Gestational diabetes: A condition with high blood glucose usually observed in pregnant women. The treatment for diabetes is based upon the diagnosis of the disease, intensity of symptoms and other medical problems. The most important complication arising from diabetes is problems with kidneys, nerves, feet and eyes. Prior history of diabetes in the family needs focus on preventive measures to control the increased state of the disease. A juice of small bitter gourd every morning would be the best remedy for treating diabetes.
The best remedy to avoid diabetes is to maintain a balanced weight of the body and cultivate an active lifestyle. The cause is an increased build up of artery plaque which can ultimately lead to a heart attack or stroke.
Let’s cover some of the problems involved in heart disease, how it relates to diabetes and what steps we can take to lower our risks. Hypertension (high blood pressure) – High blood pressure affects more than 50% of men and women over the age of 45. The interior lining of all the blood vessels (including the tiny and large ones) are affected, which can increase the incidence of kidney failure, blindness, a heart attack or stroke (the leading cause of death for those with type 2 diabetes is a heart attack or stroke). Many people are experiencing hypertension at a much younger age (similar in type 2 diabetes) due to poor choices and lack of exercise. High blood pressure during pregnancy (even if it disappears after childbirth) is considered a risk factor (similar to gestational diabetes during pregnancy, which increase type 2 diabetes in later life). Hypertension often has no symptoms, but may present with blurry vision, headaches or dizziness just like onset symptoms of diabetes. The best idea is to check with your own health care provider since each person has other risk factors involved and together decide what level is good for you. Treating high blood pressure requires life style changes including cutting back on sodium to 1200-1500mg a day. Include exercising a minimum of 150-180 minutes a week and manage your daily stress with meditation or deep breathing. If these measures do not bring down blood pressure your physician will consider medications such as diuretics, ACE inhibitors, ARBs, or beta blockers.
High Cholesterol – The most important number in your lipid profile is your LDL value.
Even more important is the LDL particle size; the small dense LDL is much more dangerous than the light, fluffy and large particles. Things that increase your risk of elevated LDL are: family history, inactivity, high saturated fat diet and low levels of estrogen following menopause. Simple sugary foods, processed foods and alcohol have a strong impact on your triglycerides. What to do – Since there are no symptoms associated with high LDL or triglycerides you should have them checked with a blood test.
According to this graph from Statistics Canada, rates of obesity have been increasing since the late 1970s and have increased sharply since 1990. According to information gathered by Statistics Canada, there is a strong correlation between increased body weight and several common chronic conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease. The author of this article recognizes that overweight and obesity has health implications, but he challenges assumptions that everyone who is overweight is unhealthy. Except where otherwise noted, original content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada License.
In this process, sugar called glucose moves into the bloodstream which acts as the most important source of energy. The condition might cause severe damage to the eyes, kidneys or nerves and result in heart disease. Influence of genes, viruses and problems in the immune system might be some of the reasons for the disease.
A physical examination and other factors like diet, lifestyle and personal habits of the patient are also considered. Insulin injections would be suggested for diabetic patients to reduce the level of blood sugar in case oral medications fail to work.
Healthy low-fat diet with high fiber and regular exercise might serve as the best preventive measure.
It is advisable to have a thorough diabetic check up frequently in order to prevent serious complications. Hypertension is chronic and if not treated, it causes the arteries to become more rigid, so the blood has a difficult time flowing through. Reduce your saturated fat intake (dietary cholesterol like eggs or shell fish has a much lower affect on blood cholesterol than saturated fat like fatty red meats, whole milk, bacon, butter, poultry skin or processed foods). Drink alcohol moderately with no more than 1 drink a day for women or 2 drinks a day for men under 65. LDL is the bad cholesterol that forms the plaque inside the arteries and puts you at added risk for heart attack and stroke. HDL is the protective or good cholesterol since it can carry excess cholesterol away from the arteries.
If the reading is still at or above that level, you should seek immediate emergency medical treatment for a hypertensive crisis.
The pancreas helps in providing insulin, a hormone that regulates the level of sugar glucose in the blood. It is popularly known as juvenile diabetes affecting children between the ages of 9 and 15.
Lack of balanced diet and becoming obese without any exercise would lead to type 2 diabetes. The next step for diagnosing diabetes would be a series of blood tests given to the patient in the lab. A diabetic diet is also prescribed which includes low fat, cholesterol and with nutrients, rich fiber and simple sugars.
Other complications include problems with digestion, skin allergies, sexual dysfunction and dental problems. Quitting smoking and keeping alcohol consumption under control would reduce the increase of blood sugar.
Your physician may suggest a statin medication which will help lower your LDLs or a fibrate medication to help lower triglycerides.
If you can’t access the emergency medical services (EMS), have someone drive you to the hospital right away.
Diabetes mellitus are disorders which fail in regulating the amount of glucose in the blood where the hormone insulin is not properly produced or utilized.
People with an increase in blood cholesterol levels and obesity are often at the risk of getting the disease. There is a constant raise in the level of blood sugar in case of diabetes which leads to serious problems. Finger stick testing of blood is ideally suggested where in the blood sample is taken on a strip sticking it on the patient’s finger.
Constant check over the levels of blood sugar and medication dosages might keep the levels under control. Fasting plasma glucose test helps in examining the level of glucose wherein the patient is asked not to eat or drink anything for eight hours before the blood is tested. A second test of the blood, oral glucose tolerance test is also done in 2 hours after consuming a sweet drink added with sugar.
Patients with diabetes are suggested to take hemoglobin A1C test every 3 to 6 months to check their ability to control the sugar levels. An examination of the urine and regular checkup of the feet, lower legs and the level of cholesterol and blood pressure among diabetic patients help in diagnosing and treating severe complications of the disease.
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