About type 1 diabetes Around 2.6 million people in the UK have been diagnosed with diabetes. The term diabetes refers to a group of metabolic diseases and is quite prevalent all over the world [2]. Type I Diabetes, in which the body is unable to produce the required amount of the hormone insulin. Type II Diabetes, which is the most common type of diabetes, in which the body cells show resistance to the insulin hormone. Gestational Diabetes is another type of diabetes which is exclusively found in pregnant women.
There is also another condition known as Prediabetes which is often diagnosed in individuals. While Type I and Type II Diabetes prove to be chronic and long lasting conditions, both gestational diabetes and prediabetes are reversible conditions which can be treated completely by following adequate remedies and methods of treatment. Type I Diabetes occurs when body’s own immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.
In Type II diabetes, either the body produces insufficient amounts of the hormone insulin, or the body develops a resistance to the action of insulin. Gestational diabetes may be defined as hyperglycemia with its first presentation or onset during pregnancy.
There are a number of symptoms which may help you to diagnose the presence of this metabolic disease.
Increased thirst: Sufferers feel an increased urge of thirst in order to compensate for excessive fluid loss due to urination.
Increased hunger: Also known as polyphagia, this condition is also noticed in diabetic patients.
Fatigue: Increased tiredness and fatigue are other important symptoms in a diabetic patient.
Slow healing: Slow healing of wounds is also an important feature that is seen quite commonly in diabetic patients. Abnormal sensation: There may be occurrences of numbness or tingling sensation felt in the limbs in diabetic. Increased risk to infections: A diabetic person is more prone to an infectious disease as compared to a normal person.
Miscellaneous: There are some other symptoms of diabetes which may include a blurring of the vision, unexplained loss of weight, lack of interest and concentration while working or studying. Diabetic neuropathy: The excess sugar levels present in the blood stream can prove to cause damage to the blood vessels and capillaries.
Diabetic nephropathy and diabetic ketoacidosis: Damage can be caused to the kidneys due to the excess glucose present in the blood in diabetics.
Diabetic retinopathy: Diabetes can also cause damage to the blood vessels surrounding the retina of the eye. Cardiovascular or macro vascular diseases like stroke or peripheral vascular disease: The risk of encountering cardiovascular diseases is greatly increased in diabetics. Muscle wasting and weakness: Due to the cells being unable to effectively absorb glucose, diabetic individuals cannot efficiently or effectively use their body muscles. Diabetic coma: While it is known that diabetic patients suffer from increased risk to nerve damage, in some extreme cases, this nerve damage can also lead to a condition of a coma.
Others: There are many other complications which can be associated with diabetes and these include damage caused to the limbs, infectious skin diseases and conditions, an impairment of hearing and also the development of Alzheimer’s disease is some individuals.
Fasting Plasma Glucose Test: This test measures blood glucose levels after going for at least 8 hours of fasting. Random Plasma Glucose Test: In this test, the doctor checks the blood sugar level without observing to the last meal.
Treatment of diabetes include use of medications [3] or correcting the underlying causes such as diet and exercise [4]. Diet: A diabetic should always take a balanced nutrition to maintain the short-term as well as long-term blood glucose levels under control.
Physical activity: It is another important and effective method of treating as well as preventing diabetes especially in Type II Diabetes mellitus caused due to obesity or overweight. Medications: Type I Diabetes can be treated with the insulin therapy where combinations of NPH and regular insulin or synthetic insulin analogues are administered to the patients with diabetes. Whatever the method of treatment for diabetes may be, care must be taken to periodically monitor the sugar levels in the blood stream of diabetics. There are also a number of home remedies and lifestyle tips that can be used to provide relief to the symptoms of diabetes. Stress and strain on the body should be considered very seriously as they may adversely affect a diabetic. Regular visits to the doctor and frequent eye checkups are required to be a part of a diabetic’s life. While diabetes cannot be cured completely, following proper medication which is coupled with a healthy lifestyle with lots of physical activity can provide relief to sufferers. Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our [my_terms_of_service_and_privacy_policy]. Recent Commentspatrice thompson on Free Diabetic Supplies – How to Get Them?munnaamalai on Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes ChartJessica I. Conditions that cause vomiting or acid reflux, such as the eating disorder bulimia, can damage tooth enamel.
Gingivitis, also generally called gum disease or periodontal disease, describes the events that begin with bacterial growth in your mouth and may end -- if not properly treated -- with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth.
Tooth decay occurs when foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches) are left on the teeth. Dental bonding is a procedure in which a tooth-colored resin is applied and hardened with a special light, ultimately "bonding" the material to the tooth to improve a person's smile.
Veneers (sometimes called porcelain laminates) are wafer-thin, custom-made shells that cover the front surface of teeth, changing their color, shape, size or length. Recontouring or reshaping is a procedure in which small amounts of tooth enamel are removed or shaped to change a tooth's length, shape, or surface.
Braces can correct crooked teeth or a misaligned bite, and can improve the health and appearance of anyone's smile, adult or child. Many teeth-whitening systems are available, including whitening toothpastes, over-the-counter gels, rinses, strips, and trays, and whitening agents obtained from a dentist.
Amalgam tattoos occur when a tiny piece of amalgam filling embeds in your cheek or gum during or after dental work. Also called aphthous ulcers, canker sores can show up on your tongue, cheek, and even your gums. Strep infection often produces a distinct pattern of white patches in the throat and on the tonsils, as well as red swollen tonsils.
Small amounts of the candida fungus are present in the mouth, digestive tract, and skin of most healthy people and are normally kept in check by other bacteria and microorganisms in the body.
Tonsil stones (also called tonsilloliths) form when bacteria and mucus get trapped and calcify in your tonsils’ nooks and crannies, leaving a hard piece of matter and a bad taste in your throat.
Cold sores (fever blisters) are caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), passed on through contact with infected skin or body fluid. You can't cure HSV or a cold sore, but you can alleviate the pain it causes by avoiding spicy or acidic foods, applying ice, and using over-the-counter remedies. Difference type 1 diabetes type 2, Difference type 1 diabetes type 2 people buying fast junk foods simply psoriasisms assessmenthemophilia. My last HHBA1c result was 6.3 which isn't bad , but I was wondering if I should be trying to get it down further???? Mine were about that but found I put weight on as was forever snacking to stop going low, now less hypos but but HbA1c up to 7.4 last time.
I think this is a question for your health care team, endo or diabetic nurse and you to talk over together. And I would tend to agree with lexilox that your 6.3 is indeed excellent as long as you are not suffering too many hypos. Basically, if your HbA1c is around 6 then your risk of complications is about the same as non-diabetic people. Just one more thing, there's a book called Think Like a Pancreas which is a fantastic read, you may care to read it as it has loads of helpful advice and tips. Find support, connect with others, ask questions and share your experiences with people with diabetes, their carers and family. Did you know: 7 out of 10 people improve their understanding of diabetes within 6 months of being a Diabetes Forum member. Before you decide to use a pen or not, you must first determine if the insulin you are using comes in one.


The initial outlay for a refillable pen may cost more (around $40), and cartridges or disposable pens cost more per mL than vials. Next you need to determine the pet's average insulin needs, and how precise the dose must be. This 1998 study, [21] aimed at discovering the accuracy of insulin pens to deliver small doses (less than 5 units) of U100 insulin to children, concluded that there can be problems with the accuracy of some pens regarding small insulin dosages.
Not leaving the needle in place for 5-10 seconds after injecting insulin may result in less insulin being delivered than the planned dose.
Insulin from any sort of cartridge device (refillable or disposable pens) is dispensed more slowly than when using syringes, because of the necessary compression action of all pens on cartridges. Low-dose insulin patients who switch from using syringes to pens may experience a significant change in insulin dosage. Children are more at risk of receiving accidental intramuscular injections, which results in faster absorption. The availability of U40 insulin would decrease the risks of hypoglycemia, as U40 insulins are able to be given in small doses with more accuracy than U100 insulins. Most pens are now designed to hold 300 units (3ml) of insulin and do not need refrigeration after being started.
All "cloudy" (NPH, NPH Mixes, Analog Mixes) insulins available in pen form need to be re-suspended before use, just like their vialed counterparts. Fill the syringe with air, empty it into the pen, then (with pen above syringe), suck the same amount of insulin back out.
Here's why -- as you remove the insulin from the Flexpen, the pressure inside the cartridge will drop, which will pull on the pen's screw-and-plunger mechanism, which doesn't expect to be pulled. Finally, don't ever try actually using the Flexpen again as a pen once you've begun this process!
Both BD [26] and ReliOn [27] produce "universal" pen needles which fit all major brands of pens in the US.
It is a rare form of diabetes and is prevalent in less than 10% of people with diabetes, mainly with children. In this condition, the glucose levels in the blood prove to be higher than normal, but the levels are not high enough for the condition to be classified under Type II Diabetes. This results in the body cells being unable to effectively use up glucose, consequently leading to an increased concentration of sugar in the blood stream.
If cases of increased hunger coexist along with above two symptoms in a sufferer, diabetes is said to be diagnosed.
This condition affects almost all diabetic individuals and is considered to be one of the easiest ways of diagnosing if diabetes has affected an individual. This can eventually lead to damage of the nerves and loss of sensation in particular regions of the body such as the fingers and the toes.
There is also a high presence of ketones in the urine which is caused by deamination of some amino acids and also the improper breakdown of fatty acids. While this may result in some eye conditions such as glaucoma and cataract, over longer periods, it can also lead to permanent blindness. These include potentially serious conditions and diseases such as a heart attack, a stroke, pain in the chest and also a constriction of the arteries in the body. While this causes general fatigue and tiredness, over longer periods it may lead to a gradual wasting of the muscle tissues.
The test should be taken after at least eight hours of fasting and two hours after drinking a glucose containing liquid. This test helps in assessment of symptoms and for diagnosing diabetes, but it does not diagnose prediabetes. Type II Diabetes can be treated effectively with the use of oral hypoglycemic medication like metformin.
While the treatment methods may prove to be effective on their own, diabetes should always ensure to monitor their glucose levels. This is the first and foremost step and sufferers must ensure that they collect as much information about the condition as possible. While regular exercise and diet can help in keeping these in check, measurements need to be taken regularly in order to avoid complications.
Diabetes can have dire consequences on the gums and the teeth and regular brushing and flossing of the teeth should always be done. The recommended limits are one drink of alcohol a day for women and two drinks a day for men. Smokers who also have diabetes have an extremely high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and the smoking and other forms of tobacco should be stopped at the earliest. Prolonged stress can prove to be very harmful to the tiny blood vessels and can lead to serious complications such as a stroke. Following an effective treatment plan with a well-maintained lifestyle can help keep symptoms in check and can help diabetics lead a closer to normal life. This semi-translucent, hard, outer layer of the teeth has an important job: protecting teeth from the daily wear and tear of biting and chewing, as well as temperature extremes from hot or cold foods and drinks. Over time, the constant clenching and friction can damage teeth and other health complications can arise.  Bruxism is often worst when you sleep -- that's when you can't control it.
Among the easiest and least expensive of cosmetic dental procedures, bonding can repair chipped or cracked teeth, close gaps, change the shape of teeth, or be used as a cosmetic alternative to silver amalgam fillings. The procedure is usually done to improve appearance by creating more harmony or balance in the look of the smile.
The crown, when cemented into place, fully encases the entire visible portion of a tooth that lies at and above the gum line.
Otherwise your tooth could be damaged further or become infected, possibly causing you to end up losing the tooth.
Many people use this opportunity to replace silver amalgam fillings with tooth-colored composites. Implants provide a strong foundation for fixed (permanent) or removable replacement teeth that are made to match your natural teeth. Braces work by applying continuous pressure over a period of time to slowly move teeth in a specific direction. Brackets -- the parts that attach to each tooth -- can be clear, tooth-colored, or multi-colored. Porcelain veneers and crowns can correct crooked teeth, an uneven gum line, and other chipped, worn, and discolored dentistry. Teeth whitening is ideal for people who have healthy, unrestored teeth (no fillings) and gums. The silver in the amalgam leaches into your mouth's soft tissue, resulting in a blue-gray "stain" that looks a bit like a tiny tattoo. However, certain illnesses, stress, or medications can disturb the delicate balance, causing the fungus candida to grow out of control, causing thrush. They are not as common, but cold sores can appear anywhere on the face, including on the cheek, chin, or nose.
It may not display this or other websites correctly.You should upgrade or use an alternative browser. On the other hand, in the case where the insulin is expensive and expires quickly, as with Lantus, you may find yourself throwing away a lot of expired insulin -- it can then be cheaper to use pens, with their small 3ml cartridges. Novo Nordisk's Flexpen), and need the extra precision of a syringe, things get a little tricker. Do it this way whether you're transferring to a vial, extracting 1ml at a time, or just using the pen every day as a vial. It can develop at any age, but usually affects people before the age of 40, and most commonly during childhood.
Diabetes is caused due to an increased level of blood sugar or glucose in the blood stream, which in turn can be caused by a number of different factors, most primarily, the role of the hormone insulin in the body. It is the most prevalent form of diabetes accounting for almost 90% of the total number of people with diabetes. It is suspected that heredity and genes have a major role to play in an individual encountering Type I Diabetes as it is passed on from one generation to another.
While this is the most common type of diabetes in individuals, the actual causes of Type II Diabetes are yet to be known. The human placental lactogenic hormone also known as Human Chorionic Somatomammotropin, which is released during the gestational period, reduces the insulin sensitivity in mothers and it may lead to an increased level of blood glucose. There are other medications as well which include angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or the angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). This is the most effective way to ensure that targets are being met and that the medications or treatment remedies are proving to be effective. Carbohydrates on the consumptions of excess alcohol can upset the balance that is required in the dietary plan.


However, diabetics must make sure to understand the fact that complications related to the disorder can spring up at any time and they need to always maintain a high level of care in order to keep symptoms in check.
Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.This website is for informational purposes only. Diabetes is a serious disease that affects the body’s ability to produce or properly manufacture insulin throughout the body. Purging can also trigger swelling in the mouth, throat, and salivary glands as well as bad breath. The same goes for any condition that causes frequent vomiting, from gastrointestinal problems to eating disorders. The bacteria, acid, food debris, and saliva combine to form plaque, which clings to the teeth. Veneers offer a conservative approach to changing a tooth's color or shape compared to crowns, but the process is not reversible.
Instead of individual crowns, some patients may have attachments on their implant that support a removable denture. Complete dentures are used when all the teeth are missing, while partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain. Cosmetic dentists can make a dramatic difference in a person's smile and overall oral health, but the work must be carefully planned. Amalgam tattoos pose no harm, but it's not likely an amalgam tattoo if the blue-gray spot grows or changes color. Triggers include hypersensitivity, infection, hormones, stress, and not getting enough of some vitamins. A weakened immune system, antibiotics, diabetes, or certain medications such as inhaled corticosteroids can give candida a chance to grow wild.
I will give it a month and if I still feel rough a lot of the time I will have to see what other options I have. One (blue cap) dispenses insulin doses from 1 to 16 units (IU) per dose in full unit increments. It may also be triggered by environmental factors like diet, viruses, and some specific toxins.
While the body systems of most women counter this by increasing the production of insulin, some women are susceptible to the disorder.
Diabetic sufferers do not have an easy time, but integrating a new lifestyle and adopting healthy measures as daily habits can greatly help in managing the symptoms of this disorder. Anorexia, bulimia, and other eating disorders can also cause serious nutritional shortfalls that can affect the health of your teeth. The American Dental Association asserts that the mercury in amalgam combines with other metals to render it safe for use in filling teeth.
There are even "invisible" braces that use a series of clear, plastic molds to gradually move the teeth into alignment. Persistent, severe canker sores can be treated with numbing creams or prescription treatments. HSV-1 damages the skin as it reproduces itself, creating cold sores that last about a week. Various factors that may trigger Type II Diabetes include dietary habits, lifestyle and genetic susceptibility. If you decide on a refillable pen, keep in mind that Lilly insulin cartridges don't fit Novo's pens, and so on. Insulin also helps move glucose (blood sugar) into cells, where it can be stored and used for energy. A type 1 diabetes diet is designed to provide maximum nutrition, while limiting sugar, carbohydrates, and sodium. Without proper diet, exercise, and insulin therapy, a person with type 1 diabetes could suffer adverse health effects. Health complications associated with this type of diabetes include: vision problems high blood pressure, which increases risk for heart attack, stroke, and poor circulation kidney damage nerve damage skin sores and infections, which can cause pain and may lead to tissue death Following proper dietary guidelines can help mitigate the difficulties of type 1 diabetes, keep your health free from complications, and make your life better overall.
A nutritionist or dietitian can help you come up with meal plans, and create a diet that works for you in the long term. Having a well-stocked kitchen or carrying healthy snacks with you can cut down on unnecessary sugar, carbohydrates, sodium, and fat that can spike blood sugar. To maintain blood sugar levels, dont skip meals, and try to eat around the same time each day. It can cause you to vomit, breathe faster than usual and have breath that smells of ketones (like pear drops or nail varnish). Diabetic ketoacidosis is a medical emergency and can be fatal if you aren’t treated in hospital immediately. Fruits Fruits are natural sources of sugar and should be counted as carbohydrates if youre using a diet plan. However, the way in which type 1 diabetes first starts isn’t fully understood at present, but it's possible it may be caused by a virus or run in families.
These include: most green leafy vegetables asparagus beets carrots celery cucumber onions peppers sprouts tomatoes Always choose fresh or frozen vegetables without added salt or sauces. Carbohydrates can come in the form of beans, starchy vegetables, fruit juices, pasta, or bread. Your GP will arrange for you to have a sample of blood taken from your arm to test for glucose.
Fruits, vegetables, nuts, and other foods travel easily and are great to have on hand when you need them. You will usually inject yourself before meals, using either a small needle or a pen-type syringe with replaceable cartridges. These may be appropriate if you find it difficult to control your blood glucose with regular injections, despite careful monitoring. Ask your doctor or diabetes specialist nurse for advice on which type and method is best for you.
Smoking is unhealthy for everyone, but it's especially important to stop if you have diabetes because you already have an increased risk of developing circulatory problems and cardiovascular disease. These are four to five day intensive courses that help you learn how to adjust your insulin dose. This involves regularly taking a pinprick of blood from the side of your fingertip and putting a drop on a testing strip. HbA1C is a protein that is produced when you have high blood glucose levels over a long period of time. The HbA1C test is done by taking blood from a vein in your arm or sometimes a drop of blood from a fingerprick. If you don’t monitor your condition regularly and your blood glucose levels get low, you may become very unwell.
It can also be caused if you miss a meal, don’t eat enough foods containing carbohydrate or if you take part in physical activity without eating enough to compensate for it. Another cause can be drinking too much alcohol or drinking alcohol without eating beforehand. You may need to make changes to your meals if you work shifts, or if food isn't readily available. Also, you won’t be allowed to hold a heavy goods vehicle (HGV) licence or be a pilot.
You will need to contact the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) to inform them about your condition. The DVLA will contact your doctor for more information about how your condition is managed and whether you have any complications that might make you unsafe to drive. Carry diabetes identification and a letter from your doctor, and check with the airline you're flying with before you go. Within these groups there are different types of insulin that work at different speeds and for different lengths of time in your body.
These should be injected about 15 to 30 minutes before meals and can last up to eight hours.
You will learn to adjust your insulin dose yourself day-to-day so that your blood glucose levels stay stable.



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