It’s estimated that around 26 million people in the U.S currently have diabetes and as many as 80 million more could already have undiagnosed symptoms of pre-diabetes. Being diagnosed with type 1 diabetes is a life-time diagnosis but type 2 diabetes is entirely preventable and existing symptoms can be completely reversed. If you have diabetes, the level of sugar (glucose) in your blood is too high and your body is unable to use it properly. This is a genetic condition resulting in an inability to produce any insulin naturally in the body.
This is not necessarily a genetic condition and it results in the body being unable to produce enough insulin to facilitate the transfer of glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body.
Pre-diabetes is the term used to describe the presence of raised blood sugar levels which, if left unchecked, could develop into type 2 diabetes. On-going research into natural remedies for diabetes have shown links between the consumption of certain herbs and lowered blood sugar levels in individuals with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Many medical professionals now recommend the use of stevia to help prevent and manage the symptoms of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Stevia is a completely natural product which has no artificial ingredients and zero calories therefore it has no effect on blood sugar levels. Ganoderma lucidum, also known as the reishi mushroom, is rapidly gaining recognition as a superfood and an effective addition to the list of herbs to lower blood sugar. Studies in Western medicine are now proving that ganoderma acts as an insulin substitute in the body and not only helps to combat symptoms of diabetes but also helps the pancreas to produce more insulin naturally in individuals with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes. Scientific studies have proven that bitter melon contains several effective anti-diabetic properties which help to lower blood sugar levels.
Herbal remedies can provide an effective alternative to prescribed medication for many individuals diagnosed with diabetes but it must be noted that even though herbs offer a natural treatment they are not necessarily safe or appropriate for use in every case. Today medications have become a common form of treatment for diabetes with a wide variety of medicines available all over the world [1].
Medications for diabetes include both oral tablets as well as injectable insulin for better and faster cure [2]. Since Type I Diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, the insulin is the major requisite in such patients.
Rapid acting insulin analogues: Insulin Lispro, insulin Aspart and insulin Glulisine are some common rapid acting insulin analogues that are administered within 5-10 minutes of food intake and have rapid but short term effect.
Long acting insulin analogue: Insulin Glargin and insulin Determir are long acting insulin analogues that do not have any peak action period and lasts for long once the drug is administered inside the body. Intermediate insulin administration options are also available for the administration of insulin to Type I Diabetes patients. Some of the common insulin brands include Humulin, Novolin, Apidra, Levemir, Lantus, Humalog and Novalog [3].
Artificial pancreas: This process links a glucose monitor to an insulin pump which is in turn delivered to the body when there is a need to. Pancreas transplant: This process is not usually recommended as it involves high chances of risk of infection and many other side effects as well.
Islet Cells transplant: The islet cells are the beta cells which are directly responsible for the production of insulin and these exhibit dysfunction in Type I Diabetes sufferers. Stem cell transplant: This is another newly sought after and emerging method of transplantation which might help Type I Diabetes sufferers.
There are several oral medications available for Type II Diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes to increase body’s response to insulin and regulate the blood sugar levels [4]. Alpha glucosidase inhibitors (AGIs) – These drugs help in slowing down the digestion of carbohydrates. Amylin agonists – Examples of this type of medication include Symlin or pramlintide that assist insulin in controlling post-meal glucose levels. Gliptins or DPP-4 inhibitors – These medications prevent the destruction of Incretin hormones but have very small effect on reducing the levels of blood sugar. Megalintides – Similar to Sulphonylureas, these drugs help the body to produce more insulin but prove to be much faster acting and have a shorter lasting effect on the body. GLP-1 Receptor Agonists or Incretin mimetic – These medications tend to mimic the actions of body’s Incretin hormone, but have very humble effect in reducing the blood sugar levels. Thiazolidinedione or glitazones – These medications reduces the resistance of the body to insulin. SGL T2 inhibitors or gliflozins – These drugs lowers the blood glucose levels by acting on the kidneys and preventing them from reabsorbing the sugar back into the blood stream. Glinides or prandial glucose regulators – Prandin, also known as Repaglinide stimulates beta cells in pancreas to produce insulin and may be used to help Type II Diabetes sufferers.
Insulin therapy may also be administered to Type II Diabetes patients in case of requirements. Besides treating Type II Diabetes, these drugs are also used in the treatment of two other types of diabetes, namely Gestational Diabetes and prediabetes. The type of diabetes: While the symptoms and the conditions of Type I and Type II diabetes may appear to be the same, care must be taken to correctly identify the type of diabetes before beginning taking medication. The cause and magnitude of diabetes: While the chronic conditions may exhibit extremely high blood sugar levels, lower levels can be controlled by following a healthy diet and maintaining an active lifestyle with adequate amounts of exercise.

The adverse effects and drug reactions: Most of the drugs that are used in the treatment of different types of diabetes are known to have different types of side effects on the body and in case medications are being taken, then these side effects will have to be managed. Compliance factors: There may be a host of compliance factors associated with different types of drugs as per the location of a user. Contradictions to therapy: While different drugs have proven to be effective in their own ways, there have also been a number of cases involving contradictions to the type of therapy used.
Cost effectiveness of the treatment procedure: Different treatment procedures have different costs and it is up to the patient to determine which process is financially feasible. It must be remembered that there is no treatment or cure for diabetes and any condition of diabetes should be considered serious. It is critical that diabetics always seek proper medical counseling and advice from licensed medical practitioners or healthcare providers before deciding to take up any type of medication [5]. Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our [my_terms_of_service_and_privacy_policy]. Okay, so you have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes or maybe you have that sneaking suspicion that you may have it. The Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) test is performed after an 8 hour fast, thus it is usually done in the morning. Thus, your pre diabetes glucose readings should look similar to the above, from a diagnosis standpoint. This means that your doctor is trying to determine how well you are managing your diabetes or pre-diabetes. Pre-diabetics and diabetics are advised to keep their A1c below 7%, although some doctors recommend being as close to 6% as possible.
While not a substitute for a doctor’s visit, there is a new home test for A1C results from Bayer Corporation. The oral glucose tolerance test measures the body’s ability in glucose metabolism and clearing excess glucose in a bloodstream.
The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), can also be called as glucose tolerance test or sugar tolerance test.
OGTT is better able to diagnose high blood-glucose after a glucose challenge than the fasting blood-glucose test. An OGTT is most commonly preferred to check for diabetes that happens during pregnancy (gestational diabetes).
Oral glucose tolerance means the body ability to tolerance against the consumption of a certain amount of glucose. For 75 grams of glucose consumption; the normal, pre-diabetes, diabetes blood-glucose levels are as below.
Oral glucose tolerance test is useful to diagnose diabetes, as well as provides additional information about the body’s ability to metabolize blood glucose. In both cases, the need for prescribed medication can be lessened and even eradicated by learning how to harness the natural healing power of plants and herbs for diabetes prevention and treatment. Your body needs glucose as its main source of fuel for energy but it also needs insulin to be able to transfer glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body effectively. Daily insulin injections or medication may be required in some cases but type 2 diabetes is generally treated through modifications to diet and lifestyle.
Herbal therapies have been used for centuries in traditional Oriental medicine and the potential healing power of herbs for diabetes related symptoms is now of growing interest in Western medicine.
Research is on-going into the use of ganoderma in diabetes prevention and treatment but there is growing evidence to support its potential to help lower elevated blood sugar levels.
A consultation with a medical professional is always recommended before considering the use of herbal remedies or making any changes to existing medications. Natural plant-derived products containing stevia, ganoderma and bitter melon are gaining recognition as useful and effective alternatives to prescribed medication and many individuals with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes have successfully reversed their symptoms through harnessing the natural and awesome power of herbs. It is still important to remember that medications are only part of the entire treatment program and a healthy diet with a lot of active exercise is essential for successfully controlling the symptoms of the diabetes.
Since the body cells are unable to produce insulin internally, thus external insulin is administered which may be in form synthetic insulin or insulin analogues.
These are given in cases of high blood sugars to avoid any immediate increase in blood glucose level at the time of meals. This insulin may be injected intravenously into the blood stream or an insulin pump may also be used to administer insulin.
The first step towards this procedure was approved in 2013 and the process has been receiving a lot of interest and active research is continually being carried out.
This process is only carried out if any other organ of the body has failed and requires a transplant as well.
Transplantation of the cells in order to infuse healthy cells that not only provide insulin, but also grow and multiply is used. Stem cell transplants from a patient’s own blood can help the immune system to shut down and restart to function normally.
An example of this class of drugs is Glucobay which is also known as Acarbose and greatly slows down the carbohydrate digestion process. Metformin is a common drug which can also help in increasing the sensitivity of the tissues of the body to insulin.

Examples of this class of medication include Tradjenta, Januvia, Onglyza, Sitagliptin, Vildagliptin and Saxagliptin. Possible side effects of megalintides include extremely low blood sugar levels and excessive gain of weight.
However, this class of drugs is known to be associated with a number of side effects, including a higher risk of developing fractures and also failure of the heart. Insulin always needs to be administered externally and not orally as the enzymes present in the human stomach prove to interfere with the hormone. However, the use of medications is rarer in these cases and very often; only healthy lifestyle changes, active physical exercise and a diabetic diet can prove to be enough to help control prediabetes and Gestational Diabetes. The two types of diabetes are known to have very different causes and as such, their treatment procedures and medications are quite different. This more often than not proves to help control the symptoms in less severe cases and also in prediabetes and Gestational Diabetes. Care must be taken that if a person is required to travel or relocate, the medication is available to be used in all locations visited. As such, any medication should always be resorted to only after the recommendation of a licensed medical professional. Fortunately, many healthcare providers and diabetic clinics offer consultation to help suffers avail the right kind of treatment as per their lifestyle and budget.
While the symptoms of the disorder can be controlled to some extent with the help of regular exercise, physical activity and by following a diabetic diet, sometimes the use of medication cannot be avoided. All types of medication are known to be associated with their own sets of hassles and side effects and diabetics will need to effectively manage living with these mild side effects and also will need to mentally prepare themselves to battle the disorder throughout the entirety of their lives. Several questions that come up include what pre diabetes glucose readings are and what should pre-diabetic A1c numbers be.
They test your blood glucose level at the moment of the test, not over a period of time like the A1c test. However, it is important to note that different labs can provide varying results, so work with your doctor to determine what your individual test results mean. Pre-diabetics, with proper exercise, weight management and diet can often achieve results closer to 5%. It is used to measures the body’s ability in glucose metabolism and clearing excess glucose in the bloodstream. In addition, another test after the patient drink a glucose-rich beverage, typically a drink containing 75 grams of carbohydrates (other different levels of glucose consumption are also possible, but the result may be analyzed accordingly).
That is how effective the body is in breaks down (metabolizes) blood glucose.OGTT provides details about how quickly glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream for use by body cells as energy. Higher OGTT values are likely to reflect diet, lifestyle problems and problems of insulin functioning. When you have diabetes, your body (pancreas) does not produce enough insulin to facilitate the transfer of glucose so levels begin to build up in your blood. Nevertheless, medications can prove to be great in helping lower the blood sugar levels and to provide relief to diabetics. The peak period of action is 60-120 minutes and the action lasts for not more than 4 hours. However, this method is not widespread and has received little recognition due to the lack of healthy islet cells to be transplanted in comparison to the large number of diabetic individuals. However, possible side effects of Sulphonylureas include gaining of weight and very low blood sugar levels. This can be a hassle as different countries have different agencies that approve the drugs to be sold and used. Even in such cases, the physical activity and the diet must continue throughout the life of the diabetic.
There is a lot of active scientific as well as medical research being carried out in order to find a permanent cure for diabetes. Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.This website is for informational purposes only. Because the test is an average reading, it does not tell you what your actual blood glucose level measures on any given day or time.
Again, different labs may produce different results, so all results need to be discussed with your physician.
Blood will be drawn and tested after one hour and two hours after having a glucose beverage.
Some of the possible side effects that may be caused by this class of drugs include diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. Other associated diseases and any underlying and latent diseases will need to be thoroughly sought for before the medication for diabetes can be prescribed to full effect. Till then, all types of diabetic sufferers including those suffering from prediabetes and Gestational Diabetes will have to be hopeful and continue following a strict diet and a healthy lifestyle.

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