Developed at the University of Alberta, in Edmonton, the Edmonton Protocol involved harvesting islet cells from cadaver pancreases and implanting them into a subject’s liver. While revolutionary when the procedure was developed in the 1990s and first reported in 2000, by 2010 it was apparent that most of the subjects who received islet cell transplantation had to begin taking insulin again a year after they received the transplant. Aside from the disappointing long-term success rate, islet cell transplantation using the Edmonton Protocol had other drawbacks.
Shapiro, however, doesn’t see the Edmonton Protocol as a step back, but as a step forward when placed in the larger context of efforts to cure type 1 diabetes.
Knowing that the Edmonton Protocol was only a step on the trail, and not the end of the line, is what led Shapiro to develop the device-less method for implanting islet cells.
Shapiro and his team worked with a whole series of tubes trying to entice blood vessel growth, and kept trying new ones until they found an answer.
While the new procedure represents significant progress in curing, or improving the treatment of type 1 diabetes, it also holds out benefits for people suffering from other conditions.
The Diabetes Media Foundation is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt nonprofit media organization devoted to informing, educating, and generating community around living a healthy life with diabetes. Last week, diabetes headlines were dominated by a new study from the Faustman Lab at Massachusetts General Hospital, published on Wednesday, August 8th on PLoS One, suggesting that a 90-year-old tuberculosis vaccine called BCG might hold promise for people living with type 1 diabetes. Killing these cells would be significant because, in the past decade or so, researchers have begun to believe that the human body is actually able to regenerate insulin-producing beta cells. Interestingly, in both mice and humans, BCG itself doesn’t appear to be doing anything to the white blood cells – known as insulin-autoreactive T cells — that are responsible for destroying insulin-producing cells.
Faustman had originally hoped to administer TNF directly, but TNF is not approved as a drug; the approval process would have taken years, and no drug companies were interested in spending millions of dollars developing an experimental treatment that, if successful, would reduce the market for their other diabetes products.
It’s worth noting that this is not the first time BCG has been studied – several previous trials have failed — and several members of the diabetes research community that I spoke with were extremely skeptical about BCG in general, as well as this particular trial. With that said, here’s how this most recent trial worked: the study was a proof-of-concept trial, designed to set the stage for what Faustman hopes will be a much larger intervention.
They were looking for four distinct biomarkers: the insulin-autoreactive T cells, regulatory T cells (a type of T cell that’s thought to act sort of like a police force, keeping more destructive T cells in check), an autoantibody called glutamic acid carboxylase (GAD – its existence is often used in early stages of the disease to confirm that you have type 1 or LADA rather than type 2), and C-peptide, a protein molecule, produced along with insulin, that indicates how much insulin your body has produced. If these results are correct, Faustman’s hope is that BCG could eventually be used as a therapy to kill off the reservoirs of insulin-autoreactive cells – via TNF — in people with type 1 diabetes.
Here, however, is where the huge caveats come in: “It’s not like anyone is throwing away their insulin syringes,” says Faustman. What’s more, even if BCG treatment could eliminate enough insulin-autoreactive T cells to allow for the regeneration of beta cells – which will take much more research to definitively prove – there would be many, many questions to answer, like what the ideal dose would be, how often it would need to be given (Faustman thinks it would be a series of “booster”-like shots), whether any other “good” cells are being destroyed (Faustman believes they are not) and what the long-term effects of these repeated booster shots of BCG — and ensuing spikes in TNF – might be.
In other words, it’s a type of study that, by not limiting itself to newly diagnosed diabetics, might actually apply to me.
I know this sounds like I wear a tinfoil hat, but I honestly believe that there is the distinct possibility a version of the following conversation has taken place in one or more of Big Pharma’s boardrooms in the past. Thank you so much for a detailed, factual, and objective investigation of another hyperbole press release from Dr. The treatment that will work for type 1 diabetes will be one that can work for other autoimmune diseases as well.
Selective immune tolerance induction is the holy grail of curing T1DM, changing the cells of the immune system to tolerate the surface proteins on beta cells, yet continue their vigilent attack on everything foreign. This objective is so easy to say! But in a system where the same cell can change rolls repeatedly, or do one thing in one area of the body, and the opposite thing in another, all in interaction with dozens or hundreds of other specialized cell types, all working toward self-defense, it has to be incredibly challenging to discern where to intervene and how! But we both know that’s not going to happen, and it will be because of people who mouth the same negative generalizations that you seem so intent on forcing on the rest of us. In my opininon: Be aware of the fact that a scientific study is always conducted with the aim of proofing or rejecting a theory, which is tested by experiment. In that eight-month period, I was hospitalized three times — the last time I stayed in ICU for five days. 2.1The Licensed Material may not be used in any final materials distributed inside of your company or any materials distributed outside of your company or to the public, including, but not limited to, advertising and marketing materials or in any online or other electronic distribution system (except that you may transmit comps digitally or electronically to your clients for their review) and may not be distributed, sublicensed or made available for use or distribution separately or individually and no rights may be granted to the Licensed Material. 2.2One copy of the Licensed Material may be made for backup purposes only but may only be used if the original Licensed Material becomes defective, destroyed or otherwise irretrievably lost. I've attached 2 recent research articles describing the link between bacterial acne and malassezia fungus.
Medical science is great, but a research article doesn't do anything to treat the problem, so I've also attached my own article concerning successful treatments and experiences with over-the-counter and home compounded antifungal products. The treatments I describe are over-the-counter and legal, because last year the FDA issued a ruling that allows consumers to purchase prescription medicine from countries that have no prescription laws, like China, India and Thailand, for your own use only. The number of posts at this forum describing skin problems and medical experiences exactly like mine is incredible -- people suffering for years and spending thousands of dollars without getting better. I have been trying Hibiclens on my face (which can also kill fungus) and it is working miracles. I've updated my write-up, and added information about a low pH body wash with climbazole, which has really helped my treatment. Nowadays, specialists believe that stem cells have the ability to cure or help the treatment of a series of conditions. Even though the role that embryonic stem cells can play in the treatment of a wide range of conditions has been widely debated for years, these stem cells have not yet been used in real treatments for humans. One of the most important things that all patients should know regarding cancer is linked to the way this disease is formed.
Well, to be able to understand all that, you should know that the process of cell division and multiplying can be interrupted or changed by various factors. As there are many people that suffer from different types of cancer, researchers are now examining how spirituality and religion influence treatment. Faith can be a wonderful escape for coping during illness, but it can also be an impediemnt to seeking or adhering to treatment.
Aasim Padela, MD, MSDc, assistant professor of medicine is also studying what impact religious beliefs have on healthcare behaviours among American Muslims. James Shapiro, the man who perfected the islet cell transplant to cure type 1 diabetes, is evolving his groundbreaking research by working on a method of implanting insulin-producing cells under a person’s skin to try and stamp out the condition once and for all. Shapiro, Canada Research Chair in Transplantation Surgery and Regenerative Medicine in the University of Alberta’s Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry. According to the theory behind the procedure, once implanted the cells essentially take root and produce insulin in the same way as islet cells do in the pancreas of a person without diabetes. After transplantation, subjects undertake a regime of immunosuppression similar to those who receive an organ transplant, to keep the body from rejecting the cells. The first is that human islet cells are very expensive and difficult to acquire because they come from donor pancreases and, in many cases, subjects who receive transplants need islet cells from multiple donors. But as people with type 1 diabetes (and their families) know, it’s best not to trust a headline – according to the news, type 1 has been “cured” numerous times since I was diagnosed in 2001.
Instead, BCG increases the body’s production of a different type of molecule called Tumor Necrosis Factor – TNF for short.
Instead, Faustman and her colleagues searched for an approved drug with a great safety profile that increased levels of TNF. The clinical group, therefore, was really small: she got FDA approval to treat three people with BCG, and used three more as double-blind, randomized controls (all six had had type 1 for an average of just over 15 years). First, even though none of the six clinical participants had significant levels of insulin-autoreactive T cells at the study’s start, Faustman’s team noticed significant numbers of dead insulin-autoreactive T cells in circulation after each dose of the vaccine. By eliminating the T cells that are destroying the insulin-producing cells, her hope is that you could give the body a chance to regenerate some of its ability to produce its own insulin.
As a type 1, I’m concerned that there is not only zero motivation to cure diabetes for big drug companies and the researchers they fund, but in fact there’s a HUGE motivation to STOP the cure! In addition, please give credit to the person that asked for your support to recognize them for their efforts in creating a world without type 1 diabetes (T1D). Except as specifically provided in this Agreement, the Licensed Material may not be shared or copied for example by including it in a disc library, image storage jukebox, network configuration or other similar arrangement.
This is the same article I posted yesterday in the thread but I started a new thread to reach more people. You may have to google heavily to find these products, as Google recently paid a large fine for its featured ads on non-US pharmacies that the FDA alleged had misrepresented their status as US pharmacies. There are numerous debates surrounding this subject, stem cells being believed to be able to cure many types of serious conditions. Stem cells can also offer the possibility to replace damaged cells and consequently treat a wide variety of diseases, such as diabetes, neurological conditions, but also cardiovascular disease and even cancer related conditions.
Regulatory restrictions that exist in some countries today have slowed down the progress on this manner.
Specialists claim that the human body contains about 10,000 cancer cells at certain periods of time.
Some of the most important ones include a poor diet, lacking in vitamins and minerals, various genetic predispositions to mutation, the age, as well as the development of other conditions that turn out affecting the whole body of the patient.
As the potential of developing this disease is present in all of us, there is no wonder that so many people are diagnosed with various types of cancer each year.
Studies showed that patients who agreed that God is in control of their cancer, were less likely to complete curative chemotherapy. Polite explained that religion has been traditionally left out of patient physician dialogue, it’s time to make a change.
Another problem, according to Shapiro, is that “When we put islets in the liver, most of them get destroyed in a matter of minutes to hours, and we don’t have a very good way to stop that.” Additionally, the immunosuppression regimen required not only causes sometimes debilitating side effects unrelated to diabetes but, according to some researchers, may harm the islet cells over time.
She also included a larger “reference” population of people with and without type 1 diabetes, which acted as non-blinded, non-placebo-treated controls. This confused me when I read it – where were the autoreactive T cells coming from if they weren’t there at the beginning of the study?
And, lastly, two out of the three treated patients showed an increase in C-peptide, indicating that they were beginning to make a teensy bit of their own insulin again – an intriguing finding, considering that the study’s subjects, on average, had had type 1 for more than 15 years. But how much Wall Street manipulation news does one need to at least consider the plausibility of what’s being suggested in the previous paragraph. Faustman did not need more than three people (ask the FDA) because the drug she is testing is already used in generic form around the world. The world has become a cold and cruel place when it comes to true, good-intentioned advocacy.
I want a cure, and any research organization that makes honest strides to find a cure is worth getting excited about. Upon download of any film Licensed Material, you will be invoiced a non-refundable access service fee of one hundred fifty dollars ($150) USD or such other local currency amount as Getty Images may apply from time to time. In case you wonder what stem cells are and how they can work to help patients overcome the diseases they may be suffering from, here you will find a list of the most frequently asked questions on stem cells and all the right answers.
They can be obtained from living human tissue, from human embryos, as well as in the laboratory. They persist throughout the entire life of an individual and have an important role in repairing tissue. The only way known to derive embryonic stem cells supposes the destruction of um-implanted blastocyst-stage embryo at the 6th or 8th day of development. Still, research indicates that new discoveries can lead to the cure of some serious diseases. Bone marrow transplants, in which adult stem cells are used, are commonly helpful in the treatment of leukemia, as well as blood disorders and lymphoma, managing to save many lives, each year. These mutations can occur spontaneously, but they may be caused by a series of factors, as well.
This means that cells that have the potential of turning into cancer can be destroyed by various mechanisms available in a healthy immune system. There are certain factors that can cause an abnormal development of cells and an inadequate reaction from the immune system and they can be avoided. Polite, MD, MPH, an assistant professor of medicine interview patients suffering from cancer to understand why some of them failed to receive chemotherapy treatment. Especially for African Americans religion and spirituality played an important role in cancer diagnosis, with varying implications. He has teamed up with George Fitchett, DMin, PhD, associate professor of preventative medicine at Rush University and a national leader in training chaplains to create a pilot chaplain-led intervention program that acknowledges the importance of spirituality when patients are diagnosed with cancer. The treated group got two doses of BCG, similar to the dose used for tuberculosis vaccination: one at the trial’s start, and one four weeks later. This might not be a cure but it is certainly better than anything else out there for autoimmune diseases including T1. You should know that big pharma companies often buy hopeful startups just to kill them if the product is a threat to pharma’s bottom line. While it was a valuable scientific work, I don’t see any potential for a cure evolving from it. The Licensed Material may only be used in materials for personal, noncommercial use and test or sample use, including comps and layouts. If Licensed Material featuring a person is used (i) in a manner that implies endorsement, use of or a connection to a product or service by that model; or (ii) in connection with a potentially unflattering or controversial subject, you must print a statement that indicates that the person is a model and is used for illustrative purposes only. There are some characteristics that help distinguishing stem cells from all other types of cells.
For instance, cancer growth can be determined by nuclear radiation, electromagnetic radiation, as well as viruses, bacteria and fungi parasites. So, in this context appears the question why is some cases the cells turn into cancer, while in others they remain small and produce no harm to the body. This is a process that takes place continuously, consequently, cancer can become a reality for an individual in case his immune system is too weak or is not working properly.
Rather, she believes that the BCG-induced TNF is killing off old stores of insulin-autoreactive cells — while no one yet knows exactly where they’re located, there appear to be reservoirs of these insulin-autoreactive T cells in the bodies of type 1 diabetics, which are ready to pounce upon any new insulin-producing cell that dares show its face. Don’t you realize curing diabetes means the end to our (fill in the blank) billion dollar revenue stream? Stem cells have the ability to divide for a long period of time, being also able to differentiate into specialized cells with distinct functions. The ethics of stem cell research will surely continue to be a debated subject, even though its importance cannot be denied.
Faustman believes that TNF is attacking the reservoirs of these cells and killing off part of their population; their dead carcasses then show up in circulation.
Since she observed an increase the number of these dead cells after both doses of the vaccine, she also believes that the dose they used in the study is probably too low. Faustman has gotten this far, it would be a real shame if we did not find the rest of the private funding for her to keep this branch of research going. If you don’t understand something about her research or you are afraid to believe in a cure, get in touch with her and get your information first hand!
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