There are two types of diabetes that may put a baby at risk during pregnancy, namely, gestational diabetes and pre-gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is a condition that develops during pregnancy in women who did not previously have diabetes. It is important to ensure that the diabetes is well controlled during pregnancy, otherwise the baby will be exposed to excess blood sugar levels that can affect it during pregnancy, during birth and after birth.
When the diabetes is not properly controlled, the excess blood glucose is transferred to the fetus during pregnancy, which causes the baby to produce excess amounts of insulin.
The infant is then at risk of various complications including hypoglycemia, excessive birth weight, pre-term birth, respiratory distress syndrome, and birth injury. If a woman has insulin-dependent diabetes, there is also an increased risk of birth defects that affect the formation of the heart, spinal cord, brain gastrointestinal system, and urinary tract.
Unlike insulin-dependent diabetes, in gestational diabetes, the blood glucose levels are generally normal throughout the critical first three months of pregnancy, when the baby’s organs are forming. Some of the complications that diabetes can lead to if it is not carefully managed during pregnancy are described in more detail below. Babies that have reached a very large weight, of 9 pounds or more, are more likely to become stuck in the birth canal, which increases the risk of birth injury and the need for a caesarean section. Babies born to mothers with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing low blood sugar or hypoglycemia shortly after birth and during the first few days of life, since they are already producing an excess of insulin. After birth, the baby continues to have an excess of insulin, but is no longer being exposed to the mother’s excess glucose level, which can result in too much glucose being used up and the blood sugar level therefore becoming very low. The baby’s blood sugar level is checked after birth and if it is too low, intravenous glucose solution may be administered so that the blood sugar is restored to a normal level. Having a high blood sugar level can increase the mother’s risk of going into labor early and having to have her baby delivered before the due date has been reached. Babies born pre-term are at an increased risk of respiratory distress, which is difficulty breathing. Babies born to mothers with poorly controlled diabetes are also at a risk of respiratory distress even if they are not born early. Babies born to mothers with poorly controlled diabetes during pregnancy are also at an increased risk of becoming obese and developing type 2 diabetes later in life. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here.
These meal plans combine the advantage of a low-carb approach with a low calorie meal plan. A 2011 study showed that eating a low-carb diet can help reduce hunger, which is essential if you are following a very low calorie plan of 1200 calories per day. To follow this plan, divide your allotted 1200 calories into three meals of 300 calories each and three snacks of 100 calories each.
The diet relies on lean protein, berries, and vegetables as well as the use of cooking spray.
If you decide to make other substitutes, bear in mind you will need to reduce the portion size of some items because of differences in calorie counts.
Diabetes can put you at risk for suffering from many skin conditions, some wanting medications while others not engaging in any specific treatment measures.
Skin complications can range from the mild ones as itching to the more serious and troubling ones like vitiligo and Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum (NLD).
The first thing you need to do is to consult your doctor when you note any abnormality or change in skin. Diabetics can also have an allergic reaction to several things including medications, insulin and anti-hyperglycemic medications.
Digital sclerosis affects mostly the type 1 diabetes which is not controlled appropriately. Brining blood glucose levels back to a normal level is the main treatment measure to be adopted.
Blood sugar control apparently does not play a role here, both before and after diagnosis of the condition. Prompt diagnosis can ensure timely treatment of a skin condition, before it can actually become a problem. It is important for diabetics to keep their skin clean and dry. Even minor injuries and abrasions should be attended cautiously and monitored for infection or any other sign of deterioration. Pre-gestational diabetes refers to type 1 or type 2 diabetes that a woman already had prior to becoming pregnant and requires blood sugar lowering medications or insulin to treat it. This causes the baby to produce an excess of insulin in an attempt to help use up the glucose. The excess insulin in the baby’s body can delay production of the surfactant required for lung maturation.
Set at 1,200 calories and under 25 grams of carbs per meal, this plan is considered very low-calorie and moderately low-carbohydrate. These two strategies together can accelerate weight loss, helping you achieve quick results.
If you can see results for your efforts while experiencing minimal hunger, you are more likely to stick to the plan and less likely to stray down paths with foods higher in calories.
In many cases, the meals listed below have lower effective carbohydrate counts because fiber is counted as a carbohydrate as far as nutritional information goes, but it does not affect blood sugar the way other carbohydrates do. Feel free to mix and match for a meal plan that will maintain you at around 1,200 calories per day with low carbohydrate counts. A tablespoon of oil or butter contains up to 120 calories, calories you cannot afford to add, if you are sticking to the 1200 calorie plan. An online calorie counter and reading food labels can help you make good choices while staying within the calorie limit using low carb foods. Combining low calorie options with foods low in carbs can help you achieve your weight goals that much quicker. When it comes to avoiding skin complications and unfavorable outcomes of diabetes, the most crucial thing is blood sugar control. Sty (infection of the eyelids), boil (infections of the hair follicles), carbuncles and nail infections are some of the infections diabetics are likely to experience. Fungal infections, as those mentioned here, are generally caused by a yeast-like fungus (Candida albicans). Atherosclerosis affects vessels that cause cardiovascular disease; vessels supplying blood to the skin can also be affected. They are similar to burn blister and usually found on fingers, toes, hands, feet and forearms.
Symptoms of this skin condition appear as thick, waxy (but tight) skin on hands, fingers and toes.
Medications may be used; it is difficult to arrive at a conclusive treatment measure fro NLD due to lack of knowledge about what causes this condition. Many diabetic skin problems can be prevented through tight blood sugar control and routine examinations of the skin. These babies require assistance in order to breathe until their lungs have matured and strengthened. It's important you eat at least 1,200 calories per day in order to support your body's basic metabolic needs. The best way to ensure you are adhering to calorie and carb counts is by weighing your food on a kitchen scale or measuring it carefully. Variety helps ensure you do not become bored with your diet, and eating a variety of foods across the spectrum of color will ensure you get all of the vitamins and minerals you need. Because vegetables, particularly leafy greens, are low in both carbohydrates and calories, they figure strongly into these meal plans. It not only helps in preventing a complication (including skin complication) but also treating the same in case of its occurrence. This fungus is usually found in warm and moist skin areas like fingers and toes, corners of the mouth and vagina.
Antihistamines and decongestants are generally used to hinder the effect of chemicals involved in an allergic reaction. Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum has association with diabetes mellitus, predominantly in the insulin dependants.
Your legs are mostly affected if you have poor blood flow. Skin lotions can relieve itching to certain extent. High blood glucose can reduce your strength to fight invasions, including those on the skin. Attune with your doctor for becoming more aware of diabetic consequences and have regular checkups to get timely treatment.
However, these have side effects and should be implemented with precaution. Immunotherapy is another alternative treatment option. In order to maximize nutritional intake, the 1200 calorie low carb meal plan leaves no room for empty calories. A bacterial infection can be successfully treated with antibiotics implemented as cream or pill, as directed by your doctor. There are other ways to treat an allergic reaction depending on the severity and symptoms of the condition.
You should always consult your doctor when suffering from an allergic symptom as individual needs differ.
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