The plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain or soles, being caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia, a kind of ligament located on the sole of the foot. The plantar fascia, also called plantar aponeurosis, is a ligament which is along the bottom of the foot, known as sole or sole of the foot. The plantar fasciitis arises after repetitive stresses in the region of the foot sole, typically caused by tension and tearing of the plantar fascia, which lead to microtrauma of this tissue and consequently inflammation of lesion area. The plantar fasciitis is also very common for people who are engaged in certain activities such as racing, ballet, dance and weight lifting.
Previously it was thought that the spur was a cause of plantar fasciitis, but today we know that only 5% of patients present with spur framework of pain and inflammation in the sole of the foot. The most common symptom of plantar fasciitis is stab pain in the foot, especially in the region just below the heel. An important element in medical report is the period that precedes the onset of plantar fasciitis.

Injections of corticosteroids in the heel may be used in cases when there is no satisfactory response to conservative treatment. The plantar fascia is a thick band of tissue, closely linked to skin and elastic properties, able to stretch slightly as the movement of the feet.
Hiking without proper shoes can also cause stress on the soles of the feet and lead to injury of the plantar fascia. Therefore, the same injury that triggers the onset of plantar fasciitis also causes the appearance of the spur.
The pain is typically worse during the first steps, like getting out of bed in the morning or stand up after sitting for a while. Patients may say that before the onset of pain there was increased amount of physical activity, change in the usual type of footwear or trauma in the foot. A doctor will look for signs of damage in the feet, pain points and anatomical abnormalities such as flat feet.

A radiograph of the foot is usually requested when we want to find out other cause for the pain.
This fabric covers the entire base of the foot, extending from the heel bone, called the calcaneus, to the tip of the foot, where it divides into five branches, one for each finger.
When we walk, at the moment when the heel is raised off the ground with only the toes resting against the ground, the plantar fascia acts as a winch reducing pressure from fingers which keep the whole body weight at the moment. The pain of plantar fasciitis usually involves only one foot, although it is possible to have a lesion on both feet simultaneously.
Professionals who remain standing for a long time often complain of worsening at the end of the day.

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