HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia is the indication of decline in the blood sugar level below normal. Complications-of-diabetesComplications-of-diabetes include- Hypoglycemia, Hyperglycemia, Diabetic, Cardiomyopathy, Diabetic Nephropathy, Diabetic Neuropathy, Diabetic Retinopathy. Diabetes MellitusAn imbalance in the blood glucose level may indicate low blood sugar or high blood sugar. Diabetes-and-DepressionDiabetes leads to Depression and sometimes even more complications. Causes-of-DiabetesVarious Causes of Diabetes can be-genetic, obesity, abnormal functioning of pancreas and liver, unhealthy Food and lifestyle and certain infections. Diabetic-DietDiabetic-Diet should incorporate plenty of greens and vegetables, no-sugar,colocasia,rice or potato and chicken, mutton should be consumed sparingly. Tingling in hands and feet, Sudden weight loss, Always hungry, Always thirsty, Wounds take time to heal, Blurry Vision. Prevent-DiabetesDiabetes can be successfully prevented by leading healthy lifestyle, less intake of sugar and avoiding alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking. Risk-factors-for-diabetesModifiable Risk Factors Of Diabetes-Lifestyle, Eating Habits, Existing Health Problems.
Is-Diabetes-HereditaryPeople with diabetes heredity have higher chances of getting this metabolic disorder. Diabetes MellitusWhen the blood sugar is either below or above the normal level then it may lead to a disorder called diabetes mellitus.
Nephrogenic-Diabetes-InsipidusNephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus is caused by insufficient amount of antidiuretic hormone in the body. The common evaluation tools that are used for diagnosing the non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus involve blood studies. Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT) – people will be considered to have this problem if the results show hyperglycemia (high level of glucose in the blood).
2-Hour Post-Prandial Blood Glucose Test – same test with GTT but it reflects with accurate amount of glucose in the blood. Glycosylated Hemoglobin Assay (HB A1C) – non-insulin dependent diabetes is confirmed if the test result shows increased rate.
Blood chemistry – results with increased level of potassium, glucose, cholesterol, ketones, and triglyceride levels can verify the disease. The treatment plan for type 2 diabetes involves stabilization of glucose and cholesterol level in the blood.
When the insulin produced by the pancreas is not sufficient to break down the excess sugar in the blood, it can lead to Type II Diabetes.
The insulin produced by the body is not sufficient to break down the sugar which is then converted into fats and leads to obesity. Most common symptoms include a feeling of sickness and tiredness with increased appetite and loss of weight.
Type II diabetes can be controlled with diet and exercises, but, if the patient develops insulin resistance, then he may need a combination of fast acting insulin along with the intermediate, long lasting insulin via injections. Patients with type II diabetes often resort to frequent insulin injections to keep the sugar levels in check. The use of an insulin pump can take care of your daily insulin requirements and since it is a computerized device you can program it to suit your condition. These medicines (glimepiride, tolazamide and glyburide) signal the pancreas to produce more insulin for effective management of the disease. Biguanides like Metformin control the production of sugar by the liver thereby reducing the blood glucose levels. This injectable drug is prescribed when metformins and sulfonylureas fail to control the blood sugar levels.This drug has a similar mode of action as the naturally occuring hormone GLP-1 and it acts by increasing insulin production. These medicines (such as rosiglitazone) improve the body’s response to insulin by increasing the sensitivity of individual cells towards insulin. They reduce the glucose levels in the body by preventing the absorption of carbohydrates from the digestive tract.
Meglitinides like repaglinide and nateglinide increase the production of insulin by the pancreas. Secondary diabetes mellitus, also known as type 2 diabetes or adult onset diabetes, is a form of disease which leads to high levels of blood glucose by adversely affecting the insulin production in the body. This disease hampers the insulin resistance of the body by weakening the cells and gradually starts to show in the functioning of muscles, liver and tissues. There are a number of contributing factors related to one’s lifestyle that lead to the onset of type 2 diabetes. Mainly the people from America and other European countries, and also of African, Chinese and Japanese descent are more prone to type 2 diabetes because of the unhealthy lifestyle they lead. Because of the high intake of fast food items which these people have incorporated as a normal and regular part of their diets, they suffer from this and various other diseases.This diet contains too much of trans fatty acids, artificial flavors, and saturated fats and thus increase the risk. Genetic disorders, although constituting a small risk percentage (10%), is another cause of the development of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In twins, the probability of one twin contracting diabetes is about 90% if the other twin has it; in siblings the same percentage is decreased to 25-30%. Many already existing health conditions can also lead to the development of diabetes in the patients. Type 2 Diabetes is a very common metabolic disorder that leads to the relative ineffectiveness and manufacture of insulin. One of the most common symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes is the desire and the need to urinate more frequently. The water content that is used for the dilution of this extra glucose is withdrawn from the blood. If there is a presence of disproportionate levels of thirst and constant desire to drink water, then it is important to pay attention to the rate of urination.As one of the main symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes is frequent urination and the related loss of water content from the body, creates the high thirst levels and the desire to drink more water. The reason behind feeling sudden pangs of hunger is the dropping down of energy levels due to the ineffective functioning of insulin in the body. The gain in weight is related to the extra consumption of food for the energy supply as discussed above. The relatively poor functioning of the insulin in the body decreases the energy provided to the cells and this increases the levels of fatigue in the patients of Type 2 Diabetes. The lack of energy, inactive state of body and mind and low energy levels causes irritability. One of the progressive symptoms of Type 2 diabetes is blurred vision, which is caused by the tissues being pulled away from the lenses of the eyes.
The presence of high levels of sugar in the blood stream makes it difficult to heal bruises and fine cuts. With the sugar content going up in the blood, infections in the vagina or bladder take unduly long to heal and recover. It may not be one of the primary symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes, but the presence of an itching sensation on the skin, may point towards the development of Type 2 Diabetes in many women. If you notice a sudden reddening or swelling up of gums which start feeling tender, pay attention to the blood sugar levels. The presence of excessive sugar in the blood stream may eventually lead to the damaging of the nerves and the tiny blood vessels linked to them. It is important to remember that the disease increases progressively and symptoms vary with the increase in the blood sugar levels and the age of the disease. Normally the body’s digestive system breaks down carbohydrates into the blood sugar glucose and the pancreas creates insulin.
Over the course of time, the body will become less able to handle all of this excess glucose and these high sugar(glucose) levels will lead to complications with diabetes, which can be kidney failure, heart disease or blindness.
There are several risk factors that will increase the chances of developing type 2 diabetes in children. Children, who have excess weight and are overweight or obese, have the highest risk of developing childhood type-2 diabetes.
Similar to type 2 diabetes in adults, children who have excess belly or abdominal weight increase the likelihood of developing insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
The nerve damage can occur in the hands in feet do to poor blood circulation which increases the risk of complications, without treatment, untreated cuts and blisters become infections. The causes of type-2 diabetes are not fully known, although weight and genetic factors are important.
Insulin the hormone from the pancreas gland behind the stomach produces insulin as a child eats. Diabetes may damage the blood vessels clusters in the liver, that filters waste, and severe damage can lead to failure or kidney disease. Eye damage occurs because blood vessels in the retina become damage leading to glaucoma or cataracts. Skin conditions may occur, leaving your child susceptible to skin infections or fungal infections. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) it is recommended that the child receives insulin even if it’s not clear which type of diabetes he or she has.
The APP also recommends that children with type 2 diabetes, get there hemoglobin A1c levels measured at least, every three months.
Blood glucose monitoring is an important component of managing a child’s diabetes, there are medications such as sulfonylureas.
It is recommended that a child receives nutritional counseling and moderate to vigorous exercise for an hour a day. Disclaimer"Be Healthy, Be Happy", this blog, does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
When you have high blood sugar, your body releases chemicals that weaken your immune system. Because your immune system has been weakened, inflammation goes into overdrive and this raises your blood sugar even further. Insulin created in your pancreas controls how much glucose remains in your blood and how much is absorbed by your cells.
You now have high blood sugar, which starts off the process you read about previously, where your immune system is weakened and more inflammation kicks in.
Internal Low-Grade inflammation can lead to low energy and make you more prone to getting sick.
One of the most important things to understand about diabetes is that it is the result of improper insulin production in the pancreas. The cycle you have been reading about is usually brought on by poor lifestyle choices like in the list above. Research has shown that diet and lifestyle changes are more effective than any form of prescription medication you can take. Keep this in mind though, changing your diet, taking the right supplements and exercising is not a temporary solution. I am telling you this because I watched my dad’s health fall apart due to Type 2 diabetes and I am not going to let that happen to me. One proposed possibility for this link is that cytomegalovirus may harm cells in the pancreas, predisposing people to diabetes.
Since cytomegalovirus is usually symptomless, it’s nearly impossible to know whether our loved ones might be infected or not.
What is clear-cut is the link between other well-understood—and more preventable—risk factors and diabetes: obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, lack of exercise, unhealthy eating habits. Insulin is important as it allows for the transport of glucose from the blood in to cells, like muscle. Long term hyperglycaemia can lead to further complications and permanent damage to the eyes, nerves, heart and other organs if not managed properly. This article was written by our dietitian Belinda Elwin who is a Dietitians Association of Australia member and Accredited Practising Dietitian and Nutritionist. Belinda has worked within the community by conducting supermarket tours and regularly delivering presentations to schools and support groups. Belinda combines her experience and skill set to provide practical, client specific advice through dietary counselling. Our Speech Pathologist, Dietitian and Skincare Nurse offer 15min free health screening consults. This condition primarily starts in the extremities (lower and upper) that is arms and legs.
In this case pancreas is able to produce insulin, however, it is not sufficient enough to stabilize the glucose level in the blood. Most clinical experts believe that it is a secondary problem, which resulted to existing health problem. However, the imminence rate of these signs and symptoms are not as morbid as with type 1 diabetes. Moreover, a decreased level in the carbon dioxide with a pH level of lesser than 7.4 is linked to this disease, as well.
Administration of insulin and oral hypoglycemic are commonly prescribed to people with this condition.
Constant monitoring of blood glucose level and practicing of healthy lifestyle can reduce the risk of developing this form of diabetes mellitus. Their only aim is to share their opinion on the concerned topic, and help the reader understand it better. Type II Diabetes is mostly a lifestyle related disease where the consumption of excess fatty and starchy food releases a lot of sugar in the body.
Over a period of time the blood sugar develops resistance to the insulin produced by the body and therefore leads to fluctuations in the overall sugar levels.
However, in the cases where symptoms are produced, the patient may feel unusual thirst and increase in the frequency of urination. Fasting blood glucose test in combination with non-fasting glucose test confirms the diagnosis.
These injections need to be taken regularly and the dosage administration is a major cause of concern for the diabetics. At times medicines may be prescribed to control your sugar levels in combination with insulin and lifestyle changes. Sulfonylureas can be used in combination with metformin and is generally prescribed for the patients who cannot take metformin. Metformin is the part of early medication for treating Type II Diabetes in overweight patients. Lower absorption of carbohydrates leads to lower break down products and hence reduced sugars levels. Type II Diabetes can lead to severe health complications and even organ damage if left unchecked.However, with a proper treatment plan and regular care you can manage the disease better and improve the quality of your life. Unlike type 1 diabetes, secondary diabetes mellitus doesn’t destroy the insulin producing beta cells but makes them less efficient in tackling the sugar content of the body. Almost about 95% of the diabetes cases in the US have lifestyle issues as the core reason behind them.
Also, one can’t do anything to avoid a faulty genetic development inside the body, which makes it an important cause of this disease. Most of the times, these genetic complications are found to be related to the beta cell structure.
Medical conditions like hyperthyroidism, glucagonomas (a form of cancer), testosterone deficiency, etc. Improving one’s lifestyle at once, including the diet, is the only way of avoiding this disease. This starts accumulating in the bladders and urges the patients to urinate more frequently.
Insulin provides energy to the human cells by breaking down the sugar content in the blood stream.As the body cannot receive the energy internally, it looks towards food products to provide the same. Overeating causes obesity if not combined with regular exercise and a healthy change in lifestyle. One of the common symptoms is to get tired and listless easily and suffer from physical and emotional stress, caused due to the low metabolic rates and energy levels. This affects the focusing power of the eyes which leads to other complications or problems in vision in the long run.
If you find your bruises taking longer than usual to heal, it may be a symptom of Type 2 Diabetes.
You may find yourself struggling with yeast infections and other skin problems which you had never seen before.
The dryness in the skin caused to poor blood circulation can signal the development of Type 2 Diabetes.Usually the skin around the armpit area and the neck starts darkening due to this symptom of Type 2 Diabetes and this is a cause of concern for many women. One of the other signs of Type2 Diabetes is the pulling away of the gums, which leads to the loosening of the teeth. This gives rise to another important symptom of Type 2 Diabetes which relates to numbness or tingling in the nerves of the feet and hands.The symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes are hard to detect and usually go unnoticed. It is important to keep a firm check and high self control over the lifestyle patterns and other recommendations, to avoid becoming a slave to insulin injections in the later stages of Type 2 Diabetes. There was once a time when if you had diabetes as a child it was always considered to be type 1 or juvenile-onset, diabetes. Most children are diagnose with diabetes at the start of puberty, within insulin resistance grows. This insulin travels through the blood stream and this unlocks other cells in the body so that glucose is based to these cells from the blood. The doctor can examine your child to see if he or she is overweight or obese based on your child’s age, height and weight. If it is determined that your child has type 2 diabetes, then certain lifestyle changes will need to be implemented for you child as well as taken medication, which is Metformin. This medication could be part of a change or start of a new treatment plan, for those children who previous plans haven’t been as effective. To prevent diabetes children should eat much less processed food, and eat greens, vegetables, fruits and whole grains. Some patients with type 2 diabetes eventually have to inject insulin if other treatments don’t control glucose levels well enough. Yes, heredity does play a role but most of the time we get these diseases due to factors we can control. Getting the right anti-inflammatory nutrients into your body and exercising can prevent pre-diabetes from turning into full blown Diabetes. A new study from the Netherlands, published in the journal Immunity and Ageing, looked at 549 elderly adults to analyze a possible link between infection with cytomegalovirus and the development of Type 2 diabetes. Alternatively, since Type 2 diabetes can cause problems with the immune system, it might make people more susceptible to infection with cytomegalovirus. Scientists will have to follow infected individuals over time to figure out whether cytomegalovirus actually leads directly to Type 2 diabetes in the elderly.
However, the CDC says, otherwise healthy individuals who are infected usually don’t require medical treatment. All of these are known to increase the likelihood of Type 2 diabetes, but if we encourage the seniors in our lives to eat right, be physically active, and pay attention to their health, we can help minimize diabetes risk. It plays a vital role in regulating our blood sugar levels as it is responsible for the production of insulin. In the case of insulin resistance, the pancreas will produce greater amounts of insulin than normal in an attempt to lower BGLs – this eventually leads to the beta cells becoming worn out. If you have questions about dietary management for Type 2 diabetes and healthy eating, make an appointment. She is constantly ensuring her knowledge is up to date by attending conferences, workshops and keeping on top of newly emerging evidence. Additionally, she leads a healthy lifestyle program for children outside of the healthy weight range. In particular, Belinda has a broad range of experience with weight management, diabetes, oncology, high cholesterol, malnutrition, childhood nutrition and gastrointestinal disorders. Hypertension and obesity are the two lifestyle diseases that have been contributed to the development of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
It means that the severity of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is lesser compared to the others. Thus, cellular resistance to insulin may develop and several physiologic changes can occur. Moreover, diabetic dietary plan is exclusively designed to meet the needed nutrients, which are allotted for people with this metabolic disorder. Good or bad, Right or wrong is solely readers decision and should be taken under the guidance of a medical expert. High levels of sugar in the blood and urine can lead to serious complications and even prove to be fatal if left unchecked. An inadequate insulin dosage can lead to complications like weight gain and even organ damage.
They may cause side effects like nausea, diarrhoea, weight gain and even hypoglycaemia due to increased activity of insulin. All the fat that accumulates in arteries and tissues affects the body by clogging the blood flow and making the person obese over a prolonged period of time. If the body mass index gets greater than 30, it is a case of obesity.
Various diabetic conditions such as maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) and Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome are the results of monogenic type of diabetes, which arises out of a single gene malfunction, hence the name. It is important to know that the ineffectiveness or the low production of insulin makes it difficult for the kidneys to filter the glucose content back into the blood stream. So if you do find yourself rushing to the toilet every hour or more frequently, then its time to have a blood sugar level check done for an early diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes is generally referred to as a silent killer as the symptoms are so very easy to miss.
Without insulin the blood glucose levels become unstable and other parts of the body don’t receive the glucose it needs.
This complications may be thought of as issues adults only have, but they can affect children just as well. Metformin and insulin are currently the only to approved medications that lowers blood sugar, for people younger than the age 18. The key to stopping this cycle is by lowering inflammation, which then starts to lower blood sugar levels. I am in my 50’s now and I exercise regularly and take a fish oil supplement that’s combined with powerful antioxidants that fight inflammation.
While no specific cause-and-effect relationship has been found yet, researchers have found a clear association between the two, implying that cytomegalovirus could play a role in elderly Type 2 diabetes. This explanation is less likely, because most people with cytomegalovirus were infected in childhood.
Her visual art has been exhibited around California, and her writing has appeared in a variety of web sites and print publications.
This is likely due to the changes in our lifestyle behaviours such as diet and sedentary behaviour. Once someone is diagnosed with diabetes, they have already lost a significant amount of those insulin producing cells. Some individuals who live a healthy lifestyle can still develop type 2 diabetes if they have a genetic link or are from a certain ethnic background. Passionate about health and wellbeing, we write about issues relevant to our clinical practice. Other preventive measures such as exercising and avoidance of addictive vices can help prevent the worsening of the condition. Medications too, like atypical antipsychotics, thiazides and others, are responsible for triggering diabetes in the patients.
It is important to be aware of the above symptoms and keep a watch for any tell tale signs that may lead to this metabolic disorder. The CDC has stated that more than 186,000 people who are under the age of 20 have diabetes, including type 1 or type 2. Exercise is critical to your child’s health, and will dramatic reduce inulin resistance. The more carbohydrates you eat the more insulin your body has to produce to get that energy into your cells.
Earlier studies found a link between cytomegalovirus and Type 1 diabetes, but this recent study reveals that seniors age 85 and over are more than twice as likely to have Type 2 diabetes if they are also infected with cytomegalovirus. In addition to writing about older adults, she also writes for younger ones--her first novel for young adults, THE LATTE REBELLION, was published in 2011 by Flux. Type 2 diabetes is therefore an issue with the insulin produced being ineffective and not enough insulin being produced due to loss in functionality of beta cells.
However, the body needs insulin to absorb glucose from the bloodstream and circulate it to the various cells of the body. So these medicines must be avoided, or not taken without the proper guidance of your doctor.
The good news is that once you have been diagnosed for Type 2 Diabetes, it is easy to control and manage the same with positive lifestyle changes, dietary control and the administration of certain medicines.
This creates problems and the result can be a Chronic Illness such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer and arthritis.
Beta cells sense when blood glucose levels are rising and produce insulin to combat this and lower them back to a normal range.
The glucose within the blood then builds up as it cannot enter other cells and this causes hyperglycaemia. The child’s body is resistant to insulin, so the glucose begins to build up within the bloodstream.
It’s hard to break old habits but taking a supplement everyday was a good and easy first step. I would like to extend my thanks to the person who wrote this article for helping me on this life altering journey of a lifetime. The high level of glucose in the blood can cause damage to the vascular system in the heart, liver, kidneys, eyes and nervous system. This disease can occur at any age, but more often its development began in childhood.Diabetes type 1 is a disorder of the immune system.
Antibodies were supposed to fortify the body from bacteria and viruses even attacking pancreatic and destroys insulin-producing cells (beta cells). As a result, the pancreas can no longer produce insulin for the body.Treatment of diabetes type 1 in the form of regular insulin injections, because the sufferer is no longer able to produce insulin. However, the amount produced can not meet the body’s need or because body cells do not respond to insulin properly (insulin resistance). Insulin resistance is the most common cause of diabetes type 2.People who are overweight have a greater risk of developing diabetes type 2, as obesity can cause insulin-resistant conditions.
Insulin resistance causes blood sugar (glucose) increases, because although the pancreas work harder to produce the hormone insulin still not be able to keep blood sugar within normal levels.Although diabetes can not be cured, people with diabetes can still live a healthy and normal if handled appropriately.
This type of diabetes is often difficult to detect because of the hormonal activity is high in pregnant women. The high level of glucose in pregnancy will affect the baby because glucose also becomes circulated through the placenta and the baby in the womb. Regular consultation with a doctor is needed to diabetes can be detected early.Gestational diabetes usually resolves after giving birth. But having gestational diabetes during pregnancy makes the woman has a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
Most people think that diabetes is just one disease that occurs due to high sugar levels in the blood. In the meantime, have not found a medicine that can cure diabetes with certainty, so it can only be prevented and controlled.
However, sometimes we do not realize how important the function of the eye until there is a problem or health problems in the eye.
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