The bones in the foot may be broken in many ways including direct blows, crush injuries, falls and overuse or stress.Initial treatment may include RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation). The foot is designed to withstand the considerable forces placed on it by walking, running, and jumping. The toe bones are called phalanges (single = phalanx) with the great toe having two and the other four toes having three each.


The arch of the foot is maintained by the plantar fascia, a thick fibrous band of tissue that runs from the calcaneus to the metatarsal, preventing the bones of the foot from flattening. Injuries to the foot include fractures of the bone, sprains of the ligaments that stabilize the joints, and strains of the muscles and tendons that move the foot. There are  26 bones of the foot, connected by joints and supported by thickened ligaments to absorb the impact of movement.


As well, the joints of the foot are acted upon by muscles and tendons that allow flexing and extending to permit walking and running to occur.



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