Planus)You have this condition when your sole makes complete or near-complete contact with the ground. Most people don't have symptoms, although weight gain, ill-fitting shoes, or standing a lot may cause pain in your feet and legs.

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