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31.03.2014

Anatomy of foot tendons and ligaments,anatomy of foot tendons and ligaments,orthaheel sport orthotic insoles reviews - How to DIY

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The talus works like a inside the socket to allow your foot to move up (dorsiflexion) and down (plantarflexion). Most of the motion of the ankle is caused by the stronger muscles in the lower leg whose tendons pass by the ankle and connect in the foot.
The peroneals (peroneus longus and peroneus brevis) on the outside edge of the ankle and foot bend the ankle down and out. The calf muscles (gastrocnemius and soleus) connect to the calcaneus by the Achilles tendon.
The nerve supply of the ankle is from nerves that pass by the ankle on their way into the foot. The nerves on the front and outer edge of the ankle control the muscles in this area, and they give sensation to the top and outside edge of the foot.
The muscles, tendons, and ligaments that support the ankle joint work together to propel the body. Three ligaments make up the lateral ligament complex on the side of the ankle farthest from the other ankle.


This series of ligaments supports the ankle syndesmosis, the part of the ankle where the bottom end of the fibula meets the tibia.
Contraction of the muscles in the leg is the main way that we move our ankle when we walk, run, and jump. The top of the talus fits inside a socket that is formed by the lower end of the tibia (shinbone) and the fibula (the small bone of the lower leg). It is made up of the ligaments around the joint and the soft tissues between the ligaments that fill in the gaps and form the sac. It attaches the calf muscles to the calcaneus (heelbone) and allows us to raise up on our toes. When one part becomes damaged, it can affect every other part of the ankle and foot, leading to problems. A thick ligament, called the deltoid ligament, supports the medial ankle (the side closest to your other ankle). The ligament crossing just above the front of the ankle and connecting the tibia to the fibula is called the anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (AITFL).


The posterior tibial tendon attaches one of the smaller muscles of the calf to the underside of the foot. This joint has to be stable in order to withstand 1.5 times your body weight when you walk and up to eight times your body weight when you run. Other less important arteries entering the foot from other directions also supply blood to the ankle.
Ligaments and tendons come in many different sizes and like rope, are made up of many smaller fibers.
These ligaments include the posterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (PITFL) and the transverse ligament.



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