Cramp is the involuntary spasming of a muscle or muscle group where the muscle refuses to relax.
It is normally accompanied by a painful sensation that can range from a slight spasm to agonising pain.
Dehydration: Sports and other vigorous activities can cause excessive fluid loss from perspiration. Sodium depletion has also been associated with cramps - Sodium is the most abundant chemical constituent of body fluids outside the cell and is usually a function of dehydration. These can be combatted by ensuring that electrolytes are consumed during any periods of nausea or diarrhea, that a sufficient level of sun-light exposure is maintained, and that a good quality vitamin supplement is taken as part of a healthy and balanced diet.
Low potassium blood levels can also occasionally cause muscle cramps, although it is more common for low potassium although potassium deficiency usually results in weak muscles rather than cramp. Plenty of fluid and a nutritious diet along with a proper warm-up such as walking on an incline or x-training on a medium resistance for around 10 minutes will ensure that muscles are warm. Fatigue and dehydration are two primary causes of cramps during activity performed in a hot and humid environment. Your Physical Therapist can help you with an exercise routine that will help you avoid having muscle cramps occur. While almost everyone has experienced a muscle cramp, the causes can be varied and many times medical professionals do not know the exact cause.  Common causes of muscle cramps include muscular fatigue, dehydration, low-level electrolytes, over-activity of a nerve, injury, poor circulation and low levels of minerals and vitamins. Muscle Fatigue – The fatigued muscle may cramp as a protective response to avoid a possible injury that could occur if it were to continue functioning at full capacity.
Dehydration – When the body gets dehydrated, the fluid level drops in muscle cells, which can result in cramping.
Electrolyte Depletion – Poor diet and excessive sweating can lead to depleted levels of sodium and potassium electrolytes. Caffeinated drinks need to be avoided because caffeine is a diuretic and will cause someone to urinate more often, depleting the fluid supply very quickly. Muscle cramping is something that almost everyone has experienced at some point in their life. One thing this article did not mention was the intake of alcohol and how alcohol dehydrates your body and in turn, your muscles. Drink a cup of warm cups before going out for a bike ride can help the muscles in your leg to stay relax and you will never get a leg cramp.
Water is the best home remedy that can instantly avoid leg cramps from happening in your legs. The leaves of rosemary have the tendency to reduce any kind of swelling that happens from the strained muscles.
Also known as 'charley horse', leg cramps usually occur when the leg muscles contract suddenly and forcefully.
There are three prime areas where these cramps mainly occur: calf (crossing the ankle and knee), the hamstrings, and the quadriceps (crossing the knee and hip). A quick fix to deal with muscle cramps, is to stand barefoot on flooring that has a cool feel to it. Consume fruits, greens and milk products, especially yogurt in abundance as these foods have the potential to maintain the electrolyte balance in the body.
Make sure your body is properly hydrated, hence, it is recommended to drink at least 6 - 8 glasses of water everyday.
Massage and leg movement is extremely beneficial to relieve the pain and discomfort due to a leg cramp. Stretching the cramped muscles while holding your toes or straightening the leg out will exhaust the stretch reflex and relieve you from the pain. If the cramps become persistent and recurring, go to a doctor for identifying the actual reasons behind these cramps.
Following a healthy diet and a proper exercise regime can minimize the possible medical causes for leg cramps. Disclaimer: This Buzzle article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice. After many years of intermittent, night leg cramps, it finally dawned on me that they often came on after a day in which I consumed more salt than usual.

Even after takeing pottasium tablets and muscle relaxants, i still get leg cramps, arm and back tension, and difficulty breathing due to chest tightness.. Thee have been a number of clinical trials done on licorice root and peony root that show promising results for relieving leg cramps. In today’s generation where stress and work pressure has been a malaise plaguing the entire world, muscular cramps are commonly horrifying and catastrophe that has long as well as short term suffering.
They can occur due to many reasons, but few common things that usually cause muscular pains are rigorously gymming which is caused by overusing of muscles, stress breakdown, disruption of metabolic processes, or while sleeping muscles get locked up due to vitamin deficiency. Take a bucket full of warm water; add 4 tablespoons of Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate in the salt detoxifies the muscles), which relieves pain. Don’t stress too much at work, try to take breaks in between and consume fresh air for relaxation of muscles and mind. For leg cramps in the calf muscle, hamstring and the quadriceps try to use oil made of tea tree leaves everyday.
Exercises make a person active and help to avoid muscle cramps.Try to stretch your body at work, which result in relaxation of muscles. For fast relief from the muscle knots, try to walk as fast as you can and stand on your tiptoes when it occurs this will result immediate relief.
Try to keep your body posture correct while standing or sitting, because of wrong body posture muscle pull occurs. This additional stimulation can be a predisposing factor for the cramps, and can often be brough on through excessive sweating as key electrolites are lost from the body. Banana’s are an excellent source of potassium and are also an excellent source of energy before a workout. Use ice packs for severe cases and drink water or a sports drink, or better yet dextrose or maltodextrin – as a lot of the glucose in “sports” drinks will go to the liver as opposed to the muscle. Waiting for the thirst sensation to occur can be too late.  Exercising or working in a hot and humid climate can make someone more prone to dehydration cramps.
Proper strength training – Weak muscles are more susceptible to cramps because they fatigue quickly when used.
Before exercise or activity it is especially important to hydrate with water and non-sugary, non-caffeinated  sports drinks. Hydrating properly is critical in preventing muscle cramps especially in hot and humid weather.
My personal experiences with muscle cramps greatly revolved around my involvement with sports. This article throws light on various medical causes for leg cramps and ways to prevent them. As we know, water helps in transporting minerals, vitamins, and other substances throughout our body.
The cramps could well be on their way out, however the pain or stiffness that one experiences may not be treated instantly.
Massaging the site of tension in a circular manner will loosen the muscle tension beneath the skin. There are some muscle relaxing medications available which should be taken only under a doctor's supervision. Before going to bed, having a glass of hot water, taking a hot shower, or massaging the muscles with essential oils can reduce the risks of legs cramps, especially the nocturnal leg cramps.
Muscular cramps usually don’t persist for a longer time nor is it a risky illness but it is extremely painful until it sinks down to a normal level.
Taking this bath for consecutive days will surely reduce the frequency and pain of muscle cramps. Try to take small naps between your work, which will result in calmness of body, mind, and soul. Tea tree oil is an excellent anti inflammatory agent that helps to check the further aggravation of the inflamed muscles and thereby reduces the pain due to cramps. This is one of the easiest ways to get relief for cramps naturally.Regular walking is also recommended for the relief from muscle cramps. Muscle cramps can surprise us in the middle of sleep, when we’re actively exercising and even when we’re just sitting.

Skeletal muscle tissue is very elastic in nature.  The muscle cells are capable of contracting and relaxing and are present to produce movement of our body both voluntary movement and reflexive or involuntary movement. I can relate to some of the causes mentioned in this article including dehydration, muscle fatigue, and poor mineral levels. After a hard workout, especially in this hot and humid weather here, you should drink a plenty of water AND eat a banana post workout. A leg cramp can happen in children as well as adults and can last for a few minutes of time.
The banana has the ingredients that can balance the potassium level in a human body to act against a leg cramp. Drink three glasses of fresh milk a day so that you can gain a good amount of calcium that is needed to make your muscles a stronger one. The sweat that gets out of the body can indicate the water level that one must take to stay hydrated. This herb has the four anti-inflammatory properties that can calm the inflamed muscles tissues and soothes the pain that are caused by a leg cramp. Hence, low water intake can cause deficient supply of nutrients to different parts of the body. Your diet should comprise food products like bananas, tomatoes, potatoes, broccoli, and critic fruits. Stress is a major hindrance in muscle cramps as it puts pressure on them and inflammation occurs.
Tea tree oil can be used for massage or a few drops of tea tree oil put in a tub of warm water and then the affected area when dipped into it will give you relief.
Consult a physiologist and know the correct ones if you are suffering from such cramps frequently. Improper ways of sitting, lying, walking or stretching can bring in the troubles of muscle cramps too often. In the past, I would try to ease my cramps with ice and stretching, and try to prevent them from happening again by drinking more sports drinks like Gatorade during sports. Drink a cup of water every hour to make your body active and to stay away from the leg cramps.
Painful nocturnal cramps, predominantly affecting middle-aged or elderly individuals, can cause sleeping disturbances. Potassium and magnesium are essential minerals which help in muscle activities and maintain the body fluids balance. Magnesium in Epsom salt detoxificates the body. Try to relax your body and mind by taking hot shower bath after a stressful and tiring day. So when these muscular pains bog you down and nothing seems to be going right, fear not try to use these effective natural remedies suggested in this article. Home remedies can be taken in a regular manner to stay away from the pain and from the leg cramps. A single banana has about 450 mg of potassium in them that can help in increasing the potassium level in a human body. Always have a water bottle on your side while exercising, so that you can drink some water when you sweat a lot. Muscle cramps are often caused due to stress and excessive physical activity, a relaxing bath can often release the tension in the muscles and provide relief.
Proper use of these remedies can ease your pain to a great extent and also help to prevent further muscle pain occurrence. The pain often spreads out to other parts of the body if not treated and leads to terrible discomfort all over. Just try to hold on your patience and have hope, which will help you to sail through all the pain caused due to muscle pain. I wonder if diet sports drinks (like G2) that use artificial sweeteners instead of sugar be absorbed better?

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