State that the endocrine system consists of glands that release hormones that are transported in the blood.
State that homeostasis involves maintaining the internal environment between limits, including blood pH, blood carbon dioxide concentration, blood glucose concentration, body termperature and water balance.
Explain that homeostasis involves monitoring levels of variables and correcting changes in levels by negative feedback mechanisms. Describe the control of body temperature including the transfer of heat in blood, the roles of the hypothalamus, sweat glands, skin arterioles and shivering.
Explain the control of blood glucose concentration, including the roles of glucagon, insulin and a and ? cells in the pancreatic islets.
However, recent studies have suggested that this relationship is an over simplification and that bone density may be negatively affected by obesity.
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