High blood-sugar levels from diabetes can damage blood vessels in your retina, the layer of nerve tissue at the back of your eye.
Maintaining strict control of your blood sugar and following a strict diet are essential to preventing diabetic retinopathy in patients with diabetes. If you suddenly see a few specks or spots floating in your vision, this may indicate proliferative diabetic retinopathy, the growth of abnormal new blood vessels on your retina and optic nerve.
You should have your eyes checked promptly if you experience changes in your vision that last more than a few days and are not associated with a change in blood sugar.
Pregnant women with diabetes should schedule an appointment in the first trimester, because retinopathy can progress quickly during pregnancy. The most important symptoms of Diabetes are associated with the fluctuations in the blood sugar levels, insulin resistance or reduced or negligible production of insulin in the body of the patient. The serious health problems such as hypertension, high blood pressure, depression, problems connected with eye vision, foot problems and nerve issues can be checked and managed if the symptoms are detected at the right time and relieved. The autoimmune response of the pancreas or a viral attack on the organ can lead to decreased or non production of insulin.
The required glucose levels for the production of ATP (Adenosin Triphosphate), becomes low or unavailable due to this reduction in the natural production of insulin.
In the later stages of Type 1 Diabetes, as the insulin production in the body stops completely, the fats and the muscle tissues in the body are broken down to provide the energy required for the normal functioning of the body system. Disturbances in the normal electrolyte levels lead to dehydration in the body of those suffering from diabetes. Type II Diabetes is typically a metabolic disorder, where in the blood sugar levels increase due to insulin resistance and insulin deficiency. One of the most common symptoms of Diabetes is weariness and increased fatigue levels in the patients.The reserve fats in the cells of a diabetic patient are utilized to provide energy to maintain the body processes. The amount of energy released by the fats in the body, is comparatively higher than that released by the breakdown of glucose. The increased blood sugar levels tend to send signals to the brain and this creates the requirement for the dilution of the glucose content in the blood stream. The body also finds a natural way of balancing the sugar levels by passing it through the urine. Insulin is associated with the hunger levels in diabetic patients and is responsible for the stimulation of the craving to consume food. Some important factors and allied complications related to the advancement of diabetes such as glucosuria, polyuria and the breakdown of reserve proteins and body fat, can lead to fluctuations in the body weight. One of the advanced symptoms of diabetes is known as hyperosmolar hyperglycemia nonketotic syndrome. Irritability and restlessness are important signs and symptoms of high blood sugar levels in patients suffering from Diabetes. The insufficient supply of glucose to the brain cells and the nerves makes them feel uneasy, tired and irritable. The suppression of the normal immune system of the body leads to an increased frequency in bacterial or fungal infections in the body. The White blood corpuscles or the WBC, are responsible for maintaining the immune levels inside our bodies. The increased blood sugar levels decreases their capacity and efficiency of healing cuts and wounds. The gradual thickening of the blood in patients, leads to improper blood circulation, which also causes delay in the healing of wounds and cuts. Peripheral neuropathy leads to improper functions of the sweat glands and the blood circulation in the body.


The reduced blood circulation, coupled with the various problems and complications, often leads to mental and emotional stress that triggers of bouts of depression.
The progressive nature of Diabetes is characterized by many symptoms that keep on appearing as the disorder advances to the later stages.
Diabetes can affect your eyes and is one of the leading causes of blindness in the adult population. Use candy crush soda saga cheats to get free lives without bothering facebook friends or paying real money to keep playing the new candy crush game. Follow tips receive time gift 50 free gold bars candy crush soda saga popular king games. Copyright © 2015 Caroldoey, All trademarks are the property of the respective trademark owners. If you have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you should see an ophthalmologist yearly beginning five years after the time of diabetes diagnosis. The American Academy of Ophthalmology now recommends that adults with no signs or risk factors for eye disease get a baseline eye disease screening at age 40—the time when early signs of disease and changes in vision may start to occur.
Rapid changes in blood sugar can cause temporary blurring of vision in both eyes even if retinopathy is not present. This leads to some of the primary symptoms associated with Type 1 Diabetes, such as vomiting and nausea. The absence of insulin prevents the cells of the body to metabolize the glucose in the blood stream. This causes high levels of fatigue due the negative calorie effects triggered off in the body. The increased levels of thirst are directly related to the rise of blood sugar levels in a diabetic patient. The urge for frequent urination and increased thirst levels are also interconnected, as the body excretes large volume of fluids along with the sugar, leading to the desire for consuming more fluid.
The high sugar levels in the body leads to hunger pangs, as the energy required by the body cannot be fulfilled through the breakdown of glucose in the blood stream. There are mixed responses to this symptom as some patients may undergo an increase in their body weight due to an increase in appetite, while others may suffer from weight loss. This refers to a blurring in the vision of diabetic patients, which is caused due to the pulling out of fluids from the tissues present in the eyes along wit the lenses.
This in return, leads to itchiness and increased levels of dryness in the skin of the diabetic patients. The tingling sensation in the hands, arms, legs and feet is caused by the increased sensitivity levels, that cause a burning sensation and high levels of discomfort. The patient finds it difficult to control himself and becomes inactive and easily distressed. Both the types of Diabetes can be kept in check and managed by positive changes in the lifestyle and diet, regular exercises and medications.
People with either type I (insulin dependent) or type II diabetes (non-insulin dependent) are at risk. Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent vision loss, and it’s important to maintain control of your blood sugar if you have diabetes.
Your doctor may also order a special test called fluorescein angiography to find out if you need treatment.


Most diabetic patients find unexplained infections on their skin, which are related to the increase in blood sugar levels. As the disease advances, there may be a complete loss of sensation in the hands and feet of the patient. In this test, a dye is injected into your arm and photos of your eye are taken to detect where fluid is leaking. The yellow disc or donut to the right side is the optic nerve.BACKGROUND DIABETIC RETINOPATHY "BDR"In general, complications of diabetes affecting the eyes are due to problems with the very small blood vessels of the retina called capillaries.
Typically, the capillaries become weak and small out-pouchings occur known as microaneurysms. These microaneurysms can be leaky, allowing serum (blood without any cells) to saturate the retinal tissue causing edema (wetness) preventing the retina from functioning properly. If the edema occurs in the macula, a part of the retina responsible for fine reading vision, vision is blurred. Sometimes the microaneurysms can rupture causing small or large hemorrhages in the retina or bleeding into the vitreous, causing blurred vision. Capillaries can become occluded, resulting in small areas of the retina to become starved of oxygen and nutrition (hypoxia) resulting in blurred vision.
PROLIFERATIVE DIABETIC RETINOPATHY "PDR"If enough retina is starved of oxygen, new blood vessels can start to grow throughout the retina and into the vitreous.
These new blood vessels are weak and easily rupture resulting in hemorrhages and scar tissue formation, which can contract and pull off the retina from the back of the eye resulting in blindness.
DETECTING DIABETIC RETINOPATHYPreventing complications of diabetes from causing vision loss begins with a complete eye exam by Dr. During an exam, he will dilate your pupils to see into your eye and evaluated the retina for changes related to diabetes. If leaking micraneurysms are found which may cause vision loss, Dr,  Gualtieri will perform a special test, called a fluoresceine angiogram to better define the blood vessels and circulation.
Abnormal blood vessels will show up as tiny white bulges from microaneurysms or fluffy white clouds from new blood vessel growth.This is an image of the normal retina.
The retinal tissue around the leaking blood vessles becomes edematous (soggy) and does not function well. If the zone of edema is large and involves the macula, vision will decline.Advanced diabetic change inside the eye is demostrated by massive leaking from newly formed but abnormal blood vessle fronds.
The large white cloudy spots represents the dye leaking from leaking, weak, and ruptured vessles.TREATMENT OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHYWith this information, Dr.
Gualtieri can use an argon laser beam in the office to seal leaking capillaries, allowing edematous (wet) retina to dry up and restore vision.A special lens is placed on the eye to view the retina and localize the leaks.
If there is new blood vessle growth and severe bleeding, PAN-RETINAL treatment is needed.Patients with diabetes should be examined at least once a year to monitor for diabetic eye diseases. If diabetic disease is present in the eye more frequent visits are necessary.If you have diabetes, DO NOT DELAY, call our office at 619-688-2648 immediately for an exam, it may just save your sight!



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