Type 2 diabetes - occurs when there is a decrease in insulin production, but mainly because of a malfunction. Over time the patient with diabetes also presents two of its damage pancreatic beta cells, and needs insulin. There are actually other types of diabetes such as gestational diabetes and diabetes by chronic pancreatitis, but that will be discussed separately.
Type 2 diabetesThe diagnosis of diabetes is normally performed after the second measurement (on different days) of blood glucose (glucose) after 8-12 hours fasting. Thirst: Hyperglycemia increases the osmolarity of the blood and triggers the thirst mechanism. Excess urine: Normally the kidney does not eliminate glucose in the urine, but in situations of hyperglycemia, it makes it a regulator of the organism, which is excreted in excess.
Hunger: As the cells fail to capture glucose, the body interprets this as a state of lack of food and causes hunger. Blurred vision: High glucose levels also cause changes in visual acuity, which sometimes can be mistaken by patients with myopia.
They are often triggered by poor adherence to treatment, with uncontrolled blood glucose, but also by infections, drugs, heart attacks, strokes and other stress factors. It is common to the formation of ulcers and in advanced cases may need limb amputation due to necrosis.
A sad but common image, the patient is blind, with one leg amputated, connected to a hemodialysis machine and, after some years, dies of massive heart attack. Diabetes mellitus is a disorder wherein there occurs a deficiency in the production of insulin hormone resulting in the increase of blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes may be caused due to the increase in blood pressure and blood triglyceride levels. Insulin resistance in type 2 can be seen in conditions like obesity, pregnancy, infections and stress. The history of the patient to find any of the hereditary aspects of the disease is carefully analyzed at the first stage.
The complications that correspond the diabetic condition include diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma and diabetic ketoacidosis. Keeping the body weight under control and maintaining a healthy lifestyle might prevent type 2 diabetes. However, a regular check up of blood glucose level and taking right doses of medicine of insulin can reduce its severity. Diabetic neuropathies is a nerve disorder associated with diabetes and are thought to result from diabetic injuries involving small blood vessels that supply nerves, which can culminate in diabetic neuropathy.
Common symptoms of diabetic neuropathy include pain in the hands and feet, numbness, electric pain, incontinence, muscle weakness, mouth drooping, difficulty in swallowing, dizziness, heart disorders, digestive problems, vision changes and diarrhea. Alcohol intake increase risk of developing diabetic neuropathy because it increases your blood sugar levels.
This causes difficulty in performing normal everyday movements and results in speech impediments.
Diet plays a very important role in preventing form further damage if you are suffering from diabetic neuropathy. Capsaicin derives from cayenne pepper helping to tag off symptoms associated with diabetic neuropathy. Exercise increases your strength and your endurance helping to manage your stress, blood glucose as well cholesterol levels that is very beneficial for your diabetic neuropathy.
Walking too helps in diabetic neuropathy because it does not put pressure on your joints compared to other activities. Evening primrose oil is rich in fatty acids, which is very effective in treatment of diabetic neuropathy. There are many things you can do at home such as quit smoking, do not walk barefoot, apply warm compress to relieve from pain and allow a podiatrist to cut your toenails helping to improve your diabetic neuropathy. Popular Articles 1 Understanding Blood Pressure Readings 2 Sodium and Salt 3 All About Heart Rate (Pulse) 4 What are the Symptoms of High Blood Pressure?
This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. This disease occurs when there is an accumulation of glucose in the blood due to the inability of cells to consume it for energy production.
The ribbons for evaluation of CBG are used to control diabetics already on treatment and are not intended to establish the diagnosis. The diabetic, especially when blood glucose is too high, drinks plenty of water and is very thirsty. As sugar can not be urinated, glucose needs to be diluted with water, thus, the volume of urine increases. As the diabetic drinks a lot of water but it does not kill thirst, the same happens with hunger, eating much does not solve the problem. Because the cells do not receive glucose, they must find another source to generate power not to die. The patient has severe dehydration, altered level of consciousness, rapid breathing and abdominal pain (the latter two are more common in diabetic ketoacidosis). The decrease in blood supply and nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy) of the lower limbs, decrease the sensitivity of the feet and legs causing injuries in this region without pain. You can not only lead the patient to dialysis as well as causing nephrotic syndrome by excessive loss of protein in the urine. Diabetes mellitus type-2 is one such disease relating to high blood glucose due to insulin resistance.
Consumption of fatty foods and alcohol intake at a higher level would also result in such disease.
Insulin treatment with a syringe of insulin pump and oral medicines decrease the levels of blood sugar. Long term complications include coronary artery disease, diabetic neuropathy, hypertension, skin infections, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and atherosclerosis. Low alcohol consumption and quit smoking would ideally be suggested as the best preventive measures. High blood sugar injures nerve fibers throughout the body, but diabetic neuropathy strikes your feet and legs. The four main types of diabetic neuropathy include peripheral neuropathy, which is the most common form of diabetic neuropathy affecting your feet, hands and legs. Mono-neuropathy also called focal neuropathy damages specific nerve that includes face or torso. Alcohol damages your nerves and not only this, but also impairs the body’s ability to detect sensation. Consumption of alcohol also affects the organs of your body such as heart, bladder, digestive systems and sex organ.
Consume more of fruits, vegetables and whole-grain products because this will help to control your weight as well blood glucose levels.
Capsaicin has analgesic effects and therefore helps to relieve you from tingling and numbness of your feet. Activities such as swimming and water running provide an all body workout increasing your endurance level.
Evening primrose oil has gamma linolenic acid helping to reduce pains and inflammation associated with diabetic neuropathy. Obviously, high values in the ribbons suggest the diagnosis, but should always be confirmed with blood tests. Much glucose leaves the blood thick and with a very high osmolarity can lead to hyperosmolar coma. Pain is one of our major defense mechanisms and indicates that something wrong is happening. Low blood sugar in me causes much irritation, very tired and split vision(eyes are not in sinc). Food products which contains zinc are split peas, egg yolk, beef liver, lima beans, almonds, walnuts and buckwheat. This is more common in adults and causes terrible pain disappearing on their own over few months. Here we mention few natural home remedies, which are completely safe and effective in dealing with diabetic neuropathy. Incorporate complex carbohydrates such as cooked beans, lentils and tortillas to absorb their beneficial fiber and vitamins helping to maintain your weight.
Capsaicin stimulates the release of substance P that helps to relieve your pains and tingling. You can also start with chair exercises, as it does not place much stress on your feet and legs. Evening primrose oil is available in form of supplements and is recommendable to consume 5 to 8 grams daily for valuable results. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in young people and should be treated with insulin replacement. It's time to keep to a diet, lose weight and start exercising to prevent disease progression. The problem is that besides it does not generate as much energy as glucose, the metabolism of fats generates a tremendous amount of acids (called ketoacids) leading to ketoacidosis. Patients with diabetic neuropathy do not notice when something is hurting their feet, so do not take appropriate steps to protect the skin. High blood sugar(same as untreated diabetic) blurry vision, very tired, sluggish, excessive hunger and extreme thirst(and going to the john too ofter) Hypoglycemia can lead to diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is popularly called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin- dependent diabetes. Apart from medications reducing obesity and following a diabetic food plan is also suggested for such disease.
Washing the feet and checking blisters or infection on the feet would be some of the methods of prevention.
Following a proper diet will help to ward off symptoms associated with diabetic neuropathy.
The pH of the blood drops too and can reach levels incompatible with life if not treated quickly.
In some cases emotional disturbance might cause increase in blood pressure leading to the disease ultimately.
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