Foot arch pain is sometimes also known as arch strain.  These terms refer to inflammation of the arch of the foot, which sometimes results in a burning sensation. Many common foot complaints, like heel pain, arch pain and ball of foot pain, are caused by faulty foot mechanics. As the Achilles tendon and calf muscle continue to exert their force, the heel starts to rise and the talus continues to tilt downward. In the normal walking cycle, the foot is a rigid lever (supinated) at this point and is able to propulse (push off) in a normal fashion. The drawings and explanations above are an oversimplification of what is really happening in the foot. The drawing to the left demonstrates the amount of movement of the forefoot, away from the centerline of the body when the foot is pronating. There are many causes of heel pain and many types of heel pain, but two common causes of heel pain are plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendonitis. As the Achilles tendon pulls up on the heel bone and the midfoot collapses, there is a tremendous amount of stress placed on the plantar fascia which originates on the heel bone.
Metatarsalgia: a catch-all term for pain in the ball of the foot, metatarsalgia is generally used to describe pain and inflammation at the joints in the ball of the foot. 2nd metatarsal overload syndrome: pain and inflammation specifically at the 2nd metatarsal phalangeal joint. Neuroma: an inflamed nerve in the foot, typically causing burning pain at the ball of the foot which can shoot to the 3rd and 4th toes, and sometimes the 2nd and 3rd toes. Sesamoiditis: pain under the big toe joint is a common cause of forefoot pain but is not as common in those with tight calves, hypermobile feet and midfoot collapse. To take stress off the Achilles tendon and decrease the stress through the midfoot, use a heel lift or wedged heel shoe. Nights splints assist with general calf stretching, but are essential in the treatment of plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendonitis. Metatarsal pads help distribute pressure in the ball of the foot and help forefoot problems like metatarsalgia and neuromas. The combination of tight calf muscles and overpronation contributes to the development of plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis, posterior tibial tendonitis, midfoot arthritis, metatarsalgia and bunions.

Regardless of the title, the muscle and tendon will exert an abnormal force during walking. In this case, the foot is pronated (the heel out and the talus down) and the force moves to the forefoot, pushing the first metatarsal upward. The heel bone sits elevated in comparison to the front of the foot, the talus is tilted down, contributing to collapse of the midfoot. The foot can be forced into this position when the calf muscles are tight because there is not enough flexibility in the ankle to allow the leg to move forward over the foot. Tight calf muscles generate excess stress and pull on the Achilles tendon resulting in pain at the insertion of the tendon on the heel bone, or a few inches above this area. This places stress on the plantar fascia, (as seen above) the posterior tibial tendon and on the midfoot joints, which, over time, can result in midfoot arthritis. Stretching the calf will help to decrease abnormal pronation, decrease the midfoot collapse and relieve the excess pressure on the ball of the foot.
This page offers a detailed discussion of these common foot problems.The calf muscle originates in the back of the leg.
Mouse over the image to the left and notice that the ankle bone (talus) is rotating toward the midline of the body and the navicular, outlined in black, is rotating away from the midline of the body. Although the diagram above demonstrates the development of plantar fasciitis in individuals with tight calves, overpronation and flatfeet, all types of feet (high arch, normal arch and low arch feet) can develop plantar fasciitis. Normally, the posterior tibial tendon travels from the leg, behind the ankle bone and attaches on the navicular and other adjacent bones. Most of these foot problems will benefit with wearing the appropriate shoe (rigid with a heel wedge) and calf stretching.
This decreases the tension on the Achilles tendon, distributes pressure more evenly between the forefoot and the heel, prevents further midfoot collapse and decreases the load on the forefoot.
Perform each of these stretches by holding each stretch for 60 seconds and repeating 3 times. This causes the Achilles tendon, calf muscle and plantar fascia to be placed in a relaxed position.
But, if the calf muscle is tight, this prevents the motion seen in this picture and the heel must come off the ground early to compensate for the tight calf muscles.

On the left, the foot is moving up at the ankle (dorsiflexion), the forefoot is moving away from the midline of the body (abduction) and the heel is tilting out, away from the midline of the body (eversion).
If the calf muscles are tight and do not allow movement at the ankle, the foot must flex instead of the ankle.
Although it may seem counterintuitive, the heel lifts and wedged heeled shoes help forefoot problems like metatarsalgia. The purpose of the pad is to transfer pressure away from the sore area of your foot.There is no "magic bullet" treatment for any of these problems. The result is flexion (and collapse) of the midfoot, and movement of the front of the foot out (away from the midline of the body) to allow the leg to move over the foot and then propel the body forward. Although rest, ice and anti-inflammatory medications may decrease the pain and inflammation associated with some of the foot problems mentioned above, they are not addressing the cause of the problem and should be used in addition to the therapies mentioned above.
In this picture here it is easy to visualize how much the foot has moved up, in relationship to the ankle. This means you can slip our arch supports into more shoe styles, without worrying if your long insoles will protrude from the shoes. Also, our thinner arch supports, which are called Maintainers and Relaxers, are designed to fit well into the loafers, wingtips, sandals and open-toed shoes you currently wear. The motion is the same as plantarflexion, except the foot is on the ground, thus the motion pushes the foot off the ground and propels the body forward. When you visit your local Good Feet store, your Certified Arch Support Fitter will fit you with arch supports according to your arch length, and foot flexibility. The thickness and rigidity of a lot of custom orthotics makes them too bulky for most footwear, except athletic or orthopedic shoes.
In conclusion, custom orthotics are wonderful products for those who have specific health concerns, or unique foot care needs.
By comparison, over-the-counter inserts and insoles are available in a drugstore or specialty shoe shop.

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Comments to «Foot pain ball of foot and arch»

  1. SweeT writes:
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  2. Ayka012 writes:
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  3. Ocean writes:
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  4. Virus writes:
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