About type 1 diabetes Around 2.6 million people in the UK have been diagnosed with diabetes. Diabetes explained is quite simple – it is a physical disorder where the cells in the body are not receiving glucose (the fuel the cells need for energy). Type I diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disorder, usually developed in childhood, that is the result of the pancreas not producing enough insulin to meet the body’s needs. Type II diabetes mellitus is the resistance some cells have to insulin, which prevents the glucose from being used.
Gestational diabetes mellitus is similar to type II, but is caused by pregnancy and often disappears after pregnancy. Diabetes is the term people most use when referring to the condition known as diabetes mellitus. A person with diabetes insipidus will also urinate a lot, but this is caused by a lack of the hormone vasopressin which acts to balance the body’s hydration level and has nothing to do with glucose or insulin. To explain diabetes mellitus, it is first important to know what insulin is and how it works.
If the beta cells in the Islet of Langerhans do not produce enough insulin for the body’s needs, the person has what is called Type I diabetes (or juvenile diabetes). People with Type II diabetes (or adult onset) have plenty of insulin in their system, but the cells do not recognize it. Without glucose entering the cell, it starves and sends a message to the brain to eat carbohydrates (feed me Seymore). In contrast, using this same analogy, if your house had Type I diabetes, you (glucose) would not have a key (insulin) to use at all.
It is important to note that when a person is insulin resistant that not every cell in the body resists insulin.
If you, or anyone you care about, has any of these symptoms, please consult a physician right away. When diabetes mellitus is untreated, the high levels of glucose can be very damaging to the body. This FREE 9 Step Guide Will Help You Get Back on the Right Course to Better Health and Weight Loss.
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The reason is either because the hormone insulin is not produced or the cells do not recognize this hormone.
However, there are other meanings of this word and to be clear let’s look at the definitions. When vasopressin (also called Anti Diuratic Hormone) is low, the body cannot hold water and a person will urinate until they are dehydrated. It then circulates through the blood stream and acts like a key to open a door in cells to let glucose in. They will have to monitor their blood sugar levels frequently, but with modern glucometers, this is not as invasive as it used to be. These changes include, daily exercise, appropriate body composition (not being overweight), high consumption of produce (fruits and vegetables), a high fiber diet, lean meats and very limited sugar and saturated fats.
The American Diabetes Association web site has statistics and much more information about this disorder. Both of which will support, guide, and inspire you toward the best possible health outcomes for you and your family. It can develop at any age, but usually affects people before the age of 40, and most commonly during childhood. To do this, the glucose is stored, first in muscle tissue, then in the liver, and finally any excess will be turned into triglycerides and stored as fat.
People with Type I diabetes will need to inject insulin several times a day to correspond with blood sugar levels that rise after eating. For example, most commonly, a person’s muscle cells are resistant to insulin, yet their fat cells are not. This means that the glucose in the blood will be accepted by the fat cells, which can take an unlimited amount of glucose to change into adipose (fat) tissue.
If your house had Type II diabetes, your key would not fit into the lock – perhaps the neighbor kid put gum in it.
To make this undesirable effect even worse, since the cells are not receiving energy the person is prompted to eat more. Without being able to unlock the lock, you are not able to open the door and therefor, you (glucose) cannot go in.
It can cause you to vomit, breathe faster than usual and have breath that smells of ketones (like pear drops or nail varnish). Diabetic ketoacidosis is a medical emergency and can be fatal if you aren’t treated in hospital immediately. However, the way in which type 1 diabetes first starts isn’t fully understood at present, but it's possible it may be caused by a virus or run in families.
Your GP will arrange for you to have a sample of blood taken from your arm to test for glucose. You will usually inject yourself before meals, using either a small needle or a pen-type syringe with replaceable cartridges.


These may be appropriate if you find it difficult to control your blood glucose with regular injections, despite careful monitoring. Ask your doctor or diabetes specialist nurse for advice on which type and method is best for you.
Smoking is unhealthy for everyone, but it's especially important to stop if you have diabetes because you already have an increased risk of developing circulatory problems and cardiovascular disease. These are four to five day intensive courses that help you learn how to adjust your insulin dose. This involves regularly taking a pinprick of blood from the side of your fingertip and putting a drop on a testing strip. HbA1C is a protein that is produced when you have high blood glucose levels over a long period of time.
The HbA1C test is done by taking blood from a vein in your arm or sometimes a drop of blood from a fingerprick.
If you don’t monitor your condition regularly and your blood glucose levels get low, you may become very unwell.
It can also be caused if you miss a meal, don’t eat enough foods containing carbohydrate or if you take part in physical activity without eating enough to compensate for it. Another cause can be drinking too much alcohol or drinking alcohol without eating beforehand.
You may need to make changes to your meals if you work shifts, or if food isn't readily available.
Also, you won’t be allowed to hold a heavy goods vehicle (HGV) licence or be a pilot.
You will need to contact the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) to inform them about your condition. The DVLA will contact your doctor for more information about how your condition is managed and whether you have any complications that might make you unsafe to drive. Carry diabetes identification and a letter from your doctor, and check with the airline you're flying with before you go. Within these groups there are different types of insulin that work at different speeds and for different lengths of time in your body. These should be injected about 15 to 30 minutes before meals and can last up to eight hours. You will learn to adjust your insulin dose yourself day-to-day so that your blood glucose levels stay stable.



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