It is important to understand structures that lie in the back of the lower leg which can lead to calf swelling when injured or diseased. Two posterior compartments at the back of the leg – a superficial and deep compartment. Other important structures running through the back of the leg which are relevant to calf swelling includes the superficial and deep veins of the leg.
A swollen calf may arise as a sign of inflammation following injury to one or more structures of the leg. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is the formation of a clot of clots in the deep veins of the lower leg. These conditions contribute to venous insufficiency of the legs which is the inadequate drainage of blood in the lower leg. Edema is accumulation of fluid within the tissue spaces between the cells and within the cells itself to some degree. Kidney disease where the electrolyte and water balance is disrupted leading to water retention.
Liver disease increases pressure in the veins and causes a reduction in the blood protein albumin both of which contribute to fluid accumulation. Lymphangitis is inflammation of the lymphatic vessels which impairs the drainage of the excess tissue fluid from the legs.
Leg vein problems which apart from causing congestion of the blood in the legs also prevents tissue fluid from draining out and forces fluid from the vein into the tissue spaces.
Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a health care professional and will not constitute a medical diagnosis. I can produce pitting just under my ankle bone and the indentation will last about 30 seconds. Although most of the time, bruising on or below the toenail will be related to force applied to the toe, sometimes other injuries can also cause this. Anyone with a severely blackened toenail, or with the nail falling off, should contact a doctor immediately. What is the optimal tsh level for thyroid patients?, What is the optimal tsh level for thyroid patients? Meralgia Paresthetica or Bernhardt-Roth Syndrome is a condition where the patient experiences burning pain, tingling, and numbness in the outer part of the thigh.
Compression of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, sensation supplying nerve to the skin surface of the thigh, causes meralgia paresthetica. The lateral femoral cutaneous nerve is the nerve that provides sensation to the outer thigh surface. Injury to the nerve can occur in a motor vehicle accident or in diabetes causing meralgia paresthetica. Age factor is also important as individuals aged 40 to 60 years are at a higher risk for developing this condition.
Pregnancy also puts extra pressure on the groin causing compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve. Symptoms commonly occur on one side of the body and may increase in intensity after walking or standing.
Conservative treatment is effective for most of the patients and helps in getting rid of the pain within a few weeks to months.
Over-the-counter pain killers such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or aspirin help in relieving pain. Corticosteroid injections are given in severe cases, where the symptoms persist despite conservative treatment. Anti-seizure medications such as gabapentin (Neurontin) or pregabalin (Lyrica) also help in alleviating symptoms of pain. Rarely surgery is required in severe cases where the patient has persistent symptoms for a long time. Lifestyle changes such as avoiding tight clothing, avoiding standing or walking for prolonged periods of time, maintaining a healthy weight and losing excess weight helps in preventing and relieving meralgia paresthetica. The symptoms of Meralgia Paresthetica or Bernhardt-Roth Syndrome can be alleviated by reducing hip tightness, enhancing the flexibility and building strength. Standing hip abduction can be done by standing straight and slowly lifting each leg to one side while keeping the knee extended.
The quadriceps muscles are present next to the sensory nerve which gets affected in meralgia paresthetica.
Lunges help in strengthening both the hips and quadriceps and helps in preventing thigh pain. Resistance bands can be used to make the exercises more advanced and complex to improve flexibility and strength.
Exercises are important for recovery from any type of injury or medical condition; however, rest is very important in meralgia paresthetica. Search the NHLBI, use the drop down list to select: the entire site, the Health Topics section only, or the News and Resources section. If you have primary or secondary Raynaud's, cold temperatures or stress can trigger "Raynaud's attacks." During an attack, little or no blood flows to affected body parts. In both types of Raynaud's, even mild or brief changes in temperature can cause Raynaud's attacks. A rash of raised dots that turns into painful blisters, shingles causes your skin to burn, itch, tingle, or become very sensitive.
Eczema is a blanket term for several non-contagious conditions that cause inflamed, red, dry, and itchy skin.
A tendency to flush easily, followed by redness on your nose, chin, cheeks, and forehead could be rosacea. The herpes simplex virus causes small, painful, fluid-filled blisters on your mouth or nose. Razor bumps pop up after you shave, when the sharp edge of a closely cut hair curls back and grows into your skin. These pesky brown or gray spots aren’t really caused by aging, though they do become more common as you get older.
A harmless rash, pityriasis rosea usually begins as a single scaly, pink patch with a raised border. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes and have experienced numbness or tingling in your feet, it is likely that you have diabetic neuropathy. It may occur with swelling of the feet and ankles and broadly referred to as a swollen leg. The collection of symptoms together may be indicative of the cause and calf swelling on it own is non-specific meaning that it does clearly indicate an exact condition. The lower leg itself, referring to the area between the ankle and knee, is composed mainly of muscles lying around two thin but very strong long bones known as the tibia and fibula. These are commonly referred to as the calf muscles because it is easily visible and palpable (can be felt). These leg veins have valves which helps prevent the backward flow of blood as it travels from the leg to the heart.
This thick connective tissue does not expand easily and any swelling within the compartment compresses the tissue within it. It can arise with a penetrating skin injury that allows the bacteria to enter the deeper tissue. As blood pools in the leg (venous stasis), it gives rise to symptoms such as swelling, purple to brown darkening of the skin, itching and venous ulcers on the leg.
It is referred to as peripheral edema since it more commonly occurs in the feet, ankles and lower legs. If the swelling is solely due to the torn muscle and not other underlying disease then you are essentially delaying the healing process and probably even contributing to complications by not resting. Without knowing the exact type of injury that you have sustained, it is difficult to say for sure whether this is common or not.
Since you have been tested for DVT, the doctor would have also verified if there are any other types of circulatory disturbances which can causes swelling and bruised appearance of the skin. While the toenail cannot actually become bruised since it is composed of dead tissues, the skin underneath can become darkened and bruised when blunt force is applied to the toe over the nail bed.
It is not a good idea to remove a toenail, but if it becomes loose and starts to come off on its own, nothing should be done to prevent this.
In these cases, the bruising will either heal on its own if given enough time, or a new toenail will grow in and slowly replace the damaged area. He or she can make a proper assessment of the injury and give further instructions for treatment.
It sounds like your toenail might be bruised and infected. If you have an ingrown nail, it can cut into skin and cause bleeding when there is a physical trauma to the toe. I'm still not sure how I did it but I was in the middle of a fight with my boyfriend and I wasn't really thinking. I just remember being in a lot of pain. Some of the common causes of meralgia paresthetica are wearing tight fitting clothes, obesity or gaining weight and pregnancy.
Stretching the quadriceps helps in flexibility and strength enhancement in the upper thigh. First stand straight and step forward with one foot while lowering the body, till the knee on the opposite side touches the ground at a 90 degree angle. A resistance band can be wound around the ankle, with the other end tied to a solid and immovable object.
Athletes can try cross-training for maintaining fitness without exacerbating the condition. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to different parts of your body. The disorder is marked by brief episodes of vasospasm (VA-so-spazm), which is a narrowing of the blood vessels.
As blood flow returns, the affected areas may turn red and throb, tingle, burn, or feel numb. For example, taking something out of the freezer or being exposed to temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit can cause your fingers to turn blue. However, people who have severe Raynaud's can develop skin sores or gangrene from prolonged or repeated Raynaud's attacks.
Skin inflammation, changes in texture or color, and spots may result from infection, a chronic skin condition, or contact with an allergen or irritant.
Doctors know how psoriasis works -- your immune system triggers new skin cells to grow too quickly -- but they don't now what causes it. The patches show up on your scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. Doctors aren't sure what makes eczema start in the first place, but they do know that stress, irritants (like soaps), allergens, and climate can trigger flares. They're usually found on the neck, chest, back, armpits, under the breasts, or in the groin area.
Pores that stay open and turn dark are called blackheads; completely blocked pores are known as whiteheads. You get them from exposure to sunlight, which is why they tend to appear on your face, hands, and arms. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances.
The condition can also cause burning pain and weakness in the muscles of the feet that interferes with your ability to function comfortably. However, sometimes calf swelling occurs on its own with little or no swelling of the feet and ankles. The deep compartment contains the popliteus, tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, and flexor hallucus longus muscles.
It is also the site of two common circulation problems of the leg – varicose veins (superficial veins) and deep vein thrombosis (deep veins). Compression of the blood vessels severely compromises circulation and nerve compression may lead to pain, numbness or paralysis. It may be isolated to superficial veins of the lower legs, deep veins or affect the entire venous system. Edema is a result of excessive fluid accumulating in the tissue spaces or inadequate drainage of the additional tissue fluid through the lymphatic system. Muscle injuries and even tears could account for all the symptoms you describe, even surface bruising. A new toenail will eventually grow in its place, although this generally takes several months.
However, it can also be caused due to other reasons such as other medical conditions like diabetes or local trauma.
As the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve is a sensory nerve, the ability to use leg muscles does not get affected. Side effects of corticosteroid injections include pain and whitening of skin around the site of injection, infection of the joint and nerve damage. It comprises of lying flat on the floor and lifting your hips up, at the same time tightening the gluteal muscles.
Conventional quad stretch comprises of standing and pulling the heel of the foot back towards your buttocks while stretching the length of the upper thigh. Other methods which are beneficial for relieving symptoms are losing weight, wearing loose fitting clothes, pain killers and sometimes corticosteroid injections. For most people who have primary Raynaud's, the disorder is more of a bother than a serious illness.
With secondary Raynaud's, it's important to treat the underlying disease or condition that's causing it. If you think you have one of these common adult skin problems, have your doctor check it out. To minimize razor bumps, take a hot shower before you shave, pull the blade in the direction your hair grows, and don't stretch your skin while you pull the razor across it.
Bacteria and hormones trigger acne, which most often shows up on your face, chest, and back. They may be dark or multicolored, and they usually have a grainy surface, though they can be smooth and waxy. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. While there are specific causes for this localized swelling, particularly when only the back of the leg (calf) is swollen, the feet and ankles often become swollen shortly afterwards. Apart from moving the lower leg and feet, these muscles also act as a pump to push blood in the veins of the lower leg back to the heart.
The arteries and nerves within the lower leg are unlikely to present with calf swelling when injured or diseased.
Another fairly common cause is related to fluid accumulation within the leg, whether due to blood congestion or tissue fluid. However, inflammation of the deep posterior compartment and lateral compartment muscles may also be responsible for a swollen calf. The concern with muscle swelling is that it may give rise to compartment syndrome.
Infections of the leg are more likely to arise after trauma, in a person with a weakened immune system, diabetics, with circulatory problems of the legs and leg ulcers. If you have other problems like kidney or heart disease then this needs further attention as well. Having a massage for a torn muscle is not advised and can impede healing in the early stages. I was playing soccer, and just starting to run when it happened, it was an odd injury, as there was no contact, and just running. While it could be related to the injury, there is the concern that this may be more circulatory related.
It really is difficult to say considering that you have been already assessed by a medical professional and possible conditions like cellulitis would have been excluded by now. We are not in a position to diagnose you and it may be worthwhile considering what your doctor has recommended.
These injuries can include consistent rubbing from ill-fitting shoes, or repetitive force applied to the toe, such as during a soccer game. When pain is minor or not present at all, treatment is not usually needed aside from refraining from engaging in activities that may present the risk of further injury.
In the meantime, the area should be kept clean and the nail bed should be kept protected with bandages or a dressing.
Sometimes a sharp object may find its way beneath the nail bed and cause an open wound which may also bruise. In majority of the cases, conservative measures, such as switching to looser clothing, losing the excess weight etc can provide relief from Meralgia Paresthetica or Bernhardt-Roth Syndrome. Patient should bear in mind that these exercises should only be done after the outer thigh pain has subsided completely. You’ll recover, but pain, numbness, and itching might linger for months, years, or even the rest of your life. Causes include extreme temperatures, infections like strep throat, and allergies to medications, foods, and food additives.
They aren’t dangerous and usually don't cause pain unless they become irritated when clothing or nearby skin rubs against them. To prevent it, don't share shoes with an infected person or walk barefoot in areas like locker rooms or near pools. If it doesn’t go away on its own after the baby comes, you can treat it with prescription creams, over-the-counter products, or with laser treatments. You don't need to treat them unless they get irritated or you don’t like the way they look. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site.
This is because many of the causes of calf swelling involve the veins or lymphatic vessels which not only drains the calf and shin but also the feet and ankles. Normally blood and tissue fluid is drained away by the veins and lymphatic vessels respectively. The causes of acute compartment syndrome are largely the same as those of injury and overuse. It is uncommon for peripheral edema to occur only in the calf without involving the feet and ankles.
It is understandable that circumstances required you to move around but it was a very bad move at the time. You don’t mention pain accompanying this swelling as the day progresses so it is unlikely to be entirely a musculoskeletal problem.
If you are not experiencing any improvement then you may want to consider consulting with a specialist physician. Your response to the injection is likely to help if inflammation is the underlying feature here that is leading to the swelling.
If conservative measures do not benefit, then treatment comprises of medications to help alleviate discomfort and sometimes, very rarely, surgery. Treatment includes creams for your skin, antiviral drugs, steroids, and even antidepressants. Call your doctor if the sores contain pus, the redness spreads, you have a fever, or if your eyes become irritated. They're easy to mistake for moles or skin cancer, but a dermatologist can tell the difference.
Any disorder with these structures will therefore lead to blood or tissue fluid accumulation in the calf. Chronic or exertional compartment syndrome is more likely to arise in professional athletes who are constantly in training.
Because I was moving I really had only one night to rest, elevate my leg, an eleastic leg wrap for two days and have been using Ibuprofen and a topical cream for the inflammation; a hiking pole to get around and just stopping periodically to rest and elevate the leg. This morning I woke up and I had almost no pitting, but it is starting to show up as my day continues. I thought that I had lost it permanently but my doctor reassured me that it would grow back. I didn't see any signs of a new nail until two months later.
During treatment, you’ll need to keep your feet and the insides of your shoes clean and dry. I am hobbling better ?? or less, the calf swelling has gone done a wee and I am still have some pain and difficulty stepping up or down, and my whole leg will be gin to ache if I am on my feet for more than 30 minutes. Even small sores or blisters can become big problems if infection develops or they do not heal. Wash your feet every day with lukewarm water and mild soap. Basically, is this common for this type of injury and not resting, except 5 hours of sleep? Curved nails are more likely to become ingrown. Make sure the edge of each nail does not press into the skin of the next toe.
Talk to your doctor or nurse if you need help quitting. Do not use a heating pad or hot water bottle on your feet. Remove your shoes and socks during visits to your health care provider so that they can check your feet. Shoes and SocksWear shoes at all times to protect your feet from injury. Before you put them on, always check the inside of your shoes for stones, nails, or rough areas that may hurt your feet. Wear shoes that are comfortable and fit well when you buy them. Blisters and sores can develop when your foot presses against your shoe. Ask your doctor about special shoes that can give your feet more room.
Wear them 1 or 2 hours a day for the first 1 or 2 weeks. Change your broken-in shoes after 5 hours during the day to change the pressure points on your feet. Both can cause pressure points. To protect your feet, wear clean, dry socks or non-binding panty hose every day. Holes in socks or stockings can put damaging pressure on your toes. You may want special socks with extra padding.
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